Bantuan:VisualEditor/Panduan pengguna

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This page is a translated version of the page Help:VisualEditor/User guide and the translation is 18% complete.

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PD Nota: Ketika Anda menyunting halaman ini, Anda bersetuju untuk menanggalkan sumbangan Anda di bawah CC0. Lihat Halaman Bantuan Ranah Umum (Public Domain) untuk maklumat lebih lanjut.
PD
Jika anda ingin mencuba VisualEditor tanpa menyunting rencana, anda boleh berbuat demikian dengan bebas di halaman ini di mana anda bebas untuk mencuba. Anda tidak memerlukan akaun untuk menggunakannya VisualEditor di halaman itu.


Membuka VisualEditor

Untuk menyunting laman dengan VisualEditor, klik tab "Edit" yang terdapat pada bahagian atas laman.

Membuka laman untuk penyuntingan akan mengambil beberapa saat; ia mengambil masa lebih lama jika sesebuah laman itu panjang.

Sekiranya anda klik tab "Sunting sumber" penyunting sumber wikiteks klasik akan dibuka.

VisualEditor edit tab-ms.png

Anda juga dapat membuka VisualEditor dengan klik pautan "edit" yang terdapat pada setiap bahagian/seksyen.
VisualEditor - Section edit links-en.png

Mula: Palang VisualEditor

Palang VisualEditor
Palang VisualEditor dapat kelihatan pada bahagian atas skrin apabila anda mula menyunting dengan VisualEditor. Ia menampilkan beberapa ikon biasa:

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Undo-redo.png
Buat asal dan Buat semula suntingan yang telah anda lakukan.

VisualEditor Toolbar Headings-ms.png
Menu tarik turun Pengepala: membolehkan anda menukar aras pengepala teks. Pengepala seksyen standard adalah "Pengepala". The normal format for text is "Perenggan".

VisualEditor Toolbar Formatting-ms.png

Formatting: Clicking the "A" opens a menu.

  • The "Tebal" item (B) bolds the selected text.
  • The "Condong" item (I) italicizes the selected text.
  • The "Superskrip" item (x2) causes the selected text to appear smaller than surrounding text and to be slightly higher than the surrounding text.
  • The "Subskrip" item (x2) causes the selected text to appear smaller than surrounding text and to be slightly lower than the surrounding text.
  • The "Garis lorek" item (S) adds a solid bar through the selected text.
  • The "Kod komputer" item (a set of curly brackets: {}) changes the font of the selected text to a monospaced font, which sets it apart from surrounding (proportionally spaced) text.
  • The "Garis bawah" item (U) adds a solid line beneath the selected text.
  • The "Bahasa" item (Aあ) allows you to label the language (for example, Japanese) and direction (for example, right-to-left) of the selected text.
  • The final item (VisualEditor MediaWiki theme clear icon bitmap.png), called "Padamkan penggayaan", removes all character formatting from the selected text, including links.

If you have not selected any text, then when you click the "A" to open the menu, and then select an item, that formatting will apply to the text that you start typing, from wherever your cursor is located.


VisualEditor - Toolbar - Linking.png
Linking tool: The chain icon is the linking tool. Clicking on it (usually after selecting some text) opens the link dialog.

VisualEditor - Cite Pulldown.png
Petik menu: The "Petik" menu is used to add inline citations (also called "footnotes" or "references"). All projects have access to basic reference formatting and the ability to reuse citations by using this menu. It also gives users quick access to local citation templates, if these are enabled on their wiki.

(Instructions for adding local citation templates to the Petik menu at a specific wiki are available at VisualEditor/Citation toolVisualEditor/Citation tool.)


VisualEditor citoid Cite button.png
Petik button: If the citoid service is enabled on your wiki, then you will see a Petik button instead of a Petik menu.

The citoid service tries to fill out citation templates automatically.


VisualEditor Toolbar Lists and indentation-ms.png
Senarai & inden: Ikon dua pertama masing-masing membolehkan anda untuk membuat senarai bernombor ataupun peluru. Dua ikon terakhir membolehkan anda meningkat ataupun mengurangkan tahap inden kandungan.

VisualEditor Insert Menu-ms.png
Media, rujukan & transklusi: Setiap ikon membuka dialog tertentu:
  • Ikon "Media" (gambar gunung) membuka dialog media.
  • The "Templat" icon (a puzzle piece) allows you to edit templates.
  • The "Table" item allows you to insert a table.
  • The "Komen" item (a speech balloon) allows you to insert comments that are not visible to readers; these comments can be seen only when in edit mode, where they are indicated by an exclamation mark icon. In edit mode, clicking on the exclamation mark icon allows you to edit or delete the comment.
  • The "Hieroglif" icon (an ankh symbol - ☥) allows you to enter the hieroglyphics inserter. (See below.)
  • The "Code block" item allows you to insert code.
  • The "Musical notation" item allows you to insert a musical notation.
  • The "Galeri" icon (a set of photos) allows you to insert a gallery to the page.
  • The "⧼math-visualeditor-mwmathinspector-title⧽" icon (Σ) opens the formula inserter dialog.
  • The "Graph" item allows you to insert a graph.
  • The "Your signature" item allows you to insert your Wikipedia user signature. It will be greyed out (not selectable) when you are editing a type of page (a "namespace"), such as an article, where signatures should not be inserted.
  • * Ikon "⧼visualeditor-dialogbutton-referencelist-tooltip⧽" (tiga buku) membuka dialog bagi memaparkan rujukan.

Special character insertion: The "Aksara khas" (Ω) icon is next to the "Sisipkan" menu. When clicked, it displays a dialog showing many special characters. By clicking on a specific character, you place it into the text. These special characters include some standard symbols, diacritics, and mathematical symbols. (This list may be customized locally. See VisualEditor/Special charactersVisualEditor/Special characters for instructions.)
VisualEditor Toolbar SpecialCharacters-ms.png

VisualEditor toolbar edit notices icon.png
The Edit notices button displays any notices for the page.

VisualEditor More Settings-ms.png
Batal ataupun simpan perubahan yang anda lakukan.

VisualEditor bi-directional switching square brackets icon.png
The switch to source editing button is next to the Simpan laman button. It allows you to switch to the wikitext editor.

Menyimpan perubahan

Apabila anda sudah selesai menyunting, petik butang hijau "Save page" pada palang. Butang hijau tidak dapat dipetik jika tiada perubahan dibuat. Untuk membatalkan segala perubahan penyuntingan anda, sila tutup sahaja pelayar internet anda
VisualEditor toolbar actions-ms.png

Memetik butang hijau "Save page" akan membuka sebuah dialog yang akan membolehkan anda memasukkan ringkasan ringkas tentang tindakan anda, menanda suntingan anda sebagai suntingan kecil, dan membolehkan anda untuk memantau suntingan terhadap laman pada masa hadapan.

Nombor menandakan ruang yang masih terdapat dalam ringkasan suntingan anda. Anda juga dapat melihat perubahan yang anda lakukan bagi memastikan semuanya berfungsi dengan betul sebelum menyimpan perubahan yang anda buat.

The "Sambung menyunting" button returns you to the page you were editing. You can save all of your changes later.

VisualEditor save dialog-ms.png

Menyunting pautan

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Linking.png

Pautan boleh ditambah dengan ikon "Pautan" (rantai) pada palang, ataupun dengan menggunakan jalan pintas Ctrl+K (atau Command+K pada Mac).

Jika anda memilih teks ataupun meletakan kursor pada sebuah perkataan, sebuah pautan kepada teks tersebut dapat dicipta dengan memetik butang "Link".


VisualEditor - Link editing inline 2.png
Sama ada anda menggunakan butang ataupun jalan pintas, sebuah dialog akan dibuka yang akan membolehkan anda menaip pautan. VisualEditor akan mencuba membantu dengan pautan dalaman (pautan kepada laman-laman lain Wikipedia) dengan melihat sama ada terdapat perkara yang sepadan sambil anda menaip.

The link tool will try to help with internal links by searching for likely matches.


VisualEditor link tool 2015.png
Sebaik sahaja anda memasukkan atau memilih pautan, anda boleh tekan Enter, memetik di luar kotak, ataupun menetik ikon tutup (<). Pautan anda akan dipaprkan pada laman VisualEditor, akan tetapi ia tidak akan disimpan sehinggalah anda menyimpan laman.

VisualEditor - External link.png
Prosesnya sama jika anda mahu membuat pautan kepada laman web di luar Wikipedia; masukkan sahaja pautan ke dalam medan dan ia akan ditambah sebagai "pautan luar".

VisualEditor link tool simple link.png
External links without labels look like this: [1]. You can add these by placing your cursor away from any word (e.g., after a space). Open the link tool by clicking on the button or pressing the shortcut keys. Type the URL in the box, and click the "Siap" button to insert the link.

[[File:VisualEditor - Link editing inline.png|frameless|border|400px|center]] Untuk menukar ataupun membuang pautan, petik pautan pada teks, dan kemudian petik ikon "Pautan" yang kelihatan berhampirannya. Anda juga boleh memetik ikon yang sama pada palang atau menggunakan jalan pintas kekunci Ctrl+K. When a link is selected, it appears as blue framed.

Anda boleh sunting sasaran pautan atau membuangnya dengan memetik ikon 'Buang' (tong sampah) pada sudut atas kanan dialog. You can also open the link's target in another window by clicking on the copy of the link in the dialog box. (You might want do this to check if an external link is valid.)

If you want to exit the link label (the text displayed as a link) or continue to write after this link, you can press :

  • Pressing it once will escape the link editing dialog and put your cursor at the end of the element linked (blue framed, to edit this element)
  • Pressing it twice will put the cursor after the element linked, ready to type the rest of your text.

To edit the link label of an existing link, click within the link label and type the new one. But if you want to replace the entire label, please note:

  • If you have selected (highlighted) the entire link label, the link will be deleted by typing any key. You may link it from start.
  • To keep the link directly, you may click within that link label, use backspace and delete key without pressing it once more than necessary, and a narrow blue link area will remain there. Now you may type in the new label for the kept link.

Menyunting rujukan

For further information, see Help using citation templates or Help using citoid's Cite button

Determining which system is in place

Your wiki may use one of three footnote systems. The one shown on the right is the simplest system, where the "Petik" menu does not include any citation templates. If your wiki uses this system, then everything you need to know about footnotes is on this page.
VisualEditor cite menu default.png

The second system has the same type of "Petik" menu, but with several popular citation templates set up for quick access. If your wiki uses this system, then you will find more details at Help:VisualEditor/User guide/Citations-Templates
VisualEditor references more.png

VisualEditor citoid Cite button.png
In the third system, you again start by clicking the Cite button. Then a dialog box opens, which includes an automatic citation process using the citoid service. If your wiki uses this system, you will find more details at Help:VisualEditor/User guide/Citations-FullHelp:VisualEditor/User guide/Citations-Full
VisualEditor Citoid Automatic tab.png

Menyunting rujukan sedia ada

Bagi menyunting rujukan sedia ada, petik rujukan dalam teks, dan petik ikon "Rujukan" (tanda buku) yang kelihatan berhampirannya, atau ikon pada palang.
VisualEditor - Editing references 1.png

Memetik ikon Rujukan membuka dialog yang memuatkan penyunting mini; ini akan membolehkan anda untuk menyunting teks rujukan.

Banyak wiki menggunakan templat untuk memformat rujukan mengijut piawai tertentu. Anda akan nampak ini jika anda menyunting rujukan sedia ada; kandungannya akan berwarna biru apabila anda memilihnya.

If a template was used and you click on the reference information, then the Templat icon (puzzle piece) will appear with some information. Click on the "edit" button to edit the content of the template in the template mini-editor dialog.

VisualEditor - Editing references 6.png

If what appears when you click on a reference is an icon for a standard template for citations (an example is at right), then clicking "Edit" will open the template mini-editor dialog.
VisualEditor - Editing References - Cite Web.png

Memetik ikon Transklusi (kepingan susun suai gambar) akan membolehkan anda untuk menyunting parameter templat secara individu.
VisualEditor - Editing references 5.png

Petik "Kenakan perubahan" ("Apply changes") apabila sudah selesai, dan anda kan dibawa kembali ke penyunting rujukan.
VisualEditor Apply Changes-ms.png

Mengguna rujukan sedia ada

Jika laman sudahpun mempunyai rujukan, anda boleh emilih untuk menggunakan petikan sedia ada, jika ia berkaitan dengan teks yang anda mahu gunakan.

Bagi mengguna semula rujukan sedia ada, letakkan kursor anda di tempat di mana anda mahu ia kelihatan dalam teks, dan petik ikon "Rujukan" icon (tanda buku) pada palang.

(Note: If your wiki has the third footnote system described above, you'll see a "Re-use" tab, in a dialog, instead of a "Re-use" item on the "Petik" menu.)

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Reference.png

Jika terdapat banyak rujukan, anda boleh menggunakan palan gelintar (dilabel "Apa yang mahu anda rujuk?") ("What do you want to reference?") untuk hanya memaparkan rujukan yang sepadan dengan teks yang dipilih.

Cari rujukan yang anda mahu yang terdapat dalam senarai, dan pilih rujukan tersebut.

VisualEditor - Editing references 18.png

Menambah rujukan baharu

Untuk menambah rujukan baru, letakkan kursor anda di tempat di mana anda mahu ia kelihatan dalam teks, dan petik ikon "Rujukan" icon (tanda buku) pada palang.
VisualEditor - Toolbar - Reference.png

Using the "Basic" citation

Shown here is what you will see if you select the basic references item. Anda dapat menambah, menyunting dan memformat petikan anda dalam penyunting rujukan.

Anda boleh memasukkan rujukan ke dalam kumpulan tertentu; ini digunakan bagi memaparkan kumpulan-kumpulan rujukan dengan alat "Senarai rujukan".

VisualEditor - Editing references 20.png

Sekiranya anda menambah rujukan baru dan anda juga mahu memasukkan templat bersama-samanya, petik ikon Transklusi (kepingan susun suai gambar) ("Transclusion" dalam gambar sebelah) pada palang penyunting rujukan.
VisualEditor Template Insert Menu-ms.png

Kemudian, cari tempat yang anda mahu guna, dan tambah serta suntingnya seperti mana yang anda lakukan untuk rujukan sedia ada.

Petik butang "Kenakan perubahan" ("Apply changes") untuk pulang kepada penyunting rujukan, dan petik "Kenakan perubahan" sekali lagi untuk pulang kepada laman.

VisualEditor - Editing references 9.png

Jika tidak ada senarai rujukan pada laman (misalnya, anda menambah rujukan pertama pada laman), anda perlu menambah rujukan itu agar teks rujukan anda dapat dipaparkan.

Letakkan kursor pada tempat di mana anda mahu rujukan dipaparkan (lazimnya pada bahagian bawah laman) dan petik ikon "Senarai rujukan" ("References list" dalam gambar bersebelahan) (tiga buah buku) untuk menambahnya.

VisualEditor References List Insert Menu-ms.png

Sekiranya anda memcipta kumpulan rujukan, anda boleh menentukan kumpulan dalam dialog ini bagi memilih rujukan yang berkaitan dengannya.

Untuk menambah senarai rujukan, petik "Kenakan perubahan" pada dialog.

VisualEditor references list-ms.png

Using standard cite templates

Your local wiki may have added extra citation templates to the "Petik" menu. If so, you have quick access to the most-used citation templates for your wiki. (Instructions for adding extra citation templates to your local wiki are available at VisualEditor/Citation tool.)
VisualEditor - Editing References - Cite Pulldown.png

Clicking on a template icon such as "Cite book" will take you into the template mini-editor for that template. Important information fields may be marked with an asterisk. While the most common fields will be shown, not all of them are required.
VisualEditor - Editing references - Cite book required fields.png

To add more parameters, scroll down in the template mini-editor and click on the "Tambah lebih maklumat" option.

Click on "Sisipkan" when you're done.

VisualEditor - Editing references - Add parameter.png

Editing images and other media files

Menyunting imej

Untuk menambah imej (ataupun fail media lain) pada laman, petik ikon "Media" pada palang (gambar gunung).
VisualEditor Media Insert Menu-ms.png

Memetik ikon "Media" akan membuka dialog yang secara automatik akan menggelintar Wikimedia Commons untuk fail-fail media berkaitan dengan laman yang sedang anda sunting.

Anda dapat mencari fail media lain dengan menukar teks dalam kotak gelintar dialog.

Petik lakaran kecil bagi memilih fail.

This places the image onto the page you are editing.

VisualEditor - Media editing 2.png

Dialog media membolehkan anda untuk menambah (dan sunting) kapsyen, yang boleh mengandungi pemformatan dan pautan.
VisualEditor - Media editing 6.png

The media dialog also allows you to add alternative text captions, to help users who use screen readers, or who have disabled image display.
VisualEditor - Media editing 7.png

You can also set various parameters for the image in the "Tetapan selanjutnya" window. These include the alignment, the type, and size of the image.
VisualEditor - Media editing 8.png

Apabila sudah selesai, petik "Kenakan perubahan" ("Apply changes") bagi menutup dialog dan pulang kepada laman penyunting.
VisualEditor Apply Changes-ms.png

For an existing image, you can add or edit a caption or other settings by clicking on the image, then clicking on the "Media" icon that appears below the picture.

You can resize an existing image by clicking on it, then moving the resize icon (the two-headed arrow on one or both bottom corners).

You can also drag and drop an image to a place higher or lower on the page.

VisualEditor - Media editing 3.png

Uploading images

You can upload images from a tab in the media dialog.
VisualEditor - Media upload 1.PNG

Click the "Upload" tab and select an image from your computer. You can type the file name, or drag an image into the box.
VisualEditor - Media upload 1.PNG

You need to describe the image and add categories to it so that other people can find it.
VisualEditor - Media upload 2.PNG

The image will be inserted into the page when you are done.
VisualEditor-logo.svg

Editing media galleries

To add a new gallery, click the "Galeri" icon (a set of photos) on the "Sisipkan" menu. (If you don't see this icon on that menu, then your local wiki has decided to delay implementing this functionality in the visual editor.)
VisualEditor - Gallery1.png

To edit an existing gallery in the visual editor, click that gallery. Then, near the bottom of the gallery, click the gallery icon (a set of photos). This brings up the gallery editor, with the full list of images included in the gallery.
VisualEditor - Gallery2.png
The gallery editor is currently a simple box that allows you to edit existing galleries using wikitext markup. To add a new image to an existing gallery, type the file name, followed by a bar (|) and the caption for that image. You must put each image in the gallery on its own line. You can also edit this list to remove or rearrange images or to change captions.

When you click the "Siap" button, you will exit the gallery editor. You should then see your changes, with the gallery as it will now appear to readers.

Remember that exiting the gallery editor does not save your changes. As with other changes made using the visual editor, you must save the entire page in order to save your work.

VisualEditor - Gallery3.png

Editing templates

Starting

Bagi menambah templat baru, letakkan kursor anda di tempat di mana anda mahu ia dimuatkan, dan petik ikon "Transklusi" (kepingan susun suai gambar) pada palang.
VisualEditor Template Insert Menu-ms.png

Masukkan nama templat yang anda mahu muatkan dan petik "Tambah templat".
VisualEditor - Template editing 4.png

Anda juga boleh menyunting templat yang sudahpun dimuatkan ke dalam laman dengan memilih templat (kelihatan biru) dan memetik ikon "Transklusi" (kepingan susun suai gambar) yang akan muncul, ataupun ikon pada palang.
VisualEditor - Template editing 1.png

Some templates are not visible to someone reading a page. In the visual editor, such hidden templates are shown as puzzle icons. The name of the template will be shown next to the puzzle icon.
VisualEditor template not visible.png

When you select the icon, the context menu is displayed, and you can edit the template.
VisualEditor template not visible context menu.png

Template parameters

When you add a new template or open an existing one, the "Transklusi" dialog is shown. The contents depends upon whether the template has been documented using the new TemplateDataExtension:TemplateData system or not.

The template shown here has no TemplateData set up for it. The dialog therefore provides a link to documentation for the template. By visiting the documentation you should be able to figure out if the template has any parameters (fields), and what goes in each field. Use numbers as the name for each nameless parameter. The first un-named parameter is named 1, the second is named 2, and so forth.
VisualEditor template with no TemplateData.png

If a template has been updated to contain TemplateData information, then the dialog will show a list of individual (named) parameters.
VisualEditor template with TemplateData.png

Anda boleh menambah parameter ataupun menyunting parameter yang sedia ada.
VisualEditor - Template editing 3.png

Apabila sesebuah templat memuatkan templat-templat lain, templat-templat ini (subtemplat) akan tampil sebagai parameter. Subtemplat ini boleh disunting ataupun dibuang dengan memetik nama subtemplat berkaitan.

Subtemplat-subtemplat baru ditambah dengan cara yang digunakan untuk menambah parameter. Anda mungkin perlu menyemak dokumentasi templat bagi memastikan yang subtempat disokong.

VisualEditor - Template editing 5.png

Finishing

Apabila selesai, petik "Kenakan perubahan" bagi menutup dialog dan pulang kepada penyunting laman.
VisualEditor Apply Changes-ms.png

Menggantikan templat

Apabila sesebuah templat perlu diganti, taip subst: (termasuk titik tindih) sebelum nama templat.

Penyiapan automatik ("Autocompletion") tidak berfungsi dengan subst:; jika anda perlukan penyiapan automatik, tambah subst: hanya selepas mencari templat yang anda mahu.

Kemudian, klik butang hijau "Tambah templat".

Tambah parameter seperti biasa dan "Kenakan perubahan".

VisualEditor - Template editing 7.png

Anda tidak akan melihat pengembangan tempalt semasa fasa permulaan ini.
VisualEditor - Template editing 8.png

Editing lists

VisualEditor Toolbar Lists and indentation-ms.png
You can use the visual editor to create lists, or to change the format of an existing list. There are two types of lists: unordered (bullet) and ordered (numbered).

To start a new list, just click on one of the two menu items shown here. Or, if you already have typed the list (on separate lines), select (highlight) the list you have typed, then click on one of the menu items.


VisualEditor lists 1 unordered bullet.png
VisualEditor lists 2 ordered numbered.png
Shown here are examples of the two types of lists: unordered (bullet) and ordered (numbered).

VisualEditor lists 3 select to indent.png
If you want to change the indentation level of part of an existing list, select the part of the list that you want to change.

VisualEditor lists 4 indentation menu.png
Then use the menu, or press the Tab key. (The Tab key increases indentation; use the shift key plus the Tab key to decrease indentation)

VisualEditor lists after indenting.png
Here is the result of increased indentation.

VisualEditor lists mixed.png
You can even mix ordered (numbered) and unordered (bullet) lists, if the list items have different indentations.

Editing tables

VisualEditor insert table.png
You can use the visual editor to insert and change tables.

You can even import a table by dragging a comma-separated value (.csv) file from your computer into the main editing window.


When you click on "Table", in the "Sisipkan" menu, the visual editor inserts a blank four-by-four table.

Now the "Table" menu is available. From that menu, you can add a caption to the top of the table.

VisualEditor empty table.png

To select a cell, click it once.
VisualEditor tables select one cell.png

To edit the contents of the cell (for example, to add content or to correct a spelling error), double click in the cell. Or you can select the cell and then press Return.

To end your editing of a cell, just click elsewhere.

VisualEditor tables type inside a cell.png

VisualEditor table editing add and remove columns.png
You can add or delete a column or a row.

You can merge cells: Select them, then from the Table menu, click on "Merge cells".
VisualEditor tables merge cells.png

If you merge cells, only the text in one cell is kept; any text in the other cells is deleted when you merge the cells. If you decide that you wanted some or all of the text that was deleted, use the Undo button, move or copy the text you want, then merge the cells again.
VisualEditor tables post-merge cell.png

You can also split cells that were previously merged. All the content that was in the merged cell will remain in the first cell when you do the split. You can then cut and paste text to other cells, if you want.
VisualEditor tables split cells.png

Menyunting kategori

VisualEditor category item-ms.png
Menu "Page options" membolehkan akses kepada butang "Categories".

VisualEditor category editing-ms.png

Butang "Options" membuka dialog yang menyenaraikan kategori sedia ada dan membenarkan anda untuk menambah kategori baharu.

Terdapat pilihan untuk menyesuaikan kekunci isih yang dugunakan untuk menyenaraikan laman dalam laman-laman kategori.

For example, the default sorting key for the article "George Washington" is "Washington, George". In the category "Presidents of the United States", the article is listed under the letter "W", not the letter "G".


VisualEditor - Category editing 3.png
Untuk menambah kategori baru, masukkan namanya dalam medan "Tambah kategori". Anda boleh mencipta kategori baru ataupun memilih kategori sedia ada.

VisualEditor - Category editing 2.png

Untuk membuang kategori sedia ada, petik ikon "Buang" (tong sampah) pada dialog.

Anda juga boleh menetapkan kunci isih buat kategori tertentu. Ini akan mengetepikan kunci isih am.


VisualEditor Apply Changes-ms.png
Petik "Kenakan perubahan" apabila anda sudah selesai menyunting kategori untuk pulang kepada penyunting laman.

Mengubah tetapan halaman

VisualEditor page settings item-ms.png
To edit a page's settings, click to open the "Pilihan laman" menu, in the toolbar, and select the "Tetapan halaman" button.

VisualEditor Page Settings-ms.png
The "Tetapan halaman" button opens a dialog that shows several options.

VisualEditor Page Settings Redirects-ms.png
You can make a page a redirect to another page by checking the "Lencongkan laman ini ke" checkbox, and then typing the name of the page to which you want to send the reader who tries to go to the page that you're editing.

At the bottom is the option to prevent page renames from updating this redirect. This is very rarely used.


VisualEditor Page Settings TOC-ms.png
Anda boleh mengubah paparan Jadual Isi Kandungan dalam halaman dengan memilih salah satu daripada tiga butang yang berikut. Pilihan asali ialah "Jika perlu" yang memaparkan Jadual Isi Kandungan jika terdapat tiga tajuk ke atas.

VisualEditor Page Settings Edit Links-ms.png
You can make a page not show edit links next to each section header by checking this checkbox.

VisualEditor Apply Changes-ms.png
Click "Gunakan perubahan" when you're done editing the Pilihan laman to return to the page editor.

Menyunting formula matematik

To add a new mathematical formula to the page, place your cursor where you want it to be inserted, and click on the "⧼math-visualeditor-mwmathinspector-title⧽" icon ("Σ") in the "Sisipkan" menu on the toolbar.
VisualEditor Formula Insert Menu-ms.png

A window will open in which you can type the formula, using LaTeX syntax. the visual editor will update the formula as you type it, so you can see how it will look as you make changes. Once you are happy with the formula, click the "Siap" button.
VisualEditor formula-ms.png

To edit an existing mathematical formula on the page, click on it and then click on the "Σ" icon that appears. This will open up the formula window, where you make changes.
VisualEditor - editing existing mathematical formula.png

Mathematical formulae can be placed inline or centered as a block.
VisualEditor mathematic formula inline.png

Editing musical scores

To add a new musical notation to a page, place your cursor where you want the musical notation to be inserted. Then, from the "Insert" menu on the toolbar, click the "Musical notation" option.

To edit an existing musical notation on the page, double click on it.

VisualEditor-Insert-Musical-Notation.png

This will open the "Musical notation" dialog. Here the notation can be edited by scale, either in ABC or in Lilypond format. You can also link the notation to an audio or MIDI file. Once you are finished, click the "Done" button to close the dialog and save your changes.
Musical.png

Menyunting puisi dan lain-lain perkara istimewa

Sesetengah perkara seperti puisi dan skor muzik belum disokong oleh VisualEditor. Sehingga itu, anda perlu menyunting wikiteks sumber secara langsung jika anda ingin menyunting atau menambah perkara-perkara berkenaan.

VisualEditor editing poem 1.png

In most cases, the existing items can be edited, but new ones cannot be inserted in the visual editor.

Until they are fully supported, you can copy an existing one from another page, or edit the source wikitext directly.

VisualEditor editing poem 2.png

Switching between the visual and wikitext editors

To switch from the visual editor to the wikitext editor, click the [[ ]] button on the far right of the toolbar.

VisualEditor toolbar Page options - Switch to wikitext - Save.png

If you've done any editing, you'll be asked whether you want to keep your changes. Normally you'll click on "Keep changes".

VisualEditor bi-directional switching to wikitext.png

You'll see a diff. (If you clicked on "Discard changes", you'll just see wikitext, ready to edit with the wikitext editor.)

Scroll down, and you'll see the wikitext editing area.

VisualEditor bi-directional switching diff before wikitext.png

You can also switch from the wikitext editor to the visual editor. To do that, click the pencil icon on the far right of the toolbar.

VisualEditor bi-directional switching pencil icon in wikitext.png

After you click the pencil icon, if you've done any editing you'll be asked whether you want to keep your changes. If you click "Keep changes", you'll go to the visual editor. If you click "Discard changes", you'll be asked to confirm that is what you want to do (click on "Leave Page" to confirm) before the visual editor will start.

VisualEditor bi-directional switching to visual editing.png

Jalan pintas kekunci

Ramai penyunting sudah biasa menyunting secara langsung, terutamanya teks tebal, condong dan juga pautan wiki ("wikilinks").Jalan pintas kekunci membolehkan sisipan format tanpa perlu memetik butang palang. Jalan pintas yang sering dijumpai dan yang digunakan penyunting-penyunting lain, berfungsi dengan VisualEditor.

Jalan pintas PC Tindakan Jalan pintas Mac

Ctrl+B Tebal Cmd+B

Ctrl+I Condong (Italik) Cmd+I

Ctrl+K Masukkan pautan Cmd+K

Ctrl+X Kerat Cmd+X

Ctrl+C Salin Cmd+C

Ctrl+V Tampal Cmd+V

Ctrl+Z Undur kembali Cmd+Z