Manual:FAQ/fr

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This page is a translated version of the page Manual:FAQ and the translation is 25% complete.

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Foire Aux Questions (FAQ) sur l'utilisation de MediaWiki. Si votre question n'a de réponse ici ni dans la documentation de MediaWiki, n'hésitez surtout pas à demander de l'aide sur notre canal IRC ou sur le bureau d’assistance. Une question ?

Contents


Raccourcis: FAQ

Questions générales[edit source]

Quelles sont les différences entre MediaWiki, Wikimedia, Wikipedia et wiki?[edit source]

C'est une question récurrente, veuillez vous référer Differences between Wikipedia, Wikimedia, MediaWiki, and wiki/fr pour une réponse détaillée.

I want to use a MediaWiki instance to (blank). Am I allowed to?[edit source]

MediaWiki is free software: this means that you may use it for any purpose without legal hindrance. Furthermore, its licensing conditions apply solely to the software itself. This means that although many wikis license their content under a permissive license, you are not obliged to license the content submitted to your wiki in any particular way. Of course, as a project founded to support sites like Wikipedia, we encourage you to license the texts you write under a free license, but, in short, you are not required to.


If you wish to alter or amend the software itself, in general, you are permitted to, but there are some restrictions and you should consult the full text of the GNU GPL version 2 for details. Because MediaWiki is provided free of charge, there is no warranty, to the extent permitted by applicable law.

Installation et configuration[edit source]

Où puis-je télécharger MediaWiki ?[edit source]

La dernière version stable de MediaWiki peut être téléchargée à partir de http://sourceforge.net/project/showfiles.php?group_id=34373. Vous devrez choisir un site miroir pour le téléchargement. Les fichiers sont fournis dans une archive .tar.gz. MediaWiki peut aussi être obtenu directement à partir de notre référentiel Subversion (voir aussi fr:Subversion (logiciel)).Vous pouvez utiliser le logiciel wikimedia pour vos projets opensource

Comment puis-je installer MediaWiki ?[edit source]

Installer MediaWiki prend entre 10 et 30 minutes (lorsqu'on utilise MySQL), et implique de télécharger/copier des fichiers, créer une base de données et un utilisateur, et exécuter le script d'installation pour configurer le logiciel. Des instructions complètes peuvent être trouvées dans le fichier INSTALL fourni dans la distribution par archive. Il y a aussi un guide d'installation sur Meta.

Comment puis-je installer MediaWiki en utilisant un package ?[edit source]

Bien qu'il existe des packages (par exemple Debian, RPM, etc.) disponibles pour installer MediaWiki sous un système d'exploitation Linux/Unix. Ceux-ci ne sont pas officiellement supportés par l'équipe de développement de MediaWiki et nous ne pouvons pas fournir d'assistance pour les installer, configurer et utiliser. Les communautés individuelles qui maintiennent de tels packages fourniront normalement le support et la documentation.

Be warned that third-party distributions may be older versions, so pay close attention to compatibility information for directions and extensions.

See also: Software bundlesSoftware bundles

Puis-je installer plus d'un wiki sur un serveur en utilisant MediaWiki ?[edit source]

Il est possible d'installer plus d'un wiki sur un serveur tant que :

  • Vous utilisez une base de données différente pour chaque wiki

OU

  • Vous utilisez un préfixe de base de données différent pour chaque wiki.

Pour plus d'information sur ces options, voir $wgDBname et $wgDBprefix respectivement.

Pour plus d'informations sur la configuration d'une famille de wikis, voir Manual:Wiki family/fr.

For information on an alternative way of setting up more than one wiki using the same server, database and source, see Steve Rumberg's (archived version) excellent exposé and additional comments from users.

Does MediaWiki work with safe_mode enabled?[edit source]

Yes, but only to a limited degree. See Safe mode for information.

Est-ce que MediaWiki requiert un accès au shell ?[edit source]

Un accès au shell (SSH) n'est pas nécessaire pour l'installation de MediaWiki, mais il est fortement recommandé. Sans l'accès au shell, vous allez rencontrer des difficultés pour récupérer des sauvegardes de votre wiki ou pour mettre à niveau vers une nouvelle version. De nombreuses tâches de maintenance ne sont possibles que par l'accès au shell. Many major extensions work best with shell access.

Comment puis-je installer des extensions?[edit source]

Voir Manual:Extensions pour avoir des informations sur l'installation et la création d'extensions. Voir Category:Extensions pour chercher des extensions existantes.

How do I add extra namespaces?[edit source]

See Creating a custom namespace.

Comment puis-je permettre le téléchargement ou téléversement ?[edit source]

Les téléchargements de fichiers sont une fonctionnalité de MediaWiki souvent utilisée, mais est désactivée par défaut dans toutes les versions finales actuelles. Pour les autoriser, faites d'abord un répertoire pour télécharger ou téléverser (par défaut images) dans lequel le serveur web a l'autorisation d'écrire (CHMOD 777 ou permettre à l'utilisateur Apache d'écrire dans celui-ci, etc.) et ensuite configurez $wgEnableUploads à true dans votre LocalSettings.php. Si vous avez comme erreur "failed to mkdir" quand vous essayez de télécharger (déposer), cela vient sûrement d'un problème de permission sur le serveur.

See also: Manual:Configuring file uploadsManual:Configuring file uploads

Comment puis-je activer les formules mathématiques?[edit source]

MediaWiki allows embedded math formulas. See Extension:Math for complete setup instructions.

Comment puis-je régler le fuseau horaire sur mon MediaWiki?[edit source]

Voir: Manual:Timezone

Comment purger le cache d'une page[edit source]

Pour purger le cache d'une page, ajoutez &action=purge à la fin de l'url de la page.

Par exemple http://www.mediawiki.org/w/index.php?title=Main_Page&action=purge

Or ?action=purge to the end of the page's short form URL:

E.g. http://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Main_Page?action=purge

See also: Manual:PurgeManual:Purge, Manual:Parameters to index.phpManual:Parameters to index.php

How do I completely disable caching?[edit source]

Add in your LocalSettings.php file the following lines:

$wgEnableParserCacheManual:$wgEnableParserCache = false;
$wgCachePagesManual:$wgCachePages = false;

Comment puis-je permettre le téléchargement d'autres formats de fichier ?[edit source]

MediaWiki demande à ce que les formats de fichier téléchargeables soient spécifiés en utilisant la directive de configuration $wgFileExtensions. Usually this directive is situated in LocalSettings.php in the root of your MediaWiki installation.

Par exemple, pour permettre de télécharger des fichiers PDF, ajoutez la ligne suivante dans LocalSettings.php :

$wgFileExtensions[] = 'pdf';

Pour permettre le téléchargement de plusieurs types de fichiers, utilisez la syntaxe suivante :

$wgFileExtensions = array_merge($wgFileExtensions, array( 'pdf', 'txt', 'mp3' ));
See also: Manual:Configuring file uploadsManual:Configuring file uploads

"File is corrupt or has an invalid extension"[edit source]

Quelques utilisateurs ont rapporté que, après avoir ajouté un format de fichier dans la liste des extensions autorisées, une erreur survenait. Le texte de l'erreur est similaire au suivant :

The file is corrupt or has an incorrect extension. Please check the file and upload again.

La solution ceci est de

à vérifier la valeur de $wgMimeDetectorCommand et de la corriger si nécessaire. Par exemple, sous Unix, configurez ceci comme :

  • $wgMimeDetectorCommand = "file --brief --mime";

Sinon l'extension fileinfo doit être compilée dans PHP.

    • Fedora - yum install php-pecl-Fileinfo
See also: Manual:Mime type detectionManual:Mime type detection

L'utilisateur initial n'est pas créé par l'installeur ou n'est pas un administrateur[edit source]

Parfois, l'installeur ne réussit pas à créer l'utilisateur par défaut, ou la table utilisateur est perdu pour certaines raisons. Il y a plusieurs options pour résoudre ce problème:

maintenance/createAndPromote.php[edit source]

  • Si votre MediaWiki est plus ancien que la version 1.16, verifiez que AdminSettings.php est inscrit (voir AdminSettings.sample)
  • Éxecutez maintenance/createAndPromote.php --username <new user name> --password <password for that user> depuis le shell. Ajouter --bureaucrat à la ligne si vous voulez que l'utilisateur devienne un bureaucrat, en plus de devenir administrateur.

Cela va créer un nouvel utilisateur comme administrateur. Pour obtenir de l'aide, lancer le script avec ce paramètre --help.

Alter the database[edit source]

  • Register a new account using the regular method (Special:UserLogin).
  • Check the user ID in Special:Preferences.
  • Execute the following SQL statement against the database:
    • INSERT INTO user_groups ( ug_user, ug_group ) VALUES ( <id>, 'bureaucrat' ), ( <id>, 'sysop' );
<id> above should be replaced with the appropriate user ID which you can see on the user's preference page.
Note: if $wgDBprefix is defined in LocalSettings.php, prepend its value to the table name. For example, if $wgDBprefix is "XYZ", then the table name to use is XYZuser_groups

Temporarily let everyone assign rights to promote your initial user[edit source]

Avertissement Avertissement : You should not let outsiders access your wiki while you do this, if you use this method. This method may leave your wiki temporarily vulnerable to attack while you do the procedure.

This method essentially involves letting all users temporarily modify user permissions in order to promote one user

  • Register a new account using the regular method (Special:UserLogin). Be logged in using that account.
  • Add the following lines to the bottom of LocalSettings.php
    • $wgAddGroups['user'] = true;
  • Go to special:userrights and add the user you just created to the Administrator and Bureaucrat groups.
  • Remove the $wgAddGroups['user'] = true; line from your LocalSettings.php . This step is very important, as until you remove it anyone can alter permissions, which is bad.

===Comment puis-je réinitialiser le mot de passe d'un des utilisateurs?

See Manual:Resetting passwords

How can I create interwiki links in my wiki?[edit source]

See Manual:Interwiki

Comment rendre mes URLs de base plus courtes?[edit source]

(i.e. /wiki/Article_Name as opposed to /w/index.php?title=Article_Name)

See Manual:Short URL

How do I organize pages into subdirectories like /wiki/subdir/PageName?[edit source]

See Manual:$wgNamespacesWithSubpages, Help:Subpages

Is downloading and using all of MediaWiki.org free?[edit source]

Yes, it is free in the sense of Free software. See Project:Copyrights for licensing issues regarding the written content of this site.

Comment puis-je administrer/gérer les droits des utilisateurs?[edit source]

See Manual:User rights for general information. See Manual:Preventing access for methods and strategies for restricting access.

Comment empêcher l'édition par les utilisateurs anonymes ?[edit source]

Ces permissions sont contrôlées par l'option de configuration $wgGroupPermissions. Edit LocalSettings.php and add the line:

$wgGroupPermissions['*']['edit'] = false;

If you use Extension:AbuseFilter, any admin can also disable IP editing temporarily as needed.

See also: Preventing accessManual:Preventing access#Restrict anonymous editing, Manuel:User rights/frManual:User rights

How do I stop anonymous users from reading any page?[edit source]

  • Add this to the bottom of LocalSettings.php:
$wgGroupPermissions['*']['read'] = false;

See also Manual:$wgWhitelistRead. See Manual:Preventing access#Restrict viewing of all pages for more information.

Comment puis-je restreindre la création de compte?[edit source]

  • Ajouter cela à la fin de LocalSettings.php:
$wgGroupPermissions['*']['createaccount'] = false;

See Manual:Preventing access#Restrict account creation for more information.

How do I require an email address be specified at registration?[edit source]

See Manual:$wgEmailConfirmToEdit

How do I put MediaWiki into Read Only mode?[edit source]

Version de MediaWiki: 1.5
See Manual:$wgReadOnly

How do I change default user preferences?[edit source]

Version de MediaWiki: 1.4

The MediaWiki default user preferences are in the language file, i.e. languages/Language.php if you're using English. Don't edit that file, just use it for reference, like you do with DefaultSettings.php.

Say if you want to change the default number of search results on a page. Language.php says:

 /* private */ $wgDefaultUserOptionsEn = array(
        ...
        'searchlimit'  => 20,
        ...
 )

To change it to 50, put this in your LocalSettings.php:

 $wgDefaultUserOptions = array( 'searchlimit' => 50 );

Note that you are setting $wgDefaultUserOptions, which contains the site overrides, not $wgDefaultUserOptionsEn, which contains the software defaults. Any settings in $wgDefaultUserOptions will override those set in the language file.

To change the default namespaces to be searched, in any version of MediaWiki, set $wgNamespacesToBeSearchedDefault in LocalSettings.php to an array mapping namespace indexes to boolean values. For example, to search the main namespace and the category namespace, use:

$wgNamespacesToBeSearchedDefault = array(
    NS_MAIN => true,
    NS_CATEGORY => true,
);

In some cases, after you change a default user preference, you may also want to change the user preferences of all existing user accounts.

If so, use the userOptions.php script in the Maintenance directory. Use the "--dry" option for the first run, assess the impact and go from there. (--dry does not write the database)

php userOptions.php --dry --nowarn searchlimit --old 20 --new 50

Also, always backup your database before making these kinds of changes (you do not need to if you are just using --dry).

See also: Manual:$wgDefaultUserOptionsManual:$wgDefaultUserOptions

Comment faire en sorte que MediaWiki fonctionne plus rapidement?[edit source]

See: Manual:Performance tuningManual:Performance tuning

How do I enable a drop-down list of search suggestions?[edit source]

See: Manual:Enabling autocomplete in search box

Mettre à jour MediaWiki[edit source]

Voir aussi Manual:Upgrading/fr.

Moving[edit source]

Est-il possible de déplacer mon wiki sur une autre machine?[edit source]

Oui. It should be. In essence, you will be backing up your old installation and then "restoring" it onto the new machine. Finally, you will have to make additional modifications to update the wiki configuration so that everything points to the new location.

Comment puis-je déplacer mon wiki sur un autre serveur?[edit source]

Suivez les instructions sur cette page : Manual:Moving a wiki.

Changer l'interface[edit source]

Comment puis-je changer le logo ?[edit source]

Le logo du site visible en haut à gauche de chaque page est déterminé par le préfixe de configuration $wgLogo inclus dans le fichier LocalSettings.php.

Il y a deux façons de changer le logo:

  1. Vous pouvez télécharger un fichier sur votre wiki et utiliser son adresse (ce qui permettra de plus facilement modifier le logo ou le protéger)
    Ensuite ajoutez la ligne $wgLogo au fichier LocalSettings.php, par exemple:
    $wgLogo = "{$wgUploadPath}/6/62/mylogo.png";
    
  2. ou utiliser une image téléchargée sur votre serveur par d'autres moyens.
    Ajoutez la ligne $wgLogo au fichier LocalSettings.php, par exemple:
    $wgLogo = "{$wgScriptPath}/mylogo.jpg";
    
    (Dans cet exemple, l'image est dans le même dossier que le fichier LocalSettings.php)

Si vous voulez changer le logo sur des pages spécifiques seulement, changer la propriété css background-image de #p-logo ou utilisez une extension tierce comme Extension:LogoFunctions.

Caution! Caution: Ne faîtes pas qu'écraser le logo par défaut installé dans MediaWiki (/skins/common/images/wiki.png); ce fichier sera écrasé lors de la mise à niveau.
l'image du logo doit avoir une taille de 135 pixels de côté. The maximum logo size in Vector is ~160x160px, while MonoBook's is ~155x155px. Un logo trop large sera rogné.

Comment puis-je éditer la CSS du wiki?[edit source]

You shouldn't edit the CSS files (such as main.css) directly, because it will make upgrading harder if you need to apply your customizations each time you upgrade the software. Instead you need to edit a wiki page called MediaWiki:Common.css if you want to apply your CSS changes for all skins, or a wiki page called MediaWiki:Vector.css if you want to apply the customizations only for the Vector skin.

The content of the MediaWiki:Common.css and MediaWiki:Vector.css pages always override the default CSS styles specified in main.css.

How do I hide the left vertical navigation toolbar[edit source]

In other words, how do you make the main content div take up 100% of the display, hiding the logo, toolbox, navigation and search engine?

To hide it permanently, copy and paste the following into the MediaWiki:Common.css page:

#column-content { margin: 0 0 .6em 0; }
#content { margin: 2.8em 0 0 0; }
#p-logo, .generated-sidebar, #p-lang, #p-tb, #p-search { display:none; }
#p-cactions { left: .1em; }

To instead hide the toolbar when the user presses F11, enter this in your wiki's MediaWiki:Common.js:

document.onkeydown = function( e ) {
	if( e == null ) e = event
	if( testKey( e, 122 ) ) { //F11
		appendCSS('#column-content {margin: 0 0 .6em 0;} #content {margin: 2.8em 0 0 0;} #p-logo, .generated-sidebar, #p-lang, #p-tb, #p-search {display:none;} #p-cactions {left: .1em;} #footer {display:none;}');
		return false;
	}
}

function testKey( e, intKeyCode ) {
	if( window.createPopup )
		return e.keyCode == intKeyCode
	else
		return e.which == intKeyCode
}

How do I hide the categories at the bottom of each page?[edit source]

You can hide display of the categories on each page by modifying your MediaWiki:Common.css and adding:

.catlinks { display: none; }

Can I customize the logo in the top left corner? If so, how?[edit source]

The logo is a portlet block without a pBody section. It is identified by the p-logo id. The background image is specified by the $wgLogo variable, which is defined in DefaultSettings.php. This location is relative to the web server root and not the system root. Redefine this in LocalSettings.php to change the image. If set wrong there will be no image on the page; check your web server error log and adjust accordingly. However the size of the p-logo will need to be big enough for the logo if it is not to be clipped. This is set in the stylesheet (main.css in Monobook), under the p-logo style, the default setting is:

#p-logo {
	z-index: 3;
	position: absolute; /*needed to use z-index */
	top: 0;
	left: 0;
	height: 155px;
	width: 12em;
	overflow: visible;
}

Note, if you are using a different sized logo, and want to change the CSS, please do not modify any of the core MediaWiki stylesheets. Instead add to the on-wiki css page (MediaWiki:Monobook.css for monobook, MediaWiki:Vector.css for vector. MediaWiki:Common.css will also work for all skins)

How do I customize the link-URL of the site-logo in the top left corner of all pages that activates when the site-logo is clicked upon?[edit source]

By default, clicking the site-logo takes you to the main site-page. If you want to change which internal site-page is the "main" site-page, edit MediaWiki:Mainpage.

To make the link of the site-logo link externally to any other arbitrary URL, you can add a hook to your LocalSettings.php to override the mainpage href which is used by the logo.

/* Change the main page url used in things like the logo to an absolute url */
$wgHooks['SkinTemplateOutputPageBeforeExec'][] = 'lfChangeMainPageURL';
function lfChangeMainPageURL( $sk, &$tpl ) {
	$tpl->data['nav_urls']['mainpage']['href'] = "http://www.your-desired-url.com/"; // Point the main page url to an absolute url
	return true;
}

/* Change the main page url used in things like the logo to a url of another page on the wiki */
$wgHooks['SkinTemplateOutputPageBeforeExec'][] = 'lfChangeMainPageURL';
function lfChangeMainPageURL( $sk, &$tpl ) {
	$tpl->data['nav_urls']['mainpage']['href'] = Title::newFromText('ThePage')->getLocalURL(); // Point the main page url to a wiki page's url
	return true;
}

[edit source]

Note that a tag is on top of the logo so if you are trying to reduce the size of the logo's portlet you will also need to change the #p-logo a and #p-logo a:hover rules. The default setting for these is:

#p-logo a,
#p-logo a:hover {
	display: block;
	height: 200px;
	width: 12.2em;
	background-repeat: no-repeat;
	background-position: 35% 50% !important;
	text-decoration: none;
}

How do I change the icon in the browser's address line (favicon)?[edit source]

  • Simply upload your favicon.ico to the root of your domain/subdomain, make sure file name is in lower case and its name is favicon.ico
  • Alternatively edit the $wgFavicon setting in LocalSettings.php and add $wgFavicon = "$wgScriptPath/path/to/your/favicon.ico";

See Manual:$wgFavicon for more details.

Tip: The favicon image should be either 16 x 16 pixels or 32 x 32 pixels.

Rewrite Rule[edit source]

If you are using a rewrite rule in .htaccess to remove "index.php" from the URL, you will also need to add an exception for .ico files. Simply add the following rule to your .htaccess:

RewriteRule .*\.ico$ - [L]

This rule must appear before the index.php rule.

Case sensitivity[edit source]

When uploading the favicon file, be sure the filename is in lowercase. (That is, "favicon.ico", not "Favicon.ico".) A lot of servers (e.g., those on UNIX-like operating systems) will not be able to find the file unless its name is in lowercase.

Comment puis-je personnaliser la barre de navigation ?[edit source]

Le contenu de la barre de navigation qui apparaît à gauche de chaque page (lorsqu'on utilise le skin par défaut Monobook) est déterminé par la page MediaWiki:Sidebar. Pour plus d'information sur cette personnalisation possible, vous pouvez aller voir Manual:Navigation bar.

How do I put a text message (sitenotice) on every page?[edit source]

Put a text in the MediaWiki:Sitenotice page. It will be displayed on top of every article page.

You can also add text to MediaWiki:Anonnotice to create a message that only displays for logged-out users. It is often a good idea to transclude the site notice on the anon notice to make sure that logged-out users still get the information on the site notice,

Comment puis-je changer la page d'accueil ?[edit source]

Par défaut, MediaWiki montre une page avec le titre Main Page et donne celle-ci comme page par défaut. Ceci peut être changé en modifiant MediaWiki:Mainpage pour pointer vers un autre titre. If this does not change the 'Main Page' link included on the sidebar at install time, edit MediaWiki:Sidebar.

How do I change the Main Page title?[edit source]

Simply click on the "Move" tab, and move the page to the desired page title.

Usually you also want to change which page is the configured as "main page".

How do I hide the main page title?[edit source]

MediaWiki does not have a built-in option to hide the main page title (see task T8129), but you can use CSS to hide the title. Alternatively, you can use the NoTitle extension.

Add the following to MediaWiki:Common.css on your wiki:

body.page-Main_Page.action-view h1.firstHeading, body.page-Main_Page.action-submit h1.firstHeading { display: none; }

If your main page uses a localized name or you have renamed the main page you need to change the page-Main_Page part. You can find a correct parameter by viewing HTML source of the main page and searching for the body tag.

For example, if your language is Lojban, the body tag looks like this:

<body class="mediawiki ltr sitedir-ltr ns-4 ns-subject page-uikipedi_as_ralju skin-vector action-view">

Therefore you should put this line in your MediaWiki:Common.css instead:

body.page-uikipedi_as_ralju.action-view h1.firstHeading, body.page-uikipedi_as_ralju.action-submit h1.firstHeading { display: none; }

If this doesn't work, you may be using a skin that doesn't support this, or you moved your main page without updating MediaWiki:Mainpage, or you have a really old MediaWiki version.

If the skin uses a different element for the title than a h1 element with class firstHeading, you'll need to find the appropriate CSS selector to apply for that skin.

Comment puis-je cacher la table des matières ?[edit source]

The table of contents (TOC) is automatically shown once there are four or more headings in the article. There are multiple ways to hide it.

Pour une page
Placez le mot magique __NOTOC__ dans le texte de la page.
Pour toutes les pages
Install Extension:NoTOC
or
Add the following rule to MediaWiki:Common.css:
.toc, #toc { display: none; }
Par utilisateur
Les utilisateurs peuvent aussi choisir de ne pas afficher leur propre table des matières. Ceci est une préférence de l'utilisateur et peut être modifiée dans Special:Preferences.
Version de MediaWiki: 1.22
Gerrit change 99430
There was a user preference to hide the table of contents, it was removed in MediaWiki 1.23 (phab:T54813).

Comment puis-je changer le texte de l'interface ?[edit source]

le texte de l'interface est configurable en utilisant l'espace de nom MediaWiki. Par défaut, ces messages sont remplis avec le texte de la langue sélectionnée pendant l'installation ou la mise à jour. (Since release 1.9 there are no pages for messages equal to the default.). On creation of a page the edit box autofills with the default. When creating a page to override the default it is useful to first save the default version, to allow diffs with it. Voir aussi Aide:Message systèmeHelp:System message.


Comment puis-je changer la langue de l'interface ?[edit source]

Changez la valeur de $wgLanguageCode dans le fichier LocalSettings.php.

$wgLanguageCode = "fr";

You may also need to bypass your browser's cache to see the changes.

The new default interface language will be applied to all users who haven't ever customised it.

If you want to provide users the possibility to create and choose pages and interface elements in languages other than the default one of the wiki, you need the Translate extension, which can make your wiki multilingual.

Note Note : In old versions, the new default will not affect existing users, so if you're logged in, you will need to change your language settings in your preferences.

If you want to change the language settings for all existing users, use the userOptions.php maintenance script. For instance, to have all users with English set use French instead, run:

php userOptions.php language --old en --new fr

How do I remove the article/edit etc tabs?[edit source]

For a little more control see: User:Subfader/Hide_page_tabs

Edit MediaWiki:Common.css on your wiki, and add this:

li#ca-edit { display: none; }

See the page source for the various #ca-* ids used in the content tabs.

Note: this will only work for Monobook and derived skins such as Modern and Vector (the default skin), and doesn't actually stop people from editing. To do that, see Manual:User rights.

How do I add/remove tabs throughout my wiki?[edit source]

Use Extension:DynamicTabs on older MediaWiki installations or write your own extension (See: Manual:Hooks/SkinTemplateNavigation):

For example, to remove the talk tab and then add a tab that always goes to the main page you would save this code in extensions/AR-Tabs.php:


Version de MediaWiki: 1.15
<?php
if( !defined( 'MEDIAWIKI' ) ){
	die( "This is not a valid access point.\n" );
}

$wgHooks['SkinTemplateContentActions'][] = 'replaceTabs';
function replaceTabs( $content_actions ) {  
	unset( $content_actions['talk'] ); // only this to remove an action
	$maintitle = Title::newFromText( wfMsgForContent( 'mainpage' ) );
	$main_action['main'] = array(
		'class' => false or 'selected', // if the tab should be highlighted
		'text' => wfMsg( 'sitetitle' ), // what the tab says
		'href' => $maintitle->getFullURL(), // where it links to
	);
	$content_actions = array_merge( $main_action, $content_actions ); // add a new action
	return true;
}


Version de MediaWiki: 1.16
<?php
if( !defined( 'MEDIAWIKI' ) ){
	die( "This is not a valid access point.\n" );
}

$wgHooks['SkinTemplateNavigation'][] = 'replaceTabs';
function replaceTabs( $skin, &$links) {  
	unset( $links['namespaces']['talk'] ); // Remove the talk action
	$maintitle = Title::newFromText( wfMsgForContent( 'mainpage' ) );
	$links['namespaces']['main'] = array(
		'class' => false or 'selected', // if the tab should be highlighted
		'text' => wfMsg( 'sitetitle' ), // what the tab says
		'href' => $maintitle->getFullURL(), // where it links to
		'context' => 'main',
	);
	return true;
}

and then add

require_once("extensions/AR-Tabs.php");

to the bottom of LocalSettings.php

How do I remove a tab on only one page?[edit source]

Version de MediaWiki: 1.9

For example, to remove the Discussion (talk) page tab from the Main Page, on the MediaWiki:Common.css page add:

body.page-Main_Page li#ca-talk { display: none !important; }

To modify MediaWiki:Common.css you must have administrative privileges.

See also: Manual:Hide page tabsManual:Hide page tabs

How do I remove a tab on all pages[edit source]

Version de MediaWiki: 1.9

For example, to remove the Discussion (talk) page tab on all wikipages, on the MediaWiki:Common.css page add:

#ca-talk { display:none!important; }

Other tabs to remove are #ca-history, #ca-viewsource, #ca-view (Read tab), #ca-nstab-main (Page tab).

Other drop down menu items you can remove are #ca-watch, #ca-move, #ca-delete.

To modify MediaWiki:Common.css you must have administrative privileges.

How do I hide the section edit links for users who are not logged in?[edit source]

You can change the value of the $wgDefaultUserOptions configuration option.

Edit LocalSettings.php and add the line:

$wgDefaultUserOptions ['editsection'] = false;
Also see How do I stop anonymous users from editing any page?

How do I remove the "Talk for this IP" link at the top right when $wgDisableAnonTalk is true?[edit source]

Set $wgShowIPinHeader to false.

How do I remove the "Create an Account or Login" link at the top right of the screen?[edit source]

To remove the login / create account links from the personal_urls you can use this code in your LocalSettings.php to hook in and remove them:

$wgHooks['PersonalUrls'][] = 'lfRemoveLoginLink';
function lfRemoveLoginLink( &$personal_urls, $title ) {
	unset( $personal_urls['login'] );
	unset( $personal_urls['anonlogin'] );
	unset( $personal_urls['createaccount'] );
	return true;
}

How can I suppress actions and special pages?[edit source]

NOTE: MediaWiki is not designed for this kind of usage! It should be noted that the following 'answer' is a hack that only 'works' with the Apache webserver. Note also that this system is not foolproof, it's just one step further than hiding the links (see above).

Suppressing actions and special pages can be useful when you want to create the illusion of a static website via a particular URL or VirtualHost, but also have an 'internal' view that is a true wiki. i.e. if you have an inward facing 'view' of your wiki that users can edit, and an outward facing 'view' that should appear like a static website (no history, no discussion, etc., etc.).

After hiding all the appropriate links (see above), if you are using the Apache web server, you can disable actions and special pages using the following rewrite rules:

# Lock down the site (disable MediaWiki commands)

RewriteEngine On

#RewriteLog /tmp/rewrite.log

#RewriteLogLevel 9

## See http://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Manual:Parameters_to_index.php#Actions

RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} (.*action=.*)
RewriteRule .* http://www.my.domain.com?

RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^/index.php/Special:Search
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI}  ^(.*Special:.*)
RewriteRule .* http://www.my.domain.com?

## Catch a trick...
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} ^(.*Special:.*)
RewriteRule .* http://www.my.domain.com?

Above, a request for 'http://www.my.domain.com/wiki/Page_name?action=edit', for example, will be simply rewritten to 'http://www.my.domain.com'. Similarly any page in the Special namespace (with the exception of Special:Search) will be rewritten to 'http://www.my.domain.com'. Remember, this is only a hack, and isn't intended as a solution for a secure CMS.

Note that you will need to adjust the above rules to match your specific URL naming schema.

Other issues to consider when trying to lock down a site like this is the API and POST requests for the wiki content (rather than GET).

How do I edit error messages?[edit source]

Special:Allmessages contains a complete list of messages (error or otherwise), that can be edited.

How do I change the footer?[edit source]

See Manual:Footer and Manual:Configuration settings#Copyright

How can I edit / remove the Powered by MediaWiki image in the footer?[edit source]

You can hide the Powered by MediaWiki image by adding the following to your wiki's MediaWiki:Common.css:

#f-poweredbyico { display: none; }

The Vector skin equivalent is:

#footer-icon-poweredby { display: none; }

In MW 1.17 with Vector Skin:

#footer-icon-poweredbyico { display: none; }

In MW 1.18 with Vector Skin:

#footer-poweredbyico { display: none; }

If you want to remove it completely in 1.17 you can use $wgFooterIcons to remove it using this in your LocalSettings.php:

unset( $wgFooterIcons['poweredby'] );

In 1.16 and below you will have to use a hook to remove it:

$wgHooks['SkinTemplateOutputPageBeforeExec'][] = 'lfRemovePoweredBy';
function lfRemovePoweredBy( $sk, &$tpl ) {
	unset( $this->data['poweredbyico'] );
	return true;
}

If you wish to change the icon images, urls, alt text, or add new icons please see $wgFooterIcons' documentation.

How do I add a reply link to default signature tildes (~~~~) template?[edit source]

You can customize signatures in MediaWiki:Signature / MediaWiki:Signature-anon.

For example, changing the entries to [[{{ns:user}}:$1|$2]] ([[{{ns:user_talk}}:$1|talk]]) will put a link to users' talk pages and [[{{ns:user}}:$1|$2]] ([{{fullurl:{{ns:user_talk}}:$1|action=edit&section=new}} Reply]) would give a more direct link.

Users can change their signature in their preferences.

How can I change what the <title> of each page is? Where do I make changes?[edit source]

Most of the text that you want to change can be found in the namespace of MediaWiki.

In order to change titles, texts, announcements, etc., go to Special:AllMessages, where you will see the text associated with the pages you wish to change. You need to log in as an administrator to edit the protected entries in the MediaWiki namespace.

If you want to change the title in your browser, you need to edit MediaWiki:Pagetitle. Go there and edit it just like you would any other page in your wiki.

In recent versions of MediaWiki, MediaWiki:Pagetitle is $1 - {{SITENAME}} by default. If {{SITENAME}} is producing the wrong text for you, you need to set $wgSitename in your LocalSettings.php.

If $wgSitename is correct in LocalSettings.php but {{SITENAME}} is still wrong, it may be that you're using a user-contributed language file which incorrectly sets $wgSitename to a transliteration of "Wikipedia". Edit the language file to correct this. For example, the Hebrew language file is at languages/LanguageHe.php in your wiki directory.

Don't forget to clear your browser cache after you change your settings.

Does MediaWiki automatically capitalize the first letter of $wgSitename?[edit source]

Yes. This can be changed using the $wgCapitalLinksManual:$wgCapitalLinks configuration setting.

How do I make external links open in a new window?[edit source]

See Manual:$wgExternalLinkTarget

How can I suppress MediaWiki from formatting URLs, tags, etc?[edit source]

Put "<nowiki>" tags around the URL or tag.

Example:

svn co <nowiki>http://svn.example.com/myproject/</nowiki>

Produces:
svn co http://svn.example.com/myproject/

How can I force users to preview before they save?[edit source]

See: Manual:Force preview and Extension:ForcePreview

How do I add more buttons on the edit page?[edit source]

See: Manual:Custom edit buttons

How can I get more special characters or tags clickable on the edit page?[edit source]

For adding more selectable special characters, etc., below the edit field, see Extension:CharInsert.

How can I use Wikipedia's default skin (Vector) on my wiki?[edit source]

Version de MediaWiki: 1.16

Vector was introduced in MediaWiki version 1.16, and was made the default skin in 1.17. See Manual:$wgDefaultSkin for more information on configuring your default skin.

Additional features of the Vector skin are made available using the Vector extensions, which you must download and install separately.

How do I disable external links from showing in the printable version of a page?[edit source]

Edit the page MediaWiki:Print.css on your wiki and add the following code there:

#content a.external.text:after,
#content a.external.autonumber:after {
	content: none;
}

This will override the styles defined in skins/common/commonPrint.css in MediaWiki source code. For more information, see Manual:CSS.

If instead you want to have the external links underlined in the printable version, then also add the following code:

#content a.external {
    text-decoration: underline !important;
}

How do I change the text of the article (page name) tab of my wiki's main page?[edit source]

To change the text of the tab, as one example used in Wikipedia, you first open the page "MediaWiki:Mainpage-nstab".

After you've done that, click Edit and type in the edit box the text you want to be seen later on the main page - that's it. Don't forget to save the page as well.

Utilisation basique[edit source]

Comment éditer une page ?[edit source]

Pour éditer une page, cliquez simplement sur le lien modifier qui apparaît sur chaque page. Lorsqu'on utilise le skin par défaut MonoBook, celui-ci est dans la liste d'onglets en haut de la page. Un formulaire apparaît, contenant le wikitexte (code source de la page) existant pour la page donnée. Lorsque vous avez fini vos modifications, cliquez sur le bouton Sauvegarder pour enregistrer vos changements. Ceux-ci apparaissent directement.

See also: Help:Modifier les pagesHelp:Editing pages


Comment créer une nouvelle page ?[edit source]

Il y a plusieurs façons de créer une nouvelle page :

  • Cliquer sur un lien rouge existant ; ou s'il n'y en a pas, en créer un (par exemple en lançant une recherche sur le nom de la page).
  • Aller à l'adresse de la page, par exemple http://www.foowiki.org/index.php/New_page et cliquer sur le lien modifier.

On some wikis, a failed search for a page will contain a link which allows you to edit that page.

See also: Help:Créer une nouvelle pageHelp:Starting a new page

How do I delete an old version of a page?[edit source]

Old versions of page data are retained in the database and can be accessed via the page history features. This is useful for reviewing changes and correcting or reverting undesirable ones, but in some cases, administrators might want to make this information unavailable, for legal reasons, or to reduce the size of the database.

  • Administrators can delete an old revision of a page by deleting the page, and then selectively undeleting revisions to be kept
  • The Oversight extension (also known as HideRevision) can be used to move harmful revisions out of page histories on older versions of MediaWiki (<1.16).
  • For newer MediaWikis (1.14+), you can enable the core RevisionDelete feature that allows privileged users to remove single revisions from page histories.
  • The maintenance/deleteOldRevisions.php maintenance script can mass-delete all old revisions of pages and their associated text records.
See also: Manual:Removing embarrassmentManual:Removing embarrassment

How do I use oversight/delete revisions in the page history?[edit source]

See: RevisionDeleteRevisionDelete

You can also delete a page, and then restore only the revisions you want.

Existe-t-il des tutoriaux à propos de l'édition ?[edit source]

Il y a plusieurs tutoriaux sur l'édition, la plupart sur les projets Wikimédia, tels que Wikipédia. Il y a aussi des références de syntaxe, etc. disponibles sur Meta.

Comment puis-je avoir un format imprimable de la page ?[edit source]

MediaWiki inclut des feuilles de style qui donnent automatiquement un style approprié à une page pour l'impression ; en utilisant la fonction d'impression ou de prévisualisation d'impression du navigateur, celle-ci doit rendre la page dans un format imprimable.

Vous pourrez aussi voir le format imprimable en utilisant le lien Version imprimable de la boîte à outils.

How do I use templates?[edit source]

See Help:Templates

Can I use media (images, video, audio, etc.) from Wikimedia Commons in my installed version of MediaWiki?[edit source]

Yes, this is encouraged through the use of Manual:$wgUseInstantCommons.

See also: InstantCommonsInstantCommons

How do I use a template as a signature?[edit source]

When you look at your preferences, you see a check box for "raw signature." But the field will only take a certain number of characters. What if you want more?

You will need to create two pages, possibly in your userspace.

  1. Create the first page (FIRST PAGE)
  2. Go to your preferences, check "raw signature" and put {{FIRST PAGE}} in the signature. Save
  3. Create a second page (SECOND PAGE) (possibly a sub-page of the first)
  4. Go back to the first page (FIRST PAGE) and do {{SECOND PAGE}}
  5. Go to the second page (SECOND PAGE) and place the code you wish to have for your signature.

If you don't have this structure, you will still be inserting all your signature code into the raw code wherever your signature is used, because the software will insert "SUBST" in your preferences. You may not mind this, in which case you only need one page. If you want the raw code to only display {{FIRST PAGE}}, which looks a lot cleaner, then you need to use the two-page structure.

How do I add the sandbox functionality to my installation of the wiki?[edit source]

In wiki terms, a sandbox is simply a "play pen"; a page which users can mess about in. This is an ordinary page created in the normal manner, and can be located wherever you like. There is no special sandbox functionality built into MediaWiki.

Users often inquire about the Wikipedia sandboxes, which seem to be self-emptying. This is not quite correct; there are a number of volunteers who run bots to clean these up and return them to a certain state at regular time intervals.

How do I add a "Sandbox" link to personal tools (top right)?[edit source]

You need to add the Gadget extension and add the Sandbox gadget. You will probably also want to make it a default gadget.

How do I make my wiki serve all languages?[edit source]

To make your wiki multilingual and a tool for translation, allowing translation of pages and of the custom interface (like the sidebar), use the Translate extension; there's extensive documentation.

Wiki Importing[edit source]

Importing from MediaWiki XML dumps[edit source]

See Manual:Importing XML dumps

Importing from other types of wiki software[edit source]

Note: The following is directly copied from old meta FAQ. It might need to be corrected.

There is some documentation about importing in the UPGRADE file distributed with MediaWiki.

To follow on from those, this is how at least one individual imported pages from usemod to MediaWiki:

Because MediaWiki does not automatically link to CamelCase style links, you will need to add brackets [[ ]] to all your links. You can do this with the following:

First, obtain ImportStage1.txt (or whatever you want to call it) from the importUseModWiki.php script ( use > to pipe the output to a file )

Second, do

sed '/Importing/!s/\ [A-Z]\w*[a-z]\w*[A-Z]\w*[a-zA-Z]/\ \[\[&\]\] /g'
    ImportStage1.txt > ImportStage2.txt

This should create proper links in place of your CamelCase links.

This doesn't work so well for SubPage links - someone care to fix?

Then,

sed 's/upload\:\w*\.\w*/http\:\/\/aberwiki\.org\/uploads\/& /g'
    ImportStage2.txt > ImportStage3.txt

This fixes your upload links. Change the replace text so it fills in your url such as http://www.yourwiki.org/uploads/filename

You are now ready to import ImportStage3.txt into your database with a command such as

mysql -u<mysqluser> -p<yourpass> <db name> < ImportStage3.txt

Note: If your importUseModWiki.php outputs an XML file instead of SQL statements, this probably means you have a rather new version of MediaWiki. In such a case, you can import the XML file -- see Importing a Wikipedia database dump into MediaWiki, towards the bottom of the page ('Import XML'). Don't forget to rebuild all the tables -- that page also explains how to do that.

Importing from other types of files[edit source]

There are a variety of tools available to help convert content from HTML (and other formats) to MediaWiki markup.

Developer and SysAdmin tools
End-user tools
Instructions

MediaWiki auto importing script[edit source]

Taken from wiki_import - MediaWiki auto import script:

Description[edit source]

The script is designed to import a whole folder of files into MediaWiki, with the folder directory tree mapped as wiki category hierarchy.

Features[edit source]

  • economic, build wiki site from existing knowledge base collection without "double-entry"
  • persistent, map folder directory tree as wiki category hierarchy
  • sophisticated, import/handle all well-known file types automatically
  • complete, cover every applicable scenario, even the case when you need to control access to individual wiki pages
  • versatile, highly customizable

Quick Help[edit source]

wiki_import.sh $ $Revision: 1.1 $

mediawiki automatic file import script

Usage: wiki_import.sh [OPTIONS]...

The script is designed to import a whole folder of files into mediawiki, with the folder directory tree mapped as wiki category hierarchy.

The specification of the file-to-import is passed from standard input.

Options:

 -s, --sect=n     the root category section of the wiki
                    of the imported article (mandatory)
 -1, --header     include standard header (category hierarchy path & notice)
 -l, --link       link to actual file on the web site
 -f, --footer     include standard footer (article category)
 -R, --res[=p]    add restricted tag in the footer
                    as '{{<Res Param|Root Category> Restricted}}'  
                    (default=`$_opt_sect')

Configuration Options:

 -p, --php=fn     mediawiki import php script specification
 -r, --root=n     the root category name for the whole wiki site
 -m, --max=n      max_allowed_packet for mysqld to import
 -u, --user=n     wiki user used for the import
 -a, --arch=p     the root url that linked-to archive files based on

Examples:

 echo ./path/to/file.ext | wiki_import.sh -1 -l -f -s 'Customer Support' -R 

For the rest of details, check out wiki_import.

Templates imported from other wikis (such as Wikipedia) don't work for me[edit source]

You probably need to install some extensions used on the source wiki, such as ParserFunctions or sometimes Cite. Also, make sure that you copied all site CSS and JavaScript required by the template.

Customising further[edit source]

I want to have multiple wikis, but only require registration once[edit source]

  • If you're starting from scratch or you're switching from one wiki to multiple, you can use $wgSharedDB and $wgSharedTables to have all wikis share the user table of the "main" wiki. You can share other tables as well, as long as they don't contain any data dependent on non-shared tables or data specific to one wiki. See Manual:Shared database for examples and more information.
  • If your wikis are already established and you want to switch to a single sign-on, you can use the CentralAuth extension. It has a few more features than a shared user table, but it's more difficult to configure and it's tailored toward a Wikimedia-style setup. However, it is easier than attempting to completely merge multiple user tables into one.

How can I allow use of HTML tags?[edit source]

See Manual:$wgRawHtml as well as Manual:$wgGroupPermissions and Manual:Preventing access.

Caution! Caution: This can be easily abused to attack users

See Extension:SecureHTML and Extension:HTMLets for ways to make this safer.

How do I fix problems or add features to MediaWiki?[edit source]

The basic steps to improving MediaWiki (that is, becoming a MediaWiki developer) are:

  • Install Git
  • Download the Git "clone" of the MediaWiki source code
  • Get a server, a database, and PHP running on your computer (this can be annoying, so please ask for help if something isn't working)
  • Get MediaWiki running on your computer off that Git checkout (can be annoying as well, so, ditto)
  • Fix the problem or add the feature you were thinking of, or if you don't have one in mind, look at one of the "annoying little bug"s
  • Edit the source code of the relevant file(s) to fix the problem
  • Follow Gerrit/Tutorial

How do I run a bot?[edit source]

See Manual:Bots

You might want to use the Pywikibot framework.

How do I change noindex nofollow[edit source]

Set $wgNoFollowLinksManual:$wgNoFollowLinks = false; in LocalSettings.php

How do I create a small wiki farm?[edit source]

See: Manual:Wiki family

How do I add meta tags?[edit source]

The OutputPage class includes an addMeta method which can be used to add meta tags. The RequestContext can be used to get the relevant OutputPage object.

To add further Meta tags just add further lines as last lines of the function addMetaTags() like:

$out->addMeta ( 'description', 'This is a meta description.' );

Pourquoi... ?[edit source]

...l'espace de nom Help de ce site est-il vide ?[edit source]

Nous n'avons pas actuellement un ensemble propre et internationalisé de pages d'aide sous licence libre. It's up to you how much or how little help you give to your site visitors and whether this relates to other aspects of your site. Obviously you can easily link your visitors to help resources elsewhere.

Nous n'avons pas actuellement un ensemble propre et internationalisé de pages d'aide sous licence libre. Vous êtes libre d'ajouter vos propres pages, pourvu que vous acceptiez de les mettre dans le domaine public pour l'espace de nom Help (les autres pages du site qui ne sont pas dans l'espace de nom Help sont sous Licence de documentation libre GNU). This set of pages have been deliberately created for this purpose, with wiki-neutral information, and no license restrictions. See Project:PD help. More help is available at the Meta-Wiki MediaWiki Handbook.

...certaines de mes images n'apparaissent pas après une mise à jour ?[edit source]

Plusieurs utilisateurs ont rapporté que, après une mise à jour ou un déplacement de leur wiki, plusieurs images ne s'affichaient pas. Les fichiers existent, et la page de description de l'image montre un type MIME unknown / unknown (inconnu) et dans certains cas un avertissement concernant les fichiers potentiellement dangereux.

La solution à cela est d'exécuter le script de maintenance rebuildImages.php à partir de la ligne de commande. Cela configure les types MIME pour tous les fichiers de la base de données, et devrait rétablir les choses à la normale.

...tous les fichiers PNG ne sont pas affichés en vignette ?[edit source]

Après le téléchargement d'une version plus récente de PHP, il est possible qu'une fonction MimeMagic.php soit utilisée pour détecter les types MIME, particulièrement la fonction PHP générique mime_content_type, qui échoue à détecter les fichiers PNG. Cherchez sur les web mime_content_type png pour avoir des informations sur la résolution de ce bug pour la version de PHP, peut-être en éditant votre fichier magic.mime.

See here for more info.

…is a search for a short keyword giving no hits?[edit source]

By default, MediaWiki uses MyISAM's fulltext matching functionality to allow searching page content. The default settings for this mean that words of less than four characters won't be indexed, so will be ignored in searches with older versions of MediaWiki.

MediaWiki 1.13 and earlier are unable to work around this; you must either change MySQL/MariaDB's configuration to index shorter words, or upgrade to a more recent version of MediaWiki.

Note that some particular words may still not be indexed if they are in MySQL/MariaDB's default stopword list.

…can't I download MediaWiki 1.28?[edit source]

MediaWiki 1.28 is in a development state at present, and has not been packaged into a general release. The code can be downloaded from Git if desired. Or, if you want the latest development version packaged as an archive, get it at mwSnapshots.

...ça ne marche pas ? Ça marche sur Wikipédia ![edit source]

Wikipedia and other Wikimedia web sites use the current version of the code in development; at present, this is MediaWiki 1.28.0-wmf.17 (0cf4366), pulled from the current development branch. Également, les sites fonctionnent avec plusieurs extensions, comme "Makesysop" et "Renameuser" (la liste complète existe dans la page de version de n'importe quel projet de Wikimédia).

  • To obtain the current development code, read Download from Git
  • To check what version a Wikimedia wiki is running, as well as what extensions are installed, visit the Special:Version page for that wiki

…do I get a 403 Forbidden error after setting permissions on my Fedora system?[edit source]

Fedora Core enables SELinux by default. Instructions for setting SELinux permissions for MediaWiki are available.

…do I get logged out constantly?[edit source]

This is probably related to cookies or session data, for example a problem with PHP's session.save_path setting. See Log in problems for information.

…doesn't my wiki work on Sourceforge?[edit source]

See Manual:Installing MediaWiki on SourceForge.net.

…is it a good idea to keep user accounts?[edit source]

At many times you just want to remove a user account out of the wiki either because it belonged to a spammer account or you just feel like it. The appropriate choice is to block the account or rename it if needed. Here is why:

Do I just remove his row from the User table?

Rob Church posted the following regarding this issue on the wikitech-l mailing list:

"If the user has made edits, then removing rows from the user table cause theoretical loss of referential integrity. Now, to be honest with you, I can't think of any conditions where this would cause an actual problem; "undefined behaviour" is the phrase we use.

What I'd suggest doing, to be on the safe side, is running a couple of quick updates against the database:

UPDATE revision SET rev_user = 0 WHERE rev_user = <current_user_id>
UPDATE archive SET ar_user = 0 WHERE ar_user = <current_user_id>

What this will do is cause MediaWiki to treat the revisions as having been made anonymously when generating things like page histories, which should eliminate any problems caused by these routines attempting to check user details from other tables.

If the user has caused log entries, i.e. rows in the logging table, or uploaded images, then the situation becomes trickier, as you'll have to start mopping up all the rows everywhere and it could become a bit of a mess, so if the user's done anything other than edit, I would strongly recommend just blocking them indefinitely.

If the username is offensive or undesirable, then you could consider renaming it using the RenameUser extension."

Another option is to give Admins the 'hideuser' right, and indefinitely block the user with the Hide username from edits and lists option selected.

Extension:UserMerge is also useful.

Anti-spam[edit source]

Où puis-je obtenir l'extension anti-spam et comment puis-je l'installer ?[edit source]

L'extension anti-spam des sites Wikimédia peut être trouvée dans Subversion. Pour les instructions d'installation, consultez le fichier README.

Comment puis-je utiliser $wgSpamRegex pour bloquer plus d'une chaîne de caractères ?[edit source]

$wgSpamRegex est un puissant filtre pour le contenu d'une page. Ajouter plusieurs items de regex est parfois maladroit. Considérez le code suivant :

$wgSpamRegexLines[] = 'display\s*:\s*none';
$wgSpamRegexLines[] = 'overflow\s*:\s*auto';
[...]
$wgSpamRegex = '/(' . implode( '|', $wgSpamRegexLines ) . ')/i';

Cet exemple de code permet d'additionner facilement des items à la regex sans trop compliquer à chaque occurrence. Il montre aussi deux filtres populaires qui bloquent quelques unes des attaques de spam les plus courantes.

See also: Extension:SpamRegex

Are there additional ways to fight spam?[edit source]

See Manual:Combating spam for an overview of anti-spam measures such as Captcha, content filtering and restricting edition.

Anti-vandalism[edit source]

See Manual:Combating vandalism for hints and suggestions on how to deal with wiki vandalism.

Où aller maintenant ?[edit source]

J'ai trouvé un bug ou j'ai une demande de fonctionnalité. Où puis-je poster cela ?[edit source]

Les bugs et les demandes de fonctionnalités doivent être postés sur MediaZilla, notre implémentation de Bugzilla. See How to report a bug.

I'm getting a strange error. What now?[edit source]

I tried that but it didn't work[edit source]

I had a problem, I came to this page and it told me how to fix it. But it didn't work, the problem is still there!!!!

Nine times out of ten this is because you didn't clear your cache. The simple test for this is to request a page that hasn't been requested before. Select the part of the URL in the address bar that contains the page title (e.g. Main_Page). Twiddle your fingers on the keyboard for a while, hit enter. Check if the problem is on that page too.

MediaWiki uses both a server-side cache and a client-side cache, so clearing your browser cache is often not enough. See the relevant entry above for more details.

Here are some other things to check:

  • Were you editing the right file? Try inserting some garbage into the file you edited, does it break anything?
    • A great debugging tool in this case is to create a file called phpinfo.php, containing only <?php phpinfo() ?>. Upload it into your web directory and invoke it with your browser. Check the document root and the path to php.ini.
  • Were you editing the right part of the file? Did you create a duplicate entry in php.ini? Add new settings to the end of LocalSettings.php, not to the beginning.
  • If you created a .htaccess, are you sure AllowOverrides is on? Ask your hosting provider.

J'ai une question à laquelle il n'y a pas de réponse ici. Où puis-je aller ensuite ?[edit source]

Si vous avez parcouru toute la FAQ ci-dessus, vous pouvez essayer les endroits suivants :

Still no luck. Where can I ask for help?[edit source]

Lectures conseillées[edit source]

References[edit source]