Enyemaka:VisualEditọ/Ntuziaka onye ọrụ

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This page is a translated version of the page Help:VisualEditor/User guide and the translation is 24% complete.
Outdated translations are marked like this.
PD Rịba ama: Mgbe ị depụtara peeji a, ị kwenyere ịhapụ onyinye gị n'okpuru CC0. Lee Peeji nke Enyemaka Ọha maka ozi ndị ọzọ.
PD


Ị mepe visual editọ

Iji dezie ibe site na iji visual editọ, pịa taabụ "Mèzi" dị n'elu ibe ahụ.

O nwere ike were naani nkeji ole na ole ka ibe ahụ mepee maka ndezi, maọbụ gbuo oge ma ọ bụrụ na ibe ahụ dị ogologo.

Ịpị na taabụ "Mèzi mkpụrụ" ga-emepe ihe ndezi isi mmalite wikitext.

VisualEditor edit tab-en.png

Ị nwekwara ike imepe visual editọ site na-ịpị njikọ "mezie" na ngalaba ọ bụla.
VisualEditor - Section edit links-en.png

Mmalite: ogwe ngwaọrụ nke visual editọ

Nseta ihuenyo nke ogwe ngwaọrụ visual editọ
Ogwe ihe nrụzi visual editọ na-egosi n'elu ihuenyo mgbe ịmalitere ndezi. Ọ gụnyere ụfọdụ akara ngosi ama ama:

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Undo-redo.png
$wegharia ma $megharịa mgbanwe ndị i mebere.

VisualEditor Toolbar Headings-en.png
Isi' menu ndọpụta: na-enye gị ohere ịgbanwe ka esi ahazi paragraf. Ịgbanwe ụdị nke paragraf, tinye cursor gị na paragraf wee họrọ otu ihe dị na menu a (ịkwesighi ime ka ederede ọ bụla pụta ìhè). A haziri aha ngalaba "Heading", na ngalaba nke nta bụ "Sub-heading 1", "Sub-heading 2", na ihe ndị ọzọ. Usoro nkịtị maka ederede bụ "$ụdị".

VisualEditor Toolbar Formatting-en.png

Formatting: ịpi "A" ga-emepe menu.

  • Ihe "Bold" (B) na-eme ka ederede ahọpụtara nwee pụta ihe.
  • Ihe Italic (I) na-esetịpụ ederede ahọpụtara.
  • Ihe "Superscript" (x2) na-eme ka ederede ahọpụtara dị obere karịa ederede gbara ya gburugburu wee dịtụ elu karịa ederede gbara ya gburugburu.
  • Ihe "Subscript" (x2) na-eme ka ederede ahọpụtara dị obere karia ederede gbara ya gburugburu ma dị ntakịrị ala karịa ederede gbara ya gburugburu.
  • Ihe "Strikethrough" (S) na-agbakwunye akara siri ike site na ederede ahọpụtara.
  • Ihe "Computer code" (usoro nke akara nkudo gbakọrọ agbakọ: {}) na-agbanwe mkpụrụedemede nke ederede ahọpụtara ka ọ bụrụ mkpụrụedemede monospaced, nke na-ekewapụ ya na ederede gbara ya gburugburu (nke dabara nha nha).
  • Ihe "Underline" (U) na-agbakwụnye ahịrị siri ike n'okpuru ederede ahọpụtara.
  • Ihe "$asụsụ" ($mkpụrụedemedeasụsụ) na-enye gị ohere ịkpọ asụsụ (dịka ọmụmaatụ, Japanese) na ntụzịaka (dịka ọmụmaatụ, aka nri-gaa n'aka ekpe) nke ederede ahọpụtara.
  • Ihe ikpeazụ (VisualEditor MediaWiki theme clear icon bitmap.png), nke a na-akpọ "Remove", na-ewepụ nhazi mkpụrụedemede niile na ederede ahọpụtara, gụnyere njikọ.

Ọ bụrụ na ị họrọbeghị ederede ọ bụla, mgbe ahụ ị pịrị "A" ka imepee menu, wee họrọ otu ihe, usoro ahụ ga-adaba n'ederede ị na-amalite ịdenye, site na ebe ọ bụla cursor gị dị.


VisualEditor - Toolbar - Linking.png
Ngwaọrụ ejikọtara: Akara ngosi chain bụ ngwaọrụ njikọ. Ịpị ya (na-abụkarị mgbe ahọpụtara ụfọdụ ederede) ga-emepe nkwukọrịta njikọ.

VisualEditor - Cite Pulldown.png
Cite menu: A na-eji menu "Cite" tinye ntinye n'ahịrị (nke a na-akpọkwa "ntụgharị ụkwụ" ma ọ bụ "ebensidee"). Ọrụ niile nwere ike nweta nhazi ebensidee yana ike ijikwa ebensidee ahụ ọzọ site na iji menu a. Ọ na-enyekwa ndị ọrụ ohere ngwa ngwa ndebiri mpaghara ebensidee, ma ọ bụrụ na enyere ndị a aka na wiki ha.

(Ntụziaka maka ịgbakwunye ebensidee na mpaghara Cite menu na wiki akọwapụtara dị na VisualEditor/Citation tool .)


VisualEditor citoid Cite button-en.png
bọtịnụ Cite: Ọ bụrụ na agbanyere ọrụ citoid na wiki gị, mgbe ahụ ị ga-ahụ bọtịnụ Cite kama Cite menu.

Ọrụ citoid na-anwa ịdejupụta ndebiri ngụ na-akpaghị aka.


VisualEditor Toolbar Lists and indentation-en.png
Ndepụta na ntinye aka: Ihe abụọ mbụ na-enye gị ohere ịhazi ederede ka "Bullet list" ma ọ bụ "$ọnụọgụgụ". Ihe abụọ ikpeazụ na-enye gị ohere ibelata ma ọ bụ welie ọkwa ntinye nke ndepụta ihe.

VisualEditor Insert Menu-en.png
Insert: menu "Insert" nwere ike ịdị iche na ụfọdụ ọrụ. N'okpuru bụ ndepụta niile nhọrọ nwere ike ịpụta.
  • Akara ngosi "$mgbasa ozi" (ihe osise ugwu) ga-emepe mkpọsa mgbasa ozi.
  • Akara ngosi "Template" (ihe mgbagwoju anya) na-enye gị ohere dezie ndebiri.
  • Ihe "Table" ga-enye gị ohere itinye tebụl.
  • Ihe "$ikwu" (mbolombolo okwu) na-enye gị ohere itinye nkọwa ndị na-agụ ya na-agaghị ahụ; Enwere ike ịhụ nkwupụta ndị a naanị mgbe ha nọ na ọnọdụ ndezi, ebe a na-egosipụta ya site na akara ngosi mkpu. N'ụdị ndezi, ịpị akara ngosi mkpu na-enye gị ohere idezi ma ọ bụ hichapụ nkọwa ahụ.
  • Akara ngosi "Hieroglyphs" (akara ankh - ☥) na-enye gị ohere ịbanye ntinye hieroglyphics. (Hụ okpuru.)
  • Ihe "Code block" na-enye gị ohere itinye koodu.
  • Ihe "egwu" na-enye gị ohere itinye akara ngosi egwu.
  • Akara ngosi "Gallery" (otu foto) na-enye gị ohere itinye gallery na ibe ahụ.
  • Akara ngosi "Math formula" (Σ) meghere nkwukọrịta ntinye usoro usoro.
  • Ihe "Graph" na-enye gị ohere itinye eserese.
  • Ihe "Your signature" na-enye gị ohere itinye mbinye aka nke ị na-eji na ọrụ ahụ. A ga-ekpuchi ya (anaghị ahọpụta ya) mgbe ị na-edezi ụdị ibe (“namespace”), dị ka akụkọ, ebe ekwesighi itinye mbinye aka.
  • Akara ngosi "$ebensidee" (akwụkwọ atọ) ga-emepe mkparịta ụka nke ị nwere ike ịkọwa ebe a ga-egosipụta nrụtụ aka nye onye na-agụ ya. Ọ na-adịkarị mkpa ka eme nke a naanị otu ugboro na ibe.

Ṅtinye agwa pụrụ iche: Akara ngosi "Special character" (Ω) dị n'akụkụ menu "Insert". Mgbe ịpịrị ya, ọ ga-egosiputa mkparịta ụka na-egosi ọtụtụ mkpụrụedemede pụrụ iche. Site na ịpị otu mkpụrụedemede, tinye ya n'ime ederede. Ederede pụrụ iche gụnyere ụfọdụ akara ọkọlọtọ, akara ụdaolu, n'akara mgbakọ na mwepụ. (Enwere ike ịhazi ndepụta a na mpaghara. Lee VisualEditor/Special characters maka ntuziaka.)
VisualEditor Toolbar SpecialCharacters-en.png

VisualEditor toolbar edit notices icon.png
Bọtịnụ dezie ọkwa na-egosiputa ọkwa ọ bụla maka ibe ahụ.

VisualEditor More Settings-en.png
Ihe menu Page options' dị n'aka ekpe nke bọtịnụ Publish changes yana Mgbanwe editọ menu. Na menu a, enwere bọtịnụ iji meghee okwu Nhọrọ nwere taabụ ndị a (n'akụkụ aka ekpe):
  • Ụdàkọ na-enye gị ohere itinye edemede na ibe a na ịhazigharị ka esi ahazi ibe ahụ, mgbe ogosiri n'ime otu site na ịtọ ndektị dị iche iji hazie ya.
  • Page settings na-enye gị ohere ịme ibe ahụ ka ọ bụrụ redirect wee mezie nhọrọ nke redirect a, ka ịhazie ntọala gbasara ngosipụta nke Tebụl Ọdịnaya, gbanyụọ njikọ dezie n'akụkụ isiokwu ọ bụla, yana ịkọwa ibe ahụ dị ka ibe mgbanwe.
  • Ntọala di elu na-enye gị ohere ịgbanwe ntọala banyere indexation nke ibe site search engines, na-egosi taabụ ịgbakwunye ngalaba ọhụrụ, na-egosipụta aha.
  • $asụsụ nke na-egosi ndepụta ibe n'asụsụ ndị ọzọ ejikọrọ na ibe ahụ.
  • Ụdị eji na-egosi ndepụta njikọ nke njikọ ọ bụla ejiri na ibe a.

A na-egosipụtakwa taabụ nke dialog Nhọrọ na menu Page options tinyekw na- nwere ike imeghe ya site na ịpị ya. Ọzọkwa menu Page options nwere bọtịnụ Lee ka aka nri-gaa-ekpe' na bọtịnụ Chọta na dochie nke na-emepe mkparịta ụka ebe ị nwere ike itinye mkpụrụedemede, usoro ma ọ bụ okwu oge niile ị na-achọ, maka na ndị ga-eji dochie ha, yana ọtụtụ bọtịnụ maka nhọrọ.


VisualEditor bi-directional switching square brackets icon.png
Bọtịnụ gbanwee gaa na ndezi isi mmalite dị n'akụkụ bọtịnụ Publish changes. Ọ na-enye gị ohere ịgbanwe na wikitext editọ.

Mbipụta mgbanwe

Mgbe ịmechara ndezi, pịa bọtịnụ "Publish changes" na-acha anụnụ anụnụ dị na ogwe ngwaọrụ. Ọ bụrụ na ịmebeghị mgbanwe ọ bụla, bọtịnụ ahụ ga-enwe nkwarụ (ọ gaghị ezi nke ọma). Ịkagbu mgbanwe ndezi gị niile, mechie windo ihe nchọgharị gị, ma ọ bụ pịa taabụ "Gụ̀ọ" dị n'elu ogwe ngwaọrụ ndezi.
VisualEditor toolbar actions-en.png

Ịpị bọtịnụ "Publish changes" na-acha anụnụ anụnụ ga-emepe mkparịta ụka. Ị nwere ike tinyezie nchịkọta nkenke nke omume gị, kaa ndezi gị dị ka obere, na/ma ọ bụ tinye ibe ahụ na ndetu $nlele gị. Igbe maka nchịkọta bụ ihe nhata nke Mmẹkụwátá: ubi na editọ wikitext.

Ị nwekwara ike nyochaa mgbanwe gị site na iji bọtịnụ "$nyochaa" iji gosi na ha ga-arụ ọrụ dị ka ịchere tupu ịchekwa mgbanwe gị. Nke a yiri bọtịnụ "Zi mgbanwè" dị na nchịkọta akụkọ wikitext.

Bọtịnụ Resume editing ga-eweghachi gị na ibe ị na-edezi. Ị nwere ike bipụta mgbanwe gị niile ma emechaa.

VisualEditor save dialog-en.png

Ndezi njikọ

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Linking.png
Enwere ike ịgbakwunye njikọ site na akara ngosi "Link" (njikọ dị n'agbụ) na ngwaọrụ, ma ọ bụ site na iji ụzọ mkpirisi Ctrl+K (ma ọ bụ ⌘ Command+K na Mac).

Ọ bụrụ n'ịhọrọ ederede (kpachapụta anya) wee pịa bọtịnụ "Link", a ga-eji ederede ahụ mepụta njikọ ahụ. Maka njikọ nke gụnyere naanị otu okwu, ị nwere ike họrọ okwu ahụ ma ọ bụ tinye naanị cursor n'ime okwu ahụ.


VisualEditor-link tool-search results-en.png
Mgbe ị na-eji bọtịnụ ma ọ bụ ụzọ mkpirisi, mkparịta ụka ga-emeghe ebe ị nwere ike pịnye njikọ ahụ.

Ngwá ọrụ njikọ ahụ ga-anwa inye aka na njikọ di n'ime' site n'ịchọ ihe nwere ike iyi ya. Once you have entered or selected the link, you complete the linking process by pressing ↵ Enter or by pressing the "Done" button. Your link will immediately appear on the page, but as with other changes to the page, it will not be published until you publish the entire page.


VisualEditor-link tool-external link.png
To link to a web page on another website, the process is similar: Choose the "External site" tab, and enter a URL in the box.

VisualEditor link tool simple link.png
External links without labels look like this: [1]. You can add these by placing your cursor away from any word (e.g., after a space). Open the link tool by pressing on the button or pressing the shortcut keys. Type the URL in the box, and press the "Done" button to insert the link.

VisualEditor-context menu-link tool.png
To change or remove an existing link, press within the text for that link, then press the "Link" icon that appears near it. The dialog will appear, for editing. You can also get to the dialog with the Ctrl+K keyboard shortcut. When a link is selected, it appears as blue framed.

In the link editing dialog, you can then change where the link goes. You can also remove the link entirely by pressing the "Remove" button in the upper right corner of the dialog. You can also open the link's target in another window by pressing on the copy of the link in the dialog box. (You might want do this to check if an external link is valid.)

If you want to exit the link label (the text displayed as a link) or continue to write after this link, you can press :

  • Pressing it once will escape the link editing dialog and put your cursor at the end of the element linked (blue framed, to edit this element)
  • Pressing it twice will put the cursor after the element linked, ready to type the rest of your text.

To edit the link label of an existing link, press within the link label and type the new one. But if you want to replace the entire label, please note:

  • If you have selected (highlighted) the entire link label, the link will be deleted by typing any key. You may link it from start.
  • To keep the link directly, you may press within that link label, use backspace and delete key without pressing it once more than necessary, and a narrow blue link area will remain there. Now you may type in the new label for the kept link.
  • You can also link to categories, files and more.

Editing references

For further information, see Help using citation templates or Help using citoid's Cite button

Determining which system is in place

Your wiki may use one of three footnote systems. The one shown on the right is the simplest system, where the "Cite" menu does not include any citation templates. If your wiki uses this system, then everything you need to know about footnotes is on this page.
VisualEditor cite menu default.png

The second system has the same type of "Cite" menu, but with several popular citation templates set up for quick access. If your wiki uses this system, then you will find more details at Help:VisualEditor/User guide/Citations-Templates
VisualEditor references more.png

VisualEditor citoid Cite button-en.png
In the third system, you again start by pressing the Cite button. Then a dialog box opens, which includes an automatic citation process using the citoid service. If your wiki uses this system, you will find more details at Help:VisualEditor/User guide/Citations-Full
VisualEditor Citoid Inspector-en.png

Editing an existing reference

To edit an existing reference, press on it where it appears in the text (usually as a bracketed number). You will see either a "Reference" icon (bookmark) or an icon (and name) for the template that was used to create this reference. In either case, pressing on the "Edit" button will open a dialog where you can edit the reference.
VisualEditor - Editing references 1.png

For the "Reference" icon, pressing "Edit" opens the Reference dialog. To start changing the reference information, press on it.

Many wikis use templates to format references. If a template is used in your reference, then when you move your pointer over the reference information, all the information in that field will be highlighted.

If a template was used and you press on the reference information, then the Template icon (puzzle piece) will appear with some information. Press on the "edit" button to edit the content of the template in the template mini-editor dialog.

VisualEditor - Editing references 6.png

If what appears when you press on a reference is an icon for a standard template for citations (an example is at right), then pressing "Edit" will open the template mini-editor dialog.
VisualEditor - Editing References - Cite Web.png

Inside the template mini-editor, you can add or remove types of information or change current content. Only fields (template parameters) that have content will show, initially. To add fields, press on "Add more information" at the bottom of the mini-editor.
VisualEditor - Editing references 5.png

Press on "Apply changes" when you are done.
VisualEditor Apply Changes-en.png

Re-using an existing reference

If the page already contains a citation that applies to the text you want to source, then you can choose to re-use that existing citation.

To re-use an existing reference, place your cursor in the body of the text where you want to add a new reference (number) for that citation. Then press on the "Re-use reference" item from the "Cite" menu.

(Note: If your wiki has the third footnote system described above, you'll see a "Re-use" tab, in a dialog, instead of a "Re-use" item on the "Cite" menu.)

VisualEditor Cite menu re-use.png

In the Reference dialog, look at the list for the reference you want to reuse, and select it. If there are many references, you can use the search box (labeled "Search within current citations") to list only those references that include certain text.
VisualEditor - Editing references 18.png

Adding a new reference

To add a citation using the "Cite" menu, place your cursor where you want to add it in the text. Then select the appropriate citation type in the menu.
VisualEditor references more.png

Using the "Basic" citation

Shown here is what you will see if you select the basic references item. In the Reference editor, you can add your citation, including formatting.

You can make the reference belong to a given group, although normally this is left blank. (This option is used to display groups of references with the "References list" tool.)

VisualEditor - Editing references 20.png

In the Reference dialog, if you want to include a citation template, or any other template, in your new reference, press the Template icon (puzzle piece) in the "Insert" toolbar menu within the Reference editor.
VisualEditor Template Insert Menu-en.png

Then, look for the template you want to use, add it and edit it as you would any other template. (See the Editing templates section, below, if you need more information about templates.)

After you are done editing your new template, press on "Apply changes" to return to the Reference editor, and "Apply changes" again to return to the page you are editing.

VisualEditor - Editing references 9.png

If there isn't already a list of references on the page (for example, if you are adding the first reference for the page), you need to specify where the list of references, and their text, will be displayed to the reader.

Place the cursor where you want to display the references list (usually at the bottom of the page), open the "Insert" menu and press the "References list" icon (three books).

VisualEditor References List Insert Menu-en.png

If you are using several groups of references, which is relatively rare, you can specify the group in this dialog. Only the references that belong to that group will be displayed on the page at the location where you are placing the group.

The final step in the References list dialog is to press "Insert".

VisualEditor references list-en.png

Using standard cite templates

Your local wiki may have added extra citation templates to the "Cite" menu. If so, you have quick access to the most-used citation templates for your wiki. (Instructions for adding extra citation templates to your local wiki are available at VisualEditor/Citation tool .)
VisualEditor - Editing References - Cite Pulldown.png

Pressing on a template icon such as "Cite book" will take you into the template mini-editor for that template. Important information fields may be marked with an asterisk. While the most common fields will be shown, not all of them are required.
VisualEditor - Editing references - Cite book required fields.png

To add more parameters, scroll down in the template mini-editor and press on the "Add more information" option.

Press on "Insert" when you are done.

VisualEditor - Editing references - Add parameter.png

Editing images and other media files

Editing images

To add a new image (or another type of media file) to the page, press the "Images and media" icon (a picture of mountains) in the "Insert" menu. The image will be added wherever your cursor is.
VisualEditor Media Insert Menu-en.png

Pressing the "Images and media" icon opens a dialog that automatically searches Wikimedia Commons and your local wiki for media files related to the title of the page you are editing.

You can change the search by changing the text in the dialog's search box.

To choose a file, press on its thumbnail image.

This places the image onto the page you are editing.

VisualEditor - Media editing 2.png

After the image you selected is inserted into the page, another dialog will open. This dialog allows you to add and edit the caption of the image. The caption can contain formatting and links.
VisualEditor - Media editing 6.png

The media dialog also allows you to add alternative text captions, to help users who use screen readers, or who have disabled image display.
VisualEditor - Media editing 7.png

You can also set various parameters for the image in the "Advanced settings" window. These include the alignment, the type, and size of the image.
VisualEditor - Media editing 8.png

When you are done, press "Apply changes" to close the dialog and return to editing the page.
VisualEditor Apply Changes-en.png

For an existing image, you can add or edit a caption or other settings by pressing on the image, then pressing on the "Images and media" icon that appears below the picture.

You can resize an existing image by pressing on it, then moving the resize icon (the two-headed arrow on one or both bottom corners).

You can also drag and drop an image to a place higher or lower on the page.

VisualEditor - Media editing 3.png

Uploading images

You can upload images from a tab in the media dialog, or by dragging and dropping a file into the editor, or by pasting an image from your clipboard.
VisualEditor - Media upload 1.png

Press the "Upload" tab and select an image from your computer. You can type the file name, or drag an image into the box. If you dragged and dropped an image directly into the editor, or pasted one from your clipboard, this tab will open automatically.
VisualEditor - Media upload 1.5.png

You need to describe the image and add categories to it so that other people can find it.
VisualEditor - Media upload 2.png

The image will be inserted into the page when you are done.
VisualEditor-logo.svg

Editing media galleries

To add a new gallery, press the "Gallery" icon (a set of photos) on the "Insert" menu. (If you don't see this icon on that menu, then your local wiki has decided to delay implementing this functionality in the visual editor.)
VisualEditor - Gallery1.png

To edit an existing gallery in the visual editor, press that gallery. Then, near the bottom of the gallery, press the gallery icon (a set of photos). This brings up the gallery editor, with the full list of images included in the gallery.
VisualEditor - Gallery2.png
The gallery editor is currently a simple box that allows you to edit existing galleries using wikitext markup. To add a new image to an existing gallery, type the file name, followed by a bar (|) and the caption for that image. You must put each image in the gallery on its own line. You can also edit this list to remove or rearrange images or to change captions.

When you press the "Done" button, you will exit the gallery editor. You should then see your changes, with the gallery as it will now appear to readers.

Remember that exiting the gallery editor does not publish your changes. As with other changes made using the visual editor, you must publish the entire page in order to publish your work.

VisualEditor - Gallery3.png

Editing templates

The powerful MediaWiki template system lets you insert dynamic content, text from other pages, and much more. For a detailed explanation and examples, see the Templates help page.

In the VisualEditor you can search for a relevant template, add an invocation or transclusion on the page you’re editing and, if needed, add custom content using parameters.

Insert new template

To add a template to a page, place your cursor at the position on the page where you want the template to be inserted. Then open the Insert menu and select "OOjs UI icon puzzle-ltr.svg Template". Alternatively, type two curly brackets {{ to open the same dialog.
VisualEditor Template Insert Menu-en.png
Find the template you want to insert by typing either its name or a relevant keyword. Results containing the search term in either the name or description will display in a dropdown. This should help you find a relevant template, even if you don’t know its exact name.

If you’re having trouble finding the kind of template you want by using keywords, you can look on other wiki pages with similar content and view or edit the page source to see which templates are in use. When you find the desired template’s name, you can type it into this field to insert it here.

Screenshot of the template search field in the Visual Editor

You can also edit a template that’s already on a page. When you select the template you want to edit, it turns blue, and a box appears displaying "OOjs UI icon puzzle-ltr.svg Template". Then select the "Mèzi" link or double click on the template itself to open the template.
Screenshot of the VisualEditor interface with a template selected

Some templates are not visible to someone reading a page. In the visual editor, such hidden templates are still shown so that you can click and edit or delete them. The name of the template will be shown next to the puzzle icon and both will be grayed out.
Screenshot of hidden templates in the Visual Editor interface

Template parameters

You’ll see this dialog box when you’re adding a new template or editing one already in place. What you see in the box depends on whether the template in question contains TemplateData , helpful metadata added by other editors to make it easier to edit templates in the Visual Editor.

When a template contains TemplateData, the VisualEditor can use it to present annotated fields for you to fill in.


For templates that have some community-provided TemplateData, the VisualEditor displays a list of the named parameters and, often, descriptions and instructions explaining the meaning and required format for each parameter’s values.

Screenshot of template parameters in the Visual Editor interface
Template parameters in the Visual Editor interface

You can disable any optional parameter (which have blue checkboxes on the left side). If a parameter’s checkbox is grayed out and not clickable, the template requires that parameter, so it can’t be disabled.

When you insert a new template, you may find that some optional parameters are pre-selected. That means the author(s) of the template recommends the use of those parameters. It’s best to review all parameters that will be used in a template to ensure you understand their use.

Clicking an unchecked parameter adds it to the template. Clicking a parameter that’s already been added takes you to the parameter’s input field.

Some template parameters will show as “deprecated”. Don’t use deprecated parameters when inserting a template; they’re only visible to you because those parameters are in use on older pages where this template was included.

Screenshot of template parameters in the Visual Editor interface
Interface for adding more parameters to a template in the VisualEditor

Adding undocumented parameters

If you’re inserting or editing a template whose author hasn’t laid out its parameters in TemplateData, it has what we call “undocumented” or “unnamed parameters”. In these cases, you should consult the page for the template itself. There you can learn how to correctly employ and work with all of the template’s parameters. This includes learning the exact names of the parameters as written by the template author.

If you find in the documentation that the template expects parameters without have names, fill in numbers as placeholders for the parameter names using the undocumented parameter input, then add next to the values you want to provide as you normally would.

Example:

  • first unnamed parameter: “1”
  • first unnamed parameter’s value: “en_US”
  • second unnamed parameter: “2”
  • second unnamed parameter’s value: “yes”

If you accidentally include nonexistent, misspelled or erroneous parameters, the values you enter for those parameters won’t show up on the page you’re editing.

Screenshot of a template missing TemplateData
Template without TemplateData in the Visual Editor

Autogenerated parameters

In this example, the template in question lacks TemplateData but it was possible to autogenerate the parameters. This means that the undocumented parameters have already been added for you, but the names may not be easily understandable and the dialog cannot display any directions or descriptions. As a result the dialog box provides a link to the template’s documentation, which should help you deduce and fill in the template’s various parameters.
Autogenerated parameters in the VisualEditor.png

Editing multi-part template content

During editing, you may open template content consisting of multiple templates or a single template linked to some wikitext. This differs from the nested templates described below. In this case, the templates are better visualized as being stacked or connected.

This content often contains “unbalanced templates,” templates which are incomplete on their own and need to be paired with some wikitext or another template in order to function.

These related pieces of template content must be created in wikitext, but can be edited in the VisualEditor. In these cases you will see a notice at the top of the dialog to signal the situation and a specialized toolbar will be visible at the bottom of the sidebar. There you can use the icon buttons to add additional templates, additional wikitext, delete elements or change their order.

Screenshot of the interface to edit multi-part template content in the VisualEditor
Editing multi-part template content in the VisualEditor

Nested templates

Templates can include other templates as the value for parameters. You’ll recognize it when you see a parameter whose value contains the double curly braces ( {{ }} ) denoting a template.

The VisualEditor can’t present this template within a template (a nested template) using the editor’s easy-to-use interface, so if you want to nest a template yourself, you’ll need to understand how to add the template by hand in wikitext into the appropriate parameter field.

Screenshot of the VisualEditor template interface showing an embedded template
Embedded template in the VisualEditor

Completing your edit

When you have finished editing a template, you can click "Apply changes". Then you can preview your edit and make sure it looks the way you want and expect.

You may also see an error message, which (like the other TemplateData mentioned above) is community-provided content and may vary in usefulness. You may need to consult the template’s own documentation to get to the bottom of some errors. If you’re still having trouble, consider posting about your problem on the template’s talk page.

VisualEditor Apply Changes-en.png

Removing a template

To remove a template in the VisualEditor, click the template box. Press the "Delete" or "Backspace" key on your keyboard. The template will disappear from the page.
Screenshot of the button to remove a template
Removing a template in the VisualEditor

Editing on mobile

When editing a template on a page using the VisualEditor on a mobile device, you’ll see that the sidebar starts out hidden. You can make it visible by pressing the “Show/hide options” button.
Screenshot of editing a template on a mobile device
Editing a template on mobile in the VisualEditor

Substituting templates

When you insert a template in a wiki page, its content and appearance are reevaluated every time the page loads, based on the template code and the values of its parameters. This means if someone updates the code of a template, then every page which uses that template will also get updated when they publish.

There’s another, much less common way to use templates, though, and that’s to substitute a template. Doing this permanently includes the template content just as it appears at the moment you insert it. It will not update if the template code is later changed.

Most users won’t ever need to resort to substitution. Substitution is typically only useful when you need to capture the exact appearance of one version of a template, such as when content is under development and needs evaluation.

To substitute a template in the VisualEditor, insert a template using the name syntax subst:<template name>. (Autocomplete doesn’t work in this case.) Then press the blue “Add template” button.

When you’re finished, press “Insert”, which will insert the template content as you see it.

Screenshot of editor using SUBST to add a template
Adding a template using SUBST in the VisualEditor

Editing lists

VisualEditor Toolbar Lists and indentation-en.png
You can use the visual editor to create lists, or to change the format of an existing list. There are two types of lists: unordered (bullet) and ordered (numbered).

To start a new list, just press on one of the two menu items shown here. Or, if you already have typed the list (on separate lines), select (highlight) the list you have typed, then press on one of the menu items.


VisualEditor lists 1 unordered bullet.png
VisualEditor lists 2 ordered numbered.png
Shown here are examples of the two types of lists: unordered (bullet) and ordered (numbered).

VisualEditor lists 3 select to indent.png
If you want to change the indentation level of part of an existing list, select the part of the list that you want to change.

VisualEditor lists 4 indentation menu.png
Then use the menu, or press the Tab key. (The Tab key increases indentation; use the shift key plus the Tab key to decrease indentation)

VisualEditor lists after indenting.png
Here is the result of increased indentation.

VisualEditor lists mixed.png
You can even mix ordered (numbered) and unordered (bullet) lists, if the list items have different indentations.

Editing tables

VisualEditor insert table-en.png
You can use the visual editor to insert and change tables.

You can even import a table by dragging a comma-separated value (.csv) file from your computer into the main editing window.


When you press on "Table", in the "Insert" menu, the visual editor inserts a blank four-by-four table.

Now the "Table" menu is available. From that menu, you can add a caption to the top of the table.

VisualEditor empty table.png

To select a cell, press it once.
VisualEditor tables select one cell.png

To edit the contents of the cell (for example, to add content or to correct a spelling error), double press in the cell. Or you can select the cell and then press Return.

To end your editing of a cell, just press elsewhere.

VisualEditor tables type inside a cell.png

VisualEditor table editing add and remove columns.png
You can add, move or delete a column or a row.

You can merge cells: Select them, then from the Table menu, press on "Merge cells".
VisualEditor tables merge cells.png

If you merge cells, only the text in one cell is kept; any text in the other cells is deleted when you merge the cells. If you decide that you wanted some or all of the text that was deleted, use the Undo button, move or copy the text you want, then merge the cells again.
VisualEditor tables post-merge cell.png

You can also split cells that were previously merged. All the content that was in the merged cell will remain in the first cell when you do the split. You can then cut and paste text to other cells, if you want.
VisualEditor tables split cells.png

Editing categories

VisualEditor category item-en.png
To edit categories, on the "Page options" menu, press the "Ụdàkọ" item.

VisualEditor category editing-en.png
Pressing on "Ụdàkọ" opens a dialog that lists existing categories and allows you to add new ones, and to delete existing categories.

You also have the option of setting or changing the general (default) sorting key, which determines where the page appears when listed with other pages in the same category.

For example, the default sorting key for the article "George Washington" is "Washington, George". In the category "Presidents of the United States", the article is listed under the letter "W", not the letter "G".


VisualEditor - Category editing 3.png
To add a category for a page, type the name of the category into the field "Add a category". As you type, the visual editor will search for possible matching, existing categories. You can either select an existing category, or you can add a category that doesn't yet have its own category page. (Until that category page is created, your new category will show as a red link after you publish all your editing changes.)

VisualEditor - Category editing 2.png
To remove an existing category, press on it and press on the "Remove" icon (trash can) in the dialog that opens.

Pressing on a category also allows you to specify a sorting key for that specific category. Such a sorting key overrides the default sorting key.


VisualEditor Apply Changes-en.png
Press "Apply changes" when you are done editing categories to return to the page editor.

Editing page settings

VisualEditor page settings item-en.png
To edit a page's settings, press to open the "Page options" menu, in the toolbar, and select the "Page settings" button.

VisualEditor Page Settings-en.png
The "Page settings" button opens a dialog that shows several options.

VisualEditor Page Settings Redirects-en.png
You can make a page a redirect to another page by checking the "Redirect this page to" checkbox, and then typing the name of the page to which you want to send the reader who tries to go to the page that you are editing.

At the bottom is the option to prevent page renames from updating this redirect. This is very rarely used.


VisualEditor Page Settings TOC-en.png
You can change whether the page shows a Table of Contents by selecting one of these three buttons. The default option is "If needed", which shows a Table of Contents if there are three or more headings.

VisualEditor Page Settings Edit Links-en.png
You can make a page not show edit links next to each section header by checking this checkbox.

VisualEditor Apply Changes-en.png
Press "Apply changes" when you are done editing the Page options to return to the page editor.

Editing maps

Visual editor showing editing an existing map.jpg
You can add and change maps. See Help:VisualEditor/Maps .

Editing mathematical formulae

To add a new mathematical formula to the page, place your cursor where you want it to be inserted, and press on the "Math formula" icon ("Σ") in the "Insert" menu on the toolbar.
VisualEditor Formula Insert Menu-en.png

A window will open in which you can type the formula, using LaTeX syntax. the visual editor will update the formula as you type it, so you can see how it will look as you make changes. Once you are happy with the formula, press the "Insert" button.
VisualEditor formula-en.png

To edit an existing mathematical formula on the page, press on it and then press on the "Σ" icon that appears. This will open up the formula window, where you make changes.
VisualEditor - editing existing mathematical formula.png

Mathematical formulae can be placed inline or centered as a block.
VisualEditor mathematic formula inline.png

Editing musical scores

To add a new musical notation to a page, place your cursor where you want the musical notation to be inserted. Then, from the "Insert" menu on the toolbar, press the "Musical notation" option.

To edit an existing musical notation on the page, double press on it.

VisualEditor-Insert-Musical-Notation.png

This will open the "Musical notation" dialog. Here the notation can be edited by scale, either in ABC or in Lilypond format. You can also link the notation to an audio or MIDI file. Once you are finished, press the "Done" button to close the dialog and publish your changes.
Musical.png

Editing poems and other special items

Some items, such as association lists and poems, are not yet fully supported by the visual editor.
VisualEditor editing poem 1.png

In most cases, the existing items can be edited, but new ones cannot be inserted in the visual editor.

Until they are fully supported, you can copy an existing one from another page, or edit the source wikitext directly.

VisualEditor editing poem 2.png

Switching between the visual and wikitext editors

To switch from the visual editor to the wikitext editor, press the [[ ]] button on the far right of the toolbar.

VisualEditor toolbar Page options - Switch to wikitext - Save.png

You'll see a diff. (If you pressed on "Discard changes", you'll just see wikitext, ready to edit with the wikitext editor.)

Scroll down, and you'll see the wikitext editing area.

VisualEditor bi-directional switching diff before wikitext.png

You can also switch from the wikitext editor to the visual editor. To do that, press the pencil icon on the far right of the toolbar.

VisualEditor bi-directional switching pencil icon in wikitext.png

Keyboard shortcuts

Many editors are used to entering wikitext directly, especially bold, italics and wikilinks. Keyboard shortcuts allow to quickly insert similar formatting without having to use toolbar items. Here are the common general shortcuts in the visual editor:

Ụzọ mkpirisi PC Omume Ụzọ mkpirisi Mac

Ctrl+B bold ⌘ Cmd+B

Ctrl+I Italiks ⌘ Cmd+I

Ctrl+K Tinye njikọ ⌘ Cmd+K

Ctrl+X Bee ⌘ Cmd+X

Ctrl+C Copy ⌘ Cmd+C

Ctrl+V Tapawa ⌘ Cmd+V

Ctrl+Z Megharịa ⌘ Cmd+Z