Descargar dende Git

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This page is a translated version of the page Download from Git and the translation is 54% complete.

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Dende MediaWiki 1.19beta2, 1.18.2, 1.17.3, el noyu y les estensiones de MediaWiki usen Git pal control de versiones. Pa versiones más antigües, mira en Subversion

Git ye un programa de control de versiones distribuíu que permite a los usuarios descargase la ultimísima versión d'una rama ensin tener qu'esperar por dalguién que pase a empaquetala. MediaWiki lliberaráse más rápido, y sedrá más fácil anovar una instalación, desfacer un anovamientu, o unviar parches. (Por supuesto, recuerda que siempre les versiones estables oficiales son menos arriesgaes.)

Mira Git pa mayores detalles; en particular, pa collaborar. Más abaxo hai delles instrucciones rápides pa un par de xeres comúnes.

Prerrequisitos[edit]

Has tener Git instaláu antes de poder usalu. Hai munches maneres distintes de facese con Git, dependiendo del to sistema operativu. Pa la fonte y los binarios oficiales, mira en git-scm.com. Pa maneres alternatives d'instalar Git, usa'l to buscador favoritu p'alcontrar les instrucciones pal to sistema operativu.

Recomiéndase que tengas composer instaláu pa descargar ya instalar biblioteques de terceros, pero nun ye imprescindible.

Usar Git pa descargar MediaWiki[edit]

Descargar[edit]

Puedes descargar el noyu de MediaWiki usando Git, lo mesmo que toles estensiones instalaes anguaño nel clúster de sirvidores de la Fundación Wikimedia y munches más estensiones agospiaes en Gerritgerrit.

El primer pasu ye clonar el repositoriu del noyu de MediaWiki. Esto pué tardar un ratu.

Nuna ventana de terminal, escribe'l siguiente comandu:

git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/p/mediawiki/core.git

Esto fai un clon completu del repositoriu del noyu de MediaWiki nun subdireutoriu llamáu core. Pa instalar nun direutoriu determináu inclúyelo na llinia de comandos (pa más información consulta estos documentos). La «caña» predeterminada sedrá la versión master, de desendolcador, de MediaWiki. Cuando tea clonáu el repositoriu, podrás cambiar fácilmente a distintes rames o etiquetes (ver más abaxo), incluyendo les que siguen les versiones estables de MediaWiki.

Descargar pa desendolcu[edit]

Si tienes accesu de desendolcador (que ye fácil de solicitar), en llugar de clonar de mou anónimu con https tendríes de clonar col "nome d'usuariu" ssh pa que puedas unviar cambios a revisión:

git clone ssh://<NOME D'USUARIU>@gerrit.wikimedia.org:29418/mediawiki/core.git

Trayer biblioteques esternes[edit]

Principiando con MediaWiki 1.25, delles biblioteques esternes que necesita MediaWiki yá nun tan nesti repositoriu git «core». Usamos composer pa xestionales. Pa instalar estes biblioteques necesaries, puedes escoyer:

  • Descarga ya instala composer, cambia al direutoriu core y executa composer install --no-dev. Note that if you have an existing composer.lock file you will need to run composer update --no-dev instead.
  • If you don't want to use composer, or if you want to use the same set of vendor libraries as used on the WMF production cluster, you can instead git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/p/mediawiki/vendor.git to create a vendor/ directory inside the core folder of your MediaWiki installation. Make sure you use the right branch for your MediaWiki version (e.g. REL1_25 for 1.25).

Versiones específiques de MediaWiki[edit]

Cañes WMF[edit]

Remote branches track the MediaWiki versions used on the Wikimedia Foundation server cluster. These may not be entirely stable, but they receive very quick bug fixes and are generally stable enough – after all, these are what major projects such as Wikipedia are using. Once a REL* branch is considered 'stable', we 'tag' it and turn it into a tarball release.

To see what branches are available, switch to your MediaWiki core directory and enter the following command:

git branch -r | sort -V

Major releases are denoted by "origin/REL<release number>", e.g. "origin/REL1_29". To switch to a particular release branch:

git checkout -b REL<númberu de llanzamientu> origin/REL<númberu de llanzamientu>

For example, to switch to the current stable version, 1.29.1, enter:

git checkout -b REL1_29 origin/REL1_29
Tags de MediaWiki (versión estable)[edit]

Alternatively, specific stable versions of MediaWiki are tracked using 'tags'. These are analogous to the tarball releases. You can see the versions available with:

git tag -l | sort -V

Using non GNU sort command, such as on Mac OS X, you have to rely on the good old separators:

git tag -l | sort -n -t. -k1 -k2 -k3

To use a specific tag:

git checkout <tag name>

Última versión de desendolcu de MediaWiki[edit]

The latest development version of MediaWiki is tracked in the 'master' branch. This is what is locally checked out by default when you first clone the MediaWiki repository. If you have switched to another branch but would like to switch back to using bleeding-edge MediaWiki, do:

git checkout master


Caltener actualizao[edit]

If you're using a particular branch or the development version ("master" branch) of MediaWiki, picking up the latest changes is relatively easy. Change into your MediaWiki clone directory and issue the git pull command:

git pull

All of the latest changes for the branch you are using will be applied.

The new version of core may require newer versions of extensions and skins, so you must go into each extension and skin directory and update it with a command like git pull --recurse-submodules.

After updating/upgrading you should run the MediaWiki update.phpManual:update.php command-line script to update database tables as needed:

php maintenance/update.php

You also need to update mediawiki/vendor to any newer versions of required libraries, see #Fetch external libraries.

If you use MediaWiki-Vagrant, it offers a single command, vagrant git-update, that performs all these steps.

Cambiar a una versión distinta[edit]

Switching to a different version of MediaWiki is far simpler with Git than with SVN. Each of our versions are tracked as branches or tags. In order to switch to one of these, all you have to do is checkout the particular branch or tag you want from within your MediaWiki clone directory:

git checkout <branchname>

o

git checkout <tag name>

The changes will be applied automatically and you will be all set to go.

Usar Git pa descargar estensiones de MediaWiki[edit]

Llista d'estensiones en git

Descargar una estensión[edit]

<EXT> should be replaced with the name of the extension you want to download, without spaces. For Extension:TitleKey, it would be TitleKey. (case sensitive!)

Download and clone an extension from Git:

cd /path/to/extensions
git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/p/mediawiki/extensions/<EXT>.git

Developers clone with:

git clone ssh://<USERNAME>@gerrit.wikimedia.org:29418/mediawiki/extensions/<EXT>.git

You can view extension source code in Phabricator's diffusion application, and at the URL:

https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/gitweb?p=mediawiki/extensions/<EXT>.git;a=tree;h=refs/heads/master;hb=master

Descargar toles estensiones[edit]

If you prefer to have all MediaWiki extensions that are at gerrit.wikimedia.org checked out to your machine, enter the following:

git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/p/mediawiki/extensions.git
cd extensions
git submodule update --init --recursive

Thereafter, to update all extensions to their latest versions, just enter:

cd /path/to/extensions
git pull
git submodule update --init --recursive

To track a specific branch:

git submodule foreach 'git checkout -b REL1_29 origin/REL1_29 || :'

If you only need a read-only checkout (for instance to grep or analyse all MediaWiki code), you can use the shared MediaWiki checkout on Labs, without downloading anything on your machines.

Desaniciar una estensión[edit]

Just remove the extension folder and remove the "require_once …" from LocalSettings.php.

Usar Git pa descargar pieles de MediaWiki[edit]

Llista de pieles en git

MediaWiki 1.24 y posteriores nun incluyen pieles na descarga per Git.

Follow the exact same procedure as for extensions (described in the previous section), but using skins rather than extensions in all URLs and paths.

Detailed installation instructions are available on each skin's page here on MediaWiki.org, for example see Skin:Vector#Installation. Instructions for all other skins are analogous.

Ver tamién[edit]