Descargar dende Git

From MediaWiki.org
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page is a translated version of the page Download from Git and the translation is 41% complete.

Outdated translations are marked like this.
Other languages:
Bahasa Indonesia • ‎Bahasa Melayu • ‎Deutsch • ‎English • ‎Esperanto • ‎Hawaiʻi • ‎Interlingue • ‎Lëtzebuergesch • ‎Napulitano • ‎Nederlands • ‎Scots • ‎Taqbaylit • ‎Tiếng Việt • ‎Türkçe • ‎aragonés • ‎asturianu • ‎català • ‎dansk • ‎español • ‎euskara • ‎français • ‎galego • ‎interlingua • ‎italiano • ‎kurdî • ‎lietuvių • ‎magyar • ‎norsk bokmål • ‎occitan • ‎polski • ‎português • ‎português do Brasil • ‎română • ‎sicilianu • ‎slovenčina • ‎suomi • ‎svenska • ‎čeština • ‎Ελληνικά • ‎беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎ • ‎български • ‎русский • ‎татарча/tatarça • ‎українська • ‎հայերեն • ‎ייִדיש • ‎עברית • ‎ئۇيغۇرچە • ‎العربية • ‎تۆرکجه • ‎سنڌي • ‎فارسی • ‎پښتو • ‎नेपाली • ‎हिन्दी • ‎தமிழ் • ‎తెలుగు • ‎ไทย • ‎ქართული • ‎中文 • ‎日本語 • ‎粵語 • ‎한국어
Dende MediaWiki 1.19beta2, 1.18.2, 1.17.3, el noyu y les estensiones de MediaWiki usen Git pal control de versiones. Pa versiones más antigües, mira en Subversion

Git ye un programa de control de versiones distribuíu que permite a los usuarios descargase la ultimísima versión d'una rama ensin tener qu'esperar por dalguién que pase a empaquetala. MediaWiki lliberaráse más rápido, y sedrá más fácil anovar una instalación, desfacer un anovamientu, o unviar parches. (Por supuesto, recuerda que siempre les versiones estables oficiales son menos arriesgaes.)

Mira Git pa mayores detalles; en particular, pa collaborar. Más abaxo hai delles instrucciones rápides pa un par de xeres comúnes.

Prerrequisitos

Has tener Git instaláu antes de poder usalu. Hai munches maneres distintes de facese con Git, dependiendo del to sistema operativu. Pa la fonte y los binarios oficiales, mira en git-scm.com. Pa maneres alternatives d'instalar Git, usa'l to buscador favoritu p'alcontrar les instrucciones pal to sistema operativu.

Recomiéndase que tengas Composer instaláu pa descargar ya instalar biblioteques de terceros, pero nun ye imprescindible.

Usar Git pa descargar MediaWiki

Descargar

Puedes descargar el noyu de MediaWiki usando Git, lo mesmo que toles estensiones instalaes anguaño nel clúster de sirvidores de la Fundación Wikimedia y munches más estensiones agospiaes en gerrit .

El primer pasu ye clonar el repositoriu del noyu de MediaWiki. Esto pué tardar un ratu.

Nuna ventana de terminal, escribe'l siguiente comandu:

git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/p/mediawiki/core.git --branch REL1_31 mediawiki

Esto fai un clon completu del repositoriu del noyu de MediaWiki nun subdireutoriu llamáu core. Pa instalar nun direutoriu determináu inclúyelo na llinia de comandos (pa más información consulta estos documentos). La «caña» predeterminada sedrá la versión master, de desendolcador, de MediaWiki. Cuando tea clonáu el repositoriu, podrás cambiar fácilmente a distintes rames o etiquetes (ver más abaxo), incluyendo les que siguen les versiones estables de MediaWiki.

To install into different directory, change that in the command line (for more info refer to these docs). Once the repository is cloned, you can easily switch to different branches or tags (see below), including those tracking unstable versions of MediaWiki. The development branch, master, is the cutting-edge, developer version of MediaWiki; you should not use master code for production under any circumstances as it is not considered stable.

If you want to reduce the number of revisions that are cloned, add --depth=1 to the above command.

The release branches have a bunch of Git submodules in them, for commonly-used extensions and skins (the master branch does not have these). To update the submodules, run:

cd mediawiki
git submodule update --init

Descargar pa desendolcu

Si tienes accesu de desendolcador (que ye fácil de solicitar), en llugar de clonar de mou anónimu con https tendríes de clonar col "nome d'usuariu" ssh pa que puedas unviar cambios a revisión:

git clone ssh://<NOME D'USUARIU>@gerrit.wikimedia.org:29418/mediawiki/core.git mediawiki

This clones the entire MediaWiki core repository, synced to the master branch, into a sub-directory named mediawiki.

Trayer biblioteques esternes

Usamos composer pa xestionales.

Pa instalar estes biblioteques necesaries, puedes escoyer:

  • Or, if you don't want to use Composer or if you want to use the exact same set of vendor libraries as used on the WMF production cluster, you can instead git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/p/mediawiki/vendor.git to create a vendor/ directory inside the core folder of your MediaWiki installation. Note that if any of your extensions have their own Composer requirements, then you can not use this option.

Principiando con MediaWiki 1.25, delles biblioteques esternes que necesita MediaWiki yá nun tan nesti repositoriu git «core».

Tags de MediaWiki (versión estable)

Alternatively, specific stable versions of MediaWiki are tracked using 'tags'. These are analogous to the tarball releases. Currently, these are 1.31.1 (stable), 1.27.5 (LTS) and 1.30.1 (legacy).

You can see all available tags with:

git tag -l | sort -V

Using non GNU sort command, such as on Mac OS X, you have to rely on the good old separators:

git tag -l | sort -n -t. -k1 -k2 -k3

To use a specific tag, e.g. the latest stable release:

git checkout 1.31.1

Última versión de desendolcu de MediaWiki

The latest development version of MediaWiki is tracked in the 'master' branch. This is what is locally checked out by default when you first clone the MediaWiki repository. If you have switched to another branch but would like to switch back to using bleeding-edge MediaWiki, do:

git checkout master

Caltener actualizao

If you're using a particular branch or the development version ("master" branch) of MediaWiki, picking up the latest changes is relatively easy. Change into your MediaWiki clone directory and issue this command:

git pull

All of the latest changes for the branch you are using will be applied.

The new version of core may require newer versions of extensions and skins, so you must go into each extension and skin directory and update it with a command like git pull --recurse-submodules.

You also need to update vendor/ with any newer versions of required libraries. This often means running the following Composer command, but see #Fetch external libraries above for more details:

composer update --no-dev

After updating/upgrading the code and required libraries you should run the MediaWiki update.php command-line script to update database tables as needed:

php maintenance/update.php

If you use MediaWiki-Vagrant, it offers a single command, vagrant git-update, that performs all these steps.

Cambiar a una versión distinta

Switching to a different version of MediaWiki is far simpler with Git than with SVN. Each of our versions are tracked as branches or tags. In order to switch to one of these, all you have to do is checkout the particular branch or tag you want from within your MediaWiki clone directory:

git checkout <branchname>

o

git checkout <tag name>

The changes will be applied automatically and you will be all set to go.

Usar Git pa descargar estensiones de MediaWiki

Llista d'estensiones en git

Descargar una estensión

<EXT> should be replaced with the name of the extension you want to download, without spaces. For Extension:TitleKey, it would be TitleKey. (case sensitive!)

Download and clone an extension from Git:

cd /path/to/extensions
git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/p/mediawiki/extensions/<EXT> --branch REL1_31

Developers clone with:

git clone ssh://<USERNAME>@gerrit.wikimedia.org:29418/mediawiki/extensions/<EXT> --branch REL1_31

You can view extension source code in Gerrit's gitiles application, and at the URL:

https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/g/mediawiki/extensions/<EXT>/+/refs/heads/master

Descargar toles estensiones

If you prefer to have all MediaWiki extensions that are at gerrit.wikimedia.org checked out to your machine, enter the following:

git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/mediawiki/extensions --branch REL1_31
cd extensions
git submodule update --init --recursive

Thereafter, to update all extensions to their latest versions of that branch, just enter:

cd /path/to/extensions
git pull
git submodule update --init --recursive

To change to a different branch, such as after a new release:

git submodule foreach 'git checkout -b REL1_30 origin/REL1_30 || :'

Remember that you should only use versions of extensions from the same release as that version of MediaWiki and each other.

To track the master branch:

git submodule foreach 'git checkout -b origin/master || :'

Please note that you should not use master code for production under any circumstances as it is not considered stable.

If you only need a read-only checkout (for instance to grep or analyse all MediaWiki code), you can use the shared MediaWiki checkout on Labs, without downloading anything on your machines.

Desaniciar una estensión

  1. Remove the "require_once …" or "wfLoadExtension( … )" from LocalSettings.php
  2. Remove any line referencing the extension in composer.local.json (usually in the "extra → merge-plugin → include" section)
  3. Remove the extension's directory in install-dir/extensions/

Usar Git pa descargar pieles de MediaWiki

Llista de pieles en git

MediaWiki 1.24 y posteriores nun incluyen pieles na descarga per Git.

Follow the exact same procedure as for extensions (described in the previous section), but using skins rather than extensions in all URLs and paths.

Detailed installation instructions are available on each skin's page here on MediaWiki.org, for example see Skin:Vector#Installation. Instructions for all other skins are analogous.

Ver tamién