Gitistä lataaminen

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This page is a translated version of the page Download from Git and the translation is 34% complete.
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MediaWiki 1.19beta2, 1.18.2, 1.17.3:sta lähtien MediaWikin ydin ja laajennokset käyttävät versionhallintaan Gittiä. Vanhempia versioita varten katso Subversion

Git is distributed version control software that allows users to download the very latest version of a branch, without having to wait for someone to get around to packaging it. MediaWiki will release faster, and it'll be easier for you to update your installation, roll back an upgrade, or submit patches. (Of course always remember official stable releases are less risky.)

Katso Git saadaksesi lisätietoja, erityisesti avustusten tekemiseen. Alla on pikaohjeita muutamiin yleisiin tehtäviin.


Git täytyy olla asennettuna ennen kuin voit käyttää sitä. Käyttöjärjestelmästä riippuen nn monia eri tapoja hankkia Git. Lähdekoodin ja viralliset binääriversiot voit ladata osoitteesta Muita tapoja asentaa Git voit löytää etsimällä ohjeita käyttöjärjestelmällesi suosikkihakukoneellasi.

On suositeltavaa, mutta ei vaadittua, että Composer on asennettuna kolmannen osapuolen kirjastojen lataamista ja asentamista varten.

Gitin käyttäminen MediaWikin lataamisessa


You can download MediaWiki core using Git, as well as all extensions currently installed on the Wikimedia Foundation server cluster and many other extensions hosted on gerrit .

The first step is to clone the MediaWiki core repository. This will take a while.

In a terminal window, enter the following command:

git clone --branch REL1_34 mediawiki

This clones the entire MediaWiki core repository, initially pointed at release branch 1.34, into a sub-directory named mediawiki.

To install into different directory, change that in the command line (for more info refer to these docs). Once the repository is cloned, you can easily switch to different branches or tags (see below), including those tracking unstable versions of MediaWiki. The development branch, master, is the cutting-edge, developer version of MediaWiki; you should not use master code for production under any circumstances as it is not considered stable.

If you want to reduce the number of revisions that are cloned, add --depth=1 to the above command.

The release branches have a bunch of Git submodules in them, for commonly-used extensions and skins (the master branch does not have these). To update the submodules, run:

cd mediawiki
git submodule update --init

Lataa kehittämiseen

Jos sinulla on kehittäjätili (jotka on helppo pyytää) tulee sinun kloonata käyttäen ssh <KÄYTTÄJÄNIMEÄSI> sen sijaan että kloonaisit anonyymisti https:llä, jotta voit lähettää muutoksesi arvioitavaksi.

git clone ssh://<KÄYTTÄJÄNIMI> mediawiki

Tämä kloonaa koko MediaWiki-ydinkoodivaraston master-haaraan synkronoituna alihakemistoon nimeltä mediawiki.

Ulkoisten kirjastojen noutaminen

MediaWiki uses Composer to manage external PHP libraries, all of which end up in the vendor/ directory in your MediaWiki directory.

To install these needed libraries, you have a choice:

  • Download and install the composer PHAR, optionally rename the composer.phar file as instructed for your OS, and then run composer update --no-dev from your MediaWiki directory. This is the recommended approach.
  • Or, if you don't want to use Composer or if you want to use the exact same set of vendor libraries as used on the WMF production cluster, you can instead git clone to create a vendor/ directory inside the core folder of your MediaWiki installation. Note that if any of your extensions have their own Composer requirements, then you cannot use this option.

Prior to MediaWiki 1.25, external libraries were kept in the core repository, and no package manager was required.

MediaWiki-tunnisteet (vakaa versio)

Alternatively, specific stable versions of MediaWiki are tracked using 'tags'. These are analogous to the tarball releases. Currently, these are 1.34.0 (stable), 1.31.6 (LTS) and 1.33.2 (legacy).

You can see all available tags with:

git tag -l | sort -V

Using non GNU sort command, such as on Mac OS X, you have to rely on the good old separators:

git tag -l | sort -n -t. -k1 -k2 -k3

To use a specific tag, e.g. the latest stable release:

git checkout 1.34.0

Viimeisin MediaWikin kehitysversio

The latest development version of MediaWiki is tracked in the 'master' branch. This is what is locally checked out by default when you first clone the MediaWiki repository. If you have switched to another branch but would like to switch back to using bleeding-edge MediaWiki, do:

git checkout master

Pitäminen ajan tasalla

If you're using a particular branch or the development version ("master" branch) of MediaWiki, picking up the latest changes is relatively easy. Change into your MediaWiki clone directory and issue this command:

git pull

All of the latest changes for the branch you are using will be applied.

The new version of core may require newer versions of extensions and skins, so you must go into each extension and skin directory and update it with a command like git pull --recurse-submodules.

You also need to update vendor/ with any newer versions of required libraries. This often means running the following Composer command, but see #Fetch external libraries above for more details:

composer update --no-dev

After updating/upgrading the code and required libraries you should run the MediaWiki update.php command-line script to update database tables as needed:

php maintenance/update.php

If you use MediaWiki-Vagrant, it offers a single command, vagrant git-update, that performs all these steps.

Eri versioon vaihtaminen

Kaikkia versioitamme seurataan haaroina (branch) tai tunnisteina (tag). Vaihtaaksesi toiseen versioon sinun täytyy vain vaihtaa haaraa (checkout) haluamaasi haaraan tai tunnisteeseen kloonaamastasi MediaWiki-hakemistosta.

git checkout <haaran nimi>


git checkout <tunnisteen nimi>

The changes will be applied automatically and you will be all set to go.

Gitin käyttäminen MediaWikin lisäosien lataamisessa

List of extensions in git

Lisäosan lataaminen

<EXT> should be replaced with the name of the extension you want to download, without spaces. For Extension:TitleKey , it would be TitleKey. (case sensitive!)

Download and clone an extension from Git:

cd /path/to/extensions
git clone<EXT> --branch REL1_34

Developers clone with:

git clone ssh://<USERNAME><EXT> --branch REL1_34

You can view extension source code in Gerrit's gitiles application, and at the URL:<EXT>/+/refs/heads/master

Kaikkien lisäosien lataaminen

If you prefer to have all MediaWiki extensions that are at checked out to your machine, enter the following:

git clone --branch REL1_34
cd extensions
git submodule update --init --recursive

Thereafter, to update all extensions to their latest versions of that branch, just enter:

cd /path/to/extensions
git pull
git submodule update --init --recursive

To change to a different branch, such as after a new release:

git submodule foreach 'git checkout -b REL1_33 origin/REL1_33 || :'

Remember that you should only use versions of extensions from the same release as that version of MediaWiki and each other.

To track the master branch:

git submodule foreach 'git checkout -b origin/master || :'

Please note that you should not use master code for production under any circumstances as it is not considered stable.

If you only need a read-only checkout (for instance to grep or analyse all MediaWiki code), you can use the shared MediaWiki checkout on Labs, without downloading anything on your machines.

Remove an extension

  1. Remove the "require_once …" or "wfLoadExtension( … )" from LocalSettings.php
  2. Remove any line referencing the extension in composer.local.json (usually in the "extra → merge-plugin → include" section)
  3. Remove the extension's directory in install-dir/extensions/

Gitin käyttäminen MediaWikin teemojen lataamisessa

List of skins in git

MediaWiki 1.24 and later don't include skins in the Git download.

Follow the exact same procedure as for extensions (described in the previous section), but using skins rather than extensions in all URLs and paths.

Detailed installation instructions are available on each skin's page here on, for example see Skin:Vector#Installation. Instructions for all other skins are analogous.

Katso myös