Bantuan:VisualEditor/Panduan pengguna

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This page is a translated version of the page Help:VisualEditor/User guide and the translation is 57% complete.

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PD Note: When you edit this page, you agree to release your contribution under the CC0. See Public Domain Help Pages for more info.
If you would like to try VisualEditor without editing an article, here is a page where you can freely test it. You don't need an account to use VisualEditor on that page.

Membuka VisualEditor[edit | edit source]

Untuk menyunting sebuah halaman dengan menggunakan VisualEditor, klik tab "Edit" pada bagian atas halaman tersebut.

Diperlukan waktu beberapa detik bagi sebuah halaman untuk terbuka untuk penyuntingan, dan lebih lama jika halaman tersebut sangat panjang.

Mengeklik tab "Edit source" akan membuka penyunting sumber teks wiki yang klasik.

VisualEditor - Edit tab-id.png

Anda juga dapat membuka VisualEditor dengan mengeklik pranala "edit" pada masing-masing bagian.
VisualEditor - Section edit links-id.png

Memulai: bilah alat VisualEditor[edit | edit source]

Screenshot of the VisualEditor toolbar
Bilah alat VisualEditor tampil pada bagian atas layar ketika Anda mulai menyunting melalui VisualEditor. Bilah alat ini menyertakan beberapa ikon yang lazim:

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Undo-redo.png
Urungkan dan Ulangi perubahan yang telah Anda buat.

VisualEditor Toolbar Headings-en.png
Daftar turun-bawah Judul: memperbolehkan Anda untuk mengubah tingkatan judul dari serangkaian teks. Judul bagian yang standar adalah "Judul". The normal format for text is "Paragraph".

VisualEditor Toolbar Formatting-en.png
Formatting: Clicking the "A" opens a menu. For any item to have an effect, you must have first selected (highlighted) some text.
  • The "Bold" item (B) bolds the selected text.
  • The "Italic" item (I) italicizes the selected text.
  • The "Superscript" item (S2) causes the selected text to appear smaller than surrounding text and to be slightly higher than the surrounding text.
  • The "Subscript" item (S2) causes the selected text to appear smaller than surrounding text and slightly lower than the surrounding text.
  • The "Strikethrough" item (S) adds a solid bar through the selected text.
  • The "Computer code" item (a set of curly brackets: {}) changes the font of the selected text to a monospaced font, which sets it apart from surrounding (proportionally spaced) text.
  • The "Underline" item (U) adds a solid line beneath the selected text.
  • The "Language" item (Aあ) allows you to label the language (for example, Japanese) and direction (for example, right-to-left) of the selected text.
  • The final item (" ⃠ "), called "Clear styling", removes all character formatting from the selected text, including links.

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Linking.png
Linking tool: The chain is the linking tool. Clicking on it (usually after selecting some text) opens the link dialog.

VisualEditor - Cite Pulldown.png
Cite menu: The "Cite" menu is used to add inline citations (also called "footnotes" or "references"). All projects have access to "Basic" reference formatting and the ability to "Re-use" citations, using this menu. This menu also gives you quick access to local citation templates, if these are enabled on your wiki.

(Instructions for adding local citation templates to the Cite menu at a specific wiki are available at VisualEditor/Citation tool.)

VisualEditor Toolbar Lists and indentation-en.png
Lists & indentation: The first two items allow you to format text as either a "Bullet list" or a "Numbered list". The last two items allow you to decrease or increase the indentation level of list items.

VisualEditor Insert Menu-en.png
More: Daftar turun-bawah "More" pada bilah alat VisualEditor akan mengantarkan Anda ke beberapa opsi pemformatan tambahan dan opsional, termasuk menambahkan referensi dan transklusi templat. Tidak semua opsi ini sudah tersedia saat ini.
  • The "Template" icon (a puzzle piece) allows you to edit templates.
  • The "Comment" item (a speech balloon) allows you to insert comments that are not visible to readers; these comments can be seen only when in edit mode.
  • The "Formula" icon (Σ) opens the formula inserter dialog.
  • The "References list" icon (three books) opens a dialog in which you can specify where will references be displayed to the reader. Usually this only needs to be done once on every page.
  • The "Hieroglyphs" icon (an ankh symbol - ☥) allows you to enter the hieroglyphics inserter. (See below.)
  • The "Special character" icon (Ω) allows you to insert some special characters. (See immediately below.)

VisualEditor Toolbar SpecialCharacters-en.png
Special character insertion: The "Special character" icon on the "Insert" menu, when clicked, displays a dialog showing many special characters. By clicking on a specific character, you place it into the text. These special characters include some standard symbols, accents, and mathematical symbols. (This list may be customized locally. See VisualEditor/Special characters for instructions.)

VisualEditor cancel save-en.png
The Page options menu is to the left of the Save page button. On the Page options menu there are options to adjust page settings, such as whether the page is a redirect, or how it is indexed; to add, edit, or delete categories; and to see, using the "Language" item, the list of articles on the same subject that are in other languages. You can also switch (one-way only) from VisualEditor to the classic wikitext source editor without losing the editing work you've done.

Menyimpan perubahan[edit | edit source]

Ketika Anda telah selesai menyunting, klik tombol "Save page" hijau pada bilah alat. Tombol hijau tersebut tidak dapat diklik bila tidak ada perubahan yang dibuat. To cancel all your editing changes, just close your browser window.
VisualEditor cancel save-en.png

Pressing the green "Save page" button opens a dialog. You can then enter a brief summary of your actions, mark your edit as minor, and add the page to your Watchlist. The box for the summary is the equivalent of the Summary (?): field in the wikitext editor.

You can also review your changes using the "Review your changes" button to be sure they will work as intended before saving your changes. This is similar to the "Show changes" button in the wikitext editor. The "Cancel" button returns you to the page you were editing. You can save all of your changes later.

VisualEditor save dialog-en.png

Menyunting pranala[edit | edit source]

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Formatting - Link-id.png
Pranala dapat ditambahkan melalui ikon "Link" (rantai yang terhubung) pada bilah alat, atau dengan menggunakan pintasan  Ctrl+K (atau  Command+K pada Mac).

If you select (highlight) text or place your cursor within a word, and then press the "Link" button, a link will be inserted using that text or word. In most cases, when creating internal links (links to other pages in the same wiki) you do not select text. But when creating external links, in most cases you do select text before starting the linking process, and text is probably something you just typed.

VisualEditor - Link editing inline 2-id.png
Tanpa memperhatikan apakah Anda menggunakan tombol atau pintasan, sebuah dialog akan terbuka. Di dalamnya, Anda dapat mengetikkan pranala tersebut. VisualEditor akan berusaha membantu dalam hal pranala internal (pranala ke halaman lain di Wikipedia) dengan menemukan pranala yang kurang lebih cocok saat Anda mulai mengetik.

VisualEditor will try to help with internal links by looking for likely matches as you begin to type.

VisualEditor - Link editing inline box.png
Once you have entered or selected the link, you complete the linking process by pressing  Enter, pressing the "Done" button, or just clicking outside of the box. Your link will immediately appear on the VisualEditor page, but it will not be saved until you save the entire page.

VisualEditor - External link-id.png
To link to a web page on another website, the process is the similar: you enter a URL in the box, and it will be added as an "External link".

VisualEditor - Link editing inline-id.png
Untuk mengubah atau menghapus sebuah pranala yang telah ada, klik pranala pada teksnya, kemudian tekan ikon "Link" yang tampil di dekatnya. Anda juga dapat mengeklik ikon yang sama pada bilah alat atau menggunakan pintasan papan tombol  Ctrl+K saat berada di sebuah pranala.

In the dialog, you can then change where the link goes. You can also remove the link altogether by pressing the "Remove" button) in the lower left corner of the dialog. You can also open the link's target in another window by clicking on the "Open" button. (You might want do this to check if an external link is valid.)

Menyunting referensi[edit | edit source]

Menyunting referensi yang telah ada[edit | edit source]

VisualEditor - Editing references 1.png
Untuk menyunting referensi yang telah ada, klik referensi tersebut pada teksnya, dan klik ikon "Basic" (penanda buku) yang tampil di dekatnya, atau yang ada pada bilah alat.

VisualEditor - Editing references 6.png
Mengeklik ikon Basic akan membuka sebuah dialog yang menyertakan editor-mini, di mana Anda dapat menyunting teks referensi.

Many wikis use templates to format references. If a template is used in your reference, then all the text in the template will be highlighted when you click on the reference information.

If a template was used and you've clicked on information in that template, then the Template icon (puzzle piece) will appear. Click on that to edit the content of the template, in the template mini-editor dialog.

VisualEditor - Editing References - Cite Web.png
If, instead of the "Basic" icon (bookmark), what appears when you click on a reference is an icon for a standard template for citations, clicking on that icon will take you directly to the template mini-editor dialog.

VisualEditor - Editing references 5.png
Inside the template mini-editor, you can add or remove types of information or change current content. Only fields (template parameters) that have content are supposed to be shown initially. To add fields, click on "Add more information" at the bottom of the mini-editor.

VisualEditor - Terapkan perubahan.png
Click on "Apply changes" when you're done.

Menggunakan kembali referensi yang telah ada[edit | edit source]

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Media, references, transclusions-id.png
Jika sebuah halaman sudah memuat referensi, Anda dapat menentukan apakah ingin menggunakan kembali kutipan yang telah ada, jika kutipan tersebut dapat diterapkan pada teks yang ingin Anda beri sumbernya.

Untuk menggunakan kembali referensi yang telah ada, letakkan kursor Anda ke tempat yang Anda ingin ada referensinya pada teksnya, dan klik ikon "Basic" (penanda buku) dari menu "More".

VisualEditor - Editing references 18.png
In the Reference dialog, look at the list for the reference you want to reuse, and select it. If there are many references, you can use the search box (labeled "What do you want to reference?") to list only those references that include certain text.

Menambahkan referensi baru[edit | edit source]

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Media, references, transclusions-id.png
To add a citation using the "Cite" menu, place your cursor where you want to add it in the text. Then select the appropriate citation type in the menu.

Using the "Basic" citation[edit | edit source]

VisualEditor - Editing references 20.png
Pada penyunting referensi, Anda dapat menambahkan, menyunting dan memformat kutipan Anda.

You can make the reference belong to a given group, although normally this is left blank. (This option is used to display groups of references with the "References list" tool.)

VisualEditor Template Insert Menu-en.png
Jika Anda menambahkan referensi baru dan Anda ingin menyertakan templat di dalamnya, klik ikon Transclusion (potongan jigsaw) pada daftar turun-bawah "More" dari bilah alat penyunting referensi.

VisualEditor - Editing references 9.png
Then, look for the template you want to use, add it and edit it as you would any other template. (See the Editing templates section, below, if you need more information about templates.)

Klik "Apply changes" untuk kembali ke penyunting referensi, dan "Apply changes" lagi untuk kembali ke halaman.

VisualEditor Reference List Insert Menu-en.png
Jika pada halaman tersebut belum ada daftar referensi (misalnya, jika Anda menambahkan referensi pertama di suatu halaman), Anda harus menambahkannya agar teks referensi Anda ditampilkan.

Place the cursor where you want to display the references list (usually at the bottom of the page), open the "Insert" menu and click the "References list" icon (three books).

VisualEditor - Editing references 11.png
If you are using several groups of references, which is relatively rare, you can specify the group in this dialog. Only the references that belong to that group will be displayed here.

The final step in the References list dialog is to click "Insert".

Using standard cite templates[edit | edit source]

VisualEditor - Editing References - Cite Pulldown.png
Your local wiki may have added extra citation templates to this menu. This offers quick access to the most-used citation templates. (Instructions for adding extra citation templates to your local wiki are available at VisualEditor/Citation tool.)

VisualEditor - Editing references - Cite book required fields.png
Clicking on a template icon such as "Cite book" will take you into the template mini-editor for that template. Important information fields may be marked with an asterisk. While the most common fields will be shown, not all of them are required.

VisualEditor - Editing references - Add parameter.png
To add additional parameters, scroll down in the template mini-editor and click on the "Add more information" option.

Click on "Insert" when you're done.

Menyunting gambar dan berkas media lain[edit | edit source]

Editing images[edit | edit source]

Untuk menambahkan gambar (atau jenis berkas media lain) baru ke dalam sebuah halaman, klik ikon "Media" (gambar pegunungan) pada menu turun-bawah "More". Gambar akan ditambahkan di posisi kursor Anda saat itu.
VisualEditor Media Insert Menu-en.png

Clicking the "Media" icon opens a dialog that automatically searches Wikimedia Commons and your local wiki for media files related to the title of the page you're editing.

Anda dapat mencari berkas media lain dengan mengubah teks yang ada pada kotak pencarian dari dialog tersebut.

Klik sebuah gambar mini untuk memilih berkas. This places the image onto the page you are editing.

VisualEditor - Media editing 2-id.png

After the image you selected is inserted into the page, another dialog will open. This dialog allows you to add and edit the caption of the image. The caption can contain formatting and links.
VisualEditor - Media editing 6-id.png

The media dialog also allows you to add alternative text captions, to help users who use screen readers, or who have disabled image display.
Media editing 7.png

You can also set various parameters for the image in the "Advanced settings" window. These include the alignment, the type, and size of the image.
VisualEditor - Media editing 8.png

Saat Anda sudah selasai, klik "Apply changes" untuk menutup dialog tersebut dan kembali ke penyunting halaman.
VisualEditor - Terapkan perubahan.png

For an existing image, you can add or edit a caption or other settings by clicking on the image, then clicking on the "Media" icon that appears below the picture.

You can resize an existing image by clicking on it, then moving the resize icon (the two-headed arrow on the bottom left).

You can also drag and drop an image to a place higher or lower on the page.

VisualEditor - Media editing 3-id.png

Editing media galleries[edit | edit source]

To edit an existing gallery in VisualEditor, click that gallery. Then, near the bottom of the gallery, click the gallery icon (a set of photos). This brings up the gallery editor, with the full list of images included in the gallery.
VisualEditor - Gallery2.png
The gallery editor is currently a simple box that allows you to edit existing galleries using wikitext markup. To add a new image to an existing gallery, type the file name, followed by a bar (|) and the caption for that image. You must put each image in the gallery on its own line. You can also edit this list to remove or rearrange images or to change captions.

When you click the "Done" button, you will exit the gallery editor. You should then see your changes, with the gallery as it will now appear to readers.

Remember that exiting the gallery editor does not save your changes. As with other changes made using VisualEditor, you must save the entire page in order to save your work.

VisualEditor - Gallery3.png

Menyunting templat[edit | edit source]

To add a new template to the page, place your cursor where you want the template to be inserted, and click on the "Template" icon (puzzle piece) in the "Insert" menu.
VisualEditor Template Insert Menu-en.png

Type the name of the template you want to insert. When you see it on the list, click on its name. Then click "Add template".
VisualEditor - Template editing 4.png

You can also edit templates that are already on the page by selecting them (they turn blue), and clicking on the "Template" icon (puzzle piece) that appears.
VisualEditor - Template editing 1.png

Adding a new template or opening an existing one opens the "Transclusion" dialog. If the template has have been updated to contain TemplateData information, then the dialog will show a list of individual parameters; otherwise, a link to the documentation will be available in the dialog.

If you are editing an existing template, and the template has been updated, then the dialog will show the values for the parameters.

VisualEditor - Template editing 2.png

For an existing template, you edit the parameters already listed, and you can add additional parameters by clicking "Add more information", at the very bottom of the dialog.
VisualEditor - Template editing 3.png

Saat sebuah templat menyertakan templat lainnya, sub-templat ini akan ditampilkan sebagai parameter. Sub-templat ini dapat disunting atau dihapus dengan mengeklik namanya.

Sub-templat baru dapat ditambahkan dengan mengikuti langkah-langkah penambahan parameter. Anda mungkin perlu memeriksa dokumentasi templat tersebut untuk memastikan bahwa sub-templat tersebut sudah berfungsi.

VisualEditor - Template editing 5.png

Saat Anda sudah selasai, klik "Apply changes" untuk menutup dialog tersebut dan kembali ke penyunting halaman.
VisualEditor - Terapkan perubahan.png

Penggantian templat[edit | edit source]

Saat templat harus digantikan (substitusi templat), ketik gnt: (dengan titik dua) di depan nama templat.

Penyelesaian kata otomatis tidak berfungsi dengan gnt:; jika Anda memerlukannya, tambahkan gnt: hanya setelah Anda menemukan templat yang Anda cari.

Kemudian, klik tombol "Add template" hijau.

VisualEditor - Template editing 7.png

Tambahkan parameter apa pun seperti biasanya dan "Apply changes".
VisualEditor - Template editing 6.png

Anda tidak akan melihat templat tersebut dibentangkan di halaman pada tahap awal ini.
VisualEditor - Template editing 8.png

Menyunting kategori[edit | edit source]

VisualEditor - Cancel and Save buttons.png
To edit categories, on the "Page options" menu, click the "Categories" button.

VisualEditor - Category editing 1.png
Tombol "Categories" membuka sebuah dialog yang mendaftarkan kategori-kategori yang telah ada dan memperbolehkan Anda untuk menambahkan kategori yang baru.

You have the option of setting or changing the general (default) sorting key, which used to determine where the page appears when listed with other pages in the same category.

For example, the default sorting key for the article "George Washington" is "Washington, George", and so in the category "Presidents of the United States", the article is listed under the letter "W", not the letter "G".

VisualEditor - Category editing 3.png
To add a category for a page, type the name of the category into the field "Add a category". As you type, VisualEditor will search for possible matching, existing categories. You can either select an existing category, or you can add a category that doesn't yet have its own category page. (Until that category page is created, your new category will show as a red link after you save all your editing changes.)

VisualEditor - Category editing 2.png
Untuk menghapus kategori yang telah ada, klik kategori tersebut dan klik ikon "<ooui-inspector-remove-tooltip>" (tong sampah) pada dialog yang terbuka.

Clicking on a category also allows you to specify a sorting key for a specific category. (This is uncommon.) Such a sorting key overrides the general (default) sorting key.

VisualEditor - Terapkan perubahan.png
Klik "Apply changes" ketika Anda sudah selesai menyunting kategori untuk kembali ke penyunting halaman.

Editing page settings[edit | edit source]

VisualEditor - Page Settings menu.png
To edit a page's settings, click to open the "Page options" menu, in the toolbar, and select the "Page settings" button.

VisualEditor Page Settings-en.png
The "Page settings" button opens a dialog that shows several options.

VisualEditor Page Settings Redirects-en.png
You can make a page a redirect to another page by checking the "Redirect this page to" checkbox, and then typing the name of the page to which you want the reader to be sent when he/she tries to go to the page that you're editing.

At the bottom is the option to prevent page renames from updating this redirect. This is very rarely used.

VisualEditor Page Settings TOC-en.png
You can change whether the page shows a Table of Contents by selecting one of these three buttons. The default option is "If needed", which shows a Table of Contents if there are three or more headings.

VisualEditor - Page Settings Edit Links.png
You can make a page not show edit links next to each section header by checking this checkbox.

VisualEditor Apply Changes-en.png
Click "Apply changes" when you're done editing the Page options to return to the page editor.

Editing mathematical formulae[edit | edit source]

To add a new mathematical formula to the page, place your cursor where you want it to be inserted, and click on the "Formula" icon ("Σ") in the "Insert" menu on the toolbar.
VisualEditor Formula Insert Menu-en.png

A window will open in which you can type the formula, using LaTeX syntax. VisualEditor will update the formula as you type it, so you can see how it will look as you make changes. Once you are happy with the formula, click the "Done" button.
VisualEditor formula-en.png

To edit an existing mathematical formula on the page, click on it and then click on the "Σ" icon that appears. This will open up the formula window, where you make changes.
VisualEditor - editing existing mathematical formula.png

Menyunting rumus matematika dan butir istimewa lainnya[edit | edit source]

Some items, such as poems and musical scores, are not yet supported by VisualEditor. Until they are, you will need to edit the source wikitext directly if you want to add these or change these.

Pintasan papan tombol[edit | edit source]

Many editors are used to entering wikitext directly, especially bold, italics and wikilinks. Keyboard shortcuts allow to quickly insert similar formatting without having to use toolbar items. Here are the common general shortcuts in VisualEditor:

Pintasan PC Tindakan Pintasan Mac

 Ctrl+B Tebal  Cmd+B

 Ctrl+I Miring  Cmd+I

 Ctrl+K Pranala  Cmd+K

 Ctrl+X Potong  Cmd+X

 Ctrl+C Salin  Cmd+C

 Ctrl+V Tempel  Cmd+V

 Ctrl+Z Urungkan  Cmd+Z