Atsiųsti iš Git

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This page is a translated version of the page Download from Git and the translation is 45% complete.
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Nuo MediaWiki 1.19beta2, 1.18.2, 1.17.3, MediaWiki branduolys ir plėtiniai versijavimui naudoja Git. Senesnėms versijoms žiūrėkite Subversion

Git is distributed version control software that allows users to download the very latest version of a branch, without having to wait for someone to get around to packaging it. MediaWiki will release faster, and it'll be easier for you to update your installation, roll back an upgrade, or submit patches. (Of course always remember official stable releases are less risky.)

See Git for more details, particularly for making contributions. Below are some quick directions for a couple common tasks.

Būtinos sąlygos

Git privalo būti instaliuotas tam, kad galėtumėte juo naudotis. Priklausomai nuo jūsų operacinės sistemos, yra įvairūs būdai įsigyti Git. Šaltinio kodus ir oficialius binarinius failus galima rasti svetainėje. Alternatyviems būdams Git instaliavimui paieškokite instrukcijų operacinei sistemai naudojant mėgstamą paieškos sistemą.

Rekomenduojama, bet tai nėra būtina, kad būtų įdiegtas Composer. Jis atsiunčia ir įdiegia trečiosios šalies bibliotekas.

Naudojant Git atsisiųsti MediaWiki


Šiuo metu naudojant Git galite parsisiųsti MedijaViki šerdį taip kaip ir bet kurį plėtinį įdiegtą Vikimedijos Fondo serverio sankaupoje. Gerrit yra patalpinta daugelis kitų plėtinių.

Pirmas žingsnis yra klonuoti MedijaViki šakninę saugyklą. Tai užtruks šiek tiek laiko.

Terminalo lange, įveskite šią komandą:

git clone --branch REL1_34 mediawiki

This clones the entire MediaWiki core repository, initially pointed at release branch 1.34, into a sub-directory named mediawiki.

To install into different directory, change that in the command line (for more info refer to these docs). Once the repository is cloned, you can easily switch to different branches or tags (see below), including those tracking unstable versions of MediaWiki. The development branch, master, is the cutting-edge, developer version of MediaWiki; you should not use master code for production under any circumstances as it is not considered stable.

If you want to reduce the number of revisions that are cloned, add --depth=1 to the above command.

The release branches have a bunch of Git submodules in them, for commonly-used extensions and skins (the master branch does not have these). To update the submodules, run:

cd mediawiki
git submodule update --init

Parsisiųsti tobulinimui

Jei jūs turite Kūrėjo prieiga (kurią lengva paprašyti):

git clone ssh://<VARTOTOJO VARDAS> mediawiki

This clones the entire MediaWiki core repository, synced to the master branch, into a sub-directory named mediawiki.

Išorės bibliotekų atranka

MediaWiki uses Composer to manage external PHP libraries, all of which end up in the vendor/ directory in your MediaWiki directory.

Norint įdiegti šias reikalingas bibliotekas, privalote pasirinkti:

  • Or, if you don't want to use Composer or if you want to use the exact same set of vendor libraries as used on the WMF production cluster, you can instead git clone to create a vendor/ directory inside the core folder of your MediaWiki installation. Note that if any of your extensions have their own Composer requirements, then you cannot use this option.

Prieš MedijaViki 1.25 versiją, išorinės bibliotekos buvo laikomos šakninėje saugykloje ir paketo tvarkytojas nebuvo reikalingas.

MedijaViki žymės (stabili versija)

Alternatively, specific stable versions of MediaWiki are tracked using 'tags'. These are analogous to the tarball releases. Currently, these are 1.34.0 (stable), 1.31.6 (LTS) and 1.33.2 (legacy).

Galite pamatyti visas galimas žymas naudodami:

git tag -l | sort -V

Using non GNU sort command, such as on Mac OS X, you have to rely on the good old separators:

git tag -l | sort -n -t. -k1 -k2 -k3

Naudoti specialią etiketę, pvz. naujausia stabili versija:

git checkout 1.34.0

Paskutinė MediaWiki kūrimo versija

The latest development version of MediaWiki is tracked in the 'master' branch. This is what is locally checked out by default when you first clone the MediaWiki repository. If you have switched to another branch but would like to switch back to using bleeding-edge MediaWiki, do:

git checkout master

Vejantis atnaujinimus

If you're using a particular branch or the development version ("master" branch) of MediaWiki, picking up the latest changes is relatively easy. Change into your MediaWiki clone directory and issue this command:

git pull

All of the latest changes for the branch you are using will be applied.

The new version of core may require newer versions of extensions and skins, so you must go into each extension and skin directory and update it with a command like git pull --recurse-submodules.

You also need to update vendor/ with any newer versions of required libraries. This often means running the following Composer command, but see #Fetch external libraries above for more details:

composer update --no-dev

After updating/upgrading the code and required libraries you should run the MediaWiki update.php command-line script to update database tables as needed:

php maintenance/update.php

If you use MediaWiki-Vagrant, it offers a single command, vagrant git-update, that performs all these steps.

Pasikeisti į kitą versiją

Each of our versions are tracked as branches or tags. In order to switch to a different version, all you have to do is checkout the particular branch or tag you want from within your MediaWiki clone directory:

git checkout <branchname>


git checkout <tag name>

The changes will be applied automatically and you will be all set to go.

Naudoti Git atsiųsti MediaWiki plėtinius

Plėtinių git saugykloje sąrašas

Atsiųsti plėtinį

<EXT> should be replaced with the name of the extension you want to download, without spaces. For Extension:TitleKey , it would be TitleKey. (case sensitive!)

Iš Git atsiųsti ir klonuoti plėtinį:

cd /path/to/extensions
git clone<EXT> --branch REL1_34

Plėtotojai klonuoti su:

git clone ssh://<VARTOTOJO VARDAS><EXT> --branch REL1_34

You can view extension source code in Gerrit's gitiles application, and at the URL:<EXT>/+/refs/heads/master

Atsiųsti visus plėtinius

If you prefer to have all MediaWiki extensions that are at checked out to your machine, enter the following:

git clone --branch REL1_34
cd extensions
git submodule update --init --recursive

Thereafter, to update all extensions to their latest versions of that branch, just enter:

cd /path/to/extensions
git pull
git submodule update --init --recursive

Norint sekti specifinę šaką:

git submodule foreach 'git checkout -b REL1_33 origin/REL1_33 || :'

Remember that you should only use versions of extensions from the same release as that version of MediaWiki and each other.

To track the master branch:

git submodule foreach 'git checkout -b origin/master || :'

Please note that you should not use master code for production under any circumstances as it is not considered stable.

If you only need a read-only checkout (for instance to grep or analyse all MediaWiki code), you can use the shared MediaWiki checkout on Labs, without downloading anything on your machines.

Pašalinti plėtinį

  1. Pašalinkite "require_once …" arba "wfLoadExtension( … )" iš LocalSettings.php
  2. Remove any line referencing the extension in composer.local.json (usually in the "extra → merge-plugin → include" section)
  3. Remove the extension's directory in install-dir/extensions/

Naudoti Git siunčiant MediaWiki apvalkalus

Apvalkalų git saugykloje sąrašas

MediaWiki 1.24 and later don't include skins in the Git download.

Follow the exact same procedure as for extensions (described in the previous section), but using skins rather than extensions in all URLs and paths.

Detailed installation instructions are available on each skin's page here on, for example see Skin:Vector#Installation. Instructions for all other skins are analogous.

Taip pat skaitykite