Descargar desde Git

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This page is a translated version of the page Download from Git and the translation is 25% complete.

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Desde as versións 1.19beta2, 1.18.2, 1.17.3 de MediaWiki, tanto MediaWiki como as súas extensións utilizan GitGit para o control de versións. Para versións máis antigas, consulte SubversionSubversion

Git é distribuído en versión de software de control que permite os usuarios descargar a máis recente versión dunha rama, non tendo que agardar a que alguén se poña a empaquetalo. MediaWiki a ceibar máis axiña, e será máis doado para ti actualizar a túa instalación, reverter un troco de versión, ou submit patches. (Naturalmente, lembrar sempre que as versións estábeis oficiais teñen menos risco.)

Ver Git para máis detalles, particularmente para facer contribucións. Abaixo hai algunhas direccións rápidas para algunhas tarefas comúns.

Pre-requisitos[edit]

You must have Git installed before you can use it. There are many different ways to acquire Git, depending on your operating system. For source and official binaries, check out git-scm.com. For alternative ways to install Git, use your favorite search engine to find instructions for your operating system.

It is recommended that you have composer installed to download and install third party libraries, but not required.

Using Git to download MediaWiki[edit]

Descargar[edit]

You can download MediaWiki core using Git, as well as all extensions currently installed on the Wikimedia Foundation server cluster and many other extensions hosted on Gerritgerrit.

The first step is to clone the MediaWiki core repository. This will take a while.

In a terminal window, enter the following command:

git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/p/mediawiki/core.git

This clones the entire MediaWiki core repository into a subdirectory named core. To install into a specific directory, add that to the command line (for more info refer to these docs). The default "branch" will be master, the cutting-edge, developer version of MediaWiki. Once the repository is cloned, you can easily switch to different branches or tags (see below), including those tracking stable versions of MediaWiki. If you want to reduce the number of revisions that are cloned, add --depth=1 to the above command.

Download for development[edit]

If you have Developer access (which is easy to request), then instead of cloning anonymously with https you should clone with your ssh <USERNAME> so that you can submit changes for review:

git clone ssh://<USERNAME>@gerrit.wikimedia.org:29418/mediawiki/core.git

Fetch external libraries[edit]

Starting with MediaWiki 1.25, some external libraries that MediaWiki requires are no longer in this "core" git repository. We use composer to manage them. To install these needed libraries, you have a choice:

  • Download and install composer, switch to your core directory and then run composer install --no-dev. Note that if you have an existing composer.lock file you will need to run composer update --no-dev instead.
  • If you don't want to use composer, or if you want to use the same set of vendor libraries as used on the WMF production cluster, you can instead git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/p/mediawiki/vendor.git to create a vendor/ directory inside the core folder of your MediaWiki installation. Make sure you use the right branch for your MediaWiki version (e.g. REL1_25 for 1.25).

Specific MediaWiki versions[edit]

WMF ramos[edit]

Remote branches track the MediaWiki versions used on the Wikimedia Foundation server cluster. These may not be entirely stable, but they receive very quick bug fixes and are generally stable enough – after all, these are what major projects such as Wikipedia are using. Once a REL* branch is considered 'stable', we 'tag' it and turn it into a tarball release.

To see what branches are available, switch to your MediaWiki core directory and enter the following command:

git branch -r | sort -V

Major releases are denoted by "origin/REL<release number>", e.g. "origin/REL1_29". To switch to a particular release branch:

git checkout -b REL<release number> origin/REL<release number>

For example, to switch to the current stable version, 1.29.1, enter:

git checkout -b REL1_29 origin/REL1_29
MediaWiki tags (stable version)[edit]

Alternatively, specific stable versions of MediaWiki are tracked using 'tags'. These are analogous to the tarball releases. You can see the versions available with:

git tag -l | sort -V

Using non GNU sort command, such as on Mac OS X, you have to rely on the good old separators:

git tag -l | sort -n -t. -k1 -k2 -k3

To use a specific tag:

git checkout <tag name>

Latest development version of MediaWiki[edit]

The latest development version of MediaWiki is tracked in the 'master' branch. This is what is locally checked out by default when you first clone the MediaWiki repository. If you have switched to another branch but would like to switch back to using bleeding-edge MediaWiki, do:

git checkout master


Manter-se actualizado[edit]

If you're using a particular branch or the development version ("master" branch) of MediaWiki, picking up the latest changes is relatively easy. Change into your MediaWiki clone directory and issue the git pull command:

git pull

All of the latest changes for the branch you are using will be applied.

The new version of core may require newer versions of extensions and skins, so you must go into each extension and skin directory and update it with a command like git pull --recurse-submodules.

After updating/upgrading you should run the MediaWiki update.phpManual:update.php command-line script to update database tables as needed:

php maintenance/update.php

You also need to update mediawiki/vendor to any newer versions of required libraries, see #Fetch external libraries.

If you use MediaWiki-Vagrant, it offers a single command, vagrant git-update, that performs all these steps.

Switching to a different version[edit]

Switching to a different version of MediaWiki is far simpler with Git than with SVN. Each of our versions are tracked as branches or tags. In order to switch to one of these, all you have to do is checkout the particular branch or tag you want from within your MediaWiki clone directory:

git checkout <branchname>

ou

git checkout <tag name>

The changes will be applied automatically and you will be all set to go.

Using Git to download MediaWiki extensions[edit]

List of extensions in git

Descargar unha extensión[edit]

"<EXT> debe ser substituído polo nome da extensión que queres descargar, sen espazos. Para a extensión:titlekey, sería TitleKey. (Diferenciando maiúsculas-minúsculas!)

Descarga e clona unha extensión dende Git:

cd /path/to/extensions
git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/p/mediawiki/extensions/<EXT>.git

Desenvolvedores clonar con:

git clone ssh://<NOME DE USUARIO>@gerrit.wikimedia.org:29418/mediawiki/extensions/<EXT>.git

You can view extension source code in Phabricator's diffusion application, and at the URL:

https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/gitweb?p=mediawiki/extensions/<EXT>.git;a=tree;h=refs/heads/master;hb=master

Descargar todas as extensións[edit]

If you prefer to have all MediaWiki extensions that are at gerrit.wikimedia.org checked out to your machine, enter the following:

git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/p/mediawiki/extensions.git
cd extensions
git submodule update --init --recursive

Para actualizar as extensións para as súas versións máis recentes, pode facer o seguinte:

cd /path/to/extensions
git pull
git submodule update --init --recursive

Para seguir unha rama específica:

git submodule foreach 'git checkout -b REL1_29 origin/REL1_29 || :'

Se só precisas dunha revisión de só lectura (por exemplo, para o comando grep ou para analizar todo o código MediaWiki), podes usar o shared MediaWiki checkout on Labs, sen baixar nada para as túas máquinas.

Desbotar unha extensión[edit]

Just remove the extension folder and remove the "require_once …" from LocalSettings.php.

Using Git to download MediaWiki skins[edit]

List of skins in git

MediaWiki 1.24 and later don't include skins in the Git download.

Follow the exact same procedure as for extensions (described in the previous section), but using skins rather than extensions in all URLs and paths.

Detailed installation instructions are available on each skin's page here on MediaWiki.org, for example see Skin:Vector#Installation. Instructions for all other skins are analogous.

Véxase tamén[edit]