Axuda:Editor visual/Guía de usuario

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This page is a translated version of the page Help:VisualEditor/User guide and the translation is 56% complete.

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PD Note: When you edit this page, you agree to release your contribution under the CC0. See Public Domain Help Pages for more info.
PD
If you would like to try VisualEditor without editing an article, here is a page where you can freely test it. You don't need an account to use VisualEditor on that page.


Abrir o editor visual[edit | edit source]

Para editar unha páxina mediante o editor visual, prema na lapela "Edit" que hai na parte superior da páxina.

Abrir a páxina no modo de edición pode levar uns segundos; tardará máis tempo se a páxina é moi longa.

Se preme na lapela "Edit source" abrirá o editor de texto wiki clásico.

VisualEditor - Edit tab.png

Tamén pode abrir o editor visual premendo na ligazón "edit" das seccións.
VisualEditor - Section edit links.png


Primeiros pasos: a barra de ferramentas do editor visual[edit | edit source]

Screenshot of the VisualEditor toolbar
A barra de ferramentas do editor visual aparece no canto superior da pantalla ao facer uso do editor visual. Inclúe algunhas iconas familiares:

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Undo-redo.png
Desfacer e refacer as modificacións feitas.

VisualEditor Toolbar Headings-en.png
Menú despregable de cabeceiras: permite cambiar o nivel de cabeceira do texto. A opción para a cabeceira dunha sección estándar é "Cabeceira". The normal format for text is "Paragraph".

VisualEditor Toolbar Formatting-en.png
Formatting: Clicking the "A" opens a menu. For any item to have an affect, you must have first selected (highlighted) some text.
  • The "Bold" item (B) bolds the selected text.
  • The "Italic" item (I) italicizes the selected text.
  • The "Superscript" item (S2) causes the selected text to appear smaller than surrounding text and to be slightly higher than the surrounding text.
  • The "Subscript" item (S2) causes the selected text to appear smaller than surrounding text and slightly lower than the surrounding text.
  • The "Strikethrough" item (S) adds a solid bar through the selected text.
  • The "Computer code" item (a set of curly brackets: {}) changes the font of the selected text to a monospaced font, which sets it apart from surrounding (proportionally spaced) text.
  • The "Underline" item (U) adds a solid line beneath the selected text.
  • The "Language" item (Aあ) allows you to label the language (for example, Japanese) and direction (for example, right-to-left) of the selected text.
  • The final item (" ⃠ "), called "Clear styling", removes all character formatting from the selected text, including links.

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Linking.png
Linking tool: The chain is the linking tool. Clicking on it (usually after selecting some text) opens the link dialog.

VisualEditor - Cite Pulldown.png
Cite menu: The "Cite" menu is used to add inline citations (also called "footnotes" or "references"). All projects have access to "Basic" reference formatting and the ability to "Re-use" citations, using this menu. This menu also gives you quick access to local citation templates, if these are enabled on your wiki.

(Instructions for adding local citation templates to the Cite menu at a specific wiki are available at VisualEditor/Citation tool.)


VisualEditor Toolbar Lists and indentation-en.png
Lists & indentation: The first two items allow you to format text as either a "Bullet list" or a "Numbered list". The last two items allow you to decrease or increase the indentation level of list items.

VisualEditor Insert Menu-en.png
Ficheiros multimedia, referencias e transclusións: Cada icona abre unha caixa de diálogo diferente:
  • The "Template" icon (a puzzle piece) allows you to edit templates.
  • The "Comment" item (a speech balloon) allows you to insert comments that are not visible to readers; these comments can be seen only when in edit mode.
  • The "Formula" icon (Σ) opens the formula inserter dialog.
  • A icona "<visualeditor-dialogbutton-referencelist-tooltip>" (tres libros) abre unha caixa de diálogo para mostrar as referencias.
  • The "<visualeditor-mwhieroinspector-title>" icon (an ankh symbol - ☥) allows you to enter the hieroglyphics inserter. (See below.)
  • The "Special character" icon (Ω) allows you to insert some special characters. (See immediately below.)

VisualEditor Toolbar SpecialCharacters-en.png
Special character insertion: The "Special character" icon on the "Insert" menu, when clicked, displays a dialog showing many special characters. By clicking on a specific character, you place it into the text. These special characters include some standard symbols, accents, and mathematical symbols. (This list may be customized locally. See VisualEditor/Special characters for instructions.)

VisualEditor cancel save-en.png
The Page options menu is to the left of the Save page button. On the Page options menu are options to adjust page settings, such as whether the page is a redirect, or how it is indexed; to add, edit, or delete categories; and to see, using the "Language" item, the list of articles on the same subject that are in other languages. You can also switch (one-way only) from VisualEditor to the classic wikitext source editor without losing the editing work you've done.

Gardar os cambios[edit | edit source]

Cando remate as súas modificacións prema no botón verde "Save page" da barra de ferramentas. O botón verde non está dispoñible se non se fixeron cambios. To cancel all your editing changes, just close your browser window.
VisualEditor cancel save-en.png

Pressing the green "Save page" button opens a dialog. You can then enter a brief summary of your actions, mark your edit as minor, and/or add the page to your Watchlist. The box for the summary is the equivalent of the Summary (?): field in the wikitext editor.

You can also review your changes to be sure they will work as intended before saving your changes, similar to the "Show changes" button in the wikitext editor. The "Cancel" button returns you to the page you were editing. You can save all of your changes later.

VisualEditor save dialog-en.png


Editar as ligazóns[edit | edit source]

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Formatting - Link.png
As ligazóns poden engadirse usando a icona "Ligazón" (os elos dunha cadea) da caixa de ferramentas ou mediante o atallo de teclado  Ctrl+K (ou  Command+K nun Mac).

If you select (highlight) text or place your cursor within a word, and then press the "Link" button, a link will be inserted using that text or word. In most cases, when creating internal links (links to other pages in the same wiki) you do not select text. But when creating external links, in most cases you do select text before starting the linking process, and text is probably something you just typed.


VisualEditor - Link editing inline 2.png
Tanto empregando o botón coma o atallo ábrese unha caixa de diálogo na que pode inserir a ligazón. O editor visual ha axudar coas ligazóns internas (as ligazóns cara a outras páxinas da Wikipedia) buscando coincidencias mentres escribe.

VisualEditor will try to help with internal links by looking for likely matches as you begin to type.


VisualEditor - Link editing inline box.png
Once you have entered or selected the link, you complete the linking process by pressing  Enter, pressing the "Done" button, or just clicking outside of the box. Your link will immediately appear on the VisualEditor page, but it will not be saved until you save the entire page.

VisualEditor - External link.png
To link to a web page on another website, the process is the similar: you enter a URL in the box, and it will be added as an "External link".

VisualEditor - Link editing inline.png
Para cambiar ou retirar unha ligazón existente, prema na ligazón do texto e logo na icona "Ligazón" que aparece ao seu carón. Tamén pode premer na mesma icona da barra de ferramentas ou utilizar o atallo de teclado  Ctrl+K se o texto está seleccionado.

In the dialog, you can then change where the link goes. Or you can remove the link altogether by pressing the "Remove" button) in the lower left corner of the dialog. You can also open the link's target in another window by clicking on the "Open" button. (You might do this to check if an external link is valid.)

Editar as referencias[edit | edit source]

Editar unha referencia existente[edit | edit source]


VisualEditor - Editing references 1.png
Para editar unha referencia existente, prema nela no texto e logo na icona "Referencia" (marcapáxinas) que aparece ao seu carón ou na que hai na barra de ferramentas.

VisualEditor - Editing references 6.png
Ao premer na icona "Referencia" ábrese unha caixa de diálogo que inclúe un minieditor no que pode editar o texto da referencia.

Many wikis use templates to format references automatically. If a template is used in your reference, then all the text in the template will be highlighted when you click on the reference information.

If a template was used and you've clicked on information in that template, then the Template icon (puzzle piece) will appear. Click on that to edit the content of the template, in the template mini-editor dialog.


VisualEditor - Editing References - Cite Web.png
If, instead of the "Basic" icon (bookmark), what appears when you click on a reference is an icon for a standard template for citations, clicking on that icon will take you directly to the template mini-editor dialog.

VisualEditor - Editing references 5.png
Inside the template mini-editor, you can add or remove types of information or change current content. Only fields (template parameters) that are used (have content) should be shown, initially. To add fields, click on "Add more information", which is at the very bottom of the mini-editor.

VisualEditor - Apply changes.png
Click on "Apply changes" when you're done.

Reutilizar unha referencia existente[edit | edit source]


VisualEditor - Toolbar - Reference.png
Se a páxina xa contén referencias, pode que necesite reutilizar unha cita existente, se tamén se aplica ao texto que desexa referenciar.

Para reutilizar unha referencia existente, poña o cursor no lugar do texto no que a quere engadir e prema na icona "Referencia" (marcapáxinas) da barra de ferramentas.


VisualEditor - Editing references 18.png
In the Reference dialog, look at the list for the reference you want to reuse, and select it. If there are many references, you can use the search box (labeled "What do you want to reference?") to list only those references that include certain text.

Engadir unha nova referencia[edit | edit source]


VisualEditor - Toolbar - Reference.png
To add a citation using the "Cite" menu, place your cursor where you want to add it in the text. Then on the "Cite" menu, select the appropriate item.

Using the "Basic" citation[edit | edit source]


VisualEditor - Editing references 20.png
No editor de referencias pode engadir, editar e dar formato á cita.

Pode facer que a referencia pertenza a un grupo; isto úsase para mostrar grupos de referencias coa ferramenta "Lista de referencias".


VisualEditor Template Insert Menu-en.png
Se está engadindo unha referencia nova e quere engadir un modelo nela, prema na icona "Transclusión" (a peza de crebacabezas) da barra de ferramentas do editor de referencias.

VisualEditor - Editing references 9.png
Then, look for the template you want to use, add it and edit it as you would any other template. (See the Editing templates section, below, if you need more information about templates.)

Prema en "Aplicar os cambios" para volver ao editor de referencias e use "Aplicar os cambios" de novo para volver á páxina.


VisualEditor Reference List Insert Menu-en.png
Se aínda non hai unha lista de referencias na páxina (por exemplo, se está engadindo a primeira referencia á páxina), cómpre engadila para mostrar o texto da referencia no lugar que corresponda.

Coloque o cursor no sitio no que queira que aparezan as referencias (normalmente, preto do final da páxina) e prema na icona "Lista de referencias" (tres libros) para engadila.


VisualEditor - Editing references 11.png
Se creou grupos de referencias, pode especificar un grupo nesta caixa para mostrar de forma selectiva as referencias que pertenzan a el.

The final step, in the References list dialog, is to click "<visualeditor-dialog-referencelist-insert-button>".

Using standard cite templates[edit | edit source]


VisualEditor - Editing References - Cite Pulldown.png
Your local wiki may have added extra citation templates to this menu. This offers quick access to the most-used citation templates. (Instructions for adding extra citation templates to your local wiki are available at VisualEditor/Citation tool.)

VisualEditor - Editing references - Cite book required fields.png
Clicking on a template icon such as "Cite book" will take you into the template mini-editor for that template. Important information fields may be marked with an asterisk. While the most common fields will be shown, not all of them are required.

VisualEditor - Editing references - Add parameter.png
To add additional parameters, scroll down in the template mini-editor and click on the "Add more information" option.

Click on "<visualeditor-dialog-citation-insert-citation>" when you're done.

Editar as imaxes e outros ficheiros multimedia[edit | edit source]

Editing images[edit | edit source]

Para engadir unha nova imaxe (ou outro ficheiro multimedia) á páxina, prema na icona "Ficheiros multimedia" da barra de ferramentas (un debuxo de montañas).
VisualEditor Media Insert Menu-en.png

Clicking the "Media" icon opens a dialog that automatically searches Wikimedia Commons and your local wiki for media files related to the title of the page you're editing.

Pode buscar outros ficheiros multimedia cambiando o texto na caixa de procuras do diálogo.

Prema nunha miniatura para elixir ese ficheiro. This places the image onto the page you are editing.

VisualEditor - Media editing 2.png

After the image you selected is inserted on the page, another dialog will automatically open. This dialog allows you to add (and edit) the caption of the image. The caption can contain formatting and links.
VisualEditor - Media editing 6.png

The media dialog also allows you to add alternative text captions, to help users who use screen readers, or who have disabled image display.
Media editing 7.png

You can also set various parameters for the image in the "Advanced settings" window. These include the alignment, the type, and size of the image.
VisualEditor - Media editing 8.png

Cando remate, prema en "Aplicar os cambios" para pechar a caixa de diálogo e volver ao editor da páxina.
VisualEditor - Apply changes.png

For an existing image, you can add or edit a caption or other settings by clicking on the image, then clicking on the "Media" icon that appears below the picture.

You can resize an existing image by clicking on it, then moving the resize icon (the two-headed arrow on the bottom left).

You can also drag and drop an image to a place higher or lower on the page.

VisualEditor - Media editing 3.png


Editing media galleries[edit | edit source]


To edit an existing gallery in VisualEditor, click anywhere in that gallery. Then, near the bottom of the gallery, click the gallery icon (a set of photos). This brings up the gallery inserter dialog, with the full list of images included in the gallery.
VisualEditor - Gallery2.png
The gallery inserter dialog is currently a simple box that allows you to edit existing galleries using wikitext markup. To add a new image to an existing gallery, type the file name, followed by a bar (|) and the caption for that image. You must put each image in the gallery on its own line. You can also edit this list to remove or rearrange images or to change captions.

When you click the "Done" button, you will exit the gallery dialog. You should then see your changes, with the gallery as it will now appear to readers.

Remember that exiting the gallery inserter dialog does not save your changes. As with other changes made using VisualEditor, you must save the entire page in order to save your work.

VisualEditor - Gallery3.png

Editar os modelos[edit | edit source]

To add a new template to the page, place your cursor where you want the template to be inserted, and click on the "Template" icon (puzzle piece) in the "Insert" menu.
VisualEditor Template Insert Menu-en.png

Type the name of the template you want to insert. When you see it on the list, click on its name. Then click "Add template".
VisualEditor - Template editing 4.png

You can also edit templates that are already on the page by selecting them (they turn blue), and clicking on the "Template" icon (puzzle piece) that appears.
VisualEditor - Template editing 1.png

Adding a new template or opening an existing one opens the "Transclusion" dialog. If the template has have been updated to contain TemplateData information, then the dialog will show a list of individual parameters; otherwise, a link to the documentation will be available in the dialog.

If you are editing an existing template, and the template has been updated, then the dialog will show the values for the parameters.

VisualEditor - Template editing 2.png

For an existing template, you edit the parameters already listed, and you can add additional parameters by clicking "Add more information", at the very bottom of the dialog.
VisualEditor - Template editing 3.png

Cando un modelo inclúe outros modelos, estes submodelos aparecerán como parámetros. Pódense editar ou eliminar premendo no nome do submodelo.

Os novos submodelos engádense seguindo os mesmos pasos que para engadir un parámetro. Se cadra, terá que consultar a documentación do modelo para asegurarse de que o submodelo é compatible.

VisualEditor - Template editing 5.png

Cando remate, prema en "Aplicar os cambios" para pechar a caixa de diálogo e volver ao editor da páxina.
VisualEditor - Apply changes.png

Substitución de modelos[edit | edit source]


Cando un modelo ten que ser substituído, escriba subst: (incluíndo os dous puntos) antes do nome do modelo.

A función de autocompletado non funciona con subst:; se necesita o autocompletado, engada subst: só despois de atopar o modelo que está a buscar.

Despois, prema no botón verde "Add template".

VisualEditor - Template editing 7.png

Engada os parámetros como fai habitualmente e prema en "Aplicar os cambios".
VisualEditor - Template editing 6.png

Non verá o modelo expandirse na páxina durante esta fase inicial.
VisualEditor - Template editing 8.png


Editar as categorías[edit | edit source]

VisualEditor Categories.png
To edit categories, on the "Page options" menu, click the "Categories" button.

VisualEditor - Category editing 1.png
O botón "Options" abre unha caixa de diálogo que lista as categorías existentes e permite engadir outras novas.

You have the option of setting or changing the general (default) sorting key, which used to determine where the page appears when listed with other pages in the same category.

For example, the default sorting key for the article "George Washington" is "Washington, George", and so in the category "Presidents of the United States", the article is listed under the letter "W", not the letter "G".


VisualEditor - Category editing 3.png
To add a category for a page, type the name of the category into the field "Add a category". As you type, VisualEditor will search for possible matching, existing categories. You can either select an existing category, or you can add a category that doesn't yet have its own category page. (Until that category page is created, your new category will show as a red link after you save all your editing changes.)

VisualEditor - Category editing 2.png
Para eliminar unha categoría existente, prema nela e na icona "Eliminar" (caldeiro de lixo) da caixa de diálogo que se abre.

Clicking on a category also allows you to specify a sorting key for a specific category. (This is uncommon.) Such a sorting key overrides the general (default) sorting key.


VisualEditor - Apply changes.png
Prema en "Aplicar os cambios" ao rematar de editar as categorías e volverá ao editor da páxina.


Editing page settings[edit | edit source]

VisualEditor - Page Settings menu.png
To edit a page's settings, click to open the "Page options" menu, in the toolbar, and select the "Page settings" button.

VisualEditor Page Settings-en.png
The "Page settings" button opens a dialog that shows several options.

VisualEditor Page Settings Redirects-en.png
You can make a page a redirect to another page by checking the "Redirect this page to" checkbox, and then typing the name of the page to which you want the reader to be sent when he/she tries to go to the page that you're editing.

At the bottom is the option to prevent page renames from updating this redirect. This is very rarely used.


VisualEditor Page Settings TOC-en.png
You can change whether the page shows a Table of Contents by selecting one of these three buttons. The default option is "If needed", which shows a Table of Contents if there are three or more headings.

VisualEditor - Page Settings Edit Links.png
You can make a page not show edit links next to each section header by checking this checkbox.

VisualEditor Apply Changes-en.png
Click "Apply changes" when you're done editing the Page options to return to the page editor.


Editing mathematical formulae[edit | edit source]

To add a new mathematical formula to the page, place your cursor where you want it to be inserted, and click on the "Formula" icon ("Σ") in the "Insert" menu on the toolbar.
VisualEditor Formula Insert Menu-en.png

A window will open in which you can type the formula, using LaTeX syntax. VisualEditor will update the formula as you type it, so you can see how it will look as you make changes. Once you are happy with the formula, click the "Done" button.
VisualEditor formula-en.png

To edit an existing mathematical formula on the page, click on it and then click on the "Σ" icon that appears. This will open up the formula window, where you make changes.
VisualEditor - editing existing mathematical formula.png


Editar as fórmulas matemáticas e outros elementos especiais[edit | edit source]

Some items, such as poems and musical scores, are not yet supported by VisualEditor. Until they are, you will need to edit the source wikitext directly if you want to add these or change these.


Atallos de teclado[edit | edit source]

Many editors are used to entering wikitext directly, especially bold, italics and wikilinks. Keyboard shortcuts allow to quickly insert similar formatting without having to use toolbar items. Here are the common general shortcuts in VisualEditor:

Atallos para PC Acción Atallo para Mac

 Ctrl+B Negra  Cmd+B

 Ctrl+I Cursiva  Cmd+I

 Ctrl+K Inserir unha ligazón  Cmd+K

 Ctrl+X Cortar  Cmd+X

 Ctrl+C Copiar  Cmd+C

 Ctrl+V Pegar  Cmd+V

 Ctrl+Z Desfacer  Cmd+Z