Help:Візуальны рэдактар/Дапаможнік

This page is a translated version of the page Help:VisualEditor/User guide and the translation is 17% complete.
Outdated translations are marked like this.
PD Заўвага: Рэдагуючы гэтую старонку, Вы даеце згоду на зьмяшчэньне свайго ўнёску пад CC0. Падрабязьней глядзіце Public Domain Help Pages. PD

Адкрыцьцё візуальнага рэдактара

Каб рэдагаваць старонку празь візуальны рэдактар, пстрыкніце ўкладку «Рэдагаваць» уверсе старонкі.

Пераключэньне ў рэжым рэдагаваньня можа заняць пару сэкундаў і нават больш, калі старонка надта вялікая.

Пстрыкнуўшы «Рэдагаваць крыніцу», адкрыецца звыклы рэдактар вікітэксту.

Для рэдагаваньня асобнай сэкцыі старонкі візуальным рэдактарам трэба пстрыкнуць спасылку «рэдагаваць» побач з загалоўкам разьдзелу.

Пачатак працы: панэль інструмэнтаў візуальнага рэдактара

Здымак экрану з панэльлю інструмэнтаў візуальнага рэдактару
Калі вы пачынаеце рэдагаваньне з дапамогай візуальнага рэдактару, уверсе старонкі знаходзіцца яго панэль інструмэнтаў. Яна зьмяшчае некаторыя ўжо знаёмыя значкі:

Скасаваць або Аднавіць зробленыя вамі зьмены.

Headings pull-down menu: allows you to change how the paragraph is formatted. To change the style of a paragraph, put your cursor in the paragraph and select an item in this menu (you don't have to highlight any text). Section titles are formatted "Загаловак", and subsections are "Падзагаловак 1", "Падзагаловак 2", and so on. The normal format for text is "Параграф".

Фарматаваньне: націсканьне на «A» адкрывае мэню.

  • * Іконка «Тоўсты» (B) робіць вылучаны тэкст тоўстым.
  • * Іконка «Курсіў» (I) робіць вылучаны тэкст курсіўным.
  • * Іконка «Верхні індэкс» (x2) робіць вылучаны тэкст меншым памерам і крыху вышэй за радок.
  • * Іконка «Ніжні індэкс» (S2) робіць вылучаны тэкст меншым памерам і крыху ніжэй за радок.
  • * Іконка «Закрэсьліваньне» (S) закрэсьлівае вылучаны тэкст.
  • The "Код праграмы" item (a set of curly brackets: {}) changes the font of the selected text to a monospaced font, which sets it apart from surrounding (proportionally spaced) text.
  • The "Падкрэсьлены" item (U) adds a solid line beneath the selected text.
  • The "Мова" item (文A) allows you to label the language (for example, Japanese) and direction (for example, right-to-left) of the selected text.
  • The final item (), called "Прыбраць", removes all character formatting from the selected text, including links.

If you have not selected any text, then when you press the "A" to open the menu, and then select an item, that formatting will apply to the text that you start typing, from wherever your cursor is located.

Linking tool: The chain icon is the linking tool. Pressing on it (usually after selecting some text) opens the link dialog.

Крыніцы menu: The "Крыніцы" menu is used to add inline citations (also called "footnotes" or "references"). All projects have access to basic reference formatting and the ability to reuse citations by using this menu.

Цытаваць button: If the Citoid service and/or citation tool is enabled on your wiki, you will see a Цытаваць button instead of a Крыніцы menu.

Instructions for adding local citation templates to the "Уручную" tab at a specific wiki are available at VisualEditor/Citation tool .)

Instructions for enabling the Аўтаматычна tab are available at Enabling Citoid on your wiki

The citoid service tries to fill out citation templates automatically.

Сьпісы і водступы: першыя два пункты дазваляюць фарматаваць тэкст як «Маркіраваны сьпіс» або «Нумараваны сьпіс». Іншыя два пункты дазваляюць паменшыць ці павялічыць водступ паміж элемэнтамі сьпісу.

Уставіць: пункт «Уставіць» можа адрозьнівацца ў залежнасьці ад праекту. Ніжэй знаходзіцца сьпіс усіх магчымых дзеяньняў.
  • Іконка «Выявы і мультымэдыі» (выява гары) адкрые мэдыя-дыялёг.
  • The "Шаблён" icon (a puzzle piece) allows you to edit templates.
  • The "Table" item allows you to insert a table.
  • The "Камэнтар" item (a speech balloon) allows you to insert comments that are not visible to readers; these comments can be seen only when in edit mode, where they are indicated by an exclamation mark icon. In edit mode, pressing on the exclamation mark icon allows you to edit or delete the comment.
  • The "Герогліфы" icon (an ankh symbol - ☥) allows you to enter the hieroglyphics inserter. (See below.)
  • The "Code block" item allows you to insert code.
  • The "Musical notation" item allows you to insert a musical notation.
  • Іконка «Галерэя» (набор фотаздымкаў) дазволіць уставіць галерэю выяваў на старонку.
  • The "Матэматычная формула" icon (Σ) opens the formula inserter dialog.
  • The "Graph" item allows you to insert a graph.
  • The "Ваш подпіс" item allows you to insert a signature that you use on the project. It will be greyed out (not selectable) when you are editing a type of page (a "namespace"), such as an article, where signatures should not be inserted.
  • Кнопка «Сьпіс зносак» (тры кнігі) адкрывае акно, у якім можна абраць, дзе паказваць чытачу зноскі. Звычайна гэта дастаткова зрабіць аднойчы на старонку.

Special character insertion: The "Спэцыяльны сымбаль" (Ω) icon is next to the "Уставіць" menu. When pressed, it displays a dialog showing many special characters. By pressing on a specific character, you place it into the text. These special characters include some standard symbols, diacritics, and mathematical symbols. (This list may be customized locally. See VisualEditor/Special characters for instructions.)

The Edit notices button displays any notices for the page.

The Налады старонкі menu is to the left of the Апублікаваць зьмены button and the Пераключыць рэдактар menu. On this menu there is a button to open an Налады dialog with the following (left side) tabs:
  • Катэгорыі allows you to add categories to this page and to adjust how the page is sorted, when displayed within a category by setting a different index to sort with.
  • Парамэтры старонкі allows you to make the page a redirect and adjust options of this redirect, to adjust settings regarding the displaying of the Table of Contents, to disable the edit links next to each heading, and to define the page as a disambiguation page.
  • Дадатковыя налады allows you to adjust the settings regarding indexation of the page by search engines, showing a tab to add a new section, and the displayed title.
  • Мовы shows a list of pages in other languages that are linked to that page.
  • Ужытыя шаблоны shows a list of links to each template used on this page.

The tabs of the Налады dialog are also displayed in the Налады старонкі menu and can be opened by clicking on it. Furthermore the Налады старонкі menu contains the items Паказваць зьлева направа or Паказаць справа налева and the item Пошук і замена, which opens a bar, where you can insert words or regular expressions you are searching for and those to replace them with, together with several buttons for options.

The Пераключыць рэдактар button is next to the Апублікаваць зьмены button. It allows you to switch to the wikitext editor.

Публікацыя зьменаў

When you are finished editing, press the blue "Апублікаваць зьмены" button in the toolbar. If you have made no changes, the button will be disabled (grayed out). To cancel all your editing changes, close your browser window, or press the "Чытаць" tab above the edit toolbar.

Калі націснуць зялёную кнопку «Апублікаваць зьмены…», адкрыецца дыялёг. Там можна будзе ўвесьці апісаньне вашых дзеяньняў, пазначыць рэдагаваньне як дробнае і дадаць старонку ў $watchlist. Акно для апісаньня зьменаў ідэнтычнае полю «Кароткае апісаньне зьменаў:» у вікітэкставым рэдактары.

Перад захаваньнем вы можаце праверыць вашыя зьмены кнопкай «Праверыць зьмены», каб спраўдзіць, што яны будуць функцыянаваць як мае быць. Аналягічна працуе кнопка «Паказаць зьмены» ў вікітэкставым рэдактары.

The "Працягнуць праўку" button returns you to the page you were editing. You can publish all of your changes later.

Рэдагаваньне спасылак

Спасылкі можна дадаць значкам «Спасылка» (зьвёны ў ланцугу) на панэлі, або ўжыўшы скарот Ctrl+K (або ⌘ Command+K на Mac).

If you select (highlight) text and then press the "Спасылка" button, that text will be used in creating the link. For a link that involves only one word, you can either select that word or just put the cursor within that word.

Пстрыкнуўшы кнопку або скарыстаўшыся клявіятурным скаротам, вы адкрыеце дыялёг, у якім можна будзе ўвесьці спасылку. Візуальны рэдактар дапаможа вам стварыць унутраную спасылку (на іншыя старонкі ў Вікіпэдыі), шукаючы пасуючыя загалоўкі.

The link tool will try to help with internal links by searching for likely matches. Калі вы ўведзяцё або аберацё спасылку, завяршыце працэс стварэньня спасылкі кнопкай ↵ Enter або кнопкай «Зроблена». Спасылка імгненна зьявіцца на старонцы, але, як і ўсе іншыя зьмены старонкі, ня будзе апублікаваная, пакуль вы не захаваеце старонку цалкам.

Каб спаслацца на вэб-старонку або вэб-сайт па-за Вікіпэдыяй, выконвайце тыя ж дзеяньні: адкрыйце закладку «Вонкавая бачына» і ўвядзіце адрас старонкі ў поле.

External links without labels look like this: [1]. You can add these by placing your cursor away from any word (e.g., after a space). Open the link tool by pressing on the button or pressing the shortcut keys. Type the URL in the box, and press the "Зроблена" button to insert the link.

Каб зьмяніць ці выдаліць існуючую спасылку, трэба пстрыкнуць па спасылцы ў тэксьце, затым значак «Спасылка», які зьявіцца побач зь ёй. Адкрыецца вакно для рэдагаваньня. Вы можаце таксама адкрыць вакно, націснуўшы Ctrl+K на клявіятуры. When a link is selected, it appears as blue framed.

У дыялёгу рэдагаваньня спасылкі можна зьмяніць адрас, куды вядзе спасылка. Можна таксама выдаліць спасылку націскам на кнопку «Выдаліць» у верхнім правым куце дыялёгу. You can also open the link's target in another window by pressing on the copy of the link in the dialog box. (You might want do this to check if an external link is valid.)

If you want to exit the link label (the text displayed as a link) or continue to write after this link, you can press :

  • Pressing it once will escape the link editing dialog and put your cursor at the end of the element linked (blue framed, to edit this element)
  • Pressing it twice will put the cursor after the element linked, ready to type the rest of your text.

To edit the link label of an existing link, press within the link label and type the new one. But if you want to replace the entire label, please note:

  • If you have selected (highlighted) the entire link label, the link will be deleted by typing any key.
  • To edit the link label directly without deleting it, put the cursor within that link label, use the backspace and delete keys (no more than necessary), and a narrow blue link area will remain there. Now you may type in the new label for the kept link.
  • You can also link to categories, files and more.

Рэдагаваньне зносак

For further information, see Help using citation templates or Help using citoid's Аўтаматычна tab

Determining which system is in place

Your wiki may use one of three footnote systems. The one shown on the right is the simplest system, where the "Крыніцы" menu does not include any citation templates. If your wiki uses this system, then everything you need to know about footnotes is on this page.

In the second system, you again start by pressing the Цытаваць button. Then a dialog box opens, which includes several popular citation templates set up for quick access in the "Уручную" tab. If your wiki uses this system, then you will find more details at Help:VisualEditor/User guide/Citations-Templates

In the third system, you again start by pressing the Цытаваць button. Then a dialog box opens, which includes an automatic citation process using the citoid service under the Automatic tab. If your wiki uses this system, you will find more details at Help:VisualEditor/User guide/Citations-Full

Рэдагаваньне існуючых зносак

To edit an existing reference, press on it where it appears in the text (usually as a bracketed number). You will see either a "Зноска" icon (bookmark) or an icon (and name) for the template that was used to create this reference. In either case, pressing on the "Рэдагаваць" button will open a dialog where you can edit the reference.

For the "Зноска" icon, pressing "Рэдагаваць" opens the reference dialog. To start changing the reference information, press on it.

Шмат якія вікі ўжываюць шаблёны для фарматаваньня зносак. Калі вы ўжываеце шаблён у вашай зносцы, увесь тэкст у шаблёне будзе вылучаны, калі вы навядзеце курсор на інфармацыю пра зноску.

If a template was used and you press on the reference information, then the Шаблён icon (puzzle piece) will appear with some information. Press on the "Рэдагаваць" button to edit the content of the template in the template editor dialog.

If what appears when you press on a reference is an icon for a standard template for citations (an example is at right), then pressing "Рэдагаваць" will open the template editor dialog.

Inside the template editor, you can add or remove types of information or change current content. Only fields (template parameters) that have content will show, initially. To add fields, press on "Дадаць" at the bottom of the editor.

Пстрыкніце «Ужыць зьмены», як скончыце.

Паўторнае ўжываньне зносак

If the page already contains a citation that applies to the text you want to source, then you can choose to re-use that existing citation.

Каб паўторна выкарыстаць зноску, зьмясьціце курсор у кавалак тэксту, куды хочаце дадаць зноску (нумар). Тады пстрыкніце значак «Паўторна выкарыстаць зноску» з мэню «$cite».

(Note: If your wiki has the second or third footnote system described above, you'll see a "Паўторнае ўжываньне" tab, in a dialog, instead of a "Паўторнае ўжываньне" item on the "Крыніцы" menu.)

У дыялогавым акне Зноска паглядзіце ў спісе спасылку, якую хочаце выкарыстаць паўторна, і выберыце яе. Калі спасылак шмат, вы можаце выкарыстоўваць поле пошуку (з надпісам «Што хочаце зьмясьціць у зносцы?»), каб пералічыць толькі тыя спасылкі, якія ўключаюць пэўны тэкст.

Даданьне новых зносак

Каб дадаць новую зноску, зьмясьціце курсор туды, куды хочаце дадаць зноску, і пстрыкніце значак «Зноска» (закладка) на панэлі інструмэнтаў. Then click "Базавая".

Using the "Базавая" citation

Shown here is what you will see if you select the basic references item. У рэдактары зносак вы можаце напоўніць і належным чынам аформіць зноску.

Вы можаце далучыць зноску да пэўнай групы. Гэта выкарыстоўваецца для адлюстраваньня асобных груп зносак з дапамогай інструмэнта «Сьпіс зносак».

Калі вы ствараеце новую зноску і хочаце дадаць у яе шаблён, пстрыкніце значак «Уключэньне» (кавалак пазла) у панэлі інструмэнтаў рэдактара зносак.

Then, look for the template you want to use, add it and edit it as you would any other template. (See the Editing templates section, below, if you need more information about templates.)

After you are done editing your new template, Па сканчэньні рэдагаваньня пстрыкніце «Ужыць зьмены», каб вярнуцца да рэдактара зносак, і яшчэ раз «Ужыць зьмены», каб вярнуцца да старонкі.

Калі старонка яшчэ ня ўтрымлівае сьпіс зносак (напрыклад, вы дадаяце першую зноску), трэба яго дадаць, каб вашая зноска зьявілася.

Зьмясьціце курсор туды, куды вы хочаце дадаць сьпіс зносак (звычайна ўнізе старонкі), і пстрыкніце «Сьпіс зносак» (тры кнігі), каб дадаць яго.

Калі вы стварылі асобную групу зносак, вы можаце пазначыць назву групы ў дыялёгу, каб паказаць у сьпісе толькі зноскі з той групы.

The final step in the References list dialog is to press "Уставіць".

Using standard cite templates

Your local wiki may have added extra citation templates to the "Крыніцы" menu. If so, you have quick access to the most-used citation templates for your wiki. (Instructions for adding extra citation templates to your local wiki are available at VisualEditor/Citation tool .)

Pressing on a template icon such as "Cite book" will take you into the template editor for that template. Important information fields may be marked with an asterisk. While the most common fields will be shown, not all of them are required.

To add more parameters, scroll down in the template editor and press on the "Дадаць" option.

Press on "Уставіць" when you are done.

Editing images and other media files

Editing images

Каб дадаць новую выяву або іншы мэдыяфайл на старонку, пстрыкніце значак «Мэдыі» ў панэлі інструмэнтаў (рысунак гор).

Пстрыкнуўшы значак «Выявы і мультымэдыі», вы адкрыеце дыялёг, які запусьціць аўтаматычны пошук мэдыяфайлаў па Вікісховішчы, датычных старонкі, якую вы рэдагуеце.

Вы можаце шукаць і нешта іншае, зьмяніўшы тэкст у радку для пошуку ў дыялёгу.

Пстрыкніце на абразок, каб выбраць файл.

This places the image onto the page you are editing.

Гэты дыялёг дае магчымасьць дадаць або зьмяніць подпіс, у якім падтрымліваецца афармленьне тэксту і даданьне спасылак.

The media dialog also allows you to add alternative text captions, to help users who use screen readers, or who have disabled image display.

You can also set various parameters for the image in the "Дадатковыя налады" window. These include the alignment, the type, and size of the image.

Як усё будзе зроблена, пстрыкніце «Ужыць зьмены» — дыялёг зачыніцца і вы можаце вяртацца да працы з тэкстам.

For an existing image, you can add or edit a caption or other settings by pressing on the image, then pressing on the "Выявы і мультымэдыі" icon that appears below the picture.

You can resize an existing image by pressing on it, then moving the resize icon (the two-headed arrow on one or both bottom corners).

You can also drag and drop an image to a place higher or lower on the page.

Uploading images

You can upload images from a tab in the media dialog, or by dragging and dropping a file into the editor, or by pasting an image from your clipboard.

Press the "Загрузіць" tab and select an image from your computer. You can type the file name, or drag an image into the box. If you dragged and dropped an image directly into the editor, or pasted one from your clipboard, this tab will open automatically.

You need to describe the image and add categories to it so that other people can find it.

The image will be inserted into the page when you are done.

Editing media galleries

To add a new gallery, press the "Галерэя" icon (a set of photos) on the "Уставіць" menu. (If you don't see this icon on that menu, then your local wiki has decided to delay implementing this functionality in the visual editor.)

To edit an existing gallery in the visual editor, press that gallery. Then, near the bottom of the gallery, press the gallery icon (a set of photos). This brings up the gallery editor, with the full list of images included in the gallery.
The gallery editor is currently a simple box that allows you to edit existing galleries using wikitext markup. To add a new image to an existing gallery, type the file name, followed by a bar (|) and the caption for that image. You must put each image in the gallery on its own line. You can also edit this list to remove or rearrange images or to change captions.

When you press the "Зроблена" button, you will exit the gallery editor. You should then see your changes, with the gallery as it will now appear to readers.

Remember that exiting the gallery editor does not publish your changes. As with other changes made using the visual editor, you must publish the entire page in order to publish your work.

Editing templates

The powerful MediaWiki template system lets you insert dynamic content, text from other pages, and much more. For a detailed explanation and examples, see the Templates help page.

In the VisualEditor you can search for a relevant template, add an invocation or transclusion on the page you’re editing and, if needed, add custom content using parameters.

Insert new template

Каб дадаць новы шаблён на старонку, зьмясьціце курсор туды, куды хочаце дадаць шаблён, і пстрыкніце значак «Уключэньне» (кавалак пазла) на панэлі інструмэнтаў. Then open the Уставіць menu and select " Шаблён". Alternatively, type two curly brackets {{ to open the same dialog.
Find the template you want to insert by typing either its name or a relevant keyword. Results containing the search term in either the name or description will display in a dropdown. This should help you find a relevant template, even if you don’t know its exact name.

If you’re having trouble finding the kind of template you want by using keywords, you can look on other wiki pages with similar content and view or edit the page source to see which templates are in use. When you find the desired template’s name, you can type it into this field to insert it here.

Screenshot of the template search field in the Visual Editor

You can also edit a template that’s already on a page. When you select the template you want to edit, it turns blue, and a box appears displaying " Шаблён". Then select the "Рэдагаваць" link or double click on the template itself to open the template.
Screenshot of the VisualEditor interface with a template selected

Some templates are not visible to someone reading a page. In the visual editor, such hidden templates are still shown so that you can click and edit or delete them. The name of the template will be shown next to the puzzle icon and both will be grayed out.
Screenshot of hidden templates in the Visual Editor interface

Template parameters

You’ll see this dialog box when you’re adding a new template or editing one already in place. What you see in the box depends on whether the template in question contains TemplateData , helpful metadata added by other editors to make it easier to edit templates in the Visual Editor.

When a template contains TemplateData, the VisualEditor can use it to present annotated fields for you to fill in.

For templates that have some community-provided TemplateData, the VisualEditor displays a list of the named parameters and, often, descriptions and instructions explaining the meaning and required format for each parameter’s values.

Screenshot of template parameters in the Visual Editor interface
Template parameters in the Visual Editor interface

You can disable any optional parameter (which have blue checkboxes on the left side). If a parameter’s checkbox is grayed out and not clickable, the template requires that parameter, so it can’t be disabled.

When you insert a new template, you may find that some optional parameters are pre-selected. That means the author(s) of the template recommends the use of those parameters. It’s best to review all parameters that will be used in a template to ensure you understand their use.

Clicking an unchecked parameter adds it to the template. Clicking a parameter that’s already been added takes you to the parameter’s input field.

Some template parameters will show as “deprecated”. Don’t use deprecated parameters when inserting a template; they’re only visible to you because those parameters are in use on older pages where this template was included.

Screenshot of template parameters in the Visual Editor interface
Interface for adding more parameters to a template in the VisualEditor

Adding undocumented parameters

If you’re inserting or editing a template whose author hasn’t laid out its parameters in TemplateData, it has what we call “undocumented” or “unnamed parameters”. In these cases, you should consult the page for the template itself. There you can learn how to correctly employ and work with all of the template’s parameters. This includes learning the exact names of the parameters as written by the template author.

If you find in the documentation that the template expects parameters without names, fill in numbers as placeholders for the parameter names using the undocumented parameter input, then add text to the values you want to provide as you normally would.


  • first unnamed parameter: “1”
  • first unnamed parameter’s value: “en_US”
  • second unnamed parameter: “2”
  • second unnamed parameter’s value: “yes”

If you accidentally include nonexistent, misspelled or erroneous parameters, the values you enter for those parameters won’t show up on the page you’re editing.

Screenshot of a template missing TemplateData
Template without TemplateData in the Visual Editor

Autogenerated parameters

In this example, the template in question lacks TemplateData but it was possible to autogenerate the parameters. This means that the undocumented parameters have already been added for you, but the names may not be easily understandable and the dialog cannot display any directions or descriptions. As a result the dialog box provides a link to the template’s documentation, which should help you deduce and fill in the template’s various parameters.

Editing multi-part template content

During editing, you may open template content consisting of multiple templates or a single template linked to some wikitext. This differs from the nested templates described below. In this case, the templates are better visualized as being stacked or connected.

This content often contains “unbalanced templates,” templates which are incomplete on their own and need to be paired with some wikitext or another template in order to function.

These related pieces of template content must be created in wikitext, but can be edited in the VisualEditor. In these cases you will see a notice at the top of the dialog to signal the situation and a specialized toolbar will be visible at the bottom of the sidebar. There you can use the icon buttons to add additional templates, additional wikitext, delete elements or change their order.

Screenshot of the interface to edit multi-part template content in the VisualEditor
Editing multi-part template content in the VisualEditor

Nested templates

Templates can include other templates as the value for parameters. You’ll recognize it when you see a parameter whose value contains the double curly braces ( {{ }} ) denoting a template.

The VisualEditor can’t present this template within a template (a nested template) using the editor’s easy-to-use interface, so if you want to nest a template yourself, you’ll need to understand how to add the template by hand in wikitext into the appropriate parameter field.

Screenshot of the VisualEditor template interface showing an embedded template
Embedded template in the VisualEditor

Completing your edit

When you have finished editing a template, you can click "Ужыць зьмены". Then you can preview your edit and make sure it looks the way you want and expect.

You may also see an error message, which (like the other TemplateData mentioned above) is community-provided content and may vary in usefulness. You may need to consult the template’s own documentation to get to the bottom of some errors. If you’re still having trouble, consider posting about your problem on the template’s talk page.

Removing a template

To remove a template in the VisualEditor, click the template box. Press the "Delete" or "Backspace" key on your keyboard. The template will disappear from the page.
Screenshot of the button to remove a template
Removing a template in the VisualEditor

Editing on mobile

When editing a template on a page using the VisualEditor on a mobile device, you’ll see that the sidebar starts out hidden. You can make it visible by pressing the “Show/hide options” button.
Screenshot of editing a template on a mobile device
Editing a template on mobile in the VisualEditor

Падстаноўка шаблёнаў

When you insert a template in a wiki page, its content and appearance are reevaluated every time the page loads, based on the template code and the values of its parameters. This means if someone updates the code of a template, then every page which uses that template will also get updated when they publish.

There’s another, much less common way to use templates, though, and that’s to substitute a template. Doing this permanently includes the template content just as it appears at the moment you insert it. It will not update if the template code is later changed.

Most users won’t ever need to resort to substitution. Substitution is typically only useful when you need to capture the exact appearance of one version of a template, such as when content is under development and needs evaluation.

To substitute a template in the VisualEditor, insert a template using the name syntax subst:<template name>. Then press the blue “Дадаць” button.

When you’re finished, press “Уставіць”, which will insert the template content as you see it.

Screenshot of editor using SUBST to add a template
Adding a template using SUBST in the VisualEditor

Editing lists

You can use the visual editor to create lists, or to change the format of an existing list. There are two types of lists: unordered (bullet) and ordered (numbered).

To start a new list, just press on one of the two menu items shown here. Or, if you already have typed the list (on separate lines), select (highlight) the list you have typed, then press on one of the menu items.

Shown here are examples of the two types of lists: unordered (bullet) and ordered (numbered).

If you want to change the indentation level of part of an existing list, select the part of the list that you want to change.

Then use the menu, or press the Tab key. (The Tab key increases indentation; use the shift key plus the Tab key to decrease indentation)

Here is the result of increased indentation.

You can even mix ordered (numbered) and unordered (bullet) lists, if the list items have different indentations.

Editing tables

You can use the visual editor to insert and change tables.

You can even import a table by dragging a comma-separated value (.csv) file from your computer into the main editing window.

When you press on "Table", in the "Уставіць" menu, the visual editor inserts a blank four-by-four table.

Now the "Table" menu is available. From that menu, you can add a caption to the top of the table.

To select a cell, press it once.

To edit the contents of the cell (for example, to add content or to correct a spelling error), double press in the cell. Or you can select the cell and then press Return.

To end your editing of a cell, just press elsewhere.

You can add, move or delete a column or a row.

You can merge cells: Select them, then from the Table menu, press on "Merge cells".

If you merge cells, only the text in one cell is kept; any text in the other cells is deleted when you merge the cells. If you decide that you wanted some or all of the text that was deleted, use the Undo button, move or copy the text you want, then merge the cells again.

You can also split cells that were previously merged. All the content that was in the merged cell will remain in the first cell when you do the split. You can then cut and paste text to other cells, if you want.

Рэдагаваньне катэгорыяў

To edit categories, on the "Налады старонкі" menu, press the "Катэгорыі" item.

Кнопка «Катэгорыі» адкрые дыялёг, у якім будуць пералічаныя існыя катэгорыі. Там жа можна дадаць новыя катэгорыі.

You also have the option of setting or changing the general (default) sorting key, which determines where the page appears when listed with other pages in the same category.

For example, the default sorting key for the article "George Washington" is "Washington, George". In the category "Presidents of the United States", the article is listed under the letter "W", not the letter "G".

To add a category for a page, type the name of the category into the field "Дадаць катэгорыю". As you type, the visual editor will search for possible matching, existing categories. You can either select an existing category, or you can add a category that doesn't yet have its own category page. (Until that category page is created, your new category will show as a red link after you publish all your editing changes.)

Каб выдаліць прысутную на старонцы катэгорыю, пстрыкніце яе — у адчыненым дыялёгу пстрыкніце значак «Выдаліць» (сьметнік).

Pressing on a category also allows you to specify a sorting key for that specific category. Such a sorting key overrides the default sorting key.

Пстрыкніце «Ужыць зьмены», як скончыце рэдагаваць катэгорыі, і вы зможаце вярнуцца да рэдактара старонкі.

Editing page settings

To edit a page's settings, press to open the "Налады старонкі" menu, in the toolbar, and select the "Парамэтры старонкі" button.

The "Парамэтры старонкі" button opens a dialog that shows several options.

You can make a page a redirect to another page by checking the "Перакіроўваць гэтую старонку на" checkbox, and then typing the name of the page to which you want to send the reader who tries to go to the page that you are editing.

At the bottom is the option to prevent page renames from updating this redirect. This is very rarely used.

You can change whether the page shows a Table of Contents by selecting one of these three buttons. The default option is "Калі трэба", which shows a Table of Contents if there are three or more headings.

You can make a page not show edit links next to each section header by checking this checkbox.

Press "Ужыць зьмены" when you are done editing the Налады старонкі to return to the page editor.

Editing maps

You can add and change maps. See Help:VisualEditor/Maps .

Editing mathematical formulae

To add a new mathematical formula to the page, place your cursor where you want it to be inserted, and press on the "Матэматычная формула" icon ("Σ") in the "Уставіць" menu on the toolbar.

A window will open in which you can type the formula, using LaTeX syntax. the visual editor will update the formula as you type it, so you can see how it will look as you make changes. Once you are happy with the formula, press the "Уставіць" button.

To edit an existing mathematical formula on the page, press on it and then press on the "Σ" icon that appears. This will open up the formula window, where you make changes.

Mathematical formulae can be placed inline or centered as a block.

Editing musical scores

To add a new musical notation to a page, place your cursor where you want the musical notation to be inserted. Then, from the "Insert" menu on the toolbar, press the "Musical notation" option.

To edit an existing musical notation on the page, double press on it.

This will open the "Musical notation" dialog. Here the notation can be edited by scale, either in ABC or in Lilypond format. You can also link the notation to an audio or MIDI file. Once you are finished, press the "Done" button to close the dialog and publish your changes.

Рэдагаваньне матэматычных формул і іншых аб’ектаў

Некаторыя аб’екты, як то галерэі выяваў, матэматычныя формулы і музычныя ноты, пакуль не падтрымліваюцца ў візуальным рэдактары. Пакуль гэта ня будзе выпраўлена, вам прыйдзецца зьвярнуцца наўпрост да рэдагаваньня вікітэксту, каб зьмяніць ці дадаць гэтыя аб’екты.

In most cases, the existing items can be edited, but new ones cannot be inserted in the visual editor.

Until they are fully supported, you can copy an existing one from another page, or edit the source wikitext directly.

Switching between the visual and wikitext editors

To switch from the visual editor to the wikitext editor, press the [[ ]] button on the far right of the toolbar.

You'll see a diff. (If you pressed on "Адмяніць змены", you'll just see wikitext, ready to edit with the wikitext editor.)

Scroll down, and you'll see the wikitext editing area.

You can also switch from the wikitext editor to the visual editor. To do that, press the pencil icon on the far right of the toolbar.

Клявіятурныя скароты

Многія рэдактары звыклі працаваць наўпрост зь вікітэкстам, асабіста што лічыцца тоўстага і курсіўнага афармленьняк, гэтак жа як і спасылак. З клявіятурнымі скаротамі зьнікае патрэба пстрыкаць кнопкі на панэлі ўвесь час. У візуальным рэдактары працуюць асноўныя скароты, як і тыя, якія ўжываюць іншыя рэдактары:

Скарот на PC Дзеяньне Скарот на Mac

Ctrl+B Тоўсты ⌘ Cmd+B

Ctrl+I Курсіў ⌘ Cmd+I

Ctrl+K Уставіць спасылку ⌘ Cmd+K

Ctrl+X Выняць ⌘ Cmd+X

Ctrl+C Капіяваць ⌘ Cmd+C

Ctrl+V Уставіць ⌘ Cmd+V

Ctrl+Z Скасаваць ⌘ Cmd+Z

Also see the full list of all keyboard shortcuts .