Help:Links

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Er zijn vijf typen links in MediaWiki:

  1. Interne links naar andere pagina's in de wiki
  2. Externe links naar andere websites
  3. Externe links naar interne pagina's in de wiki
  4. Interwiki links naar andere websites behorend bij de bedoelde wiki
  5. Interlanguage links naar andere websites aangemeld als anderstalige versies van de wiki

Please note that this list does not include category links and file links, which are used to place pages into categories and display images or other media files, respectively.

Interne links

Om een interne link toe te voegen voeg je de naam van de pagina die je wilt toevoegen in in dubbele rechte haken. Als je de naam van de pagina opslaat zul de nieuwe link zien die naar je pagina doorverwijst. Als de pagina al bestaat wordt de link in het blauw weergegeven, als hij niet bestaat in het rood. Links naar de huidige pagina worden niet omgezet in URLs maar worden dikgedrukt weergegeven. (Als je echt een link naar de huidige pagina wil maken kun je een anker (zie hieronder) gebruiken of [[#top|huidige pagina]] toevoegen wat altijd naar de bovenkant van de huidige pagina linked.)

To markup any arbitrary string of text (not necessarily a page title) as a link, use a "vertical bar" or "pipe" character, like this: [[Help:Categories|category links]] results in the link category links.

De eerste letter van de doelpagina wordt automatisch omgezet naar een hoofdletter, behalve als de admins dit anders hebben ingesteld, en spaties worden weergegeven als underscores (een underscore typen in de link heeft eenzelfde effect als een spatie typen maar wordt niet aangeraden omdat de underscore zichtbaar wordt in de tekst).

If the page title you are linking to is that of the page you are editing, the result is not a hyperlink at all but simply bold text (for example, on this page the markup [[Help:Links/nl]] gives the result Help:Links/nl). If you're trying to create a wikilink to the current page, you probably want to link to a specific section or to an anchor within the page; see the examples below.

MediaWiki uses the pagelinks database tableManual:Pagelinks table to keep track of internal wikilinks.

Beschrijving U typt U krijgt
Interne link
[[Main Page]]

[[Help:Contents]]

[[Extension:DynamicPageList (Wikimedia)]]

Main Page

Help:Contents

Extension:DynamicPageList (Wikimedia)

Doorgesluisde link
[[Help:Editing pages|editing help]]

[[Help:Editing pages#Preview|previewing]]

editing help

previewing

Pipe trick
[[Manual:Extensions|]]

[[User:John Doe|]]

[[Extension:DynamicPageList (Wikimedia)|]]

[[Extension:DynamicPageList (third-party)|]]

De truc vande doorgesluisde link maakt lange links snel korter maar kan wel verwarring oplevering in bijvoorbeeld het geval van de DynamicPageList links.

Extensions

John Doe

DynamicPageList

DynamicPageList

Woordeinde links, volgen zogenaamde "linktrail regels" lokale voor elke taal
[[Help]]s

[[Help]]ing

[[Help]]ers

[[Help]]almostanylettersyoulikehere

[[Help]]BUTnotalways

Follows so-called "linktrail rules" localised per each language.

Helps

Helping

Helpers

Helpalmostanylettersyoulikehere

HelpBUTnotalways

Vermijden van woordeinde links
[[Help]]<nowiki />ful advice

[[wikipedia:GNU General Public License|GPL]]<nowiki />v3

Helpful advice

GPLv3

Doorverwijzing
#REDIRECT [[Main Page]]
Redirect arrow without text (cropped).svg Main Page
Interne link naar een anker
[[#See also]]

Anchors are provided automatically on section headings and to the top of the page.

#See also
Interne link naar een anker vanuit andere tekst
[[#See also|different text]]
different text
Een intern anker definiëren
<div id="Unique anchor name 1">optional text</div>

<span id="Unique anchor name 2">optional text</span>

Rendered block-level and inline, respectively. Doing this would allow for [[#Unique anchor name 1]] on the same page or [[Help:Links/nl#Unique anchor name 1]] on a different page. Omit the "optional text" for an invisible anchor.

optional text

optional text

Setting an anchor in a section heading
==<span id="Alternate Section Title"></span>Section heading==

Note the placement. This must be a "span" tag, not a "div". (Such anchors allow sections to be retitled without breaking incoming links.)

Section heading
Interne link naar een anker op een ander pagina
[[Help:Images#Supported media types for images]]
Help:Images#Supported media types for images
Interne link naar de talkpagina van de huidige pagina
[[{{TALKPAGENAME}}|Discussion]]

Zie ook Help:Magic_words#Page_names

Discussion
Interne link naar een subpagina
[[/example]]

Shortcut for [[Help:Links/example|/example]]. See also Help:Subpages.

/example
Interne link naar een subpagina zonder de eerste schuine streep
[[/example/]]

Shortcut for [[Help:Links/example|example]].

example
Interne link naar een categorie-pagina
[[:Category:Help]]

Zie ook Help:Categories

Category:Help
Interne link naar een afbeelding of een andersoortige file
[[:File:example.jpg]]

[[:File:example.jpg|this example]]

[[media:example.jpg]]

Without the leading colon on the "File:" examples, the images would actually be displayed. See also Help:ImagesHelp:Images. Note that using the "media:" prefix links directly to the uploaded file.

File:example.jpg

this example

media:example.jpg

Interne link naar de gebruikerspagina van de gebruiker
[[Special:MyPage]]

[[Special:MyTalk]]

[[Special:Preferences]]

Special:MyPage

Special:MyTalk

Special:Preferences

Internal link to a specific revision
[[Special:PermanentLink/2393992]]

Revision numbers can be found in each page's edit history. (It is very common to see links to specific revisions implemented as external links because it's easy to cut-and-paste an entire URL to form an external link.)

Special:PermanentLink/2393992
Internal link to a "diff"
[[Special:Diff/2393992]]

[[Special:Diff/2390639/2393992]]

The default (in the first example above) is to show the changes from the previous revision. See also the comments in the previous item.

Special:Diff/2393992

Special:Diff/2390639/2393992

Externe links

Om een externe link toe te voegen plaats je de URL, gevolgd door een spatie en de naam van de pagina waarnaar je wil linken, in enkelvoudige rechte haken. Als je de pagina opslaat zul je een nieuwe link zien die naar je pagina verwijst met een pijltjes icoon erachter om aan te geven dat het met enkele rechte haken syntaxis is geschreven en dus kan linken naar een andere site.

Beschrijving Je typt Je krijgt
External link with specified link text
[https://mediawiki.org MediaWiki]
MediaWiki
Numbered external link
[https://mediawiki.org]

This is what happens if you omit the link text. Multiple links of this type on the same page are numbered sequentially.

[1]
Externe link
https://mediawiki.org

URLs beginning with "http://" and "https://" are automatically linked, even when no brackets are used.

https://mediawiki.org
Avoiding auto-linked URLs
<nowiki>https://mediawiki.org</nowiki>
https://mediawiki.org
Protocol-relative external link
[//en.wikipedia.org Wikipedia]

[//en.wikipedia.org //en.wikipedia.org]

The link will be HTTP or HTTPS depending on the protocol of the page currently being viewed (which could be different for different users). This is only supported inside of square brackets [ ]. Using "//en.wikipedia.org" by itself does not result in a link.

Wikipedia

//en.wikipedia.org

External link to the current server
https://{{SERVERNAME}}/pagename
https://www.mediawiki.org/pagename
External link to other host passing the pagename
https://google.com/search?q={{PAGENAMEE}}

See also: URL encoded page names, PAGENAMEE encoding

https://google.com/search?q=Links
Mailto link
[mailto:info@example.org email me]
email me
Mailto named with subject line and body
[mailto:info@example.org?Subject=URL%20Encoded%20Subject&body=Body%20Text info]
info
Custom URI
[skype:echo123 call me]

Any URI you wish to add needs to be first declared through $wgUrlProtocolsManual:$wgUrlProtocols. (This example is not enabled on Mediawiki.org)

[skype:echo123 call me]
External links with file-type icons
[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.avi video]

[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.ogg sound]

[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.pdf document]

See External link icons for currently supported icons and extensions. Note that this wiki is not set up to use such icons.

video

sound

document

External links to internal pages

To add a link to a page on the same wiki using URL query parameters, you may need to use external link syntax.

Description You type You get
External link to the current page's edit page
[https://www.mediawiki.org/w/index.php?title=Help:Links&action=edit Edit this page]

[{{fullurl:{{FULLPAGENAME}}|action=edit}} Edit this page]

See also Help:Magic_words#URL_data and External links above.

Edit this page

Edit this page

External link to the current page's edit page, and styled to look like an internal link
<span class="plainlinks">[https://www.mediawiki.org/w/index.php?title=Help:Links&action=edit Edit this page]</span>

The plainlinks class can be used in cases where you want an external link to look like an internal one, by suppressing the icon that normally appears after it.

Edit this page

External link icons

Some MediaWiki installations are set up to use special icons to denote external links to specific file types or using specific protocols. None of these special icons are enabled here on MediaWiki.org, but we present them here for the sake of completeness.

Test link Icon Trigger
[2] Icon External Link.png http://, gopher://, [//]
[3] Lock icon blue.gif https://
[4] Icon External Link E-Mail.png mailto:
[5] Icon External Link Newsgroups.png news://
[6] Icon External Link FTP.png ftp://
[7] Icon External Link IRC.png irc://
[8] Icon External Link MP3.png .ogg, .mid, .midi, .mp3, .wav, .wma
[9] Icon External Link Video.png .ogm, .avi, .mpeg, .mpg
[10] Icons-mini-file acrobat.gif .pdf, .pdf#, .pdf?

Interwiki links

Interwiki links are internal-style links to other websites (which do not have to be wikis, despite the name). For example, you can link to the article http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunflower by typing [[wikipedia:Sunflower]] or, on this wiki, the shorter [[w:Sunflower]]. Both will result in a link wikipedia:Sunflower. This works because by default MediaWiki configures wikipedia: as an "interwiki prefix" that turns into http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ when used inside [[ ]]. (It may not work if the admin of your wiki has changed the setting.) Unlike internal links, interwiki links do not use page existence detection, so an interwiki link will appear blue even if the page does not exist on the remote wiki.

Similar to internal page links, you can create piped links, with alternate link label, e.g. [[wikipedia:Sunflower|big yellow flower]] is the link big yellow flower and [[wikipedia:Sunflower|]] is the link Sunflower.

Basically, interwiki links are abbreviations for commonly-used longer external links. A very similar link could be created as [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunflower big yellow flower].

More details are at Manual:Interwiki and m:Help:Interwiki linking. Your wiki may have a Special:Interwiki page listing the interwiki prefixes it supports; here is the default interwiki list. You can edit the Manual:Interwiki table on your site.

Interlanguage links

If your wiki has other language versions, you may find “interlanguage links” in the sidebar, just below toolbox in a section titled “in other languages.”

In wiki markup an interlanguage link looks very much like an interwiki link, but behaves similarly to a category link in that it is rendered in a special way. While category links appear in a special list at the bottom of the page (usually), interlanguage links appear in a special list in the sidebar of the page (or elsewhere, depending on the wiki's configuration and the skin used).

The purpose of interlanguage links is to link pages on the same topics in different languages. To create an interlanguage link, type [[language prefix:page name]] anywhere in the page (preferably at the bottom, like category links); the language prefix is the prefix specified at your wiki for the other language version (typically the ISO 639-1 language code). The interlanguage link is unilateral, it does not point back from that page in the other language. For that purpose, an equivalent back-link needs to be placed there as well. It does not work like the "Edit links" in the languages section of Wikipedia-language versions. But it can be used across all name spaces, including 'User:' to point to ones other profiles in other languages.

If you want to make the interlanguage link appear at a specific place in the content of the page rather than in the sidebar, add a colon before the language prefix:

[[:en:Sunflower]]en:Sunflower

When a link is both interwiki and interlanguage, theer is wikipedia:en:Sunflower.

For more information, see m:Help:Interwiki linking#Interlanguage links.

See also