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Help:Magic words/mhr

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Ю мут MediaWikiште — комбинации текста, управляющие поведением, оформлением той или иной страницы в вики, а также выводящие некоторые полезные переменные из базы данных. Более подробную техническую информацию см. в Manual:Magic words .

There are three general types of magic words:

  • Behavior switches: these are usually written as uppercase words surrounded by double underscores, e.g. __FOO__.
  • Variables: these are uppercase words surrounded by double braces, e.g. {{FOO}}. As such, they look a lot like templates.

Variables and parser functions can use subst:, just like templates. Page-dependent magic words will affect or return data about the current page (by default), even if the word is added through a transcluded template or included system message.

Переключатели поведения

Переключатели поведения — «волшебные слова», влияющие на оформление страниц в вики.

Выражение Описание Версия
__NOTOC__ Скрывает оглавление страницы (TOC).
__FORCETOC__ Заставляет содержание подниматься выше определённого уровня (в нулевой секции). This will not work in skins that present table of contents outside the article content e.g. Vector 2022 skin.
__TOC__ Размещает оглавление в текущую позицию (противоположно «слову» __NOTOC__). Если используется несколько раз, то оглавление вернётся в исходное место на странице. If this is used multiple times, the table of contents will appear at the first word's position. This will not work in skins that present table of contents outside the article content e.g. Vector 2022 skin.
__NOEDITSECTION__ Скрывает ссылки «править» для каждой секции страницы Use of this in a template will extend the effect to that template, the pages it's included on, and any other templates included on the same page. A workaround is possible.
__NEWSECTIONLINK__ Добавляет кнопку рядом с кнопкой «Тӧрлаташ» на любых страницах (см. Adding a section to the end).
__NONEWSECTIONLINK__ Removes the link beside the "Тӧрлаташ" tab on pages in talk namespaces.
__NOGALLERY__ Используется для категорий, в которые включено большое количество изображений. Это «слово» заменяет изображения на простые ссылки.
__HIDDENCAT__ Используется в категории и позволяет скрыть эту категорию из более старших категорий (в которые включена данная категория) (более подробно — см. настройки участника).
__EXPECTUNUSEDCATEGORY__ Used on a category page, removes the category from Special:UnusedCategories.
Преобразование языков
Запрещает выполнение языковой конвертации содержания на сайтах с языковыми вариантами. Например, будет отображён только китайский (zh), вместо таких вариантов, как zh_cn, zh_tw, zh_sg, или zh_hk.
Запрещает выполнение языковой конвертации заголовка на сайтах с языковыми вариантами (прочее содержание будет проходить конверсию).
__START__ No effect. Was used to point where database message starts after comment that should not be transcluded. Removed in r1695 and completely removed in r24784.
__END__ Обозначает конец страницы, не давая MediaWiki удалить её. Removed in 19213.
1.1 – 1.8
__INDEX__ Позволяет поисковым системам индексировать страницу (переписывает $wgArticleRobotPolicies , но не robots.txt). It obeys $wgExemptFromUserRobotsControl variable.
__NOINDEX__ Запрещает индексацию страницы поисковыми системами (страница не будет отображена в результатах поиска). It obeys $wgExemptFromUserRobotsControl variable.
__STATICREDIRECT__ Помещённая на страницу перенаправления, запрещает MediaWiki автоматически исправлять двойные перенаправления.
From Extensions
Extension Word Description Versions
GlobalUserPage __NOGLOBAL__ Disables the global user page. If present on the central user page, will prevent it from being displayed on remote wikis, and it also determines whether a link to a user page on remote wiki should be red or blue.
Disambiguator __DISAMBIG__ Identifies a disambiguation page.
Wikibase (client) __EXPECTED_UNCONNECTED_PAGE__ Some wiki pages do not fit the scope of Wikidata items, such as discussion archives, template subpages, etc. To prevent a wiki page from being listed in Special:UnconnectedPages, use this magic word anywhere on the page. Pages that don't meet Wikidata's notability criteria should not receive a Wikidata item.
DiscussionTools __ARCHIVEDTALK__ Hides "вашешташ" links from discussions on archived pages.
Gerrit change 738221
__NOTALK__ Makes a page in a talk namespace not be treated like a talk page.
Gerrit change 903247
ProofreadPage __EXPECTWITHOUTSCANS__ Some wikisource content pages consist of lists (such as a list of editions or translations of the same work) and therefore did not have scans. To prevent these pages from being listed in Special:PagesWithoutScans, insert this magic word into the page.
Gerrit change 1026897
Wikibase (client) {{NOEXTERNALLANGLINKS}} A magic word and a parser function which when invoked, will disable the Wikibase extension for a specific page, or used with parameters can suppress specific interlanguage links produced by the extension. When active, only interlanguage links present in the wikitext are used.


Variables return information about the current page, wiki, or date. Their syntax is similar to templates. Variables marked as "[expensive]" are tracked by the software, and the number that can be included on a page is limited.

If a template name conflicts with a variable, the variable will be used (so to transclude the template Template:PAGENAME you would need to write {{Template:PAGENAME}}). In some cases, adding parameters will force the parser to invoke a template; for example, {{CURRENTDAYNAME|x}} transcludes Template:CURRENTDAYNAME, not the variable.

Дате да жап

The following variables return the current date and time in UTC.

Вследствие кэширования страниц браузером и MediaWiki, эти переменные часто показывают когда страница была закэширована, вместо отображения текущего времени.

The use of those variables cause pages to be cached for a more limited number of seconds. This is configured in MagicWordFactory.

The date and time magic words are formatted in the wiki content language. Since 1.19, they depend on the page content language.

Переменная Возвращаемое значение Описание Версия
Текущий месяц


07 Тылзе(кече)
{{CURRENTMONTH1}} 7 Month (unpadded number)
{{CURRENTMONTHNAME}} сӱрем Кызытсе тылзе (лӱмжӧ)
{{CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN}} сӱрем Кызытсе тылзе (в родительном падеже)
{{CURRENTMONTHABBREV}} срм Кызытсе тылзе (аббревиатур)
{{CURRENTDAY}} 25 Тылзе кече (1..31)
{{CURRENTDAY2}} 25 Тылзе кече (с ведущим нулём: 01..31)
{{CURRENTDOW}} 4 Арня кече (чотпал)
{{CURRENTDAYNAME}} изарня Арня кече (лӱмжӧ)
{{CURRENTTIME}} 10:54 Кызытсе жап (24-часовой формат — HH:mm)
{{CURRENTHOUR}} 10 Шагат (01..24)
{{CURRENTWEEK}} 30 Кызытсе арня (чотпал)
{{CURRENTTIMESTAMP}} 20240725105427 Жап ISO 8601 стандарт почеш
{{CURRENTDATE}} is not a magic word but it might be a template.

The following variables do the same as the preceding ones but using the site's server config or $wgLocaltimezone .

  • {{LOCALDAY}}
  • {{LOCALDAY2}}
  • {{LOCALDOW}}

For more thorough time formatting, or to output the current year and week with better compliance with ISO-8601, you may want to install Extension:ParserFunctions to use the #time parser function.

Технические метаданные

Переменная Возвращаемое значение Описание Версия
{{SITENAME}} MediaWiki Имя сайта ($wgSitename ).
{{SERVER}} //www.mediawiki.org URL домена ($wgServer ).
{{SERVERNAME}} www.mediawiki.org Subdomain and domain name (no longer dependent on $wgServerName as of version 1.17).


Выводит unicode-символ направления текста, согласно локализации (‎ и ‏, для текста слева-направо и справа-налево, соответственно). Используется для текста с несколькими направлениями.
{{ARTICLEPATH}} /wiki/$1 Relative article path ($wgArticlePath ).
{{SCRIPTPATH}} /w относительный путь к скрипту ($wgScriptPath ).
{{STYLEPATH}} /w/skins Relative style path ($wgStylePath ).
{{CURRENTVERSION}} 1.43.0-wmf.15 (b30ac00) Версия MediaWiki, на которой работает вики-проект.




Язык интерфейса по умолчанию ($wgLanguageCode ).
{{PAGEID}} 40987 Returns the page identifier (page ID).
Gerrit change 9858
олык марий
Returns the language of the current page. The language code that this variable returns can be converted to a language name using {{#language:...}}.
Gerrit change 330982
{{TRANSLATABLEPAGE}} Help:Magic words Returns the title of the translation page (the page other languages are translated from) if a page is translatable (including translated pages), and nothing if the page is not translatable.
Gerrit change 913677

<translate><!--T:1--> Translated unit. Language: <tvar name=lang>{{TRANSLATIONLANGUAGE}}</tvar>.</translate>

<translate><!--T:2--> Untranslated unit. Language: <tvar name=lang>{{TRANSLATIONLANGUAGE}}</tvar>.</translate>

Translated unit. Language: en.

Not translated unit. Language: en.

Must be used in a translated page, inside ‎<translate> tags. Returns the language code of the current translation unit. In a translation page, if the unit has been translated, then it returns translation language. Else, it returns source language. The language code that this variable returns can be converted to a language name using {{#language:...}}. Should only be used by translation admins.
Gerrit change 603472
{{PROTECTIONLEVEL:action}} Регуляция уровня защиты (например, 'autoconfirmed', 'sysop') для определённого уровня (например, 'edit', 'move') на текущей странице, если таковая не защищена обычным способом.
{{PROTECTIONEXPIRY:action}} Outputs the protection expiry (e.g. "20160418155030", "infinity") for a given action (e.g. "edit", "move") on the current page. Returns "infinity" if not protected.
Gerrit change 255717
{{CASCADINGSOURCES}} [Expensive] Returns the sources of any cascading protection acting on the current page. Pages will not return their own title unless they transclude themselves.
Gerrit change 104999
Последняя правка статьи
{{REVISIONID}} - Уникальный идентификатор правки It is always empty in preview, thus one can show an error message only in preview. May be disabled in miser mode (all WMF wikis) returning - instead when not in preview.
{{REVISIONDAY}} 20 День совершения правки (без ведущего нуля)
{{REVISIONDAY2}} 20 День совершения правки (с ведущим нулём)
{{REVISIONMONTH}} 07 Month edit was made (zero-padded number as of 1.17+, unpadded number in prior versions).
{{REVISIONMONTH1}} 7 Month edit was made (unpadded number).
{{REVISIONYEAR}} 2024 Год совершения правки
{{REVISIONTIMESTAMP}} 20240720231555 Дата совершения правки в формате ISO 8601
{{REVISIONUSER}} FuzzyBot The username of the user who made the edit in question, or the user previewing an edit.
{{REVISIONSIZE}} 103578 The size (bytes of wikitext) of the viewed revision of the page or preview
Gerrit change 82650
Воздействие на содержимое страницы
Format the display title of the current page, which is what is typically shown in a page's title header. Unless $wgRestrictDisplayTitle is set to false, the value must be equivalent to the default title: only capitalization changes to certain parts of the title (not all) and replacing spaces with underscores are allowed. It can be disabled or enabled by $wgAllowDisplayTitle .

It can take a second argument of noerror or noreplace to suppress error messages when multiple displaytitles are used on one page or to make this displaytitle do nothing if a displaytitle was already specified earlier in the page.

Gerrit change 144870

(for noerror and noreplace)

Used for categorizing pages, sets a default category sort key. For example if you put {{DEFAULTSORT:Smith, John}} at the end of John Smith, the page would be sorted under "S" by default in categories. It can take a second argument of noerror or noreplace to suppress error messages when multiple defaultsortkeys are used on one page or to make this defaultsort do nothing if a defaultsort was already specified earlier in the page.

(for noerror and noreplace)


Числа, возвращаемые этими переменными, содержат разделители разрядов. Для получения неотформатированных чисел используется флаг «:R» (например, $nop-code = $nop-result и $nop-r-code = $nop-r-result).

Use "|R" for magic words that require a parameter like PAGESINCATEGORY (for example {{PAGESINCATEGORY:Help}} and {{PAGESINCATEGORY:Help|R}}, or {{PAGESINCATEGORY:Help|subcats}} and {{PAGESINCATEGORY:Help|subcats|R}}). Also applicable to {{PAGESIZE:page name}} hereinbefore.

The number magic words are formatted in the wiki content language. Since 1.19, it depends on the page content language.

Переменная Возвращаемое значение Описание Версия
{{NUMBEROFPAGES}} 1 698 087 Количество вики-страниц
{{NUMBEROFARTICLES}} 62 469 Number of pages in content namespaces that qualify as articles. See Manual:$wgArticleCountMethod for details.
{{NUMBEROFFILES}} 2783 Количество загруженных файлов
{{NUMBEROFEDITS}} 6 557 683 Общее количество правок.
{{NUMBEROFVIEWS}} Number of page views. Usually useless on a wiki using caching. Removed in Gerrit change 150699.
1.14 – 1.24
{{NUMBEROFUSERS}} 17 969 686 Количество зарегистрированных участников.
{{NUMBEROFADMINS}} 135 Количество участников, входящих в группу sysop. См. group .
{{NUMBEROFACTIVEUSERS}} 961 Number of active users, based on the criteria used in Special:Statistics.
[Expensive] Number of pages (including subcategories and files) in the given category. (Category:Help used for demonstration)

Respectively, the number of

  • all pages
  • ordinary pages (excluding subcategories and files)
  • subcategories or
  • files

in the given category. (Category:Help used for demonstration)

Gerrit change 12790
Число пользователей определённой группы . (bureaucrat used for demonstration)
Not enabled [Expensive] Number of pages in the given namespace (replace index with the relevant namespace index). For instance, {{PAGESINNAMESPACE:14}} will output the number of category pages. {{PAGESINNS:0}} differs from {{NUMBEROFARTICLES}} in that the former includes redirects and disambiguation pages. Disabled by default, enable with $wgAllowSlowParserFunctions .

Названия страниц

Переменная For current page Описание Версия
{{FULLPAGENAME}} Help:Magic words/mhr Пространство статей и название страницы
{{PAGENAME}} Magic words/mhr Название страницы
{{BASEPAGENAME}} Magic words Название страницы без текущей подстраницы и без указания пространства статей. Would return Title/Foo on page Help:Title/Foo/Bar.
{{ROOTPAGENAME}} Magic words Name of the root of the current page. Would return Title on page Help:Title/Foo/Bar.
{{SUBPAGENAME}} mhr Название подстраницы. Would return Bar on page Help:Title/Foo/Bar.

If no subpage exists the value of {{PAGENAME}} is returned.

For more complex splitting, use {{#titleparts:}} from the ParserFunctions extension.

Help:Magic words/mhr
Help:Magic words/mhr
Название основной страницы статьи.
{{TALKPAGENAME}} Help talk:Magic words/mhr Название страницы обсуждения статьи

None of these are affected by changes to the display title using {{DISPLAYTITLE:xxxx}}; the values returned are the original page title.

The {{BASEPAGENAME}} and {{SUBPAGENAME}} magic words only work in namespaces that have subpages enabled. See $wgNamespacesWithSubpages for information on enabling subpages.

As of 1.15+, these can all take a parameter, allowing specification of the page to be operated on, instead of just the current page:

  • {{PAGENAME:Template:Main Page}} → Main Page
Warning Warning: If the page title contains any parts that are "." or "..", the magic word returns nothing.
{{PAGENAME:one/./three}}Nothing is returned.
Warning Warning: Page titles containing certain characters, such as apostrophes ' or asterisks *, may produce unexpected results when handled with these magic words, e.g. {{PAGESINCATEGORY:{{PAGENAME}}}}. See bugs T16779, T18474, T37628, T37746. One simple way to fix this is wrapping the pagename in {{#titleparts:}} from the ParserFunctions extension.

URL encoded page names

The following are equivalents encoded for use in MediaWiki URLs (i.e. spaces replaced with underscores and some characters HTML escaped using numeric character encoding):


Note that {{PAGENAME:...}}, {{PAGENAMEE:...}} and {{urlencode:...}} have distinct implementations. See Manual:PAGENAMEE encoding for details.

Пространство имён

Переменная Возвращаемое значение Описание Версия
{{NAMESPACE}} Help Пространство имён (название) (except for main space)
{{NAMESPACENUMBER}} 12 ID of the page's namespace
Gerrit change 4056
Пространство имён для текущей статьи
{{TALKSPACE}} Help talk Пространство имён для текущей страницы обсуждения

Эквиваленты с URL-кодирование:


As of 1.15+, these can take a full-page-name parameter and will return the requested namespace associated with that page, instead of with the current page:

  • {{NAMESPACENUMBER:MediaWiki}}0
  • {{NAMESPACE:MediaWiki}} (Pages in main space will return empty)
  • {{NAMESPACE:Template:Main Page}}Template
  • {{SUBJECTSPACE:Template:Main Page}}Template
  • {{ARTICLESPACE:Template:Main Page}}Template
  • {{TALKSPACE:Template:Main Page}}Template talk

Parameter must not be a namespace name:

  • {{SUBJECTSPACE:Help talk}}  (Empty)


Variable Output Description Versions
{{!}} | Used to include a pipe character as part of a template argument or table cell contents. Before this was added as a magic word, many wikis implemented this by creating Template:! with | as the content.

See Help:Extension:ParserFunctions#Escaping pipe characters in tables for further explanation.

Gerrit change 136234
{{=}} = Used to include an equal sign as part of a template argument or table cell contents. Before this was added as a magic word, many wikis implemented this by creating Template:= with = as the content.

See Help:Extension:ParserFunctions#Raw equal signs for further explanation.

Gerrit change 791685

Parser functions

Parser functions are very similar to variables but take one or more parameters (technically, any magic word that takes a parameter is a parser function), and the name is sometimes prefixed with a hash to distinguish them from templates.

This page only describes parser functions that are integral to the MediaWiki software. Other parser functions may be added by MediaWiki extensions such as the Extension:ParserFunctions . For those see Help:Extension:ParserFunctions .

Technical metadata of another page

Parser function Output
(for page MediaWiki)
оооо Версия
{{PAGEID: page name }} 1 [Expensive] Returns the page identifier of the specified page*.
Gerrit change 76534
{{PAGESIZE:page name}}
{{PAGESIZE: page name |R}}
102 374
[Expensive] Returns the byte size of the specified page. Use "|R" to get raw (unformatted) numbers.
{{PROTECTIONLEVEL:action | page name}} sysop [Expensive] Outputs the protection level (e.g. "autoconfirmed", "sysop") for a given action (e.g. "edit", "move") on the specified page. Returns an empty string if not protected.
{{PROTECTIONEXPIRY: action | page name}} infinity [Expensive] Outputs the protection expiry (e.g. "20160418155030", "infinity") for a given action (e.g. "edit", "move") on the specified page. Returns "infinity" if not protected.
Gerrit change 255717
{{CASCADINGSOURCES: page name}} [Expensive] Returns the sources of any cascading protection acting on the specified page. Pages will not return their own title unless they transclude themselves.
Gerrit change 104999
{{REVISIONID: page name }} 6287429 [Expensive] Unique revision ID of the last revision on the specified page*.
Gerrit change 76534
{{REVISIONDAY: page name }} 29 [Expensive] Day of edit from the last revision of the specified page* (unpadded number).
Gerrit change 76534
{{REVISIONDAY2: page name }} 29 [Expensive] Day of edit from the last revision of the specified page* (zero-padded number).
Gerrit change 76534
{{REVISIONMONTH: page name }} 12 [Expensive] Month of edit from the last revision of the specified page* (zero-padded number as of 1.17+, unpadded number in prior versions).
Gerrit change 76534
{{REVISIONMONTH1: page name }} 12 [Expensive] Month of edit from the last revision of the specified page* (unpadded number).
Gerrit change 76534
{{REVISIONYEAR: page name }} 2023 [Expensive] Year of edit from the last revision of the specified page*.
Gerrit change 76534
{{REVISIONTIMESTAMP: page name }} 20231229181425 [Expensive] Timestamp as of time of edit on the specified page*.
Gerrit change 76534
{{REVISIONUSER: page name }} Tropicalkitty [Expensive] The username from the last revision on the specified page*.
Gerrit change 76534
  • When the given param is equal to the current title of the parser, the parser function will yield the previous versions on preview and on substitution, that includes empty strings when used on page creation but using the values from the viewed version for page view, including viewing old revisions. In this case it is a non-expensive parser function.

URL data

Parser function Input → Output Описание Версия
{{localurl:page name}}
{{localurl:page name
→ /wiki/MediaWiki
→ /w/index.php?title=MediaWiki&printable=yes
The relative path to the title.
{{fullurl:page name}}
{{fullurl:page name

{{fullurl:interwiki:remote page name
{{fullurl:Category:Top level}}
→ //www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Category:Top_level

{{fullurl:Category:Top level|action=edit}}
→ //www.mediawiki.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Top_level&action=edit

A protocol-relative path to the title, which depends on the $wgServer configuration setting for the local wiki (and so may or may not start with http(s)://). This will also resolve interwiki prefixes. Note: Unbracketed (plain) protocol-relative links are not automagically linked.
{{canonicalurl:page name}}
{{canonicalurl:page name

{{canonicalurl:interwiki:remote page name
{{canonicalurl:Category:Top level}}

{{canonicalurl:Category:Top level|action=edit}}
https://www.mediawiki.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Top_level&action=edit {{canonicalurl:w:Category:Top level|action=edit}}

The absolute path to the title, using the canonical URL. This will also resolve interwiki prefixes.
{{filepath:file name}}
{{filepath:file name|nowiki}}
{{filepath:file name|thumbnail_size}}
→ //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/mediawiki/b/bc/Wiki.png

→ //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/mediawiki/b/bc/Wiki.png
→ //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/84/Example.svg/300px-Example.svg.png

The parameter nowiki usually removes the link around the filepath (which can't be seen in this example).

A protocol-relative path to the full size or thumbnail (1.18+) of a media file.

{{urlencode:string}} or
{{urlencode:x:y/z á é}} or
{{urlencode:x:y/z á é|QUERY}}
→ x%3Ay%2Fz+%C3%A1+%C3%A9
{{urlencode:x:y/z á é|WIKI}}
→ x:y/z_%C3%A1_%C3%A9
{{urlencode:x:y/z á é|PATH}}
→ x%3Ay%2Fz%20%C3%A1%20%C3%A9

Note that the default changed from |WIKI to |QUERY in 1.17; this may break templates that rely on this function.

The input encoded for use in URLs. Note that there is no urldecode function like there is in the obsolete Extension:StringFunctions
 none + 
 WIKI _ 


{{anchorencode:string}} {{anchorencode:x y z á é}}
→ x_y_z_á_é
The input encoded for use in URL section anchors (after the “#” symbol in a URL).

The following are equivalents encoded for use in MediaWiki URLs (some characters percent-encoded):

  • {{localurle:page name}}
  • {{localurle:page name|query_string}}
  • {{fullurle:page name}}
  • {{fullurle:page name|query_string}}
  • {{fullurle:interwiki:remote page name|query_string}}
  • {{canonicalurle:page name}}
  • {{canonicalurle:page name|query_string}}
  • {{canonicalurle:interwiki:remote page name|query_string}}


{{ns:}} returns the current localized name for the namespace with that index, canonical name, or local alias. Thus {{ns:6}}, {{ns:File}}, and {{ns:Image}} (an old name for the File namespace) all return "File". On a wiki where the content language is French, {{ns:Fichier}} is also valid, but {{ns:Datei}} (the localisation of "File" in German) is not.

The main namespace has no name, i.e. {{ns:0}} returns an empty string. For explicitly referring to the main namespace, {{int:Blanknamespace}} can be used, resulting in "(Тӱҥ)".

{{nse:}} is the equivalent encoded for MediaWiki URLs. It does the same, but it replaces spaces with underscores, making it usable in external links.

Content namespaces Talk namespaces
Использование Возвращаемое значение Использование Возвращаемое значение
{{ns:-2}} / {{ns:Media}} Media {{ns:-1}} / {{ns:Special}} Special
(no talk page)
{{ns:0}} / {{ns:}} {{ns:1}} / {{ns:Talk}} Talk
{{ns:2}} / {{ns:User}} User {{ns:3}} / {{ns:User talk}} User talk
{{ns:4}} / {{ns:Project}} Project
Varies between wikis
{{ns:5}} / {{ns:Project talk}} Project talk
{{ns:6}} / {{ns:File}} or {{ns:Image}} File {{ns:7}} / {{ns:File talk}} or {{ns:Image talk}} File talk
{{ns:8}} / {{ns:MediaWiki}} MediaWiki {{ns:9}} / {{ns:MediaWiki talk}} MediaWiki talk
{{ns:10}} / {{ns:Template}} Template {{ns:11}} / {{ns:Template talk}} Template talk
{{ns:12}} / {{ns:Help}} Help {{ns:13}} / {{ns:Help talk}} Help talk
{{ns:14}} / {{ns:Category}} Category {{ns:15}} / {{ns:Category talk}} Category talk

Don't confuse localised namespaces with custom namespaces.


Переменная Возвращаемое значение Описание Версия

{{formatnum:unformatted number}}
{{formatnum:formatnum-formatted number|R}}
{{formatnum:unformatted number|NOSEP}}

  • Simple:
    • {{formatnum:987654321.654321}}
      → 987 654 321,654321
    • {{formatnum:987 654 321,654321|R}}
      → 987654321.654321
  • Advanced:
    • {{formatnum:{{formatnum:987654321.654321}}|R}}
      → 987654321.654321 (on any locale)
    • {{formatnum:00001}}
      → 00 001
    • {{formatnum:987654321.654321 |NOSEP}}
      → 987654321.654321
    • Examples with Bangla locale:
      • {{formatnum:987654321.654321}}
        → ৯৮,৭৬,৫৪,৩২১.৬৫৪৩২১
      • {{formatnum:987654321.654321 |NOSEP}}
        → ৯৮৭৬৫৪৩২১.৬৫৪৩২১
      • {{formatnum:৯৮,৭৬,৫৪,৩২১.৬৫৪৩২১ |R}}
        → 987654321.654321

→ 987 654 321 (e.g. with Italian locale)

Examples of wrong input (unreliable output), with or without |R:
{{formatnum:987,654.321|R}} (the least broken)
{{formatnum:987 654,321|R}}

Takes an unformatted number (Arabic, no group separators and . as decimal separator) and outputs it in the localized digit script and formatted with decimal and decimal group separators, according to the page language.

The |R parameter can be used to reverse the behavior, for use in mathematical situations: it's reliable and should be used only to deformat numbers which are known to be formatted exactly as formatnum formats them with the wiki's locale.
The NOSEP ("no separators") parameter means that no group / decimal separators are changed; formatnum will only transform the digits themselves in languages which don't use the Hindu–Arabic numeral system. NOSEP can also prevent non-standard digit groupings you wouldn't expect.

Warning Warning: Leading zeroes are not removed, you can use {{#expr:00001}} instead if you have Extension:ParserFunctions installed.

Warning Warning: If you don't input numbers in the exact format required, don't expect any reliable output, especially on non-English wikis.

If you really need to format (according the wiki's locale) a number in unknown input format, you could try and use formatnum two times (but not if it can have a decimal group, or its separator will be eaten or the number won't be formatted). Be aware that this is more a hack than a regular way to proceed, thus the output may be not reliable.




{{#dateformat:25 dec 2009|ymd}}
→ 25 dec 2009 (your pref), 2009 December 25 (default)
{{#formatdate:dec 25,2009|dmy}}
→ dec 25,2009 (your pref), 25 December 2009 (default)
теле 25, 2009 (your pref), December 25, 2009 (default)
{{#formatdate:2009 dec 25|ISO 8601}}
→ 2009 dec 25 (your pref), 2009-12-25 (default)
{{#dateformat:25 decEmber|mdy}}
→ 25 decEmber (your pref), December 25 (default)

Note: In the examples above, "your pref" refers to your date preference on the current MediaWiki wiki only.

Formats an unlinked date based on user "date format" preference, and adds metadata tagging it as a formatted date. For logged-out users and those who have not set a date format in their preferences, dates can be given a default: mdy, dmy, ymd, ISO 8601 (all case sensitive). If only the month and day are given, only mdy and dmy are valid. If a format is not specified or is invalid, the input format is used as a default. If the supplied date is not recognized as a valid date (specifically, if it contains any metadata such as from a nested use of these or similar templates), it is rendered unchanged, and no (additional) metadata is generated.
Warning Warning: Although the ISO 8601 standard requires that dates be in the Gregorian calendar, the ISO parameter in this function will still format dates that fall outside the usual Gregorian range (e.g. dates prior to 1583). Also, the magic word cannot properly convert between negative years (used with ISO 8601) and years BC or years BCE (used in general writing).


{{lc:DATA CENTER}} → data center Строка в нижнем регистре.


{{lcfirst:DATA center}} → dATA center Строка с первым символом в нижнем регистре.


{{uc:text transform}} → TEXT TRANSFORM Строка в верхнем регистре.


{{ucfirst:text tRAnSFORM}} → Text tRAnSFORM Строка с первым символом в верхнем регистре.


{{padleft:xyz|5}} → 00xyz

{{padleft:xyz|5|_}} → __xyz
{{padleft:xyz|5|abc}} → abxyz
{{padleft:xyz|2}} → xyz
{{padleft:|1|xyz}} → x (first character of the string)

Ввод (первый параметр) дополняется с левой стороны до указанной ширины (второй параметр) с использованием определённых символов (третий параметр). Если третий параметр не указан, строка дополняется нулями.
bug: мультибайтовые символы определяются, как двухбайтовые.
The final digits or characters in the base replace the final characters in the padding; i.e. {{padleft:44|3|0}} produces 044. The padding string may be truncated if its length does not evenly divide the required number of characters.

Only the first character of the third parameter is used in versions up to 1.12, but by version 1.15, all the characters are used.

Bug (fixed in r45734): multibyte characters are interpreted as two characters, which can skew width. These also cannot be used as padding characters.




{{padright:xyz|5}} → xyz00

{{padright:xyz|5|_}} → xyz__
{{padright:xyz|5|abc}} → xyzab
{{padright:xyz|2}} → xyz
{{padright:|1|xyz}} → x

Аналогично padleft, но дополняет строку с правой стороны.



{{bidi:text transform}} → ‪text transform‬

{{bidi:كتابة عربية}} → ‫كتابة عربية‬

Wraps the text in a script-appropriate directionality marker (either left-to-right (U+202A) or right-to-left (U+202B)) and a pop directionality formatting character (U+202C), to ensure directionality safety when using a mix of scripts in running text.


Here are the magic words which are used as main localisation tools. Other magic words will often depend on the wiki's locale and configuration or on the chosen language: see in particular #Date and time, #Formatting, #Miscellaneous. More magic words are added by the Extension:Translate .

The usage of these magic words can be very complex, and the documentation is currently incomplete; there's some more info on PLURAL, GRAMMAR, GENDER.

Usage Input → Output Описание Версия
{{PLURAL:2|is|are}} {{PLURAL:0|is|are}} → are
{{PLURAL:1*1|is|are}} → is
{{PLURAL:21 mod 10|is|are}} → is
{{PLURAL:{{#expr:21 mod 10}}|is|are}} → is
{{PLURAL:1|is|are}} → is
{{PLURAL:2|is|are}} → are
{{PLURAL:-1|is|are}} → is
{{PLURAL:-2|is|are}} → are
{{PLURAL:0.5|is|are}} → are
{{PLURAL:1.5|is|are}} → are
{{PLURAL:-0.5|is|are}} → are
{{PLURAL:-1.5|is|are}} → are
(For Russian)
{{PLURAL:5|1=Категория|Категории}} → Категории

{{PLURAL:3|страница|страницы|страниц}} → страницы
{{PLURAL:5|страница|страницы|страниц}} → страниц

Outputs a plural form appropriate for the given language. For English, the singular form (second parameter) is used if the absolute value of the first parameter is an expression equalling one; and the the plural form (third parameter) is used otherwise. See further documentation on translatewiki.net
Some language codes (ab, av, ba, bxr, ce, crh_cyrl, cv, inh, koi, krc, kv, lbe, lez, mhr, mrj, myv, ru, sl, tt_cyrl, tyv, udm, xal) used 3 plural forms (updated 01.2014):
  • Form 1: 1, 21, 31, 41, 51, 61, 71, 81, 101, 1001, …
  • Form 2: 0, 5, 6, 7, 8, …, 18, 19, 100, 1000, 10000, 100000, 1000000, …
  • Form 3: 2, 3, 4, 22, 23, 24, 32, 33, 34, 42, 43, 44, 52, 53, 54, 62, 102, 1002, …
{{GRAMMAR:N|noun}} Outputs the correct inflected form of the given word described by the inflection code after the colon. Grammar transformations are used for inflected languages like Polish. See also $wgGrammarForms , and [<tvar name="url">https://translatewiki.net/wiki/Grammar grammar documentation on translatewiki.net].
{{GENDER:username|text for every gender}}

{{GENDER:Username|male text|female text|text for unspecified}}
{{GENDER:|male text|female text|text for unspecified}}
{{GENDER:.|male text|female text|text for unspecified}}

(Depends on the named user's gender)

A switch for the gender set in Special:Preferences.
Note: The first example is basically a no-op
Note: If 3rd parameter is omitted and user hasn't defined their gender, then text if user is male is returned.
A blank username field ({{GENDER:|) means the current user, but can be used only in interface messages (MediaWiki namespace).
A dot username (.) means the default user gender on this wiki.

{{int:message name}} {{int:edit}}Edit
(Depends on user language; try: frja)
Internationalizes (translates) the given interface (MediaWiki namespace) message into the user language. For msgnw and other transclusion magic words, see the Transclusion modifiers section.

Note that this can damage / confuse cache consistency in MediaWiki 1.17 and earlier, see T16404.

{{int:editsectionhint|MediaWiki}} {{int:editsectionhint|MediaWiki}}Edit section: MediaWiki You may also use parameters with translations.
Parameters are designated in messages with: $1, $2, $3, etc.
For example, here is the message for editsectionhint: Edit section: $1
In this example, MediaWiki replaces $1.

Transclusion modifiers

{{Page name|optional params}} usually transcludes another page, by default from the Template:namespace. These magic words modify that behavior.


See also