Bantuan:VisualEditor/Panduan pengguna

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This page is a translated version of the page Help:VisualEditor/User guide and the translation is 67% complete.

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PD Catatan: Ketika Anda menyunting halaman ini, Anda setuju untuk melepas kontribusi Anda di bawah CC0. Lihat Halaman Bantuan Ranah Umum (Public Domain) untuk informasi lebih lanjut.
PD
Jika Anda ingin mencoba VisualEditor tanpa menyunting sebuah artikel, inilah halaman di mana Anda dapat dengan bebas mencobanya. Anda tidak perlu akun untuk dapat menggunakan VisualEditor pada halaman tersebut.

Membuka VisualEditor[edit | edit source]

To edit a page using VisualEditor, click on the "Sunting" tab at the top of the page.

Diperlukan waktu beberapa detik bagi sebuah halaman untuk terbuka untuk penyuntingan, dan lebih lama jika halaman tersebut sangat panjang.

Clicking on the "Sunting sumber" tab will open the classic wikitext source editor.

VisualEditor - Edit tab-id.png

You can also open VisualEditor by clicking on the "sunting" link on each section.
VisualEditor - Section edit links-id.png

Memulai: bilah alat VisualEditor[edit | edit source]

Cuplikan layar dari bilah alat VisualEditor
Bilah alat VisualEditor tampil pada bagian atas layar ketika Anda mulai menyunting melalui VisualEditor. Bilah alat ini menyertakan beberapa ikon yang lazim:

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Undo-redo.png
Urungkan and Ulangi the changes you have made.

VisualEditor Toolbar Headings-en.png
Headings pull-down menu: allows you to change how the paragraph is formatted. To change the style of a paragraph, put your caret in the paragraph and select an item in this menu (you don't have to highlight any text). Section titles are formatted "Judul", and subsections are "Judul tingkat 2", "Judul tingkat 3", and so on. The normal format for text is "Paragraf".

VisualEditor Toolbar Formatting-en.png

Pemformatan: Mengeklik "A" akan membuka sebuah menu. Agar masing-masing butir dapat berfungsi, Anda harus terlebih dahulu memilih (menyorot) beberapa teks.

  • The "Tebal" item (B) bolds the selected text.
  • The "Cetak miring" item (I) italicizes the selected text.
  • The "Tika atas" item (x2) causes the selected text to appear smaller than surrounding text and to be slightly higher than the surrounding text.
  • The "Tika bawah" item (x2) causes the selected text to appear smaller than surrounding text and slightly lower than the surrounding text.
  • The "Coret" item (S) adds a solid bar through the selected text.
  • The "Kode komputer" item (a set of curly brackets: {}) changes the font of the selected text to a monospaced font, which sets it apart from surrounding (proportionally spaced) text.
  • The "Garis bawah" item (U) adds a solid line beneath the selected text.
  • The "Bahasa" item (Aあ) allows you to label the language (for example, Japanese) and direction (for example, right-to-left) of the selected text.
  • The final item (VisualEditor MediaWiki theme clear icon bitmap.png), called "Hapus gaya", removes all character formatting from the selected text, including links

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Linking.png
Alat pranala: Rantai tersebut adalah alat pranala. Mengekliknya (umumnya setelah memilih beberapa teks) akan membuka dialog pranala.

VisualEditor - Cite Pulldown.png
Kutip menu: The "Kutip" menu is used to add inline citations (also called "footnotes" or "references"). All projects have access to "Dasar" reference formatting and the ability to "Pakai ulang" citations, using this menu. This menu also gives you quick access to local citation templates, if these are enabled on your wiki.

(Instructions for adding local citation templates to the Kutip menu at a specific wiki are available at VisualEditor/Citation tool.)


VisualEditor Toolbar Lists and indentation-en.png
Lists & indentation: The first two items allow you to format text as either a "Daftar berpoin" or a "Daftar bernomor". The last two items allow you to decrease or increase the indentation level of list items.

VisualEditor Insert Menu-en.png
Sisipkan: The "Sisipkan" menu may be different on some projects. Below is a list of all options that may appear.
  • The "Media" icon (a picture of mountains) opens the media dialog.
  • The "Galeri" icon (a set of photos) allows you to insert a gallery to the page.
  • The "Templat" icon (a puzzle piece) allows you to edit templates.
  • The "Komentar" item (a speech balloon) allows you to insert comments that are not visible to readers; these comments can be seen only when in edit mode.
  • The "Rumus" icon (Σ) opens the formula inserter dialog.
  • The "Daftar referensi" icon (three books) opens a dialog in which you can specify where will references be displayed to the reader. Usually this only needs to be done once on every page.
  • The "Hieroglif" icon (an ankh symbol - ☥) allows you to enter the hieroglyphics inserter. (See below.)
  • The "Karakter khusus" icon (Ω) allows you to insert some special characters. (See immediately below.)

VisualEditor Toolbar SpecialCharacters-en.png
Special character insertion: The "Karakter khusus" icon on the "Sisipkan" menu, when clicked, displays a dialog showing many special characters. By clicking on a specific character, you place it into the text. These special characters include some standard symbols, accents, and mathematical symbols. (Daftar ini mungkin telah diubahsuai secara lokal. Lihat VisualEditor/Special characters untuk petunjuknya.)

VisualEditor cancel save-en.png
The Opsi halaman menu is to the left of the Simpan halaman button. On this menu there are options to adjust page settings, such as whether the page is a redirect, or how it is indexed; to add, edit, or delete categories; and to see, using the "Bahasa" item, the list of articles on the same subject that are in other languages. You can also switch (one-way only) from VisualEditor to the classic wikitext source editor without losing the editing work you've done.

Menyimpan perubahan[edit | edit source]

When you're done editing, click the green "Simpan halaman" button in the toolbar. (If you have made no changes, the green button will be greyed out - not usable.) Untuk membatalkan semua perubahan penyuntingan Anda, cukup tutup jendela peramban Anda.
VisualEditor cancel save-en.png

Pressing the green "Simpan halaman" button opens a dialog. You can then enter a brief summary of your actions, mark your edit as minor, and add the page to your Daftar pantauan. The box for the summary is the equivalent of the Ringkasan: field in the wikitext editor.

You can also review your changes using the "Tinjau perubahan Anda" button to be sure they will work as intended before saving your changes. This is similar to the "Lihat perubahan" button in the wikitext editor.

The "Batal" button returns you to the page you were editing. You can save all of your changes later.

VisualEditor save dialog-en.png

Menyunting pranala[edit | edit source]

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Linking.png
Links can be added through the "Pranala" icon (links in a chain) in the toolbar, or by using the shortcut  Ctrl+K (or  Command+K on a Mac).

If you select (highlight) text and then press the "Pranala" button, a link will be inserted using that text. For single-word links it's enough to just do it while the caret is on that word.


VisualEditor - Link editing inline 2-id.png
Baik jika Anda menggunakan tombol maupun pintasan, sebuah dialog akan terbuka. Di dalamnya, Anda dapat mengetikkan pranala.

VisualEditor akan mencoba membantu dalam pranala internal dengan mencari kecocokan yang mungkin saat Anda mulai mengetik.


VisualEditor - Link editing inline box.png
Once you have entered or selected the link, you complete the linking process by pressing  Enter, pressing the "Selesai" button, or just clicking outside of the box. Your link will immediately appear on the VisualEditor page, but it will not be saved until you save the entire page.

VisualEditor - External link-id.png
To link to a web page on another website, the process is the similar: you enter a URL in the box, and it will be added as an "Pranala luar".

Pranala luar tanpa label terlihat akan seperti ini: [1]. Anda dapat menambahkan pranala dengan menempatkan kursor Anda jauh dari kata (misalnya, di setelah spasi). Buka peralatan pranala dengan cara mengeklik pada tombol atau dengan mengeklik pintasan papan tombol. Type the URL in the box, and click the "Selesai" button to insert the link.

VisualEditor - Link editing inline-id.png
To change or remove an existing link, click within the text for that link, then press the "Pranala" icon that appears near it. The dialog will appear, for editing. (You can also get to the dialog with the  Ctrl+K keyboard shortcut.)

Pada kotak dialog, kemudian Anda dapat mengubah ke mana pranala tersebut diarahkan. Anda juga dapat menghilangkan semua pranalanya dengan menekan tombol 'Hapus' di tepi kiri-bawah pada dialog tersebut. You can also open the link's target in another window by clicking on the "Buka" button. (You might want do this to check if an external link is valid.)

Menyunting referensi[edit | edit source]

Menyunting referensi yang telah ada[edit | edit source]


VisualEditor - Editing references 1.png
To edit an existing reference, click on it where it appears in the text (usually as a bracketed number). You will see either a "Dasar" icon (bookmark) or an icon (and name) for the template that was used to create this reference. Clicking on this icon will open a dialog where you can edit the reference.

VisualEditor - Editing references 6.png
If what appears is the "Dasar" icon, clicking on it opens the Reference dialog, where you can edit the reference's contents.

Banyak wiki menggunakan templat untuk melakukan pemformatan referensi. Jika templat memang digunakan dalam referensi Anda, maka semua teks di dalam templat akan tersorot ketika Anda mengeklik informasi referensi tersebut.

If a template was used and you've clicked on information in that template, then the Templat icon (puzzle piece) will appear. Click on that icon to edit the content of the template in the template mini-editor dialog.


VisualEditor - Editing References - Cite Web.png
Jika, alih-alih ikon "Dasar" (penanda buku), yang muncul ketika Anda mengeklik referensi tersebut adalah ikon untuk templat standar kutipan, mengeklik ikon tersebut akan membawa Anda secara langsung ke dialog penyunting templat mini.

VisualEditor - Editing references 5.png
Inside the template mini-editor, you can add or remove types of information or change current content. Only fields (template parameters) that have content are supposed to be shown initially. To add fields, click on "Tambah informasi lainnya" at the bottom of the mini-editor.

VisualEditor - Terapkan perubahan.png
Click on "Terapkan perubahan" when you're done.

Menggunakan kembali referensi yang telah ada[edit | edit source]


VisualEditor - Toolbar - Media, references, transclusions-id.png
Jika suatu halaman sudah memiliki kutipan yang dapat diterapkan pada teks yang ingin Anda berikan sumbernya, Anda kemudian dapat menggunakan kembali kutipan yang telah ada tersebut.

Untuk menggunakan kembali referensi yang telah ada, letakkan kursor Anda di badan teks tempat yang ingin Anda tambahkan (nomor) referensi baru untuk kutipan tersebut. Lalu klik butir "Pakai ulang" dari menu "Kutip".


VisualEditor - Editing references 18.png
In the Referensi dialog, look at the list for the reference you want to reuse, and select it. If there are many references, you can use the search box (labeled "Apa yang ingin Anda referensikan?") to list only those references that include certain text.

Menambahkan referensi baru[edit | edit source]


VisualEditor - Toolbar - Media, references, transclusions-id.png
Untuk menambahkan kutipan menggunakan menu "Kutip", letakkan kursor Anda di teks tempat yang Anda ingin sisipkan referensinya. Lalu pilih jenis kutipan yang sesuai pada menu.

Menggunakan kutipan "Dasar"[edit | edit source]


VisualEditor - Editing references 20.png
Ditampilkan pada gambar adalah apa yang Anda lihat jika Anda memilih butir "Dasar". Pada penyunting referensi, Anda dapat menambahkan kutipan Anda, termasuk pemformatan.

Anda dapat mengelompokkan referensi ke dalam kelompok tertentu, walaupun biasanya kolom ini dibiarkan kosong. (Opsi ini digunakan untuk menampilkan kelompok referensi dengan alat "Daftar referensi".)


VisualEditor Template Insert Menu-en.png
Pada dialog referensi, jika Anda ingin menyertakan templat di dalam referensi baru Anda, klik ikon Templat (potongan puzzle) pada menu bilah alat "Sisipkan" di dalam penyunting referensi.

VisualEditor - Editing references 9.png
Kemudian, cari templat yang ingin Anda gunakan, tambahkan dan sunting templat tersebut sama seperti yang Anda lakukan pada templat-templat yang lainnya. (Lihat bagian menyunting templat di bawah, jika Anda memerlukan informasi lebih lanjut mengenai templat.)

After you're done editing your new template, click on "Terapkan perubahan" to return to the Reference editor, and "Terapkan perubahan" again to return to the page you're editing.


VisualEditor Reference List Insert Menu-en.png
Jika pada halaman tersebut belum ada daftar referensi (misalnya, jika Anda menambahkan referensi pertama di suatu halaman), Anda harus menambahkannya agar teks referensi Anda ditampilkan.

Letakkan kursor di tempat yang ingin Anda tampilkan daftar referensinya (biasanya di bawah halaman), buka menu "Sisipkan" dan klik ikon "Daftar referensi" (tiga buku) untuk menambahkannya.


VisualEditor - Editing references 11.png
If you are using several groups of references, which is relatively rare, you can specify the group in this dialog. Only the references that belong to that group will be displayed here.

The final step in the References list dialog is to click "Sisipkan".

Using standard cite templates[edit | edit source]


VisualEditor - Editing References - Cite Pulldown.png
Your local wiki may have added extra citation templates to this menu. This offers quick access to the most-used citation templates. (Instructions for adding extra citation templates to your local wiki are available at VisualEditor/Citation tool.)

VisualEditor - Editing references - Cite book required fields.png
Clicking on a template icon such as "Cite book" will take you into the template mini-editor for that template. Important information fields may be marked with an asterisk. While the most common fields will be shown, not all of them are required.

VisualEditor - Editing references - Add parameter.png
To add more parameters, scroll down in the template mini-editor and click on the "Tambah informasi lainnya" option.

Click on "Sisipkan" when you're done.

Menyunting gambar dan berkas media lainnya[edit | edit source]

Menyunting gambar[edit | edit source]

Untuk menambahkan gambar (atau jenis berkas media lain) baru ke dalam sebuah halaman, klik ikon "Media" (gambar pegunungan) pada menu turun-bawah "More". Gambar akan ditambahkan di posisi kursor Anda saat itu.
VisualEditor Media Insert Menu-en.png

Clicking the "Media" icon opens a dialog that automatically searches Wikimedia Commons and your local wiki for media files related to the title of the page you're editing.

Anda dapat mencari berkas media lain dengan mengubah teks yang ada pada kotak pencarian dari dialog tersebut.

Klik sebuah gambar mini untuk memilih berkas.

This places the image onto the page you are editing.

VisualEditor - Media editing 2-id.png

After the image you selected is inserted into the page, another dialog will open. This dialog allows you to add and edit the caption of the image. The caption can contain formatting and links.
VisualEditor - Media editing 6-id.png

The media dialog also allows you to add alternative text captions, to help users who use screen readers, or who have disabled image display.
Media editing 7.png

You can also set various parameters for the image in the "Pengaturan lanjut" window. These include the alignment, the type, and size of the image.
VisualEditor - Media editing 8.png

Saat Anda sudah selasai, klik "Apply changes" untuk menutup dialog tersebut dan kembali ke penyunting halaman.
VisualEditor - Terapkan perubahan.png

For an existing image, you can add or edit a caption or other settings by clicking on the image, then clicking on the "Media" icon that appears below the picture.

You can resize an existing image by clicking on it, then moving the resize icon (the two-headed arrow on the bottom left).

You can also drag and drop an image to a place higher or lower on the page.

VisualEditor - Media editing 3-id.png

Editing media galleries[edit | edit source]


To edit an existing gallery in VisualEditor, click that gallery. Then, near the bottom of the gallery, click the gallery icon (a set of photos). This brings up the gallery editor, with the full list of images included in the gallery.
VisualEditor - Gallery2.png
The gallery editor is currently a simple box that allows you to edit existing galleries using wikitext markup. To add a new image to an existing gallery, type the file name, followed by a bar (|) and the caption for that image. You must put each image in the gallery on its own line. You can also edit this list to remove or rearrange images or to change captions.

When you click the "Selesai" button, you will exit the gallery editor. You should then see your changes, with the gallery as it will now appear to readers.

Remember that exiting the gallery editor does not save your changes. As with other changes made using VisualEditor, you must save the entire page in order to save your work.

VisualEditor - Gallery3.png

Menyunting templat[edit | edit source]

To add a new template to the page, place your cursor where you want the template to be inserted, and click on the "Templat" icon (puzzle piece) in the "Sisipkan" menu.
VisualEditor Template Insert Menu-en.png

Type the name of the template you want to insert. When you see it on the list, click on its name. Then click "Tambah templat".
VisualEditor - Template editing 4.png

You can also edit templates that are already on the page by selecting them (they turn blue), and clicking on the "Templat" icon (puzzle piece) that appears.
VisualEditor - Template editing 1.png

Adding a new template or opening an existing one opens the "Transklusi" dialog. If the template has have been updated to contain TemplateData information, then the dialog will show a list of individual parameters; otherwise, a link to the documentation will be available in the dialog.
VisualEditor - Template editing 2.png

For an existing template, you edit the parameters already listed, and you can add additional parameters by clicking "Tambah informasi lainnya", at the very bottom of the dialog.
VisualEditor - Template editing 3.png

Saat sebuah templat menyertakan templat lainnya, sub-templat ini akan ditampilkan sebagai parameter. Sub-templat ini dapat disunting atau dihapus dengan mengeklik namanya.

Sub-templat baru dapat ditambahkan dengan mengikuti langkah-langkah penambahan parameter. Anda mungkin perlu memeriksa dokumentasi templat tersebut untuk memastikan bahwa sub-templat tersebut sudah berfungsi.

VisualEditor - Template editing 5.png

Saat Anda sudah selasai, klik "Apply changes" untuk menutup dialog tersebut dan kembali ke penyunting halaman.
VisualEditor - Terapkan perubahan.png

Substituting templates[edit | edit source]


Saat templat harus digantikan (substitusi templat), ketik gnt: (dengan titik dua) di depan nama templat.

Penyelesaian kata otomatis tidak berfungsi dengan gnt:; jika Anda memerlukannya, tambahkan gnt: hanya setelah Anda menemukan templat yang Anda cari.

Then, click the green "Tambah templat" button.

VisualEditor - Template editing 7.png

Add any parameters as usual and "Terapkan perubahan".
VisualEditor - Template editing 6.png

Anda tidak akan melihat templat tersebut dibentangkan di halaman pada tahap awal ini.
VisualEditor - Template editing 8.png

Editing tables[edit | edit source]

VisualEditor-logo.svg
You can use VisualEditor to insert and change tables. This is a new feature, and the details will be changing rapidly.

VisualEditor table editing add and remove columns.png
You can add and remove columns and rows.

VisualEditor-logo.svg
Double-click inside a cell to add or change the contents.

Editing categories[edit | edit source]

VisualEditor - Cancel and Save buttons.png
To edit categories, on the "Opsi halaman" menu, click the "Kategori" button.

VisualEditor - Category editing 1.png
The "Kategori" button opens a dialog that lists existing categories and allows you to add new ones.

You have the option of setting or changing the general (default) sorting key, which used to determine where the page appears when listed with other pages in the same category.

For example, the default sorting key for the article "George Washington" is "Washington, George", and so in the category "Presidents of the United States", the article is listed under the letter "W", not the letter "G".


VisualEditor - Category editing 3.png
To add a category for a page, type the name of the category into the field "Tambah kategori". As you type, VisualEditor will search for possible matching, existing categories. You can either select an existing category, or you can add a category that doesn't yet have its own category page. (Until that category page is created, your new category will show as a red link after you save all your editing changes.)

VisualEditor - Category editing 2.png
To remove an existing category, click on it and click on the "Hapus" icon (trash can) in the dialog that opens.

Clicking on a category also allows you to specify a sorting key for that specific category. Such a sorting key overrides the default sorting key.


VisualEditor - Terapkan perubahan.png
Click "Terapkan perubahan" when you're done editing categories to return to the page editor.

Editing page settings[edit | edit source]

VisualEditor - Page Settings menu.png
To edit a page's settings, click to open the "Opsi halaman" menu, in the toolbar, and select the "Pengaturan halaman" button.

VisualEditor Page Settings-en.png
The "Pengaturan halaman" button opens a dialog that shows several options.

VisualEditor Page Settings Redirects-en.png
You can make a page a redirect to another page by checking the "Alihkan halaman ini ke" checkbox, and then typing the name of the page to which you want to send the reader who tries to go to the page that you're editing.

At the bottom is the option to prevent page renames from updating this redirect. This is very rarely used.


VisualEditor Page Settings TOC-en.png
You can change whether the page shows a Table of Contents by selecting one of these three buttons. The default option is "Jika perlu", which shows a Table of Contents if there are three or more headings.

VisualEditor - Page Settings Edit Links.png
You can make a page not show edit links next to each section header by checking this checkbox.

VisualEditor Apply Changes-en.png
Click "Terapkan perubahan" when you're done editing the Opsi halaman to return to the page editor.

Menyunting rumus matematika[edit | edit source]

To add a new mathematical formula to the page, place your cursor where you want it to be inserted, and click on the "Rumus" icon ("Σ") in the "Sisipkan" menu on the toolbar.
VisualEditor Formula Insert Menu-en.png

A window will open in which you can type the formula, using LaTeX syntax. VisualEditor will update the formula as you type it, so you can see how it will look as you make changes. Once you are happy with the formula, click the "Selesai" button.
VisualEditor formula-en.png

To edit an existing mathematical formula on the page, click on it and then click on the "Σ" icon that appears. This will open up the formula window, where you make changes.
VisualEditor - editing existing mathematical formula.png

Editing poems and other special items[edit | edit source]

Some items, such as poems and musical scores, are not yet supported by VisualEditor. Until they are, you will need to edit the source wikitext directly if you want to add these or change these.

Keyboard shortcuts[edit | edit source]

Many editors are used to entering wikitext directly, especially bold, italics and wikilinks. Keyboard shortcuts allow to quickly insert similar formatting without having to use toolbar items. Here are the common general shortcuts in VisualEditor:

Pintasan PC Tindakan Pintasan Mac

 Ctrl+B Tebal  Cmd+B

 Ctrl+I Miring  Cmd+I

 Ctrl+K Pranala  Cmd+K

 Ctrl+X Potong  Cmd+X

 Ctrl+C Salin  Cmd+C

 Ctrl+V Tempel  Cmd+V

 Ctrl+Z Urungkan  Cmd+Z