Help:VisualEditor/Кулланучы кулланмасы

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This page is a translated version of the page Help:VisualEditor/User guide and the translation is 21% complete.

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PD Note: When you edit this page, you agree to release your contribution under the CC0. See Public Domain Help Pages for more info.
If you would like to try VisualEditor without editing an article, here is a page where you can freely test it. You don't need an account to use VisualEditor on that page.

Opening VisualEditor

To edit a page using VisualEditor, click on the "Үзгәртү" tab at the top of the page.

Үзгәртүләр өчен сәхифәне ачу берничә секунд, яисә, әгәр дә бит бик озын икән, бераз озагырак сузылырга мөмкин.

Clicking on the "Вики-текстны үзгәртү" tab will open the classic wikitext source editor.

VisualEditor edit tab-en.png

You can also open VisualEditor by clicking on the "үзгәртү" link on each section.
VisualEditor - Section edit links-en.png

Getting started: the VisualEditor toolbar

Screenshot of the VisualEditor toolbar
Визуаль мөхәррирнең кораллар өслеге сез әлеге мөхәррир белән төзәтергә керешкән битнең өске өлешендә урнашкан. Анда берничә инде таныш билге бар:

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Undo-redo.png
Баш тарту and Кире кайтару the changes you have made.

VisualEditor Toolbar Headings-en.png
Headings pull-down menu: allows you to change how the paragraph is formatted. To change the style of a paragraph, put your caret in the paragraph and select an item in this menu (you don't have to highlight any text). Section titles are formatted "Башлык", and subsections are "Башлык 2", "Башлык 3", and so on. The normal format for text is "Кызыл юл".

VisualEditor Toolbar Formatting-en.png

Formatting: Clicking the "A" opens a menu. For any item to have an effect, you must have first selected (highlighted) some text.

  • The "Калын" item (B) bolds the selected text.
  • The "Авышлы" item (I) italicizes the selected text.
  • The "Надстрочный индекс" item (x2) causes the selected text to appear smaller than surrounding text and to be slightly higher than the surrounding text.
  • The "Подстрочный индекс" item (x2) causes the selected text to appear smaller than surrounding text and slightly lower than the surrounding text.
  • The "Зачёркнутый" item (S) adds a solid bar through the selected text.
  • The "Санак коды" item (a set of curly brackets: {}) changes the font of the selected text to a monospaced font, which sets it apart from surrounding (proportionally spaced) text.
  • The "Подчёркнутый" item (U) adds a solid line beneath the selected text.
  • The "Тел" item (Aあ) allows you to label the language (for example, Japanese) and direction (for example, right-to-left) of the selected text.
  • The final item (VisualEditor MediaWiki theme clear icon bitmap.png), called "Форматлауны чистарту", removes all character formatting from the selected text, including links

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Linking.png
Linking tool: The chain is the linking tool. Clicking on it (usually after selecting some text) opens the link dialog.

VisualEditor - Cite Pulldown.png
Источники menu: The "Источники" menu is used to add inline citations (also called "footnotes" or "references"). All projects have access to "Искәрмә" reference formatting and the ability to "Повторное использование" citations, using this menu. This menu also gives you quick access to local citation templates, if these are enabled on your wiki.

(Instructions for adding local citation templates to the Источники menu at a specific wiki are available at VisualEditor/Citation tool.)

VisualEditor Toolbar Lists and indentation-en.png
Lists & indentation: The first two items allow you to format text as either a "Тамгалы исемлек" or a "Санлы исемлек". The last two items allow you to decrease or increase the indentation level of list items.

VisualEditor Insert Menu-en.png
Вставить: The "Вставить" menu may be different on some projects. Below is a list of all options that may appear.
  • The "Медиа-файл" icon (a picture of mountains) opens the media dialog.
  • The "Галерея" icon (a set of photos) allows you to insert a gallery to the page.
  • The "Шаблон" icon (a puzzle piece) allows you to edit templates.
  • The "Комментарий" item (a speech balloon) allows you to insert comments that are not visible to readers; these comments can be seen only when in edit mode and are then indicated by an exclamation mark icon.
  • The "Формула" icon (Σ) opens the formula inserter dialog.
  • The "Искәрмәләр исемлеге" icon (three books) opens a dialog in which you can specify where will references be displayed to the reader. Usually this only needs to be done once on every page.
  • The "Иероглифлар" icon (an ankh symbol - ☥) allows you to enter the hieroglyphics inserter. (See below.)

Special character insertion: The "Специальный символ" (Ω) icon on the "Вставить" menu, when clicked, displays a dialog showing many special characters. By clicking on a specific character, you place it into the text. These special characters include some standard symbols, accents, and mathematical symbols. (This list may be customized locally. See VisualEditor/Special characters for instructions.)
VisualEditor Toolbar SpecialCharacters-en.png

VisualEditor More Settings-en.png
The Параметры страницы menu is to the left of the Битне сакларга button. On this menu there are options to adjust page settings, such as whether the page is a redirect, or how it is indexed; to add, edit, or delete categories; and to see, using the "Тел" item, the list of articles on the same subject that are in other languages. You can also switch (one-way only) from VisualEditor to the classic wikitext source editor without losing the editing work you've done.

Saving changes

When you're done editing, click the blue "Битне сакларга" button in the toolbar. If you have made no changes, the button will be disabled (grayed out). To cancel all your editing changes, just close your browser window.
VisualEditor toolbar actions-en.png

Pressing the green "Битне сакларга" button opens a dialog. You can then enter a brief summary of your actions, mark your edit as minor, and add the page to your Күзәтү исемлеге. The box for the summary is the equivalent of the Үзгәртүләр тасвирламасы: field in the wikitext editor.

You can also review your changes using the "Кертелгән үзгәртүләрне тикшерү" button to be sure they will work as intended before saving your changes. This is similar to the "Кертелгән үзгәртүләр" button in the wikitext editor.

The "Баш тарту" button returns you to the page you were editing. You can save all of your changes later.

VisualEditor save dialog-en.png

Editing links

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Linking.png
Links can be added through the "Сылтама" icon (links in a chain) in the toolbar, or by using the shortcut  Ctrl+K (or  Command+K on a Mac).

If you select (highlight) text and then press the "Сылтама" button, a link will be inserted using that text. For single-word links it's enough to just do it while the caret is on that word.

When you use either the button or the shortcut, a dialog will open in which you may type the link.

VisualEditor will try to help with internal links by looking for likely matches as you begin to type.

VisualEditor link tool 2015.png
Once you have entered or selected the link, you complete the linking process by pressing  Enter, pressing the "Готово" button, or just clicking outside of the box. Your link will immediately appear on the VisualEditor page, but it will not be saved until you save the entire page.

To link to a web page on another website, the process is the similar: Choose the "External link" tab, and enter a URL in the box.

External links without labels look like this: [1]. You can add these by placing your cursor away from any word (e.g., after a space). Open the link tool by clicking on the button or pressing the shortcut keys. Type the URL in the box, and click the "Готово" button to insert the link.

VisualEditor-context menu-link tool.png
To change or remove an existing link, click within the text for that link, then press the "Сылтама" icon that appears near it. The dialog will appear, for editing. (You can also get to the dialog with the  Ctrl+K keyboard shortcut.)

In the dialog, you can then change where the link goes. You can also remove the link altogether by pressing the "Бетерү" button in the lower left corner of the dialog. You can also open the link's target in another window by clicking on the "Открыть" button. (You might want do this to check if an external link is valid.)

Editing references

Инде булган искәрмәне мөхәррирләү

To edit an existing reference, click on it where it appears in the text (usually as a bracketed number). You will see either a "Искәрмә" icon (bookmark) or an icon (and name) for the template that was used to create this reference. Clicking on this icon will open a dialog where you can edit the reference.

If what appears is the "Искәрмә" icon, clicking on it opens the Reference dialog, where you can edit the reference's contents.

Many wikis use templates to format references. If a template is used in your reference, then all the text in the template will be highlighted when you click on the reference information.

If a template was used and you've clicked on information in that template, then the Шаблон icon (puzzle piece) will appear. Click on that icon to edit the content of the template in the template mini-editor dialog.

VisualEditor - Editing References - Cite Web.png
If, instead of the "Искәрмә" icon (bookmark), what appears when you click on a reference is an icon for a standard template for citations, then clicking on that icon will take you directly to the template mini-editor dialog.

Inside the template mini-editor, you can add or remove types of information or change current content. Only fields (template parameters) that have content are supposed to be shown initially. To add fields, click on "Параметр өстәргә" at the bottom of the mini-editor.

VisualEditor Apply Changes-en.png
Click on "Үзгәртүләрне кертү" when you're done.

Re-using an existing reference

Әгәр дә бу биттә искәрмәләр бар икән инде, сез чыганак итеп күрсәтергә теләгән искәрмәне тагын куллану функциясен эшкә җигә аласыз.

Искәрмәне кабаттан куллану өчен, курсорны искәрмә өстәргә теләгән җиргә күчерегез һәм кораллар өслегендә торган «Искәрмә өстәү» билгесенә (китап кыстыргычы) басыгыз.

In the Искәрмә dialog, look at the list for the reference you want to reuse, and select it. If there are many references, you can use the search box (labeled "Нәрсәне чыганак итәргә телисез?") to list only those references that include certain text.

Adding a new reference

To add a citation using the "Источники" menu, place your cursor where you want to add it in the text. Then select the appropriate citation type in the menu.

Using the "Basic" citation

Искәрмәләр мөхәррирендә сез искәртүләрегезне өсти, төзәтә һәм форматлаштырыра аласыз.

You can make the reference belong to a given group, although normally this is left blank. (This option is used to display groups of references with the "Искәрмәләр исемлеге" tool.)

VisualEditor Template Insert Menu-en.png
Әгәр дә сез яңа искәрмә өстәгәндә аңа калып кертергә телисез икән, искәрмәләр мөхәрриренең кораллар өслегендә "Кушу" билгесенә (пазл кисәге) басыгыз.

Then, look for the template you want to use, add it and edit it as you would any other template. (See the Editing templates section, below, if you need more information about templates.)

After you're done editing your new template, click on "Үзгәртүләрне кертү" to return to the Reference editor, and "Үзгәртүләрне кертү" again to return to the page you're editing.

VisualEditor References List Insert Menu-en.png
Әгәр дә биттә искәрмәләр исемлеге юк икән (мәсәлән, сез бу биттә беренче искәрмәне куйсагыз), сезгә искәрмәгез күренсен өчен, исемлек өстәргә кирәк булачак.

Place the cursor where you want to display the references list (usually at the bottom of the page), open the "Вставить" menu and click the "Искәрмәләр исемлеге" icon (three books).

VisualEditor references list-en.png
If you are using several groups of references, which is relatively rare, you can specify the group in this dialog. Only the references that belong to that group will be displayed here.

The final step in the References list dialog is to click "Вставить".

Using standard cite templates

VisualEditor - Editing References - Cite Pulldown.png
Your local wiki may have added extra citation templates to this menu. This offers quick access to the most-used citation templates. (Instructions for adding extra citation templates to your local wiki are available at VisualEditor/Citation tool.)

VisualEditor - Editing references - Cite book required fields.png
Clicking on a template icon such as "Cite book" will take you into the template mini-editor for that template. Important information fields may be marked with an asterisk. While the most common fields will be shown, not all of them are required.

VisualEditor - Editing references - Add parameter.png
To add more parameters, scroll down in the template mini-editor and click on the "Параметр өстәргә" option.

Click on "Вставить" when you're done.

Editing images and other media files

Editing images

Яңа рәсем (яки башка медиафайл) өстәү өчен, кораллар өслегендәге «мультимедиа» билгесенә (тау булган рәсем) басыгыз.
VisualEditor Media Insert Menu-en.png

Clicking the "Медиа-файл" icon opens a dialog that automatically searches Wikimedia Commons and your local wiki for media files related to the title of the page you're editing.

Сез диалогның эзләү юлында текстны үзгәртеп, башка медиафайллар эзли аласыз.

Файлны сайлар өчен, превьюга чиртегез.

This places the image onto the page you are editing.

After the image you selected is inserted into the page, another dialog will open. This dialog allows you to add and edit the caption of the image. The caption can contain formatting and links.

The media dialog also allows you to add alternative text captions, to help users who use screen readers, or who have disabled image display.
Media editing 7.png

You can also set various parameters for the image in the "Дополнительные настройки" window. These include the alignment, the type, and size of the image.
VisualEditor - Media editing 8.png

Барысы да әзер булгач, диалогны ябыр һәм битне мөхәррирләүгә кайтыр өчен, «Үзгәртүләрне саклау» төймәсенә басыгыз.
VisualEditor Apply Changes-en.png

For an existing image, you can add or edit a caption or other settings by clicking on the image, then clicking on the "Медиа-файл" icon that appears below the picture.

You can resize an existing image by clicking on it, then moving the resize icon (the two-headed arrow on the bottom left).

You can also drag and drop an image to a place higher or lower on the page.

Editing media galleries

To edit an existing gallery in VisualEditor, click that gallery. Then, near the bottom of the gallery, click the gallery icon (a set of photos). This brings up the gallery editor, with the full list of images included in the gallery.
VisualEditor - Gallery2.png
The gallery editor is currently a simple box that allows you to edit existing galleries using wikitext markup. To add a new image to an existing gallery, type the file name, followed by a bar (|) and the caption for that image. You must put each image in the gallery on its own line. You can also edit this list to remove or rearrange images or to change captions.

When you click the "Готово" button, you will exit the gallery editor. You should then see your changes, with the gallery as it will now appear to readers.

Remember that exiting the gallery editor does not save your changes. As with other changes made using VisualEditor, you must save the entire page in order to save your work.

VisualEditor - Gallery3.png

Editing templates

To add a new template to the page, place your cursor where you want the template to be inserted, and click on the "Шаблон" icon (puzzle piece) in the "Вставить" menu.
VisualEditor Template Insert Menu-en.png

Type the name of the template you want to insert. When you see it on the list, click on its name. Then click "Калып өстәргә".

You can also edit templates that are already on the page by selecting them (they turn blue), and clicking on the "Шаблон" icon (puzzle piece) that appears.

Adding a new template or opening an existing one opens the "Кушмалар" dialog. If the template has been updated to contain TemplateData information, then the dialog will show a list of individual parameters; otherwise, a link to the documentation will be available in the dialog.

If the template does not use named parameters, then use numbers as the name for each nameless parameter. The first un-named parameter is named 1, the second is named 2, and so forth.

For an existing template, you edit the parameters already listed, and you can add additional parameters by clicking "Параметр өстәргә", at the very bottom of the dialog.

Калып эченә башка калыплар керә икән, бу асткалыплар параметр буларак күренә. Аларның исеменә чиртсәгез, аларны төзәтеп яки бетереп була.

New sub-templates are added by following the steps of adding a parameter. You may need to check the template documentation to make sure that the sub-template is supported.

Барысы да әзер булгач, диалогны ябыр һәм битне мөхәррирләүгә кайтыр өчен, «Үзгәртүләрне саклау» төймәсенә басыгыз.
VisualEditor Apply Changes-en.png

Substituting templates

Калыпны туры китерергә кирәк икән, калып исеме алдыннан subst: яки подст: дигәннәрне җыегыз.

Autocompletion doesn't work with subst:; if you need the autocompletion, add subst: only after finding the template you're looking for.

Then, click the green "Калып өстәргә" button.

VisualEditor - Template editing 7.png

Add any parameters as usual and "Үзгәртүләрне кертү".
VisualEditor - Template editing 6.png

You will see the template expand on the page after you click "Үзгәртүләрне кертү". When you're ready save the page.
VisualEditor - Template editing 8.png

Editing tables

You can use VisualEditor to insert and change tables. This is a new feature, and the details will be changing rapidly. You can also import tables by dragging a comma-separated value (.csv) file from your computer into an open editing window.

VisualEditor table editing add and remove columns.png
You can add and remove columns and rows.

Double-click inside a cell to add or change the contents.

Editing categories

VisualEditor category item-en.png
To edit categories, on the "Параметры страницы" menu, click the "Категории" button.

VisualEditor category editing-en.png
The "Категории" button opens a dialog that lists existing categories and allows you to add new ones.

You have the option of setting or changing the general (default) sorting key, which used to determine where the page appears when listed with other pages in the same category.

For example, the default sorting key for the article "George Washington" is "Washington, George", and so in the category "Presidents of the United States", the article is listed under the letter "W", not the letter "G".

To add a category for a page, type the name of the category into the field "Төркем өстәү". As you type, VisualEditor will search for possible matching, existing categories. You can either select an existing category, or you can add a category that doesn't yet have its own category page. (Until that category page is created, your new category will show as a red link after you save all your editing changes.)

To remove an existing category, click on it and click on the "Бетерү" icon (trash can) in the dialog that opens.

Clicking on a category also allows you to specify a sorting key for that specific category. Such a sorting key overrides the default sorting key.

VisualEditor Apply Changes-en.png
Click "Үзгәртүләрне кертү" when you're done editing categories to return to the page editor.

Editing page settings

VisualEditor page settings item-en.png
To edit a page's settings, click to open the "Параметры страницы" menu, in the toolbar, and select the "Битнең көйләнмәләре" button.

VisualEditor Page Settings-en.png
The "Битнең көйләнмәләре" button opens a dialog that shows several options.

VisualEditor Page Settings Redirects-en.png
You can make a page a redirect to another page by checking the "Перенаправить эту страницу на" checkbox, and then typing the name of the page to which you want to send the reader who tries to go to the page that you're editing.

At the bottom is the option to prevent page renames from updating this redirect. This is very rarely used.

VisualEditor Page Settings TOC-en.png
You can change whether the page shows a Table of Contents by selecting one of these three buttons. The default option is "При необходимости", which shows a Table of Contents if there are three or more headings.

VisualEditor Page Settings Edit Links-en.png
You can make a page not show edit links next to each section header by checking this checkbox.

VisualEditor Apply Changes-en.png
Click "Үзгәртүләрне кертү" when you're done editing the Параметры страницы to return to the page editor.

Editing mathematical formulae

To add a new mathematical formula to the page, place your cursor where you want it to be inserted, and click on the "Формула" icon ("Σ") in the "Вставить" menu on the toolbar.
VisualEditor Formula Insert Menu-en.png

A window will open in which you can type the formula, using LaTeX syntax. VisualEditor will update the formula as you type it, so you can see how it will look as you make changes. Once you are happy with the formula, click the "Готово" button.
VisualEditor formula-en.png

To edit an existing mathematical formula on the page, click on it and then click on the "Σ" icon that appears. This will open up the formula window, where you make changes.
VisualEditor - editing existing mathematical formula.png

Editing poems and other special items

Some items, such as poems and musical scores, are not yet supported by VisualEditor. Until they are, you will need to edit the source wikitext directly if you want to add these or change these.

You can not add an automatic signature or datestamp to a page in VisualEditor.

Keyboard shortcuts

Many editors are used to entering wikitext directly, especially bold, italics and wikilinks. Keyboard shortcuts allow to quickly insert similar formatting without having to use toolbar items. Here are the common general shortcuts in VisualEditor:

PC өчен кушылмалар Гамәл Mac өчен кушылмалар

 Ctrl+B Ярым калын  Cmd+B

 Ctrl+I Курсив  Cmd+I

 Ctrl+K Сылтама өстәү  Cmd+K

 Ctrl+X Кисеп алу  Cmd+X

 Ctrl+C Күчермәләү  Cmd+C

 Ctrl+V Өстәү  Cmd+V

 Ctrl+Z Баш тартырга  Cmd+Z