Jump to content

ম্যানুয়াল:ইনস্টলেশনের জন্য প্রয়োজন

From mediawiki.org
This page is a translated version of the page Manual:Installation requirements and the translation is 13% complete.
Outdated translations are marked like this.

In addition to the MediaWiki software itself, you need:

  • সফটওয়্যারটি চালাতে PHP আবশ্যক।

In addition, there are various optional dependencies which are required if you want to use certain advanced features (see below).

If your website is hosted (i.e. you don't have direct control over it) then contact your server administrator or hosting company to ensure these software packages are installed and available.

To run MediaWiki maintenance scripts, you will need command line access.

One-download installation

If you are using Linux, it's best to install the Apache web server, PHP, and the MariaDB database server using your package manager. On Debian and Ubuntu, do the following:

sudo apt-get install apache2 mariadb-server php php-intl php-mbstring php-xml php-apcu php-curl php-mysql
সফটওয়্যার গুচ্ছ

On other operating systems, use a software bundle like XAMPP from https://www.apachefriends.org to install and configure all of the important packages – Apache web server, PHP, and MariaDB – with only one download. এটি লিনাক্স, উইন্ডোজ, ম্যাক এবং সোলারিস অপারেটিং সিস্টেম এর জন্য ব্যবহারযোগ্য। As of জানুয়ারি, ২০২১, the latest version of XAMPP includes PHP 8.0 (MediaWiki requires at least 7.4.3).

অথবা, যদি আপনার একটি অ্যাপল কম্পিউটার থাকে, তাহলে আপনি MAMP ব্যবহার করতে পারেন, যেটি XAMPP এর সমতুল্য। MAMP includes the ability to run the Apache web server and a MySQL database. It is available for both Windows and Mac, but is generally used on Mac instead of Windows.

ওয়েব সার্ভার

ব্রাউজারে উইকি পৃষ্ঠা সমূহ প্রদর্শন করতে, মিডিয়াউইকির কিছু ওয়েব সার্ভার সফটওয়্যার প্রয়োজন। Often you will not have a choice of which software to use – it will be the one provided by your hosting provider.

MediaWiki is broadly compatible with all major web servers that can invoke a compatible version of PHP. Most installations use the Apache HTTPD web server. Nginx (configuration example) is a good choice as well.


PHP is the programming language in which MediaWiki is written, and is required in order to run the software.

  • For the latest stable version of MediaWiki, at least PHP 7.4.3 is required.

See the page on সামঞ্জস্য for further information.

আপস্ট্রিম বাগের কারণে মিডিয়াউইকি পিএইচপি 7.4.0 - 7.4.2 পর্যন্ত সংস্করণগুলির সাথে সামঞ্জস্যপূর্ণ নয় Use PHP 7.4.3+ instead. আরও তথ্যের জন্য task T246594 দেখুন।
If using PHP 8, it is recommended to use MediaWiki 1.38.4 or higher. PHP 8 is not in use by Wikimedia wikis, and thus gets less testing, but other groups do use MediaWiki with PHP 8 without issue. If you encounter any bugs when using MediaWiki with PHP 8, please report them. See task T248925 for more information.
    • dom - required since MW 1.34
    • intl - required since MW 1.36
    • mbstring - required since MW 1.27
    • xml - required since MW 1.27
    • xmlreader - required since MW 1.36
  • The following extensions are recommended in addition to the required ones:
  • উল্লেখ্য যে এই গুলি সধারণ ভাবে PHP তে সচল করা থাকে।

If your hosting provider provides a basic LAMP environment without these, you may need to install or enable these manually.

    • In Debian/Ubuntu, the following command installs all recommended PHP extensions listed above:
      sudo apt-get install php php-intl php-mbstring php-xml php-apcu php-curl
  • At hosting providers with a control panel such as cPanel, you can often use "Select PHP Version" (PHP Selector) to enable these extensions. (For example, after seeing "You are missing a required extension to PHP that MediaWiki requires to run. Please install: intl")
  • On most Debian/Ubuntu-based distros the php-mysql package is required if you want MediaWiki to use MySQL.
  • Some features of MediaWiki may require PHP functions that execute external processes, like image thumbnailing, that some cheap hosts usually disable.

Please take this into consideration if you plan to install MediaWiki on a shared host.

  • MediaWiki extensions may require additional PHP features, e.g. VisualEditor requires libcurl support (php-curl on Debian/Ubuntu-based distros).

If you need to compile PHP from source, then see PHP configuration for compilation options that affect MediaWiki.

ডাটাবেজ সার্ভার

MediaWiki stores all the text and data (content pages, user details, system messages, etc.) in a database, which it is capable of sharing with other web-based applications (phpBB, etc.). You will need one of the following database servers to run the latest version of MediaWiki:

Using MariaDB or MySQL is recommended as Wikimedia uses MariaDB. Any other database servers are less tested and you may likely run into some bugs.

MediaWiki no longer supports using Oracle or Microsoft SQL Server as of version 1.34 .

Some users find it helpful to install additional control panel software such as phpMyAdmin (MySQL/MariaDB) or phpPgAdmin (PostgreSQL) to help administer the database server. Some হোস্টিং সেবা also provide such software.

হার্ডওয়্যার প্রয়োজন

The recommended minimum requirements are 256MB of RAM for a single-computer website and 85MB of storage, although this will not suffice for a busy public site or a site with uploading enabled. Some users have reported running MediaWiki on computers with as little as 48MB of RAM.

ঐচ্ছিক নির্ভরতা

  • GNU diff3 can be used to automatically resolve conflicts.

See also