Help:VisualEditor/Guía del usuariu

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This page is a translated version of the page Help:VisualEditor/User guide and the translation is 40% complete.

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PD Avisu: Al editar esta páxina, aceutes distribuir la to collaboración baxo llicencia CC0. Llei les Páxines d'ayuda de Dominiu públicu pa más información.
PD
Si quies probar VisualEditor sin editar un artículu, equí hai una páxina onde pues facelo. Nun necesites una cuenta pa usar VisualEditor nesa páxina.

Abrir VisualEditor[edit | edit source]

Pa editar una páxina usando VisualEditor, calca na llingüeta «Editar» arriba de la páxina.

Abrir la páxina pa editar pue tardar dellos segundos, y más si la páxina ye llarga enforma.

Al calcar na llingüeta «Editar la fonte» abriráse l'editor clásicu de fonte de testu wiki.

VisualEditor edit tab-ast.png

Tamién pues abrir VisualEditor calcando nel enllaz «editar» de cada seición.
VisualEditor - Section edit links-en.png

Primeros pasos: la barra de ferramientes de VisualEditor[edit | edit source]

Captura de la barra de ferramientes de VisualEditor
La barra de ferramientes de VisualEditor apaez no alto de la pantalla al principiar la edición con VisualEditor. Incluye dellos iconos familiares:

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Undo-redo.png
Desfacer y Refacer los cambios fechos.

VisualEditor Toolbar Headings-ast.png
Menú estenderexable Cabeceres: permite camudar el formatu del párrafu. Pa cambiar l'estilu d'un párrafu,pon el punteru nel mesmu y seleiciona un elementu d'esti menú (nun necesites seleicionar testu). Los títulos de seición tienen el formatu «Cabecera», y les subseiciones son «Testera 2», «Testera 3» y asina socesivamente. El formatu normal pal testu ye «Párrafu»

VisualEditor Toolbar Formatting-ast.png

Formatu: Al facer click en «A» ábrese un menú. Pa que cualquier elementu faiga efeutu, primero tienes que tener seleicionáu (resaltáu) dalgún testu.

  • L'elementu "Negrina" (B) pon en negrina'l testu seleicionáu.
  • L'elementu "Cursiva" (I) pon en cursiva'l testu seleicionáu.
  • L'elementu "Superíndiz" (x2) fai que'l testu seleicionáu apaeza más pequeñu y que tea llixeramente más altu que'l testu alredor.
  • L'elementu "Subíndiz" (x2) fai que'l testu seleicionáu apaeza más pequeñu y que tea llixeramente más abaxo que'l testu alredor.
  • L'elementu "Tacháu" (S) amiesta una raya sólida a lo llargo del testu seleicionáu.
  • L'elementu "Códigu d'ordenador" (un par de llaves: {}) cambia la tipografía del testu seleicionáu a una fonte monoespaciada, que s'estrema del testu d'alredor (con espaciáu proporcional).
  • L'elementu "Sorrayao" (U) amiesta una raya sólida baxo'l testu seleicionáu.
  • L'elementu "Llingua (Aあ) te permite etiquetar la llingua (por exemplu, xaponés) y la direición (for exemplu, de drecha a izquierda) del testu seleicionáu.
  • L'elementu final (VisualEditor MediaWiki theme clear icon bitmap.png), llamáu "Llimpiar el formatu", quita tol formatu de caráuteres del testu seleicionáu, incluyendo los enllaces

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Linking.png
Ferramienta d'enllazáu: La cadena ye la ferramienta d'enllazáu. Al facer click nella (de vezu después de seleicionar un testu) ábrese'l dialogu d'enllazáu.

VisualEditor - Cite Pulldown.png
Citar menu: The "Citar" menu is used to add inline citations (also called "footnotes" or "references"). All projects have access to "Básica" reference formatting and the ability to "Reutilizar" citations, using this menu. This menu also gives you quick access to local citation templates, if these are enabled on your wiki.

(Instructions for adding local citation templates to the Citar menu at a specific wiki are available at VisualEditor/Citation tool.)


VisualEditor Toolbar Lists and indentation-ast.png
Llistes y sangría: Los dos primeros iconos permiten facer llistes numberaes o de viñetes, respeutivamente. Los dos últimos permiten aumentar o amenorgar el nivel de sangráu del conteníu.

VisualEditor Insert Menu-ast.png
Inxertar: El menú "Inxertar" pue ser diferente en dellos proyeutos. Abaxo ta la llista de toles opciones que puen apaecer.
  • L'iconu "Multimedia" (una imaxe de montes) abre'l diálogu de medios.
  • L'iconu "Galería" (un mazu de fotos) te permite insertar una galería na páxina.
  • L'iconu "Plantía" (una pieza de frañatiestes) te permite editar plantíes.
  • The "Comentariu" item (a speech balloon) allows you to insert comments that are not visible to readers; these comments can be seen only when in edit mode and are then indicated by an exclamation mark icon.
  • L'iconu "Fórmula" (Σ) abre'l dialogu insertar fórmula.
  • L'iconu "Llista de referencies" (trés llibros) abre un diálogu onde pues conseñar ónde s'amosarán al llector les referencies. De vezu esto sólo tien de facese una vez pa cada páxina.
  • L'iconu "Xeroglíficos" (un símbolu ankh - ☥) te permite entrar al insertador de xeroglíficos. (Ver más abaxo.)

Special character insertion: The "Caráuter especial" (Ω) icon on the "Inxertar" menu, when clicked, displays a dialog showing many special characters. By clicking on a specific character, you place it into the text. These special characters include some standard symbols, accents, and mathematical symbols. (This list may be customized locally. See VisualEditor/Special characters for instructions.)
VisualEditor Toolbar SpecialCharacters-ast.png

VisualEditor More Settings-ast.png
The Opciones de la páxina menu is to the left of the Guardar la páxina button. On this menu there are options to adjust page settings, such as whether the page is a redirect, or how it is indexed; to add, edit, or delete categories; and to see, using the "Llingua" item, the list of articles on the same subject that are in other languages. You can also switch (one-way only) from VisualEditor to the classic wikitext source editor without losing the editing work you've done.

Guardando los cambios[edit | edit source]

Cuando acabes d'editar fai click nel botón azul "Guardar la páxina" de la barra de ferramientes. Si nun ficisti cambios, el botón tará desactiváu (en buxu). Pa encaboxar los cambios na edición val con zarrar la ventana del restolador
VisualEditor toolbar actions-ast.png

Pressing the green "Guardar la páxina" button opens a dialog. You can then enter a brief summary of your actions, mark your edit as minor, and add the page to your Llista de siguimientu. The box for the summary is the equivalent of the Resume: field in the wikitext editor.

You can also review your changes using the "Revisar los cambios" button to be sure they will work as intended before saving your changes. This is similar to the "Amosar cambeos" button in the wikitext editor.

The "Encaboxar" button returns you to the page you were editing. You can save all of your changes later.

VisualEditor save dialog-ast.png

Editar los enllaces[edit | edit source]

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Linking.png
Links can be added through the "Enllaz" icon (links in a chain) in the toolbar, or by using the shortcut  Ctrl+K (or  Command+K on a Mac).

If you select (highlight) text and then press the "Enllaz" button, a link will be inserted using that text. For single-word links it's enough to just do it while the caret is on that word.


VisualEditor - Link editing inline 2.png
Cuando uses el botón o l'atayu, abriráse un diálogu onde podrás escribir l'enllaz.
VisualEditor intentará ayudar colos enllaces internos buscando posibles coincidencies de la que principies a escribir.

VisualEditor link tool 2015.png
Once you have entered or selected the link, you complete the linking process by pressing  Enter, pressing the "Fecho" button, or just clicking outside of the box. Your link will immediately appear on the VisualEditor page, but it will not be saved until you save the entire page.

VisualEditor - External link.png
To link to a web page on another website, the process is the similar: Choose the "External link" tab, and enter a URL in the box.

External links without labels look like this: [1]. You can add these by placing your cursor away from any word (e.g., after a space). Open the link tool by clicking on the button or pressing the shortcut keys. Type the URL in the box, and click the "Fecho" button to insert the link.

VisualEditor-context menu-link tool.png
To change or remove an existing link, click within the text for that link, then press the "Enllaz" icon that appears near it. The dialog will appear, for editing. (You can also get to the dialog with the  Ctrl+K keyboard shortcut.)

In the dialog, you can then change where the link goes. You can also remove the link altogether by pressing the "Desaniciar" button in the lower left corner of the dialog. You can also open the link's target in another window by clicking on the "Abrir" button. (You might want do this to check if an external link is valid.)

Editar les referencies[edit | edit source]

Editar una referencia esistente[edit | edit source]


VisualEditor - Editing references 1.png
Pa editar una referencia esistente, fai click onde apaeza nel testu (de vezu como un númberu ente corchetes). Verás o un iconu "Básica" (marcapáxines) o un iconu y nome de la plantía que s'usó pa creala. Al facer click nel iconu abriráse un diálogu onde pues editar la referencia.

VisualEditor - Editing references 6.png
Si lo qu'apaez ye l'iconu «Básica», al facer click abre'l diálogu Referencia, onde pues editar el conteníu de la referencia.

Munches wikis usen plantíes pa dar formatu a les referencies. Si s'usa una plantía na referencia, tol testu de la plantía seleiciónase al facer click na información de referencia.

If a template was used and you've clicked on information in that template, then the Plantía icon (puzzle piece) will appear. Click on that icon to edit the content of the template in the template mini-editor dialog.


VisualEditor - Editing References - Cite Web.png
If, instead of the "Básica" icon (bookmark), what appears when you click on a reference is an icon for a standard template for citations, then clicking on that icon will take you directly to the template mini-editor dialog.

VisualEditor - Editing references 5.png
Inside the template mini-editor, you can add or remove types of information or change current content. Only fields (template parameters) that have content are supposed to be shown initially. To add fields, click on "Amestar más información" at the bottom of the mini-editor.

VisualEditor Apply Changes-ast.png
Calca "Aplicar los cambeos" cuando termines.

Re-using an existing reference[edit | edit source]


VisualEditor - Toolbar - Reference.png
Si la páxina yá contién referencies, pue escoyer reutilizar una cita esistente, si s'aplica al testu del que quier dar la fonte.

Pa reutilizar una referencia esistente, ponga'l punteru nel llugar del testu onde quier amestala, y calque nel iconu "Referencia" (marcapáxines) de la barra de ferramientes.


VisualEditor - Editing references 18.png
In the Referencia dialog, look at the list for the reference you want to reuse, and select it. If there are many references, you can use the search box (labeled "Guetar nes cites actuales") to list only those references that include certain text.

Adding a new reference[edit | edit source]


VisualEditor - Toolbar - Reference.png
P'amestar una cita usando'l menú "Citar", pon el punteru nel llugar del testu onde quies amestala. Llueu seleiciona'l tipu de cita apropiáu nel menú.

Usar la cita "Básica"[edit | edit source]


VisualEditor - Editing references 20.png
Nel editor de referencies pue amestar, editar y dar formatu a la so cita.

You can make the reference belong to a given group, although normally this is left blank. (This option is used to display groups of references with the "Llista de referencies" tool.)


VisualEditor Template Insert Menu-ast.png
In the Reference dialog, if you want to include a template in your new reference, click the Plantía icon (puzzle piece) in the "Inxertar" toolbar menu within the Reference editor.

VisualEditor - Editing references 9.png
Then, look for the template you want to use, add it and edit it as you would any other template. (See the Editing templates section, below, if you need more information about templates.)

After you're done editing your new template, click on "Aplicar los cambeos" to return to the Reference editor, and "Aplicar los cambeos" again to return to the page you're editing.


VisualEditor References List Insert Menu-ast.png
If there isn't already a list of references on the page (for example, if you're adding the first reference for the page), you need to specify where the list of references, and their text, will be displayed to the reader.

Place the cursor where you want to display the references list (usually at the bottom of the page), open the "Inxertar" menu and click the "Llista de referencies" icon (three books).


VisualEditor references list-ast.png
If you are using several groups of references, which is relatively rare, you can specify the group in this dialog. Only the references that belong to that group will be displayed here.

The final step in the References list dialog is to click "Inxertar".

Usar plantíes de cita estándar[edit | edit source]


VisualEditor - Editing References - Cite Pulldown.png
Your local wiki may have added extra citation templates to this menu. This offers quick access to the most-used citation templates. (Instructions for adding extra citation templates to your local wiki are available at VisualEditor/Citation tool.)

VisualEditor - Editing references - Cite book required fields.png
Clicking on a template icon such as "Cite book" will take you into the template mini-editor for that template. Important information fields may be marked with an asterisk. While the most common fields will be shown, not all of them are required.

VisualEditor - Editing references - Add parameter.png
To add more parameters, scroll down in the template mini-editor and click on the "Amestar más información" option.

Click on "Inxertar" when you're done.

Editing images and other media files[edit | edit source]

Editing images[edit | edit source]

P'amestar una nueva imaxe (o otru ficheru multimedia) a la páxina, faiga click nel iconu "Mediu" de la barra de ferramientes (una imaxe de montes).
VisualEditor Media Insert Menu-ast.png

Clicking the "Multimedia" icon opens a dialog that automatically searches Wikimedia Commons and your local wiki for media files related to the title of the page you're editing.

Pue buscar otros ficheros multimedia camudando'l testu del cuadru de gueta del diálogu.

Calque nuna miniatura pa escoyer un ficheru.

This places the image onto the page you are editing.

VisualEditor - Media editing 2.png

After the image you selected is inserted into the page, another dialog will open. This dialog allows you to add and edit the caption of the image. The caption can contain formatting and links.
VisualEditor - Media editing 6.png

The media dialog also allows you to add alternative text captions, to help users who use screen readers, or who have disabled image display.
Media editing 7.png

You can also set various parameters for the image in the "Configuración avanzada" window. These include the alignment, the type, and size of the image.
VisualEditor - Media editing 8.png

Cuando termine, calque "Aplicar cambios" pa zarrar el diálogu y volver al editor de la páxina.
VisualEditor Apply Changes-ast.png

For an existing image, you can add or edit a caption or other settings by clicking on the image, then clicking on the "Multimedia" icon that appears below the picture.

You can resize an existing image by clicking on it, then moving the resize icon (the two-headed arrow on the bottom left).

You can also drag and drop an image to a place higher or lower on the page.

VisualEditor - Media editing 3.png

Editing media galleries[edit | edit source]


To edit an existing gallery in VisualEditor, click that gallery. Then, near the bottom of the gallery, click the gallery icon (a set of photos). This brings up the gallery editor, with the full list of images included in the gallery.
VisualEditor - Gallery2.png
The gallery editor is currently a simple box that allows you to edit existing galleries using wikitext markup. To add a new image to an existing gallery, type the file name, followed by a bar (|) and the caption for that image. You must put each image in the gallery on its own line. You can also edit this list to remove or rearrange images or to change captions.

When you click the "Fecho" button, you will exit the gallery editor. You should then see your changes, with the gallery as it will now appear to readers.

Remember that exiting the gallery editor does not save your changes. As with other changes made using VisualEditor, you must save the entire page in order to save your work.

VisualEditor - Gallery3.png

Editing templates[edit | edit source]

To add a new template to the page, place your cursor where you want the template to be inserted, and click on the "Plantía" icon (puzzle piece) in the "Inxertar" menu.
VisualEditor Template Insert Menu-ast.png

Type the name of the template you want to insert. When you see it on the list, click on its name. Then click "Añadir plantía".
VisualEditor - Template editing 4.png

You can also edit templates that are already on the page by selecting them (they turn blue), and clicking on the "Plantía" icon (puzzle piece) that appears.
VisualEditor - Template editing 1.png

Adding a new template or opening an existing one opens the "Tresclusión" dialog. If the template has been updated to contain TemplateData information, then the dialog will show a list of individual parameters; otherwise, a link to the documentation will be available in the dialog.

If the template does not use named parameters, then use numbers as the name for each nameless parameter. The first un-named parameter is named 1, the second is named 2, and so forth.

VisualEditor - Template editing 2.png

For an existing template, you edit the parameters already listed, and you can add additional parameters by clicking "Amestar más información", at the very bottom of the dialog.
VisualEditor - Template editing 3.png

When a template embeds other templates, these sub-templates will appear inside the parameters that display them. They can be edited or removed inside the parameter field.

New sub-templates are added by following the steps of adding a parameter. You may need to check the template documentation to make sure that the sub-template is supported.

VisualEditor - Template editing 5.png

When you're done, click "Aplicar los cambeos" to close the dialog and return to the page editor.
VisualEditor Apply Changes-ast.png

Substituting templates[edit | edit source]


When a template must be substituted, type subst: (colon included) before the template's name.

Autocompletion doesn't work with subst:; if you need the autocompletion, add subst: only after finding the template you're looking for.

Then, click the green "Añadir plantía" button.

VisualEditor - Template editing 7.png

Add any parameters as usual and "Aplicar los cambeos".
VisualEditor - Template editing 6.png

You will see the template expand on the page after you click "Aplicar los cambeos". When you're ready save the page.
VisualEditor - Template editing 8.png

Editing tables[edit | edit source]

VisualEditor-logo.svg
You can use VisualEditor to insert and change tables. This is a new feature, and the details will be changing rapidly. You can also import tables by dragging a comma-separated value (.csv) file from your computer into an open editing window.

VisualEditor table editing add and remove columns.png
You can add and remove columns and rows.

VisualEditor-logo.svg
Double-click inside a cell to add or change the contents.

Editing categories[edit | edit source]

VisualEditor category item-ast.png
To edit categories, on the "Opciones de la páxina" menu, click the "Categoríes" button.

VisualEditor category editing-ast.png
The "Categoríes" button opens a dialog that lists existing categories and allows you to add new ones.

You have the option of setting or changing the general (default) sorting key, which used to determine where the page appears when listed with other pages in the same category.

For example, the default sorting key for the article "George Washington" is "Washington, George", and so in the category "Presidents of the United States", the article is listed under the letter "W", not the letter "G".


VisualEditor - Category editing 3.png
To add a category for a page, type the name of the category into the field "Añada una categoría". As you type, VisualEditor will search for possible matching, existing categories. You can either select an existing category, or you can add a category that doesn't yet have its own category page. (Until that category page is created, your new category will show as a red link after you save all your editing changes.)

VisualEditor - Category editing 2.png
To remove an existing category, click on it and click on the "Desaniciar" icon (trash can) in the dialog that opens.

Clicking on a category also allows you to specify a sorting key for that specific category. Such a sorting key overrides the default sorting key.


VisualEditor Apply Changes-ast.png
Click "Aplicar los cambeos" when you're done editing categories to return to the page editor.

Editing page settings[edit | edit source]

VisualEditor page settings item-ast.png
To edit a page's settings, click to open the "Opciones de la páxina" menu, in the toolbar, and select the "Configuración de la páxina" button.

VisualEditor Page Settings-ast.png
The "Configuración de la páxina" button opens a dialog that shows several options.

VisualEditor Page Settings Redirects-ast.png
You can make a page a redirect to another page by checking the "Redirixir esta páxina a" checkbox, and then typing the name of the page to which you want to send the reader who tries to go to the page that you're editing.

At the bottom is the option to prevent page renames from updating this redirect. This is very rarely used.


VisualEditor Page Settings TOC-ast.png
You can change whether the page shows a Table of Contents by selecting one of these three buttons. The default option is "Si fai falta", which shows a Table of Contents if there are three or more headings.

VisualEditor Page Settings Edit Links-ast.png
You can make a page not show edit links next to each section header by checking this checkbox.

VisualEditor Apply Changes-ast.png
Click "Aplicar los cambeos" when you're done editing the Opciones de la páxina to return to the page editor.

Editing mathematical formulae[edit | edit source]

To add a new mathematical formula to the page, place your cursor where you want it to be inserted, and click on the "Fórmula" icon ("Σ") in the "Inxertar" menu on the toolbar.
VisualEditor Formula Insert Menu-ast.png

A window will open in which you can type the formula, using LaTeX syntax. VisualEditor will update the formula as you type it, so you can see how it will look as you make changes. Once you are happy with the formula, click the "Fecho" button.
VisualEditor formula-ast.png

To edit an existing mathematical formula on the page, click on it and then click on the "Σ" icon that appears. This will open up the formula window, where you make changes.
VisualEditor - editing existing mathematical formula.png

Editing poems and other special items[edit | edit source]

Some items, such as poems and musical scores, are not yet supported by VisualEditor. Until they are, you will need to edit the source wikitext directly if you want to add these or change these.

You can not add an automatic signature or datestamp to a page in VisualEditor.

Atayos de tecláu[edit | edit source]

Many editors are used to entering wikitext directly, especially bold, italics and wikilinks. Keyboard shortcuts allow to quickly insert similar formatting without having to use toolbar items. Here are the common general shortcuts in VisualEditor:

Atayu pa PC Aición Atayu pa Mac

 Ctrl+B Negrina  Cmd+B

 Ctrl+I Cursiva  Cmd+I

 Ctrl+K Inxertar enllaz  Cmd+K

 Ctrl+X Cortar  Cmd+X

 Ctrl+C Copiar  Cmd+C

 Ctrl+V Apegar  Cmd+V

 Ctrl+Z Desfacer  Cmd+Z