Download từ Git
- Vì MediaWiki 1.19beta2, 1.18.2, 1.17.3, nhân và các mở rộng MediaWiki sử dụng Git để điều khiển phiên bản. Đối với các phiên bản cũ, xem phầnSubversion
Git là phần mềm điều khiển phiên bản được sử ụng, cho phpes người dùng download phiên bản mới nhất của một công ty/phần mềm/dự án, mà không cần phải chờ đợi một ai đó trợ giúp để đóng gói nó. MediaWiki sẽ phát hành được nhanh hơn, và sẽ dễ dàng nâng cấp cài đặt của bạn cũng như trở lui một cập nhật, hoặc submit patches(nộp bản vá lỗi bugzilla). (Dĩ nhiên luôn phải nhớ là phiên bản ổn định chính thức khi nào cũng ít rủi ro hơn.)
See Git for more details, particularly for making contributions. Below are some quick directions for a couple common tasks.
- 1 Prerequisites
- 2 Using Git to download MediaWiki
- 3 Using Git to download MediaWiki extensions
- 4 Using Git to download MediaWiki skins
- 5 See also
You must have Git installed before you can use it. There are many different ways to acquire Git, depending on your operating system. For source and official binaries, check out git-scm.com. For alternative ways to install Git, use your favorite search engine to find instructions for your operating system.
It is recommended that you have Composer installed to download and install third party libraries, but not required.
Using Git to download MediaWiki
You can download MediaWiki core using Git, as well as all extensions currently installed on the Wikimedia Foundation server cluster and many other extensions hosted on gerrit.
The first step is to clone the MediaWiki core repository. This will take a while.
In a terminal window, enter the following command:
git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/mediawiki/core.git --branch REL1_32 mediawiki
This clones the entire MediaWiki core repository, initially pointed at release branch 1.32, into a sub-directory named
To install into different directory, change that in the command line (for more info refer to these docs). Once the repository is cloned, you can easily switch to different branches or tags (see below), including those tracking unstable versions of MediaWiki. The development branch,
master, is the cutting-edge, developer version of MediaWiki; you should not use master code for production under any circumstances as it is not considered stable.
If you want to reduce the number of revisions that are cloned, add
--depth=1 to the above command.
The release branches have a bunch of Git submodules in them, for commonly-used extensions and skins (the master branch does not have these). To update the submodules, run:
cd mediawiki git submodule update --init
Download for development
If you have a developer account (which is easy to request), then instead of cloning anonymously with https you should clone with your ssh <USERNAME> so that you can submit changes for review:
git clone ssh://<USERNAME>@gerrit.wikimedia.org:29418/mediawiki/core.git mediawiki
This clones the entire MediaWiki core repository, synced to the master branch, into a sub-directory named
Fetch external libraries
MediaWiki uses Composer to manage external PHP libraries, all of which end up in the
vendor/ directory in your MediaWiki directory.
To install these needed libraries, you have a choice:
- Download and install the composer PHAR, optionally rename the composer.phar file as instructed for your OS, and then run
composer update --no-devfrom your MediaWiki directory. This is the recommended approach.
- Or, if you don't want to use Composer or if you want to use the exact same set of vendor libraries as used on the WMF production cluster, you can instead
git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/mediawiki/vendor.gitto create a
vendor/directory inside the core folder of your MediaWiki installation. Note that if any of your extensions have their own Composer requirements, then you can not use this option.
Prior to MediaWiki 1.25, external libraries were kept in the core repository, and no package manager was required.
Alternatively, specific stable versions of MediaWiki are tracked using 'tags'. These are analogous to the tarball releases. Currently, these are 1.32.2 (stable), 1.31.2 (LTS) and 1.31.2 (legacy).
You can see all available tags with:
git tag -l | sort -V
Using non GNU sort command, such as on Mac OS X, you have to rely on the good old separators:
git tag -l | sort -n -t. -k1 -k2 -k3
To use a specific tag, e.g. the latest stable release:
git checkout 1.32.2
Latest development version of MediaWiki
The latest development version of MediaWiki is tracked in the 'master' branch. This is what is locally checked out by default when you first clone the MediaWiki repository. If you have switched to another branch but would like to switch back to using bleeding-edge MediaWiki, do:
git checkout master
Keeping up to date
If you're using a particular branch or the development version ("master" branch) of MediaWiki, picking up the latest changes is relatively easy. Change into your MediaWiki clone directory and issue this command:
All of the latest changes for the branch you are using will be applied.
The new version of core may require newer versions of extensions and skins, so you must go into each extension and skin directory and update it with a command like
git pull --recurse-submodules.
You also need to update
vendor/ with any newer versions of required libraries. This often means running the following Composer command, but see #Fetch external libraries above for more details:
composer update --no-dev
After updating/upgrading the code and required libraries you should run the MediaWiki
update.php command-line script to update database tables as needed:
If you use MediaWiki-Vagrant, it offers a single command,
vagrant git-update, that performs all these steps.
Switching to a different version
Switching to a different version of MediaWiki is far simpler with Git than with SVN. Each of our versions are tracked as branches or tags. In order to switch to one of these, all you have to do is checkout the particular branch or tag you want from within your MediaWiki clone directory:
git checkout <branchname>
git checkout <tag name>
The changes will be applied automatically and you will be all set to go.
Using Git to download MediaWiki extensions
Download an extension
- <EXT> should be replaced with the name of the extension you want to download, without spaces. For Extension:TitleKey, it would be TitleKey. (case sensitive!)
Download and clone an extension from Git:
cd /path/to/extensions git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/mediawiki/extensions/<EXT> --branch REL1_32
Developers clone with:
git clone ssh://<USERNAME>@gerrit.wikimedia.org:29418/mediawiki/extensions/<EXT> --branch REL1_32
You can view extension source code in Gerrit's gitiles application, and at the URL:
Download all extensions
If you prefer to have all MediaWiki extensions that are at gerrit.wikimedia.org checked out to your machine, enter the following:
git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/mediawiki/extensions --branch REL1_32 cd extensions git submodule update --init --recursive
Thereafter, to update all extensions to their latest versions of that branch, just enter:
cd /path/to/extensions git pull git submodule update --init --recursive
To change to a different branch, such as after a new release:
git submodule foreach 'git checkout -b REL1_31 origin/REL1_31 || :'
Remember that you should only use versions of extensions from the same release as that version of MediaWiki and each other.
To track the master branch:
git submodule foreach 'git checkout -b origin/master || :'
Please note that you should not use master code for production under any circumstances as it is not considered stable.
If you only need a read-only checkout (for instance to grep or analyse all MediaWiki code), you can use the shared MediaWiki checkout on Labs, without downloading anything on your machines.
Remove an extension
- Remove the "
require_once …" or "
wfLoadExtension( … )" from
- Remove any line referencing the extension in
composer.local.json(usually in the "extra → merge-plugin → include" section)
- Remove the extension's directory in
Using Git to download MediaWiki skins
MediaWiki 1.24 and later don't include skins in the Git download.
Follow the exact same procedure as for extensions (described in the previous section), but using
skins rather than
extensions in all URLs and paths.
Detailed installation instructions are available on each skin's page here on MediaWiki.org, for example see Skin:Vector#Installation. Instructions for all other skins are analogous.