Git에서 다운로드

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This page is a translated version of the page Download from Git and the translation is 35% complete.

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Since MediaWiki 1.19beta2, 1.18.2, 1.17.3, MediaWiki core and extensions use Git for version control. For older versions, see Subversion

Git는 이용자들에게 가장 나중의 버전을 다운로드할 수 있게 해주는 소프트웨어입니다. 이것을 사용하면 미디어위키가 더 빠르게 업데이트되며 업그레이드를 되돌릴 수도 있습니다.

더 자세한 정보를 위해서는 Git를 참조하세요.

전제조건

이것을 사용하기 전에 Git가 필수적으로 설치되어 있어야 합니다. Git 설치 방법은 사용하는 운영체제에 따라 모두 다릅니다. 소스와 공식 바이너리는 이곳 git-scm.com 에서 받으실 수 있습니다. 아니면, 검색 엔진을 이용해 운영 체제의 맞는 설치 지침을 찾아보십시오.

It is recommended that you have Composer installed to download and install third party libraries, but not required.

Git를 사용해서 미디어위키 다운로드

다운로드

You can download MediaWiki core using Git, as well as all extensions currently installed on the Wikimedia Foundation server cluster and many other extensions hosted on 게릿gerrit.

첫번째 단계는 'MediaWiki core 저장소'를 복제하는 것입니다. 시간이 소요될 수 있습니다.

In a terminal window, enter the following command:

git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/p/mediawiki/core.git --branch REL1_31 install-dir

This clones the entire MediaWiki core repository, initially pointed at release branch 1.31, into a sub-directory named install-dir.

To install into different directory, change that in the command line (for more info refer to these docs). Once the repository is cloned, you can easily switch to different branches or tags (see below), including those tracking unstable versions of MediaWiki. The development branch, master, is the cutting-edge, developer version of MediaWiki; you should not use master code for production under any circumstances as it is not considered stable.

If you want to reduce the number of revisions that are cloned, add --depth=1 to the above command.

That the release branches have a bunch of Git submodules in them, for commonly-used extensions and skins (the master branch does not have these). To update the submodules, run:

cd install-dir
git submodule update --init

개발자를 위한 다운로드

If you have Developer access (which is easy to request), then instead of cloning anonymously with https you should clone with your ssh <USERNAME> so that you can submit changes for review:

git clone ssh://<USERNAME>@gerrit.wikimedia.org:29418/mediawiki/core.git --branch REL1_31 install-dir

Fetch external libraries

MediaWiki uses Composer to manage external PHP libraries, all of which end up in the vendor/ directory in your MediaWiki directory.

To install these needed libraries, you have a choice:

  • Or, if you don't want to use Composer or if want to use the exact same set of vendor libraries as used on the WMF production cluster, you can instead git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/p/mediawiki/vendor.git to create a vendor/ directory inside the core folder of your MediaWiki installation. Note that if any of your extensions have their own Composer requirements, then you can not use this option.

Prior to MediaWiki 1.25, external libraries were kept in the core repository, and no package manager was required.

MediaWiki 태그 (안정화 버전)

Alternatively, specific stable versions of MediaWiki are tracked using 'tags'. These are analogous to the tarball releases. Currently, these are 1.31.0 (stable), 1.27.4 (LTS) and 1.30.0 (legacy).

You can see all available tags with:

git tag -l | sort -V

Using non GNU sort command, such as on Mac OS X, you have to rely on the good old separators:

git tag -l | sort -n -t. -k1 -k2 -k3

To use a specific tag, e.g. the latest stable release:

git checkout 1.31.0


미디어위키의 최신 개발 버전

The latest development version of MediaWiki is tracked in the 'master' branch. This is what is locally checked out by default when you first clone the MediaWiki repository. If you have switched to another branch but would like to switch back to using bleeding-edge MediaWiki, do:

git checkout master


Keeping up to date

If you're using a particular branch or the development version ("master" branch) of MediaWiki, picking up the latest changes is relatively easy. Change into your MediaWiki clone directory and issue the git pull command:

git pull

All of the latest changes for the branch you are using will be applied.

The new version of core may require newer versions of extensions and skins, so you must go into each extension and skin directory and update it with a command like git pull --recurse-submodules.

You also need to update vendor/ with any newer versions of required libraries. This often means running the following Composer command, but see #Fetch external libraries above for more details:

composer update --no-dev

After updating/upgrading the code and required libraries you should run the MediaWiki update.phpManual:update.php command-line script to update database tables as needed:

php maintenance/update.php


If you use MediaWiki-Vagrant, it offers a single command, vagrant git-update, that performs all these steps.

다른 버전으로 변경하기

Switching to a different version of MediaWiki is far simpler with Git than with SVN. Each of our versions are tracked as branches or tags. In order to switch to one of these, all you have to do is checkout the particular branch or tag you want from within your MediaWiki clone directory:

git checkout <브랜치 이름>

또는

git checkout <태그명>

The changes will be applied automatically and you will be all set to go.

Git를 이용한 MediaWiki 확장기능 다운로드

List of extensions in git

확장 기능 다운로드

<EXT> should be replaced with the name of the extension you want to download, without spaces. For Extension:TitleKey, it would be TitleKey. (case sensitive!)

Git에서 확장기능을 내려받고 복제:

cd /path/to/extensions
git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/p/mediawiki/extensions/<EXT>.git --branch REL1_31

개발자는 다음과 같이 복제:

git clone ssh://<USERNAME>@gerrit.wikimedia.org:29418/mediawiki/extensions/<EXT>.git --branch REL1_31

You can view extension source code in Gerrit's gitiles application, and at the URL:

https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/g/mediawiki/extensions/<EXT>/+/refs/heads/master

모든 확장 기능을 다운로드

If you prefer to have all MediaWiki extensions that are at gerrit.wikimedia.org checked out to your machine, enter the following:

git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/p/mediawiki/extensions.git --branch REL1_31
cd extensions
git submodule update --init --recursive

Thereafter, to update all extensions to their latest versions of that branch, just enter:

cd /path/to/extensions
git pull
git submodule update --init --recursive

To change to a different branch, such as after a new release:

git submodule foreach 'git checkout -b REL1_30 origin/REL1_30 || :'

Remember that you should only use versions of extensions from the same release as that version of MediaWiki and each other.

To track the master branch:

git submodule foreach 'git checkout -b origin/master || :'

Please note that you should not use master code for production under any circumstances as it is not considered stable.

If you only need a read-only checkout (for instance to grep or analyse all MediaWiki code), you can use the shared MediaWiki checkout on Labs, without downloading anything on your machines.

확장 기능 제거하기

확장 기능 폴더를 제거하고 LocalSettings.php 에서 "require_once …" 또는 "wfLoadExtension( … )" 를 제거하십시오.

Git를 이용한 미디어위키 스킨 다운로드

List of skins in git

미디어위키 1.24 이후로는 스킨들을 Git 다운로드에 포함하지 않습니다.

Follow the exact same procedure as for extensions (described in the previous section), but using skins rather than extensions in all URLs and paths.

Detailed installation instructions are available on each skin's page here on MediaWiki.org, for example see Skin:Vector#Installation. Instructions for all other skins are analogous.

같이 보기