Atsiųsti iš Git

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This page is a translated version of the page Download from Git and the translation is 39% complete.

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Nuo MediaWiki 1.19beta2, 1.18.2, 1.17.3, MediaWiki branduolys ir plėtiniai versijavimui naudoja Git. Senesnėms versijoms žiūrėkite Subversion

Git is distributed version control software that allows users to download the very latest version of a branch, without having to wait for someone to get around to packaging it. MediaWiki will release faster, and it'll be easier for you to update your installation, roll back an upgrade, or submit patches. (Of course always remember official stable releases are less risky.)

See Git for more details, particularly for making contributions. Below are some quick directions for a couple common tasks.

Būtinos sąlygos

Git privalo būti instaliuotas tam, kad galėtumėte juo naudotis. Priklausomai nuo jūsų operacinės sistemos, yra įvairūs būdai įsigyti Git. Šaltinio kodus ir oficialius binarinius failus galima rasti git-scm.com svetainėje. Alternatyviems būdams Git instaliavimui paieškokite instrukcijų operacinei sistemai naudojant mėgstamą paieškos sistemą.

Rekomenduojama, bet tai nėra būtina, kad būtų įdiegtas composer. Jis atsiunčia ir įdiegia trečiosios šalies bibliotekas.

Naudojant Git atsisiųsti MediaWiki

Atsisiųsti

Šiuo metu naudojant Git galite parsisiųsti MediaWiki šerdį (SVN phase3)bei bet kurį plėtinį įdiegtą Wikimedia Fondo serverio sankaupoje.

Pirmas žingsnis yra klonuoti MediaWiki saugyklą. Tai gali užtrukti.

Terminalo lange, įveskite šią komandą:

git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/p/mediawiki/core.git --branch REL1_30 install-dir

This clones the entire MediaWiki core repository, initially pointed at release branch 1.30, into a sub-directory named install-dir.

To install into different directory, change that in the command line (for more info refer to these docs). Once the repository is cloned, you can easily switch to different branches or tags (see below), including those tracking unstable versions of MediaWiki. The development branch, master, is the cutting-edge, developer version of MediaWiki; you should not use master code for production under any circumstances as it is not considered stable.

If you want to reduce the number of revisions that are cloned, add --depth=1 to the above command.

That the release branches have a bunch of Git submodules in them, for commonly-used extensions and skins (the master branch does not have these). To update the submodules, run:

cd install-dir
git submodule update --init

Parsisiųsti tobulinimui

Jei jūs turite Kūrėjo prieiga (kurią lengva paprašyti):

git clone ssh://<USERNAME>@gerrit.wikimedia.org:29418/mediawiki/core.git --branch REL1_30 install-dir

Išorės bibliotekų atranka

Pradedant nuo MediaWiki 1.25 versijos, kai kurių išorinių bibliotekų, naudojamų MediaWiki, nebėra "core" git saugykloje.

Mes naudojame composer juos tvarkyti.

Norint įdiegti reikalingos šios bibliotekos:

Atkreipkite dėmesį, kad jums reikės vykdyti composer update --no-dev jei jūs jau turite composer.lock failą.

  • If you don't want to use composer, or if you want to use the same set of vendor libraries as used on the WMF production cluster, you can instead git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/p/mediawiki/vendor.git to create a vendor/ directory inside the core folder of your MediaWiki installation.
MediaWiki žymės (stabili versija)

Alternatively, specific stable versions of MediaWiki are tracked using 'tags'. These are analogous to the tarball releases. You can see the versions available with:

git tag -l | sort -V

Using non GNU sort command, such as on Mac OS X, you have to rely on the good old separators:

git tag -l | sort -n -t. -k1 -k2 -k3

Naudoti specialią etiketę:

git checkout <tag name>


Paskutinė MediaWiki kūrimo versija

The latest development version of MediaWiki is tracked in the 'master' branch. This is what is locally checked out by default when you first clone the MediaWiki repository. If you have switched to another branch but would like to switch back to using bleeding-edge MediaWiki, do:

git checkout master


Vejantis atnaujinimus

If you're using a particular branch or the development version ("master" branch) of MediaWiki, picking up the latest changes is relatively easy. Change into your MediaWiki clone directory and issue the git pull command:

git pull

All of the latest changes for the branch you are using will be applied.

The new version of core may require newer versions of extensions and skins, so you must go into each extension and skin directory and update it with a command like git pull --recurse-submodules.

After updating/upgrading you should run the MediaWiki update.phpManual:update.php command-line script to update database tables as needed:

php maintenance/update.php

You also need to update mediawiki/vendor to any newer versions of required libraries, see #Fetch external libraries.

If you use MediaWiki-Vagrant, it offers a single command, vagrant git-update, that performs all these steps.

Pasikeisti į kitą versiją

Switching to a different version of MediaWiki is far simpler with Git than with SVN. Each of our versions are tracked as branches or tags. In order to switch to one of these, all you have to do is checkout the particular branch or tag you want from within your MediaWiki clone directory:

git checkout <branchname>

arba

git checkout <tag name>

The changes will be applied automatically and you will be all set to go.

Naudoti Git atsiųsti MediaWiki plėtinius

Plėtinių git saugykloje sąrašas

Atsiųsti plėtinį

<EXT> should be replaced with the name of the extension you want to download, without spaces. For Extension:TitleKey, it would be TitleKey. (case sensitive!)

Iš Git atsiųsti ir klonuoti plėtinį:

cd /path/to/extensions
git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/p/mediawiki/extensions/<EXT>.git --branch REL1_30

Plėtotojai klonuoti su:

git clone ssh://<USERNAME>@gerrit.wikimedia.org:29418/mediawiki/extensions/<EXT>.git --branch REL1_30

You can view extension source code in Gerrit's gitiles application, and at the URL:

https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/g/mediawiki/extensions/<EXT>/+/refs/heads/master

Atsiųsti visus plėtinius

If you prefer to have all MediaWiki extensions that are at gerrit.wikimedia.org checked out to your machine, enter the following:

git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/p/mediawiki/extensions.git --branch REL1_30
cd extensions
git submodule update --init --recursive

Thereafter, to update all extensions to their latest versions of that branch, just enter:

cd /path/to/extensions
git pull
git submodule update --init --recursive

Norint sekti specifinę šaką:

git submodule foreach 'git checkout -b REL1_29 origin/REL1_29 || :'

Remember that you should only use versions of extensions from the same release as that version of MediaWiki and each other.

To track the master branch:

git submodule foreach 'git checkout -b origin/master || :'

Please note that you should not use master code for production under any circumstances as it is not considered stable.

If you only need a read-only checkout (for instance to grep or analyse all MediaWiki code), you can use the shared MediaWiki checkout on Labs, without downloading anything on your machines.

Pašalinti plėtinį

Tiesiog pašalinkite plėtinio aplanką ir pašalinkite require_once …LocalSettings.php.

Naudoti Git siunčiant MediaWiki apvalkalus

Apvalkalų git saugykloje sąrašas

MediaWiki 1.24 and later don't include skins in the Git download.

Follow the exact same procedure as for extensions (described in the previous section), but using skins rather than extensions in all URLs and paths.

Detailed installation instructions are available on each skin's page here on MediaWiki.org, for example see Skin:Vector#Installation. Instructions for all other skins are analogous.

Taip pat skaitykite