Transferir do Git

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This page is a translated version of the page Download from Git and the translation is 46% complete.
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Desde o MediaWiki 1.19beta2, 1.18.2, 1.17.3, o núcleo central do MediaWiki e as extensões utilizam o Git para o controlo de versões. Para as versões antigas, consulte Subversão

O Git é um software de controlo de versões distribuído que permite que os utilizadores transfiram a versão mais recente de um ramo, sem terem de esperar que alguém o empacote. O MediaWiki irá lançar mais rapidamente e será mais fácil para atualizar a sua instalação, reverter uma atualização, ou submeter correções (claro, lembre-se sempre que as versões oficiais estáveis ​​são menos arriscadas).

Consulte Git para mais detalhes, particularmente para contribuir. Em baixo estão algumas instruções rápidas para algumas tarefas comuns.

Pré-requisitos

Antes de poder usar o Git tem de instalá-lo. Há várias formas de obtê-lo, dependendo do seu sistema operativo. Para obter o código-fonte e os binários oficiais, visite git-scm.com. Para conhecer formas alternativas de instalar o Git, use o seu motor de pesquisa preferido para encontrar instruções para o seu sistema operativo.

É recomendado que tenha o Composer instalado para descarregar e instalar bibliotecas de terceiros, mas não é obrigatório.

Utilizar o Git para transferir o MediaWiki

Transferência

Pode transferir o núcleo do MediaWiki utilizando o Git, bem como todas as extensões atualmente instaladas no cluster de servidores da Fundação Wikimedia e muitas outras extensões alojadas no Gerrit .

The first step is to clone the MediaWiki core repository. This will take a while.

In a terminal window, enter the following command:

git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/mediawiki/core.git --branch REL1_34 mediawiki

This clones the entire MediaWiki core repository, initially pointed at release branch 1.34, into a sub-directory named mediawiki.

To install into different directory, change that in the command line (for more info refer to these docs). Once the repository is cloned, you can easily switch to different branches or tags (see below), including those tracking unstable versions of MediaWiki. The development branch, master, is the cutting-edge, developer version of MediaWiki; you should not use master code for production under any circumstances as it is not considered stable.

If you want to reduce the number of revisions that are cloned, add --depth=1 to the above command.

The release branches have a bunch of Git submodules in them, for commonly-used extensions and skins (the master branch does not have these). To update the submodules, run:

cd mediawiki
git submodule update --init

Transferir para desenvolvimento

If you have a developer account (which is easy to request), then instead of cloning anonymously with https you should clone with your ssh <USERNAME> so that you can submit changes for review:

git clone ssh://<NOME DE UTILIZADOR>@gerrit.wikimedia.org:29418/mediawiki/core.git mediawiki

Isto clona todo o repositório principal do MediaWiki, sincronizado com o ramo principal, numa subdiretoria chamada mediawiki.

Obter bibliotecas externas

MediaWiki uses Composer to manage external PHP libraries, all of which end up in the vendor/ directory in your MediaWiki directory.

To install these needed libraries, you have a choice:

  • Download and install the composer PHAR, optionally rename the composer.phar file as instructed for your OS, and then run composer update --no-dev from your MediaWiki directory. This is the recommended approach.
  • Or, if you don't want to use Composer or if you want to use the exact same set of vendor libraries as used on the WMF production cluster, you can instead git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/mediawiki/vendor.git to create a vendor/ directory inside the core folder of your MediaWiki installation. Note that if any of your extensions have their own Composer requirements, then you cannot use this option.

Prior to MediaWiki 1.25, external libraries were kept in the core repository, and no package manager was required.

Etiquetas do MediaWiki (versão estável)

Alternatively, specific stable versions of MediaWiki are tracked using 'tags'. These are analogous to the tarball releases. Currently, these are 1.34.0 (stable), 1.31.6 (LTS) and 1.33.2 (legacy).

You can see all available tags with:

git tag -l | sort -V

Using non GNU sort command, such as on Mac OS X, you have to rely on the good old separators:

git tag -l | sort -n -t. -k1 -k2 -k3

To use a specific tag, e.g. the latest stable release:

git checkout 1.34.0

Última versão de desenvolvimento do MediaWiki

The latest development version of MediaWiki is tracked in the 'master' branch. This is what is locally checked out by default when you first clone the MediaWiki repository. If you have switched to another branch but would like to switch back to using bleeding-edge MediaWiki, do:

git checkout master

Manter-se atualizado

If you're using a particular branch or the development version ("master" branch) of MediaWiki, picking up the latest changes is relatively easy. Change into your MediaWiki clone directory and issue this command:

git pull

All of the latest changes for the branch you are using will be applied.

The new version of core may require newer versions of extensions and skins, so you must go into each extension and skin directory and update it with a command like git pull --recurse-submodules.

You also need to update vendor/ with any newer versions of required libraries. This often means running the following Composer command, but see #Fetch external libraries above for more details:

composer update --no-dev

After updating/upgrading the code and required libraries you should run the MediaWiki update.php command-line script to update database tables as needed:

php maintenance/update.php

If you use MediaWiki-Vagrant, it offers a single command, vagrant git-update, that performs all these steps.

Mudar para uma versão diferente

Each of our versions are tracked as branches or tags. In order to switch to a different version, all you have to do is checkout the particular branch or tag you want from within your MediaWiki clone directory:

git checkout <nome do ramo>

ou

git checkout <nome de etiqueta>

The changes will be applied automatically and you will be all set to go.

Utilizar o Git para transferir as extensões do MediaWiki

Lista de extensões no git

Transferir uma extensão

<EXT> should be replaced with the name of the extension you want to download, without spaces. For Extension:TitleKey , it would be TitleKey. (case sensitive!)

Transferir e clonar uma extensão a partir do Git:

cd /path/to/extensions
git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/mediawiki/extensions/<EXT> --branch REL1_34

Os programadores clonam com:

git clone ssh://<NOME DE UTILIZADOR>@gerrit.wikimedia.org:29418/mediawiki/extensions/<EXT> --branch REL1_34

You can view extension source code in Gerrit's gitiles application, and at the URL:

https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/g/mediawiki/extensions/<EXT>/+/refs/heads/master

Transferir todas as extensões

If you prefer to have all MediaWiki extensions that are at gerrit.wikimedia.org checked out to your machine, enter the following:

git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/mediawiki/extensions --branch REL1_34
cd extensions
git submodule update --init --recursive

Thereafter, to update all extensions to their latest versions of that branch, just enter:

cd /path/to/extensions
git pull
git submodule update --init --recursive

To change to a different branch, such as after a new release:

git submodule foreach 'git checkout -b REL1_33 origin/REL1_33 || :'

Remember that you should only use versions of extensions from the same release as that version of MediaWiki and each other.

To track the master branch:

git submodule foreach 'git checkout -b origin/master || :'

Please note that you should not use master code for production under any circumstances as it is not considered stable.

If you only need a read-only checkout (for instance to grep or analyse all MediaWiki code), you can use the shared MediaWiki checkout on Labs, without downloading anything on your machines.

Remover uma extensão

  1. Remove the "require_once …" or "wfLoadExtension( … )" from LocalSettings.php
  2. Remove any line referencing the extension in composer.local.json (usually in the "extra → merge-plugin → include" section)
  3. Remove the extension's directory in install-dir/extensions/

Utilizar o Git para transferir temas do MediaWiki

Lista de temas no git

O MediaWiki 1.24 e superior não inclui os temas na transferência do Git.

Follow the exact same procedure as for extensions (described in the previous section), but using skins rather than extensions in all URLs and paths.

Detailed installation instructions are available on each skin's page here on MediaWiki.org, for example see Skin:Vector#Installation. Instructions for all other skins are analogous.

Consulte também