Uncedo:Uhlelo oluBonakalayo/IsiKhokelo soMsebenzisi

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This page is a translated version of the page Help:VisualEditor/User guide and the translation is 32% complete.

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PD Note: When you edit this page, you agree to release your contribution under the CC0. See Public Domain Help Pages for more info.
PD
If you would like to try VisualEditor without editing an article, here is a page where you can freely do so.
You don't need an account to use it.

Ukuvula uHlelo oluBonakalayo[edit | edit source]


Ukuhlela iphepha usebenzisa uHlelo oluBonakalayo, cofa kwi"Edit"thebhu ekumantla wephepha.

Kuya kuthatha imizuzu embalwa ukuba livuleke iphepha ukuze lihlelwe, kwaye iya kuba midana xa iphepha lilide kakhulu.

Ukucofa kwi "Edit source" thebhu kuya kuvula iwikitext ekhethekileyo yohlelo lobhalo ngqangi.

frameless|border|center|500px

You can also open VisualEditor by clicking on the "edit" link on each section.
VisualEditor - Section edit links.png


Getting started: the VisualEditor toolbar[edit | edit source]


thumb|center|800px|Ithulibha yoHlelo oluBonakalayo

Ithulibha yoHlelo oluBonakalayo ibonakala kumantla weskhrini xa uqala ukuhlela ngoHlelo oluBonakalayo.Kubandakanya iiayikhoni eziqhelekileyo:

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Undo-redo.png
Ukwenza kunye nokuNgenzi utshintsho olwenzileyo.

VisualEditor Toolbar Headings-en.png
Izihlokoimenyu eyehlayo: ikuvumela ukuba utshintshe inqanaba lesicatshulwa sentloko. Umgangatho wecandelo lwezihloko "sisiHloko".

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Formatting.png
Formatting: Clicking the "A" opens a submenu.
  • The "Bold" icon (B) bolds the selected text.
  • The "Italic" icon (I) italicizes the selected text.
  • The "Subscript" icon (S2) causes the selected text to appear smaller than surrounding text and slightly below the line.
  • The "Superscript" icon (S2) causes the selected text to appear smaller than surrounding text and slightly above the line.
  • The "Strikethrough" icon (S) adds a solid bar through the selected text.
  • I"Superscript" ayikhoni (S2) ebangela ukuba umbhalo okhethiweyo ubonakale kancinane kunombhalo ojikelezileyo kwaye uphantse ube ngaphezulu komgca.

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Linking.png
Linking tool: The chain is the linking tool.

VisualEditor - Cite Pulldown.png
Cite menu: The cite menu offers quick access to some of the more familiar citation templates. It is not available on all MediaWiki projects yet and must be enabled.

(Instructions to add the cite menu to a specific wiki are available at VisualEditor/Citation tool.)


VisualEditor Toolbar Lists and indentation-en.png
Uluhlu & nobothoko:Iiayikhoni ezimbini zokuqala zikuvumela ukuba wenze amanani okanye uluhlu lweebhulethi, ngokwahlukahlukeneyo. Ezokugqibela zikuvumela ukuba wonyuse okanye unciphise inqanaba lokubothoka entweni.

VisualEditor insert menu 16 February 2014.png
More: I "More" yehla kwithulibha yoMhleli wokuBonakalayo ekhokelela kukhetho olwahlukeneyo lokucima okongezelelweyo kunye nokhetho lwamanyathelo, kubandakanya izingqinisiso ezongezelelweyo kunye neethempleyiti zokuphetha. Ayilulo lonke olu khetho lusebenzayo ngaku.
  • The "References list" icon (three books) opens a dialog to display references.
  • The "Template" icon (a puzzle piece) allows you to edit templates.
  • The "Formula" icon (Σ) allows you to enter the formula inserter. (See below.)
  • The "<visualeditor-mwhieroinspector-title>" icon (an ankh symbol - ☥) allows you to enter the hieroglyphics inserter. (See below.)
  • The "Language" icon (The Latin letter A and Japanese letter あ) switches language and directionality. (See below.)
  • The "Special character" icon (Ω) allows you to insert some special characters. (See below.)

VisualEditor - Toolbar - SpecialCharacters.png
Special character insertion: The "Special character" icon allows you to pull up a subwindow with a number of special characters that you can place into the text. These include some standard symbols, accents and mathematical symbols.

VisualEditor - More Settings.png
The Page options is next to the buttons that allow you to Cancel or save your changes. Under Page options are currently options to adjust page settings like whether it is a redirect, or how it is indexed, editing categories and listing language links using the "Language" (The letter A in the Latin alphabet and Japanese kana (あ)). You can also switch one-way from VisualEditor to the classic wikitext source editor.


Saving changes[edit | edit source]


Xa ugqibile ukuhlela cofa iqhosha "<umhleli wokubonakalyo-kwithulibha-gcina idayalog>"eliluhlaza kwithulibha.
VisualEditor - More Settings.png

Pressing the green "Save page" button opens a small dialog into which you can enter a brief summary of your actions, mark your edit as minor, and choose to watch future edits to the page. The box for the summary is the equivalent of the Summary (?): field in the wikitext editor.

The number indicates how much space is left in your edit summary. You can also review your changes to be sure they work as intended before saving your changes, similar to the Show changes button in the wikitext editor.

New VE save dialog.jpg


Editing links[edit | edit source]


VisualEditor - Toolbar - Linking.png
Iilinki zingongezwa nge "<umhleli wokubonakalayo-iqhosha lamanqaku-ilinki-itiphu yesixhobo>" ayikhoni (iilinki ngokulikhonkco) kwithulibha, okanye ngokusebenzisa indlela emfutshaneTemplate:Iqhosha lokucofa (okanye Template:Iqhosha lokucofa kwi-Mac).

Ukuba ukhetha umbhalo okanye ubeka ikhesa yakho egameni, ngokucofa i "<umhleli wokubonakalayo-iqhosha lamanqaku-ilinki-itiphu yesixhobo>" qhosha liya kufaka ilinki kula mbhalo.


VisualEditor - Link editing inline 2.png
Nokuba usebenzisa iqhosha okanye indlela emfutshane, idayalog iya kuvuleka idayalog onokuyibhala kwilinki. Umhleli wokuBonakalyo uya kuzama ukuncedisa ngeelinki zangaphakathi(iilinki kwamanye amaphepha e-Wikipedia) ngokujonga okunokuthi kuhambelane njengokuba uqala ukubhala.

Emva kokungenisa okanye ukukhetha ilinki, ungacofa Template:Iqhosha lokucofa, cofa ngaphandle kwebhokisi, okanye ucofe iayikhoni yokuvala(<). Ilinki yakho iya kubonakala kwiphepha loMhleli wokuBonaklayo, kodwa ayiyi kugcina ngaphandle kokuba uye wagcina kwiphepha.


VisualEditor - External link.png
Ukudibanisa iphepha lewebhu ngaphandle kwe-Wikipedia, inkqubo iyafana;ngena nje kwilinkiebaleni kwayeiya kongezeleka njenge "linki yangaphandle".

VisualEditor - Link editing inline.png
Ukutshintsha okanye ukususa ilinki ebisele ikho, cofa umbhalo kwilinki, emva koko ucofe i"<vumhleli wokubonakalyo-iqhosha lamanqaku-ilinki-itiphu yesixhobo>" ayikhoni ebonakala ecaleni kwayo. Ungacofa iayikhoni efanayokwithulibha okanye usebenzise i Template:Iqhosha lokucofa ndlela emfutshane yekhobhodi ngelixa ukuyo. .

Emva koko ungahlela ugxilo lwelinki, okanye ulususe kuphele ngokucofa iayikhoni ka'Susa'(itoti ebotyobotyo)phezulu ngasekunene kwikona yedayalog.


Ukuhlela imifanekiso kunye nezinye iifayile zepmedia[edit | edit source]

Ukongeza umfanekiso omtsha(okanye olunye uhlobo lwefayile ye-media) ephepheni, cofa i"<umhleli wokubonakalayo-iqhosha ledayalog-imedia-itiphu yesixhobo>" ayikhoni (umfanekiso weentaba) kwi the "<ooui-itoolbar-ngakumbi>" menyu eyehlayo. Umfanekiso uya kongezwa naphi na apho ikhoyo ikhesa
VisualEditor - Media editing 1.png

Ukucofa i "<umhleli wokubonakalyo-iqhosha ledayalog-imedia-itiphu yesixhobo>" ayikhoni kuvula idayalog ezikhangelelayo ngokuzenzekelayo okuqhelekileyo kwiifayile ze-Wikimedia ezihambelana nephepha alihlelayo.

Ungajonga ezinye iifayile ze-media ngokutshintsha umbhalo kwiibhokisi zedayalog zokukhangela.

Cofa kwingxelo encitshisiweyo ukuze ukhethe ifayile.

VisualEditor - Media editing 2.png

Once inserted, the image is selected (it appears blue). You can resize it using the handles at its corners, and drag and drop it to its desired location.

Cofa kwi"<umhleli wokubonakalayo-iqhosha ledayalog-imedia-itiphu yesixhobo>" ayikhoni ebonakala emfanekisweni, okanye le ikwithulibha, ukongeza intloko.

VisualEditor - Media editing 3.png

Idayalog ye-media ikuvumela ukuba wongeze (uhlelo) intloko, enokuba nokumila nobukhulu bencwadi kunye neelinki.
VisualEditor - Media editing 6.png

The media dialog also allows you to add alternative text captions, which help users who use screen readers, or who have disabled image display.
Media editing 7.png

You can also set various parameters for the image in the "Advanced settings" window. These include its alignment, its type, and its size.
VisualEditor - Media editing 8.png

Xa ugqibile, cofa"<umhleli wokubonakalayo-idayalog-inyathelo-liyasetyenziswa>" ukuvala idayalog kwaye ubuyele kwiphepha lomhleli. frameless|border|center|300px

Editing and inserting galleries[edit | edit source]

To add a new gallery, click the "Gallery" icon (a set of photos).
VisualEditor - Gallery1.png

This will open the gallery inserter, which is currently a simple box that works similarly to wikitext markup. To add images to your gallery, you will need to include the file name, followed by a bar (|) and the caption you would like for the image. Each image in the gallery should have its own line. Once you have added all the images you would like in your gallery, click the left arrow (<) to exit the inserter. You should see your gallery as it will appear. Please note that your gallery will not be saved until you save the page.
VisualEditor - Gallery3.png

To edit an existing gallery in VisualEditor, click on the gallery to cause the icon to appear in the upper right corner. Clicking on the icon will bring up the gallery inserter box with the full list of images included in the gallery. You can edit this list to remove, add or rearrange images or to alter captions. Unfortunately, you cannot currently see the changes you have made until you click the left arrow (<) to exit the inserter. Once you have finished modifying the gallery, be sure to save the entire page - exiting the gallery inserter will not save your changes.
VisualEditor - Gallery2.png

Ukuhlela ungqinisiso[edit | edit source]


Ukuhlela ungqinisiso okusele kukho[edit | edit source]


frameless|border|300px|center Ukuhlela ungqinisiso esele lukho, cofa kulo kumbhalo, kwaye ucofe kwi "<umhleli wokubonakalayo-iqhosha ledayalog-ungqinisiso-itiphu yesixhobo>" ayikhoni (isalathisi sencwadi)ebonakala ecaleni kwawo, okanye kulo ukwithulibha.

VisualEditor - Editing references 6.png
Ukucofa kwiayikhoni yoNgqinisiso kuvula idayalog ebandakanya umhleli omncinci, apho unokuhlela umbhalo wongqinisiso.

Ii-wikis ezininzi zisebenzisa ukwenziwa bukhulu kobungqinisiso. Uya kuqaphela oku xa uhlela ungqinisiso esele likhona olu mxholo walo osuka ujike ube luhlaza xa ulukhetha.

Click on the Template icon (puzzle piece) to edit the content of the template in the template mini-editor.


VisualEditor - Editing References - Cite Web.png
If what appears when you click on the reference is one of the several template icons, clicking on it takes you directly to the template mini-editor.

VisualEditor - Editing references 5.png
Inside the template mini-editor, you can add or remove parameters or alter the content in currently used parameters.

VisualEditor - Apply changes.png
Click on "Apply changes" when you're done, and you'll go back to the editor. Please note that if you have entered the template mini-editor through the reference editor, you will have to hit "Apply changes" twice to get back to the main editor.

If there is nothing more to edit, click on "Apply changes" again to return to the page.


Reusing an existing reference[edit | edit source]


VisualEditor references more.png
If the page already contains references, you can choose to reuse an existing citation, if it applies to the text you want to source.

To reuse an existing reference, place your cursor where you want to add it in the text, and click on the "Basic" icon (bookmark) from the "Insert" menu.


VisualEditor - Editing references 21.png
In the reference editor, click on the button that says "Use an existing reference", in the bottom left corner of the window.

VisualEditor - Editing references 18.png
If there are many references, you can use the search bar (labeled "What do you want to reference?") to only display references that match a given text.

Look for the reference you want to reuse in the list, and select it.


Adding a new reference[edit | edit source]


VisualEditor references more.png
If your wiki uses the cite menu, this may be an appropriate and easier avenue for adding references. (See "Using the cite menu", below.) Otherwise, to add a new reference, place your cursor where you want to add it in the text and click on the "Basic" icon (bookmark) in the "Insert" menu on the toolbar.

VisualEditor - Editing references 20.png
In the reference editor, you can add, edit and format your citation.

You can make the reference belong to a given group; this is used to display groups of references with the "References list" tool.


VisualEditor reference toolbar transclusion.png
If you're adding a new reference and you want to include a template in it, click the Template icon (puzzle piece) in the "Insert" toolbar menu on the reference editor.

VisualEditor - Editing references 9.png
Then, look for the template you want to use, add it and edit it as you would an existing one.

Click on "Apply changes" to return to the reference editor, and "Apply changes" again to return to the page.


VisualEditor - Editing references 10.png
Xa kungekabihko luhlu lwezingqinisiso ephepheni (umzekelo, xa usongeza ungqinisiso lokuqalalwephepha), kufuneka ukongeze ngendlela apho umbhalo wakho wongqinisiso uza kuthi ubonakale.

Beka ikhesa apho ufuna ukuba lubonakale khona ungqinisiso (ngesiqhelo kudla ngokuba semazantsi ephepha), kwaye ucofe "References list" iayikhoni (iincwadi ezintathu)ukuyongeza.


VisualEditor - Editing references 11.png
To simply add a references list, click "Apply changes" on the dialog.

If you created groups of references, you can specify a group in this dialog, to selectively display references that belong to it.

Using the cite menu[edit | edit source]


VisualEditor - Editing References - Cite Pulldown.png
If your wiki supports the cite menu, this may be an appropriate and easier avenue for adding references. (The cite menu can also be used for updating existing references; see above.) The cite menu offers quick access to some of the more familiar citation templates. It is not available on all MediaWiki projects yet and must be enabled.

(Instructions to add the cite menu to a specific wiki are available at VisualEditor/Citation tool.)

To add a citation using the cite menu, press "cite" and select the appropriate template from the menu.


VisualEditor - Editing references - Cite book required fields.png
Selecting the template icon will take you into the template mini-editor for the template you have chosen. Strongly recommended parameters may be marked with an asterisk. While the most common parameters will display, they are not all required. Unused parameters should not display.

VisualEditor - Editing references - Add parameter.png
To add additional parameters, scroll down in the template mini-editor to the "add parameter" option.

VisualEditor - Apply changes.png
Click on "Apply changes" when you're done, and you'll go back to the editor. If there is nothing more to edit, click on "Apply changes" again to return to the page.

Editing templates[edit | edit source]

To add a new template to the page, place your cursor where you want the template to be inserted, and click on the "Template" icon (puzzle piece) in the "Insert" menu on the toolbar.
VisualEditor Insert transclusion.png

Enter the name of the template you want to insert, and click "Add template".
VisualEditor - Template editing 4.png

Ungahlela iithempleyiti ezisele zilungile ephepheni nzokuzikhetha (zijika zibe luhlaza), kwaye ucofe kwi "Transclusion" ayikhoni (isiqwenga ze-puzzle) ebonakalayo, okanye le ikwithulibha.
VisualEditor - Template editing 1.png

Adding a new template or opening an existing one opens the "Transclusion" dialog, with a list of individual parameters and their values (if the template has already been updated to contain TemplateData information; otherwise, a link to the documentation will be available in the dialog).

Ungongeza iipharamitha okanye uhlele ezi sele zidwelisiwe.

VisualEditor - Template editing 2.png

Ukutshintsha ixabiso lepharamitha, khetha ipharamitha ekuluhlu, kwaye uhlele inqanaba elayamene ne-window.
VisualEditor - Template editing 3.png

Xa ithempleyiti ibeleke kwezinye iithempleyit, ezi thempleyitana ziya kubonakala njengeepharamitha. Zingahlelwa okanye zisuswe ngokucofa igama le thempleyitana.

Iithempleyitana ezintsha zongezwe ngokulandela amanyathelo okongeza ipharamitha. Ungadinga ukujonga ukubhalwa kwethempleyiti ukuqinisekisa ukuba iithempleyitana zixhasiwe.

VisualEditor - Template editing 5.png

When you're done, click "Apply changes" to close the dialog and return to the page editor.
VisualEditor - Apply changes.png

Substituting templates[edit | edit source]


When a template must be substituted, type subst: (colon included) before the template's name.

Ukugqiba ngokwakho akusebenzi ngeekhowudi ze subst:; xa ufuna ukugqiba ngokwakho, yongezasubst: kuphela emva kokufumana ithempleyiti obuyikhangela.

Emva koko, cofa iqhosha "Add template" eliluhlaza.

VisualEditor - Template editing 7.png

Add any parameters as usual and "Apply changes".
VisualEditor - Template editing 6.png

Awuyi kuyibona ithempleyiti isanda ephepheni ngexesha lolu lingo.
VisualEditor - Template editing 8.png


Ukuhlela iikhathegori[edit | edit source]

VisualEditor Categories.png
The "Page options" menu opens access to the "Categories" button.

VisualEditor - Category editing 1.png
The "Categories" button opens a dialog that lists existing categories and allows you to add new ones.

There is an option to configure the sorting key used to list the page on the categories' pages.


VisualEditor - Category editing 3.png
To add a new category, enter its name in the field "Add a category". You can either create a new category, or select an existing one.

VisualEditor - Category editing 2.png
Ukususa ikhathegori esele ikho, cofa kuyo uphinde ucofe kwi "<ooui-inspector-remove-tooltip>" ayikhoni (itoti ebubuvuvu) kwidayalog evulekayo.

You can also specify there the sorting key for a specific category. This overrides the general sorting key.


VisualEditor - Apply changes.png
Cofa "<umhleli wokubonakalayo-izenzo-zedayalog-zisebenze>"


Editing page settings[edit | edit source]

VisualEditor - Page Settings menu.png
To edit a page's settings, click to open the "Page options" menu in the toolbar and select the "Page settings" button.

VisualEditor - Page Settings1.png
The "Page settings" button opens a pane that shows various options related to the page.

VisualEditor - Page Settings Redirects.png
You can make a page a redirect to another page by checking the "Redirect this page to" checkbox, and then selecting in the box below the page to which you want this page to point.

At the bottom is the option to prevent page renames updating this redirect, which is very rarely used.


VisualEditor - Page Settings Edit Links.png
You can make a page not show edit links next to each section header by checking this checkbox.

VisualEditor - Page Settings TOC.png
You can change whether the page shows a Table of Contents by selecting one of these three buttons. The default option is "If needed", which shows a Table of Contents if there are three or more headings.

VisualEditor - Apply changes.png
Click "Apply changes" when you're done editing the Page options to return to the page editor.

Editing mathematical formulae[edit | edit source]

The formula editor is still under development, so on some wikis you may need to opt-in to the formula editor to use it. To do this, click on "Beta" in your personal tools in the top right of any wiki page, check the box next to "VisualEditor formulae editing", and press "Save" at the bottom of the page.

To add a new mathematical formula to the page, place your cursor where you want it to be inserted, and click on the "Formula" icon ("Σ") in the "Insert" menu on the toolbar.
VisualEditor -add a new mathematical formula.png

A window will open in which you can type the formula, using LaTeX syntax. VisualEditor will update the formula as you type it, so you can see how it will look as you make changes. Once you are happy with the formula, just click out of the window.
VisualEditor - window with mathematical formula.png

To edit an existing mathematical formula on the page, click on it and then click on the "Σ" icon in the menu that pops up. This will open up the window, and let you make changes.
VisualEditor - editing existing mathematical formula.png


Ukuhlela ifomula yemathematika kunye nezinto ezithile ezikhethekileyo[edit | edit source]

Ezinye izinto, ezinje ngeegalari zemifanekiso, ifomula yemathematika kunye amanqaku omculo awaxhaswa nguMhleli wokubonakalayo. De abe ayaxhaswa, kufuneka uhlele ubhalo ngqangilwe-wikitext ngokuthe ngqo xa ufuna ukutshintsha okanye ukongeze ezi.


Iindlela ezimfutshane zekhibhodi[edit | edit source]


Abahleli abaninzi basetyenziselwa ukungena kwi-wikitext ngokuthe ngqo, ngakumbi ungqindilili, bukekela, no-wikilinks. Iindlela ezimfutshane zekhibhodi zikuvumela ukuba ungenise ngokukhawulezaukucima okuyeleleneyo ngaphandle kokucofa amaqhosha ethulibha. Iindlela ezimfutshane eziqhelekileyo ngokubanzi, kunye nezo zisetyenziswa ngabanye ngabahleli, ziyasebenza kuMhleli wokuBonakalayo.

Indlela emfutshane ye-PC Inyathelo Indlela emfutshane ye-Mac

 Ctrl+B Ngqindilili  Cmd+B

 Ctrl+I Bukekela  Cmd+I

 Ctrl+K Ngenisa ilinki  Cmd+K

 Ctrl+X Susa  Cmd+X

 Ctrl+C Kopa  Cmd+C

 Ctrl+V Ncamathisela  Cmd+V

 Ctrl+Z Sukwenza  Cmd+Z