مساعدة:المحرر المرئي/دليل المستخدم

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This page is a translated version of the page Help:VisualEditor/User guide and the translation is 41% complete.

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PD Note: When you edit this page, you agree to release your contribution under the CC0. See Public Domain Help Pages for more info.
اذا رغبت بتجربة استخدام المحرر المرئي بدون تعديل مقالة، يمكنك تجريبه بهذه الصفحة لست بحاجة لانشاء حساب لاستخدام المحرر المرئي في تلك الصفحة.

فتح المحرر المرئي

To edit a page using VisualEditor, click on the "عدل" tab at the top of the page.

فتح الصفحة للتحرير قد يأخد بضع ثواني، وقد يطول الوقت إذا كانت الصفحة طويلة جدا.

Clicking on the "عدل المصدر" tab will open the classic wikitext source editor.

VisualEditor edit tab-ar.png

You can also open VisualEditor by clicking on the "عدل" link on each section.
VisualEditor - Section edit links-en.png

البدء: شريط أدوات المحرر المرئي

اخذ لقطة شاشة من شريط أدوات المحرر المرئي
عندما تبدأ عملية التحرير بإستخدام المحرر المرئي سيظهر شريط الأدوات الخاص به أعلى الشاشة. وسيحتوي على العديد من الأيقونات المألوفة:

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Undo-redo.png
تراجع and أعد the changes you have made.

VisualEditor Toolbar Headings-ar.png
Headings pull-down menu: allows you to change how the paragraph is formatted. To change the style of a paragraph, put your caret in the paragraph and select an item in this menu (you don't have to highlight any text). Section titles are formatted "عنوان", and subsections are "عنوان 2", "عنوان 3", and so on. The normal format for text is "فقرة".

VisualEditor Toolbar Formatting-ar.png

"التنسيق:" الضغط على "A" يفتح قائمة. لاي عنصر لعمل تاثير عليه، في البداية يجب ان تختار (تعلم) بعض النصوص.

  • The "غليظ" item (B) bolds the selected text.
  • The "مائل" item (I) italicizes the selected text.
  • The "نص علوي" item (x2) causes the selected text to appear smaller than surrounding text and to be slightly higher than the surrounding text.
  • The "نص سفلي" item (x2) causes the selected text to appear smaller than surrounding text and slightly lower than the surrounding text.
  • The "سطر وسطي" item (S) adds a solid bar through the selected text.
  • The "كود برمجي" item (a set of curly brackets: {}) changes the font of the selected text to a monospaced font, which sets it apart from surrounding (proportionally spaced) text.
  • The "سطر تحتي" item (U) adds a solid line beneath the selected text.
  • The "لغة" item (Aあ) allows you to label the language (for example, Japanese) and direction (for example, right-to-left) of the selected text.
  • The final item (VisualEditor MediaWiki theme clear icon bitmap.png), called "أزل التنسيق", removes all character formatting from the selected text, including links

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Linking.png
أداة الربط: السلسلة linking tool. إن النقر على هذه الأداة بعد اختيار نص معين يفتح link dialog.

VisualEditor - Cite Pulldown.png
مرجع menu: The "مرجع" menu is used to add inline citations (also called "footnotes" or "references"). All projects have access to "أساسي" reference formatting and the ability to "أعد الاستخدام" citations, using this menu. This menu also gives you quick access to local citation templates, if these are enabled on your wiki.

(Instructions for adding local citation templates to the مرجع menu at a specific wiki are available at VisualEditor/Citation tool.)

VisualEditor Toolbar Lists and indentation-ar.png
Lists & indentation: The first two items allow you to format text as either a "قائمة منقطة" or a "قائمة مرقمة". The last two items allow you to decrease or increase the indentation level of list items.

VisualEditor Insert Menu-ar.png
إدراج: The "إدراج" menu may be different on some projects. Below is a list of all options that may appear.
  • The "ملفات" icon (a picture of mountains) opens the media dialog.
  • The "معرض" icon (a set of photos) allows you to insert a gallery to the page.
  • The "قالب" icon (a puzzle piece) allows you to edit templates.
  • The "تعليق" item (a speech balloon) allows you to insert comments that are not visible to readers; these comments can be seen only when in edit mode and are then indicated by an exclamation mark icon.
  • The "صيغة" icon (Σ) opens the formula inserter dialog.
  • The "قائمة مراجع" icon (three books) opens a dialog in which you can specify where will references be displayed to the reader. Usually this only needs to be done once on every page.
  • The "هيرغليفية" icon (an ankh symbol - ☥) allows you to enter the hieroglyphics inserter. (See below.)

Special character insertion: The "رموز" (Ω) icon on the "إدراج" menu, when clicked, displays a dialog showing many special characters. By clicking on a specific character, you place it into the text. These special characters include some standard symbols, accents, and mathematical symbols. (This list may be customized locally. See VisualEditor/Special characters for instructions.)
VisualEditor Toolbar SpecialCharacters-ar.png

VisualEditor More Settings-ar.png
The خيارات الصفحة menu is to the left of the احفظ الصفحة button. On this menu there are options to adjust page settings, such as whether the page is a redirect, or how it is indexed; to add, edit, or delete categories; and to see, using the "لغة" item, the list of articles on the same subject that are in other languages. You can also switch (one-way only) from VisualEditor to the classic wikitext source editor without losing the editing work you've done.

==حفظ التغييرات==

When you're done editing, click the blue "احفظ الصفحة" button in the toolbar. If you have made no changes, the button will be disabled (grayed out). To cancel all your editing changes, just close your browser window.
VisualEditor toolbar actions-ar.png

Pressing the green "احفظ الصفحة" button opens a dialog. You can then enter a brief summary of your actions, mark your edit as minor, and add the page to your قائمة مراقبتي. The box for the summary is the equivalent of the ملخص: field in the wikitext editor.

You can also review your changes using the "راجع تعديلاتك" button to be sure they will work as intended before saving your changes. This is similar to the "عرض التغييرات" button in the wikitext editor.

The "ألغ" button returns you to the page you were editing. You can save all of your changes later.

VisualEditor save dialog-ar.png

تحرير الروابط

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Linking.png
Links can be added through the "وصلة" icon (links in a chain) in the toolbar, or by using the shortcut  Ctrl+K (or  Command+K on a Mac).

If you select (highlight) text and then press the "وصلة" button, a link will be inserted using that text. For single-word links it's enough to just do it while the caret is on that word.

VisualEditor - Link editing inline 2-ar.png
سواء كنت تستخدم الزر أو مختصر لوحة المفاتيح، سيتم عرض حوار يمكنك من كتابة الوصلة (سواء داخلية أو خارجية). سيحاول المحرر المرئي مساعدتك في التعامل مع الوصلات الداخلية من خلال البحث عن الإحتمالات المحتملة بمجرد أن تبدأ بطباعة نص الوصلة.

VisualEditor will try to help with internal links by looking for likely matches as you begin to type.

VisualEditor link tool 2015.png
Once you have entered or selected the link, you complete the linking process by pressing  Enter, pressing the "نفذ" button, or just clicking outside of the box. Your link will immediately appear on the VisualEditor page, but it will not be saved until you save the entire page.

VisualEditor - External link-ar.png
To link to a web page on another website, the process is the similar: Choose the "External link" tab, and enter a URL in the box.

External links without labels look like this: [١]. You can add these by placing your cursor away from any word (e.g., after a space). Open the link tool by clicking on the button or pressing the shortcut keys. Type the URL in the box, and click the "نفذ" button to insert the link.

VisualEditor-context menu-link tool.png
To change or remove an existing link, click within the text for that link, then press the "وصلة" icon that appears near it. The dialog will appear, for editing. (You can also get to the dialog with the  Ctrl+K keyboard shortcut.)

In the dialog, you can then change where the link goes. You can also remove the link altogether by pressing the "أزل" button in the lower left corner of the dialog. You can also open the link's target in another window by clicking on the "افتح" button. (You might want do this to check if an external link is valid.)

Editing references

تحرير مرجع قائم

VisualEditor - Editing references 1-ar.png
To edit an existing reference, click on it where it appears in the text (usually as a bracketed number). You will see either a "أساسي" icon (bookmark) or an icon (and name) for the template that was used to create this reference. Clicking on this icon will open a dialog where you can edit the reference.

VisualEditor - Editing references 6-ar.png
If what appears is the "أساسي" icon, clicking on it opens the Reference dialog, where you can edit the reference's contents.

Many wikis use templates to format references. If a template is used in your reference, then all the text in the template will be highlighted when you click on the reference information.

If a template was used and you've clicked on information in that template, then the قالب icon (puzzle piece) will appear. Click on that icon to edit the content of the template in the template mini-editor dialog.

VisualEditor - Editing References - Cite Web.png
If, instead of the "أساسي" icon (bookmark), what appears when you click on a reference is an icon for a standard template for citations, then clicking on that icon will take you directly to the template mini-editor dialog.

VisualEditor - Editing references 5-ar.png
Inside the template mini-editor, you can add or remove types of information or change current content. Only fields (template parameters) that have content are supposed to be shown initially. To add fields, click on "إضافة معلومات أخرى" at the bottom of the mini-editor.

VisualEditor Apply Changes-ar.png
Click on "طبق التعديلات" when you're done.

Re-using an existing reference

VisualEditor Cite menu re-use.png
إذا كان هناك مرجع قائم ومستخدم قبلا في الصفحة، يمكنك إعادة إستخدامه لنص أخر بحاجة إلى مصدر في نفس الصفحة.

لإعادة إستخدام مرجع قائم، ضع مؤشرك في المكان الذي تود إضافته، وإنقر على أيقونة "مرجع" (صورة مؤشر أو علامة) في شريط الأدوات.

VisualEditor - Editing references 18.png
In the مرجع dialog, look at the list for the reference you want to reuse, and select it. If there are many references, you can use the search box (labeled "البحث ضمن الاستشهادات الحالية") to list only those references that include certain text.

Adding a new reference

VisualEditor references more.png
To add a citation using the "مرجع" menu, place your cursor where you want to add it in the text. Then select the appropriate citation type in the menu.

Using the "Basic" citation

VisualEditor - Editing references 20.png
في محرر المرجع، يمكنك إضافة وتعديل وتنسيق مصدرك.

You can make the reference belong to a given group, although normally this is left blank. (This option is used to display groups of references with the "قائمة مراجع" tool.)

VisualEditor Template Insert Menu-ar.png
إذا قمت بإضافة مرجع جديد وتود أن تستخدم قالبا به، قم بالنقر على أيقونة الإضمان (صورة قطعة أحجية) في شريط الأدوات الخاص بمحرر المرجع.

VisualEditor - Editing references 9.png
Then, look for the template you want to use, add it and edit it as you would any other template. (See the Editing templates section, below, if you need more information about templates.)

After you're done editing your new template, click on "طبق التعديلات" to return to the Reference editor, and "طبق التعديلات" again to return to the page you're editing.

VisualEditor References List Insert Menu-ar.png
إذا لم يكن هناك قائمة مراجع في الصفحة (على سبيل المثال، المرجع الذي تقوم بإضافته هو أول مرجع في الصفحة) يجب عليك إضافة المرجع حسب ترتيب ظهوره في النص.

Place the cursor where you want to display the references list (usually at the bottom of the page), open the "إدراج" menu and click the "قائمة مراجع" icon (three books).

VisualEditor references list-ar.png
If you are using several groups of references, which is relatively rare, you can specify the group in this dialog. Only the references that belong to that group will be displayed here.

The final step in the References list dialog is to click "إدراج".

Using standard cite templates

VisualEditor - Editing References - Cite Pulldown.png
Your local wiki may have added extra citation templates to this menu. This offers quick access to the most-used citation templates. (Instructions for adding extra citation templates to your local wiki are available at VisualEditor/Citation tool.)

VisualEditor - Editing references - Cite book required fields.png
Clicking on a template icon such as "Cite book" will take you into the template mini-editor for that template. Important information fields may be marked with an asterisk. While the most common fields will be shown, not all of them are required.

VisualEditor - Editing references - Add parameter.png
To add more parameters, scroll down in the template mini-editor and click on the "إضافة معلومات أخرى" option.

Click on "إدراج" when you're done.

==تحرير الصور وملفات الوسائط المتعددة الاخرى==

تحرير صور

لإضافة صورة جديدة (أو ملف وسائط أخر) للصفحة، إضغط على أيقونة "ملفات" في "إدراج". الصورة سيتم اضافتها عند مكان المؤشر.
VisualEditor Media Insert Menu-ar.png

عند الضغط على أيقونة "ملفات" سيتم فتح مربع حوار يقوم تلقائيا بالبحث في مستودع ويكيميديا كومنز عن ملفات وسائط لها علاقة بالصفحة التي تقوم بتحريرها.

يمكنك أيضا البحث عن ملفات وسائط أخرى بتغيير النص الموجود في مربع البحث.

اضغط على التصغير لاختيار ملف. وأكد اختيارك بالنقر على "أدرج وسائط".

هذا يدرج الصورة في الصفحة التي تقوم بتعديلها.

VisualEditor - Media editing-ar.png

After the image you selected is inserted into the page, another dialog will open. This dialog allows you to add and edit the caption of the image. The caption can contain formatting and links.
VisualEditor - Media editing 6-ar.png

The media dialog also allows you to add alternative text captions, to help users who use screen readers, or who have disabled image display.
Media editing 7.png

You can also set various parameters for the image in the "إعدادات متقدمة" window. These include the alignment, the type, and size of the image.
VisualEditor - Media editing 8.png

عند إنتهائك، قم بالنقر على "طبق التعديلات" لغلق مربع الحوار والرجوع إلى محرر الصفحة.
VisualEditor Apply Changes-ar.png

For an existing image, you can add or edit a caption or other settings by clicking on the image, then clicking on the "ملفات" icon that appears below the picture.

You can resize an existing image by clicking on it, then moving the resize icon (the two-headed arrow on the bottom left).

يمكنك ايضا سحب ثم افلات الصورة الى مكان اعلى او ادنى في الصفحة.

VisualEditor - Media editing 3-ar.png

تحرير معارض الوسائط المتعددة

To edit an existing gallery in VisualEditor, click that gallery. Then, near the bottom of the gallery, click the gallery icon (a set of photos). This brings up the gallery editor, with the full list of images included in the gallery.
VisualEditor - Gallery2.png
The gallery editor is currently a simple box that allows you to edit existing galleries using wikitext markup. To add a new image to an existing gallery, type the file name, followed by a bar (|) and the caption for that image. You must put each image in the gallery on its own line. يمكنك ايضا تعديل هذه القائمة بحذف او اعادة تعيين الصور او تعديل العناوين.

When you click the "نفذ" button, you will exit the gallery editor. You should then see your changes, with the gallery as it will now appear to readers.

Remember that exiting the gallery editor does not save your changes. As with other changes made using VisualEditor, you must save the entire page in order to save your work.

VisualEditor - Gallery3.png

تحرير القوالب

لإضافة قالب جديد، ضع مؤشرك في المكان الذي تود إضافته، وإنقر على أيقونة "قالب" (صورة قطعة أحجية) في قائمة إدراج".
VisualEditor Template Insert Menu-ar.png

Type the name of the template you want to insert. When you see it on the list, click on its name. Then click "أضف القالب".
VisualEditor - Template editing 4.png

You can also edit templates that are already on the page by selecting them (they turn blue), and clicking on the "قالب" icon (puzzle piece) that appears.
VisualEditor - Template editing 1.png

Adding a new template or opening an existing one opens the "تضمين" dialog. If the template has been updated to contain TemplateData information, then the dialog will show a list of individual parameters; otherwise, a link to the documentation will be available in the dialog.

If the template does not use named parameters, then use numbers as the name for each nameless parameter. The first un-named parameter is named 1, the second is named 2, and so forth.

VisualEditor - Template editing 2.png

For an existing template, you edit the parameters already listed, and you can add additional parameters by clicking "إضافة معلومات أخرى", at the very bottom of the dialog.
VisualEditor - Template editing 3.png

عندما يتم تضمين قالب في قوالب أخرى (القوالب المضمنة ستكون فرعية)، ستظهر القوالب الفرعية على أنها معاملات. يمكن تعديل أو إزالة القالب الفرعي بالضغط على إسمه.

إضافة القوالب الفرعية تتم كما تتم عملية إضافة معاملة إلى قالب. قد تحتاج إلى قراءة توثيق القالب لضمان أن القالب الفرعي المراد إستخدامه مدعوم.

VisualEditor - Template editing 5.png

عند إنتهائك، قم بالنقر على "إحفظ التغييرات" لغلق مربع الحوار والرجوع إلى محرر الصفحة.
VisualEditor Apply Changes-ar.png

استبدال القوالب

عندما يجب أن يكون القالب substituted، إطبع subst: (النقطتان الرأسيتان محسوبة) قبل إسم القالب.

خاصية الإكمال التلقائي لا تعمل مع subst:. إذا أردت هذه الخاصية قم بإستخدام subst: وليكن هذا بعد العثور على القالب المراد إستخدامه.

Then, click the green "أضف القالب" button.

VisualEditor - Template editing 7.png

Add any parameters as usual and "طبق التعديلات".
VisualEditor - Template editing 6.png

في المرحلة الأولية، لن ترى القالب يتمدد ليشمل الصفحة كلها.
VisualEditor - Template editing 8.png

تعديل الجداول

You can use VisualEditor to insert and change tables. This is a new feature, and the details will be changing rapidly. You can also import tables by dragging a comma-separated value (.csv) file from your computer into an open editing window.

You can add and remove columns and rows.

Double-click inside a cell to add or change the contents.

تحرير التصنيفات

VisualEditor category item-ar.png
To edit categories, on the "خيارات الصفحة" menu, click the "التصنيفات" button.

VisualEditor category editing-ar.png
The "التصنيفات" button opens a dialog that lists existing categories and allows you to add new ones.

You have the option of setting or changing the general (default) sorting key, which used to determine where the page appears when listed with other pages in the same category.

For example, the default sorting key for the article "George Washington" is "Washington, George", and so in the category "Presidents of the United States", the article is listed under the letter "W", not the letter "G".

VisualEditor - Category editing 3.png
To add a category for a page, type the name of the category into the field "أضف التصنيف". As you type, VisualEditor will search for possible matching, existing categories. You can either select an existing category, or you can add a category that doesn't yet have its own category page. (Until that category page is created, your new category will show as a red link after you save all your editing changes.)

VisualEditor - Category editing 2.png
To remove an existing category, click on it and click on the "أزل" icon (trash can) in the dialog that opens.

Clicking on a category also allows you to specify a sorting key for that specific category. Such a sorting key overrides the default sorting key.

VisualEditor Apply Changes-ar.png
Click "طبق التعديلات" when you're done editing categories to return to the page editor.

تعديل إعدادات الصفحة

VisualEditor page settings item-ar.png
To edit a page's settings, click to open the "خيارات الصفحة" menu, in the toolbar, and select the "إعدادات الصفحة" button.

VisualEditor Page Settings-ar.png
The "إعدادات الصفحة" button opens a dialog that shows several options.

VisualEditor Page Settings Redirects-ar.png
You can make a page a redirect to another page by checking the "حول الصفحة إلى" checkbox, and then typing the name of the page to which you want to send the reader who tries to go to the page that you're editing.

At the bottom is the option to prevent page renames from updating this redirect. This is very rarely used.

VisualEditor Page Settings TOC-ar.png
You can change whether the page shows a Table of Contents by selecting one of these three buttons. The default option is "أظهر إن لزم الأمر", which shows a Table of Contents if there are three or more headings.

VisualEditor Page Settings Edit Links-ar.png
يمكنك أن تجعل الصفحة لا تظهر وصلات التعديل بجانب عنوان كل قسم بالنقر على مربع الاختيار هذا.

VisualEditor Apply Changes-ar.png
Click "طبق التعديلات" when you're done editing the خيارات الصفحة to return to the page editor.

تعديل الصيغ الرياضية

To add a new mathematical formula to the page, place your cursor where you want it to be inserted, and click on the "صيغة" icon ("Σ") in the "إدراج" menu on the toolbar.
VisualEditor Formula Insert Menu-ar.png

A window will open in which you can type the formula, using LaTeX syntax. VisualEditor will update the formula as you type it, so you can see how it will look as you make changes. Once you are happy with the formula, click the "نفذ" button.
VisualEditor formula-ar.png

To edit an existing mathematical formula on the page, click on it and then click on the "Σ" icon that appears. This will open up the formula window, where you make changes.
VisualEditor - editing existing mathematical formula.png

Editing poems and other special items

Some items, such as poems and musical scores, are not yet supported by VisualEditor. Until they are, you will need to edit the source wikitext directly if you want to add these or change these.

You can not add an automatic signature or datestamp to a page in VisualEditor.

اختصارات لوحة المفاتيح

Many editors are used to entering wikitext directly, especially bold, italics and wikilinks. Keyboard shortcuts allow to quickly insert similar formatting without having to use toolbar items. Here are the common general shortcuts in VisualEditor:

وصلة كمبيوتر فعل وصلة كمبيوتر ماكنتوش

 Ctrl+B غليظ  Cmd+B

 Ctrl+I مائل  Cmd+I

 Ctrl+K أدرج وصلة  Cmd+K

 Ctrl+X قص  Cmd+X

 Ctrl+C نسخ  Cmd+C

 Ctrl+V لصق  Cmd+V

 Ctrl+Z تراجع  Cmd+Z