Help:ビジュアルエディター/利用者ガイド

From MediaWiki.org
Jump to: navigation, search
This page is a translated version of the page Help:VisualEditor/User guide and the translation is 63% complete.

Other languages:
العربية • ‎asturianu • ‎azərbaycanca • ‎Bikol Central • ‎беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎ • ‎български • ‎বাংলা • ‎bosanski • ‎català • ‎Cebuano • ‎čeština • ‎Cymraeg • ‎dansk • ‎Deutsch • ‎Zazaki • ‎Emiliàn • ‎Ελληνικά • ‎emiliàn e rumagnòl • ‎English • ‎British English • ‎Esperanto • ‎español • ‎eesti • ‎فارسی • ‎suomi • ‎føroyskt • ‎français • ‎Frysk • ‎galego • ‎עברית • ‎हिन्दी • ‎Fiji Hindi • ‎hrvatski • ‎magyar • ‎Հայերեն • ‎Bahasa Indonesia • ‎Interlingue • ‎Ilokano • ‎italiano • ‎日本語 • ‎Basa Jawa • ‎ქართული • ‎ភាសាខ្មែរ • ‎ಕನ್ನಡ • ‎한국어 • ‎Lëtzebuergesch • ‎lietuvių • ‎latviešu • ‎Malagasy • ‎македонски • ‎മലയാളം • ‎मराठी • ‎Bahasa Melayu • ‎Napulitano • ‎norsk bokmål • ‎Nederlands • ‎Oromoo • ‎ଓଡ଼ିଆ • ‎Picard • ‎polski • ‎پښتو • ‎português • ‎português do Brasil • ‎română • ‎русский • ‎Scots • ‎slovenčina • ‎slovenščina • ‎српски / srpski • ‎Basa Sunda • ‎svenska • ‎தமிழ் • ‎ไทย • ‎Tagalog • ‎Türkçe • ‎татарча/tatarça • ‎українська • ‎Tiếng Việt • ‎isiXhosa • ‎ייִדיש • ‎中文
PD 注意: このページを編集すると、編集内容が CC0 のもとで公開されることに同意したと見なされます。詳細はパブリック・ドメインのヘルプ ページを参照してください。
PD
If you would like to try VisualEditor without editing an article, here is a page where you can freely test it. You don't need an account to use VisualEditor on that page.


ビジュアルエディターを開く[edit | edit source]

ビジュアルエディターでページを編集するには、ページ上部の「Edit」タブをクリックしてください。

編集のための画面を開くのに数秒かかる場合があります。ページサイズが非常に大きい場合はさらに長くかかる場合があります。

「Edit source」タブをクリックすると、ウィキテキストのソースを編集する古いエディターが開きます。

VisualEditor - Edit tab.png

ビジュアルエディターを開くには、各節にある「edit」リンクをクリックするという方法もあります。
VisualEditor - Section edit links.png


編集を始める: ビジュアルエディター ツールバー[edit | edit source]

Screenshot of the VisualEditor toolbar
編集を始めると、編集画面上部にビジュアルエディター ツールバーが表示されます。このツールバーにはおなじみのアイコンもいくつか並んでいます:

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Undo-redo.png
編集内容に対して「Undo」や「Redo」(元に戻すの取り消し) の操作ができます。

VisualEditor Toolbar Headings-en.png
見出し」プルダウン メニュー: テキストの見出しレベルを変更できます。標準的な節見出しは「Heading」です。 The normal format for text is "Paragraph".

VisualEditor Toolbar Formatting-en.png
Formatting: Clicking the "A" opens a menu. For any item to have an affect, you must have first selected (highlighted) some text.
  • The "Bold" item (B) bolds the selected text.
  • The "Italic" item (I) italicizes the selected text.
  • The "Superscript" item (S2) causes the selected text to appear smaller than surrounding text and to be slightly higher than the surrounding text.
  • The "Subscript" item (S2) causes the selected text to appear smaller than surrounding text and slightly lower than the surrounding text.
  • The "Strikethrough" item (S) adds a solid bar through the selected text.
  • The "Computer code" item (a set of curly brackets: {}) changes the font of the selected text to a monospaced font, which sets it apart from surrounding (proportionally spaced) text.
  • The "Underline" item (U) adds a solid line beneath the selected text.
  • The "Language" item (Aあ) allows you to label the language (for example, Japanese) and direction (for example, right-to-left) of the selected text.
  • The final item (" ⃠ "), called "Clear styling", removes all character formatting from the selected text, including links.

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Linking.png
Linking tool: The chain is the linking tool. Clicking on it (usually after selecting some text) opens the link dialog.

VisualEditor - Cite Pulldown.png
Cite menu: The "Cite" menu is used to add inline citations (also called "footnotes" or "references"). All projects have access to "Basic" reference formatting and the ability to "Re-use" citations, using this menu. This menu also gives you quick access to local citation templates, if these are enabled on your wiki.

(Instructions for adding local citation templates to the Cite menu at a specific wiki are available at VisualEditor/Citation tool.)


VisualEditor Toolbar Lists and indentation-en.png
Lists & indentation: The first two items allow you to format text as either a "Bullet list" or a "Numbered list". The last two items allow you to decrease or increase the indentation level of list items.

VisualEditor Insert Menu-en.png
Insert: The "Insert" menu may be different on some projects. Below is a list of all options that may appear.
  • The "Media" icon (a picture of mountains) opens the media dialog.
  • The "Gallery" icon (a set of photos) allows you to insert a gallery to the page.
  • The "Template" icon (a puzzle piece) allows you to edit templates.
  • The "Comment" item (a speech balloon) allows you to insert comments that are not visible to readers; these comments can be seen only when in edit mode.
  • The "Formula" icon (Σ) opens the formula inserter dialog.
  • 「<visualeditor-dialogbutton-referencelist-tooltip>」(3 冊の本) のアイコンで、出典 (脚注) 一覧を表示するダイアログが開きます。
  • The "<visualeditor-mwhieroinspector-title>" icon (an ankh symbol - ☥) allows you to enter the hieroglyphics inserter. (See below.)
  • The "Special character" icon (Ω) allows you to insert some special characters. (See immediately below.)

VisualEditor Toolbar SpecialCharacters-en.png
Special character insertion: The "Special character" icon on the "Insert" menu, when clicked, displays a dialog showing many special characters. By clicking on a specific character, you place it into the text. These special characters include some standard symbols, accents, and mathematical symbols. (This list may be customized locally. See VisualEditor/Special characters for instructions.)

VisualEditor cancel save-en.png
The Page options menu is to the left of the Save page button. On the Page options menu are options to adjust page settings, such as whether the page is a redirect, or how it is indexed; to add, edit, or delete categories; and to see, using the "Language" item, the list of articles on the same subject that are in other languages. You can also switch (one-way only) from VisualEditor to the classic wikitext source editor without losing the editing work you've done.

変更内容の保存[edit | edit source]

編集が終わったら、ツールバーにある緑色の「Save page」ボタンをクリックしてください。何も変更していない場合は、緑のボタンはクリックできません。 To cancel all your editing changes, just close your browser window.
VisualEditor cancel save-en.png

Pressing the green "Save page" button opens a dialog. You can then enter a brief summary of your actions, mark your edit as minor, and/or add the page to your Watchlist. The box for the summary is the equivalent of the Summary (?): field in the wikitext editor.

You can also review your changes to be sure they will work as intended before saving your changes, similar to the "Show changes" button in the wikitext editor. The "Cancel" button returns you to the page you were editing. You can save all of your changes later.

VisualEditor save dialog-en.png


リンクの編集[edit | edit source]

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Linking.png
ツールバーの「Link」(鎖マーク) アイコンで、リンクを追加できます。ショートカットの Ctrl+K (Mac では  Command+K) でもリンクを追加できます。

If you select (highlight) text or place your cursor within a word, and then press the "Link" button, a link will be inserted using that text or word. In most cases, when creating internal links (links to other pages in the same wiki) you do not select text. But when creating external links, in most cases you do select text before starting the linking process, and text is probably something you just typed.


VisualEditor - Link editing inline 2.png
ボタンまたはショートカットのどちらを使用しても、ダイアログが開くため、そこにリンクをタイプできます。タイプし始めると、ビジュアルエディターは入力内容に一致する可能性がある内部リンク (同じウィキ内の他のページへのリンク) の候補を挙げて、あなたを手助けしようと試みます。

VisualEditor will try to help with internal links by looking for likely matches as you begin to type.


VisualEditor - Link editing inline box.png
Once you have entered or selected the link, you complete the linking process by pressing  Enter, pressing the "Done" button, or just clicking outside of the box. Your link will immediately appear on the VisualEditor page, but it will not be saved until you save the entire page.

VisualEditor - External link.png
To link to a web page on another website, the process is the similar: you enter a URL in the box, and it will be added as an "External link".

VisualEditor - Link editing inline.png
既存のリンクの変更や除去をするには、文中のリンクをクリックしてから、そこに現れた「Link」アイコンを押します。ツールバーの同じアイコンをクリックしても、ショートカットの Ctrl+K を使用してもかまいません。

In the dialog, you can then change where the link goes. Or you can remove the link altogether by pressing the "Remove" button) in the lower left corner of the dialog. You can also open the link's target in another window by clicking on the "Open" button. (You might do this to check if an external link is valid.)

出典の編集[edit | edit source]

既存の出典の編集[edit | edit source]


VisualEditor - Editing references 1.png
既存の出典を編集するには、テキスト内の出典をクリックします。「Basic」アイコン (しおりマーク) またはテンプレート アイコンが出現します。このアイコンをクリックすると、出典を編集するための小さなエディターが開きます。

VisualEditor - Editing references 6.png
「Basic」アイコンをクリックすると、ミニ編集画面があるダイアログが表示され、そこで出典の文章を編集できます。

Many wikis use templates to format references automatically. If a template is used in your reference, then all the text in the template will be highlighted when you click on the reference information.

If a template was used and you've clicked on information in that template, then the Template icon (puzzle piece) will appear. Click on that to edit the content of the template, in the template mini-editor dialog.


VisualEditor - Editing References - Cite Web.png
If, instead of the "Basic" icon (bookmark), what appears when you click on a reference is an icon for a standard template for citations, clicking on that icon will take you directly to the template mini-editor dialog.

VisualEditor - Editing references 5.png
Inside the template mini-editor, you can add or remove types of information or change current content. Only fields (template parameters) that are used (have content) should be shown, initially. To add fields, click on "Add more information", which is at the very bottom of the mini-editor.

VisualEditor - Apply changes.png
Click on "Apply changes" when you're done.

既存の出典の再使用[edit | edit source]


VisualEditor references more.png
ページに既存の出典があり、それをあなたの文章にも適用できる場合は、既存の出典を再利用できます。

既存の出典を再利用するには、文中の出典追加したい場所にカーソルを置いて、「More」メニューの「Insert」アイコン (しおりマーク) をクリックします。


VisualEditor - Editing references 18.png
In the Reference dialog, look at the list for the reference you want to reuse, and select it. If there are many references, you can use the search box (labeled "What do you want to reference?") to list only those references that include certain text.

新しい出典の追加[edit | edit source]


VisualEditor references more.png
To add a citation using the "Cite" menu, place your cursor where you want to add it in the text. Then on the "Cite" menu, select the appropriate item.

Using the "Basic" citation[edit | edit source]


VisualEditor - Editing references 20.png
出典エディターでは、出典の追加、編集、整形ができます。

出典を既存のグループに属させることもできます。「<visualeditor-dialog-referencelist-title>」ツールでグループ化した出典を表示させる際に使用されます。


VisualEditor Template Insert Menu-en.png
新しい出典を新たに追加する際にテンプレートを含めたい場合は、出典エディターの「Insert」ツールバー メニューにあるTemplate アイコン (パズルのピース) をクリックします。

VisualEditor - Editing references 9.png
Then, look for the template you want to use, add it and edit it as you would any other template. (See the Editing templates section, below, if you need more information about templates.)

「Apply changes」をクリックして出典エディターに戻り、「Apply changes」をもう一度クリックして通常の編集画面に戻ります。


VisualEditor Reference List Insert Menu-en.png
ページにまだ「出典の一覧」が無い場合(たとえば、そのページで初の出典を追加するときなど)、出典を表示させる場所を追加する必要があります。

出典の一覧を表示させたい場所(通常はページ下部)にカーソルを置き、「<visualeditor-dialog-referencelist-title>」アイコン (3 冊の本) をクリックして追加します。


VisualEditor - Editing references 11.png
出典グループを用いたい場合は、このダイアログでグループを特定して、それに属する出典を選択的に表示させることができます。

The final step, in the References list dialog, is to click "<visualeditor-dialog-referencelist-insert-button>".

Using standard cite templates[edit | edit source]


VisualEditor - Editing References - Cite Pulldown.png
Your local wiki may have added extra citation templates to this menu. This offers quick access to the most-used citation templates. (Instructions for adding extra citation templates to your local wiki are available at VisualEditor/Citation tool.)

VisualEditor - Editing references - Cite book required fields.png
Clicking on a template icon such as "Cite book" will take you into the template mini-editor for that template. Important information fields may be marked with an asterisk. While the most common fields will be shown, not all of them are required.

VisualEditor - Editing references - Add parameter.png
To add additional parameters, scroll down in the template mini-editor and click on the "Add more information" option.

Click on "<visualeditor-dialog-citation-insert-citation>" when you're done.

画像やその他のメディア ファイルの編集[edit | edit source]

Editing images[edit | edit source]

新しい画像 (または別の種類のメディア ファイル) を挿入するには、「Insert」メニューの「Media」アイコン (山の絵) をクリックしてください。カーソルがどこにあっても画像が追加されます。
VisualEditor Media Insert Menu-en.png

Clicking the "Media" icon opens a dialog that automatically searches Wikimedia Commons and your local wiki for media files related to the title of the page you're editing.

ダイアログの検索枠にあるテキストを変更すれば、また別のメディアファイルを探すことができます。

サムネイルをクリックしてファイルを選択してください。 This places the image onto the page you are editing.

VisualEditor - Media editing 2.png

After the image you selected is inserted on the page, another dialog will automatically open. This dialog allows you to add (and edit) the caption of the image. The caption can contain formatting and links.
VisualEditor - Media editing 6.png

The media dialog also allows you to add alternative text captions, to help users who use screen readers, or who have disabled image display.
Media editing 7.png

You can also set various parameters for the image in the "Advanced settings" window. These include the alignment, the type, and size of the image.
VisualEditor - Media editing 8.png

キャプションを編集したら「Apply changes」をクリックします。すると、ダイアログが閉じられ、通常の編集画面に戻ります。
VisualEditor - Apply changes.png

For an existing image, you can add or edit a caption or other settings by clicking on the image, then clicking on the "Media" icon that appears below the picture.

You can resize an existing image by clicking on it, then moving the resize icon (the two-headed arrow on the bottom left).

You can also drag and drop an image to a place higher or lower on the page.

VisualEditor - Media editing 3.png


Editing media galleries[edit | edit source]


To edit an existing gallery in VisualEditor, click anywhere in that gallery. Then, near the bottom of the gallery, click the gallery icon (a set of photos). This brings up the gallery inserter dialog, with the full list of images included in the gallery.
VisualEditor - Gallery2.png
The gallery inserter dialog is currently a simple box that allows you to edit existing galleries using wikitext markup. To add a new image to an existing gallery, type the file name, followed by a bar (|) and the caption for that image. You must put each image in the gallery on its own line. You can also edit this list to remove or rearrange images or to change captions.

When you click the "Done" button, you will exit the gallery dialog. You should then see your changes, with the gallery as it will now appear to readers.

Remember that exiting the gallery inserter dialog does not save your changes. As with other changes made using VisualEditor, you must save the entire page in order to save your work.

VisualEditor - Gallery3.png

テンプレートの編集[edit | edit source]

To add a new template to the page, place your cursor where you want the template to be inserted, and click on the "Template" icon (puzzle piece) in the "Insert" menu.
VisualEditor Template Insert Menu-en.png

Type the name of the template you want to insert. When you see it on the list, click on its name. Then click "Add template".
VisualEditor - Template editing 4.png

You can also edit templates that are already on the page by selecting them (they turn blue), and clicking on the "Template" icon (puzzle piece) that appears.
VisualEditor - Template editing 1.png

Adding a new template or opening an existing one opens the "Transclusion" dialog. If the template has have been updated to contain TemplateData information, then the dialog will show a list of individual parameters; otherwise, a link to the documentation will be available in the dialog.

If you are editing an existing template, and the template has been updated, then the dialog will show the values for the parameters.

VisualEditor - Template editing 2.png

For an existing template, you edit the parameters already listed, and you can add additional parameters by clicking "Add more information", at the very bottom of the dialog.
VisualEditor - Template editing 3.png

テンプレートにほかのテンプレートが埋め込まれている場合、下位テンプレートは引数として表示されます。それらは、下位テンプレートの名前をクリックすることで編集したり除去したりできます。

下位テンプレートを新たに追加するには、引数追加の手順を踏みます。下位テンプレートが使用可能かどうかは、テンプレートの説明で確認した方がいいでしょう。

VisualEditor - Template editing 5.png

編集が完了したら、「Apply changes」をクリックしてダイアログを閉じ、通常の編集画面に戻ります。
VisualEditor - Apply changes.png

テンプレートをsubst展開する[edit | edit source]


テンプレートをsubst展開する (テンプレートの内容で置き換える) 必要がある場合、テンプレート名の前に subst: と (コロンも含めて) 書いてください。

subst: がある場合は自動補完 (autocompletion) は動作しません。自動補完が必要な場合は、お探しのテンプレートを (自動補完で) 見つけてから subst: を追加してください。

次に緑の「Add template」ボタンをクリックしてください。

VisualEditor - Template editing 7.png

通常通り、必要に応じて引数を追加して、「Apply changes」をクリックします。
VisualEditor - Template editing 6.png

この最初の段階では、テンプレートは展開しないでしょう。
VisualEditor - Template editing 8.png


カテゴリの編集[edit | edit source]

VisualEditor Categories.png
To edit categories, on the "Page options" menu, click the "Categories" button.

VisualEditor - Category editing 1.png
「Categories」ボタンをクリックするとダイアログが開きます。既存のカテゴリが列挙されていて、新しいカテゴリも追加できます。

You have the option of setting or changing the general (default) sorting key, which used to determine where the page appears when listed with other pages in the same category.

For example, the default sorting key for the article "George Washington" is "Washington, George", and so in the category "Presidents of the United States", the article is listed under the letter "W", not the letter "G".


VisualEditor - Category editing 3.png
To add a category for a page, type the name of the category into the field "Add a category". As you type, VisualEditor will search for possible matching, existing categories. You can either select an existing category, or you can add a category that doesn't yet have its own category page. (Until that category page is created, your new category will show as a red link after you save all your editing changes.)

VisualEditor - Category editing 2.png
既存のカテゴリを除去するには、そのカテゴリをクリックして、開いたダイアログにある「Remove」アイコン(ごみ箱)をクリックします。

Clicking on a category also allows you to specify a sorting key for a specific category. (This is uncommon.) Such a sorting key overrides the general (default) sorting key.


VisualEditor - Apply changes.png
カテゴリの編集が完了したら「Apply changes」をクリックして通常の編集画面に戻ります。


Editing page settings[edit | edit source]

VisualEditor - Page Settings menu.png
To edit a page's settings, click to open the "Page options" menu, in the toolbar, and select the "Page settings" button.

VisualEditor Page Settings-en.png
The "Page settings" button opens a dialog that shows several options.

VisualEditor Page Settings Redirects-en.png
You can make a page a redirect to another page by checking the "Redirect this page to" checkbox, and then typing the name of the page to which you want the reader to be sent when he/she tries to go to the page that you're editing.

At the bottom is the option to prevent page renames from updating this redirect. This is very rarely used.


VisualEditor Page Settings TOC-en.png
You can change whether the page shows a Table of Contents by selecting one of these three buttons. The default option is "If needed", which shows a Table of Contents if there are three or more headings.

VisualEditor - Page Settings Edit Links.png
You can make a page not show edit links next to each section header by checking this checkbox.

VisualEditor Apply Changes-en.png
Click "Apply changes" when you're done editing the Page options to return to the page editor.


数式の編集[edit | edit source]

To add a new mathematical formula to the page, place your cursor where you want it to be inserted, and click on the "Formula" icon ("Σ") in the "Insert" menu on the toolbar.
VisualEditor Formula Insert Menu-en.png

A window will open in which you can type the formula, using LaTeX syntax. VisualEditor will update the formula as you type it, so you can see how it will look as you make changes. Once you are happy with the formula, click the "Done" button.
VisualEditor formula-en.png

To edit an existing mathematical formula on the page, click on it and then click on the "Σ" icon that appears. This will open up the formula window, where you make changes.
VisualEditor - editing existing mathematical formula.png


数式や特殊な項目の編集[edit | edit source]

Some items, such as poems and musical scores, are not yet supported by VisualEditor. Until they are, you will need to edit the source wikitext directly if you want to add these or change these.


キーボード ショートカット[edit | edit source]

Many editors are used to entering wikitext directly, especially bold, italics and wikilinks. Keyboard shortcuts allow to quickly insert similar formatting without having to use toolbar items. Here are the common general shortcuts in VisualEditor:

PC ショートカット 操作 Mac ショートカット

 Ctrl+B 太字  Cmd+B

 Ctrl+I 斜体  Cmd+I

 Ctrl+K リンクを挿入  Cmd+K

 Ctrl+X 切り取り  Cmd+X

 Ctrl+C コピー  Cmd+C

 Ctrl+V 貼り付け  Cmd+V

 Ctrl+Z 元に戻す  Cmd+Z