Download dari Git

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Semenjak MediaWiki 1.19beta2, 1.18.2, 1.17.3, inti MediaWiki dan ekstensi menggunakan Git sebagai kontrol versi. Untuk versi lain, lihat Subversion

Git adalah aplikasi pengontrolan pratinjau versi yang memungkinkan penggunanya untuk mengunduh reversi terbaru, tanpa harus menunggu orang lain untuk menyatukannya. MediaWiki akan merilis lebih cepat, dan akan lebih mudah untuk memperbaharui instalasi, membatalkan upgrade, atau membuat versi baru. (Tentunya harus diingat bahwa keluaran versi resmi akan lebih baik.)

See Git for more details, particularly for making contributions. Below are some quick directions for a couple common tasks.

Prasyarat

You must have Git installed before you can use it. There are many different ways to acquire Git, depending on your operating system. For source and official binaries, check out git-scm.com. For alternative ways to install Git, use your favorite search engine to find instructions for your operating system.

It is recommended that you have composer installed to download and install third party libraries, but not required.

Gunakan Git untuk mengunduh ekstensi MediaWiki

Unduhan

You can download MediaWiki core using Git, as well as all extensions currently installed on the Wikimedia Foundation server cluster and many other extensions hosted on Gerritgerrit.

The first step is to clone the MediaWiki core repository. This will take a while.

In a terminal window, enter the following command:

git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/p/mediawiki/core.git

This clones the entire MediaWiki core repository into a subdirectory named core. To install into a specific directory, add that to the command line (for more info refer to these docs). The default "branch" will be master, the cutting-edge, developer version of MediaWiki. Once the repository is cloned, you can easily switch to different branches or tags (see below), including those tracking stable versions of MediaWiki.

Download for development

If you have Developer access (which is easy to request), then instead of cloning anonymously with https you should clone with your ssh <USERNAME> so that you can submit changes for review:

git clone ssh://<USERNAME>@gerrit.wikimedia.org:29418/mediawiki/core.git

Fetch external libraries

Starting with MediaWiki 1.25, some external libraries that MediaWiki requires are no longer in this "core" git repository. We use composer to manage them. To install these needed libraries, you have a choice:

  • Download and install composer, switch to your core directory and then run composer install --no-dev. Note that if you have an existing composer.lock file you will need to run composer update --no-dev instead.
  • If you don't want to use composer, or if you want to use the same set of vendor libraries as used on the WMF production cluster, you can instead git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/p/mediawiki/vendor.git to create a vendor/ directory inside the core folder of your MediaWiki installation. Make sure you use the right branch for your MediaWiki version (e.g. REL1_25 for 1.25).

MediaWiki Versi Khusus

WMF branches

Remote branches track the MediaWiki versions used on the Wikimedia Foundation server cluster. These may not be entirely stable, but they receive very quick bug fixes and are generally stable enough – after all, these are what major projects such as Wikipedia are using. Once a REL* branch is considered 'stable', we 'tag' it and turn it into a tarball release.

To see what branches are available, switch to your MediaWiki core directory and enter the following command:

git branch -r | sort -V

Major releases are denoted by "origin/REL<release number>", e.g. "origin/REL1_29". To switch to a particular release branch:

git checkout -b REL<release number> origin/REL<release number>

Sebagai contoh, untuk berpindah ke versi stabil saat ini, 1.29.0, masukkan:

git checkout -b REL1_29 origin/REL1_29
Tag MediaWiki (versi stabil)

Alternatively, specific stable versions of MediaWiki are tracked using 'tags'. These are analogous to the tarball releases. You can see the versions available with:

git tag -l | sort -V

Using non GNU sort command, such as on Mac OS X, you have to rely on the good old separators:

git tag -l | sort -n -t. -k1 -k2 -k3

Untuk menggunakan tag khusus:

git checkout <tag name>

Pengembangan MediaWiki Versi Terbaru

The latest development version of MediaWiki is tracked in the 'master' branch. This is what is locally checked out by default when you first clone the MediaWiki repository. If you have switched to another branch but would like to switch back to using bleeding-edge MediaWiki, do:

git checkout master


Selalu yang terbaru

If you're using a particular branch or the development version ("master" branch) of MediaWiki, picking up the latest changes is relatively easy. Change into your MediaWiki clone directory and issue the git pull command:

git pull

All of the latest changes for the branch you are using will be applied.

The new version of core may require newer versions of extensions and skins, so you must go into each extension and skin directory and update it with a command like git pull --recurse-submodules.

After updating/upgrading you should run the MediaWiki update.phpManual:update.php command-line script to update database tables as needed:

php maintenance/update.php

You also need to update mediawiki/vendor to any newer versions of required libraries, see #Fetch external libraries.

If you use MediaWiki-Vagrant, it offers a single command, vagrant git-update, that performs all these steps.

Berpindah ke versi lainnya

Switching to a different version of MediaWiki is far simpler with Git than with SVN. Each of our versions are tracked as branches or tags. In order to switch to one of these, all you have to do is checkout the particular branch or tag you want from within your MediaWiki clone directory:

git checkout <branchname>

atau

git checkout <tag name>

Seluruh perubahan akan diterapkan secara otomatis dan Anda akan disiapkan untuk menggunakannya.

Gunakan Git untuk mengunduh ekstensi MediaWiki

List of extensions in git

Unduh sebuah ekstensi

<EXT> harus diisi dengan nama ekstensi yang ingin anda unduh, tanpa spasi. Sebagai contoh Ekstensi:TitleKeyExtension:TitleKey, harus menjadi TitleKey. (huruf besar kecil berpengaruh!)

Unduh dan menduplikat ekstensi dari Git:

cd /path/to/extensions
git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/p/mediawiki/extensions/<EXT>.git

Developer menduplikat dengan:

git clone ssh://<USERNAME>@gerrit.wikimedia.org:29418/mediawiki/extensions/<EXT>.git

You can view extension source code in Phabricator's diffusion application, and at the URL:

https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/gitweb?p=mediawiki/extensions/<EXT>.git;a=tree;h=refs/heads/master;hb=master

Unduh semua ekstensi

Jika anda berkeinginan untuk memiliki semua ekstensi MediaWiki di gerrit.wikimedia.org tersimpan di mesin anda, lakukan langkah berikut:

git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/p/mediawiki/extensions.git
cd extensions
git submodule update --init --recursive

Untuk memperbaharui ekstensi ke versi terbaru, lakukan hal berikut:

cd /path/to/extensions
git pull
git submodule update --init --recursive

Untuk melihat versi lain secara khusus:

git submodule foreach 'git checkout -b REL1_29 origin/REL1_29 || :'

If you only need a read-only checkout (for instance to grep or analyse all MediaWiki code), you can use the shared MediaWiki checkout on Labs, without downloading anything on your machines.

Menghapus sebuah ekstensi

Hilangkan ekstensi folder dan hilangkan "require_once …" dari LocalSettings.php.

Gunakan Git untuk mengunduh tampilan MediaWiki

List of skins in git

MediaWiki 1.24 dan seterusnya tidak menyertakan skins pada unduhan Git

Follow the exact same procedure as for extensions (described in the previous section), but using skins rather than extensions in all URLs and paths.

Detailed installation instructions are available on each skin's page here on MediaWiki.org, for example see Skin:Vector#Installation. Instructions for all other skins are analogous.

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