Wikimedia Research/Design Research
Design Research at Wikimedia Foundation seek to understand the needs, motivations, goals and challenges of people who consume and/or contribute to free knowledge. We work to understand how individuals use our products and other technologies to interact with Wikimedia projects in order to improve user experience on the Wikimedia platform. Our research directly supports the work of the Product department at the Wikimedia Foundation, specifically in product design, which in turn impacts the work of other teams and Wikimedia communities. Our goal is creating meaningful positive experiences for the millions of readers and contributors who use Wikipedia and its sister projects every day.
What we do
Design researchers work with a wide variety of individuals all around the globe. We observe how people use technology to interact with Wikimedia projects and access and contribute to free knowledge, and talk with them about their experiences.
In partnership with our research participants, we generate rich data in the form of interviews, surveys, usability studies, and field notes.
We feel it is important to keep our research public, so we publish it on wiki and in open research archives where anyone can learn from it. WMF teams use the research findings to decide what they should build, for whom, why it is needed, and how to build it.
Why we do it
We learn a lot when we observe how individuals interact with Wikimedia projects and when they share their stories with us. All of the information we collect helps people make better decisions about what improvements, or new additions to make next and how to make using Wikimedia projects a better experience for everyone.
How we do it
Design researchers at Wikimedia foundation actively collaborates with all the teams in the Audiences department (Contributors, Community Tech, Readers, Product), and many other teams in the Wikimedia Foundation (Learning and Evaluation, Programs, Communications, Research, New Readers, Talent and Culture, Structure Data on Commons, ect.) as well as Wikimedia communities across the globe in support of access to and contribution to free knowledge.
In order to do this work, we perform both evaluative and generative design research. There is not a clean cut line between these types of research, and we often do both for a project.
Generative research (for example: Contextual inquiry, unstructured interviews) provides a better understanding of needs, goals, challenges, constraints, contexts, and motivations of people who want to or do access and potentially contribute to free knowledge. are generated from this work are more likely to succeed because they are informed and created from understanding the people (and their technology) who will use them, their needs, contexts, constraints, etc. Generative research is many times done at the beginning of a product development cycle, to inform the project's direction.
Evaluative research (for example: usability testing, concept testing) is an important set of methods the team employs to evaluate concepts, prototypes and current functionality with users. Testing functionality and ideas with the users we are building them for, ensures that functionality is usable and useful for the people they are being designed and built for. Evaluative research is done within product development cycles in close collaboration with product development teams. Evaluative research generally is faster, and requires less participants than generative research.
Wikimedia communities and affiliates, Wikimedia Foundation teams, Wikimedia movement partners, and others who want to understand what people want and need from the technologies they use for accessing and contributing to free knowledge.
The work and projects listed below, all have elements of design research within them. Each project has leveraged the value of design research to better understand people and know what they need to succeed in their goals, and to accomplish what they are motivated to accomplish. Design research is used to learn about the needs of people we design and build with and for, and can be used to iterate design and technological solutions to be intuitive, useful, usable, and fit within (and not break) users' workflows.
Projected in 2020-2021
- Digital Education
- iOS Experiments on Fighting Disinformation
- Web Usability
- Rethinking Pedagogy
- Knowledge Gaps UI
- Mainpage Experience
- Knowledge & Influence
- Micro-contributions on Android Depicts
- Translating Wikipedia Article Sections
- Machine Translation Meets Human Perception
- Android V5 Usability
- Structured Data Across Wikipedia
- Content Translation Survey
- Moderation Cheatsheet v2
- Desktop Refresh
- Checkuser Workflow
- Media use of Wikipedia
- Interpersonal Communication on Wikipedia
- Why Do People Edit?
- Contribution Taxonomy
- What do new editors need to succeed?
- Mobile contribution research
- Contributors team UX research
Personas are derived from research, and describe observed patterns of a set of people with similar motivations, goals, behaviors and challenges. A persona does not describe an individual, but rather an archetype of a behavioral patterns observed in qualitative research.
- New Readers
Please see: overview of project, research methods and overview, research report and additional evaluative research. To better understand the needs of people seeking information on the internet in various technological, economic, and social contexts, who may not know about Wikipedia, or Wikimedia projects, a group of Wikimedia Foundation staff launched the New Readers Program. In order to better understand new and potentially new readers for Wikimedia projects, we needed to learn from people. Contextual inquiries were our method of choice for learning. Contextual inquiries in Mexico, Nigeria and India were implemented and completed in 2016. The findings from this research have and are informing the work of the New Readers program. The research for this work was led by Abbey Ripstra, Lead Design Researcher at Wikimedia Foundation, in partnership with Reboot, a design research firm with support structures, and a vast network for doing large scale contextual inquiries. Updates / links coming soon for the evaluative research implemented to support product development for the New Readers program.
To better understand the needs, challenges, motivations and goals of new editors, a group of Wikimedia Foundation staff launched the New Editor Experiences project, starting with contextual inquiries in South Korea and Czech Republic. We decided to focus on medium sized Wikipedias in order to better support knowledge equity and contribution to diverse language Wikipedias, as well as new editors in general. Another focus is to iterate and practice how product, and other teams collaborate with community toward solutions for challenges and opportunities that need to be addressed. We work closely with Korean and Czech Wikimedia communities. The research for this work was led by Abbey Ripstra, Lead Design Researcher at Wikimedia Foundation, in partnership with Reboot, a design research firm with support structures, and a vast network for doing large scale contextual inquiries.
This project is now in the stage of applying the research. Updates coming soon about the workshops we implemented to decide how to apply our research, and evaluative research that will inform this work moving forward.
Design Research Clinic
The Design Strategy team hosts regular office hours for Wikimedia Foundation staff and contractors. This is an opportunity for staff and contractors to discuss and receive guidance on how to use design research to inform your development goals.
What to expect in sessions:
- Each session is 30 minutes long, private, and bookable on our Clinic Calendar.
- Each session will be staffed by one researcher who is available to help WMF teams think through their research questions, scope upcoming research, review research plans, or otherwise provide advice.
- Examples of types of conversation topics:
- User needs and behaviors
- Existing research plan/protocol review
- New product idea/design strategy
- While all the researchers can answer questions about research methodologies and scoping, the following depths are available with individual researchers
When you book, please include a brief description of what you’d like to discuss as well as links to any relevant documents for the discussion.
Appointments are available to staff and contractors on our Clinic Calendar
Conducting design research: tools and resources
- A Beginner's Guide to Finding User Needs — free e-book introduction to conducting design research by User:Jan_Dittrich_(WMDE)
- Wikimedia Research/Usability testing — Short FAQ and How-to guide for conducting usability tests
- How to add research recordings to Wikimedia Commons. (Not only applicable to design research, but handy to have around)
- Participant recruiting process
- Research based design
- Personas being used on Wikimedia foundation projects
- Operationalizing usability testing (presentation deck with content in speaker's notes)(
- Wikimedia Research/Research and Data — our partner team
- Wikimedia Research/Design Research/Reading Team UX Research — Design Research conducted for the WMF Reading department.
- Contributors Team UX Research — Design Research conducted for the WMF Contributors department.
- Design — Wikimedia Foundation design
- Research index — research portal on Meta
- WMDE Engineering/UserExperience — design research page for Wikimedia Deutschland
- Design Research/Editing Vertical KIT meeting minutes
- Risker's checklist for content-creation extensions - Resulting from her experience as a Checkuser, Oversighter, administrator and editor, Risker provides important considerations for anyone creating content-creation extensions.