Help:특수 명령

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This page is a translated version of the page Help:Magic words and the translation is 57% complete.

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PD 참고: 이 문서를 편집하면, CC0에 따라 당신의 기여를 배포하는 데 동의한 것으로 간주됩니다. 자세한 내용은 퍼블릭 도메인 도움말 문서를 보십시오.

Magic words are strings of text that MediaWiki associates with a return value or function, such as time, site details, or page names. This page is about usage of standard magic words; for a technical reference, see Manual:Magic words.

미디어위키에서는 문서 이름, 시간, 문서 설정 등에 대한 특수 변수가 제공됩니다. 이 기능은 크게 다음과 같습니다.

  • 문서의 목차 모양을 변경하거나, 분류의 숨김 상태 등을 지정하는 기능: __FOO__와 같이 두개의 밑줄표로 둘러싸인 특수 명령은 문서의 목차 모양을 변경할 수 있으며 분류의 숨김 상태 등 여러가지를 변화시킬수 있습니다.
  • 문서 제목, 현재 시간 등의 값을 보여주는 기능: {{FOO}}와 같이 두개의 중괄호에 둘러싸인 특수 명령은 흔히 문서의 제목이나 현재 시간 등의 값을 보여주며 다른 역할을 수행하는 경우도 있습니다.

Variables and parser functions can use subst:, just like templates. Page-dependent magic words will affect or return data about the current page (by default), even if the word is added through a transcluded template or included system message.

문서 설정[edit | edit source]

A behavior switch controls the layout or behavior of the page and can often be used to specify desired omissions and inclusions in the content.

문자열 설명 버전
__NOTOC__ (TOC)를 숨깁니다.
__FORCETOC__ 목차가 항상 보이도록 설정합니다.
__TOC__ 문자열이 입력된 곳에 목차를 표시합니다. (만약 __NOTOC__가 사용되었다면 NOTOC을 무시합니다.) 여러 번 사용된 경우는 첫 번째만 작동합니다.
__NOEDITSECTION__ 소제목에 붙는 '편집' 링크를 숨깁니다.
__NEWSECTIONLINK__ 토론 문서가 아닌 경우, 문서 메뉴에 새 토론 추가하기를 추가합니다. (이름은 Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki:Addsection에서 지정할 수 있습니다.)
__NONEWSECTIONLINK__ 토론 문서인 경우, 문서 메뉴에서 새 토론 추가하기를 제거합니다.
__NOGALLERY__ 분류 문서에서 사용합니다. 그림 파일이 섬네일로 나오지 않고, 대신 일반 문서로 나옵니다.
__HIDDENCAT__ 분류 문서에서 사용합니다. 해당 분류에 속하는 문서가 자신이 그 분류에 속한다는 것을 표시하지 않습니다. (해당 분류를 보려면 사용자 설정에서 바꿀 수 있습니다.)
언어 변환
언어 표현을 변경할 수 있는 경우에 사용합니다. 문서를 표시할 때 언어 변환을 사용하지 않습니다. 예를 들어, 중국어 문서(zh)를 zh_cn, zh_tw, zh_sg, zh_hk로 변환하지 않습니다.
__NOCONTENTCONVERT__와 비슷하지만, 제목에만 변환을 사용하지 않습니다. 나머지 내용은 변환합니다.
__START__ (효과 없음)
__END__ 19213에서 삭제된 기능입니다. 문서의 끝이라는 것을 나타냅니다. 이후의 내용은 무시됩니다.
1.1 – 1.8
__INDEX__ 검색엔진이 이 문서를 수집하는 것을 허가합니다. ($wgArticleRobotPolicies을 오버라이드하지만, robots.txt를 오버라이드하지 않습니다.)

It obeys $wgExemptFromUserRobotsControl variable.

__NOINDEX__ 검색엔진이 이 문서를 수집하는 것을 거부합니다. It obeys $wgExemptFromUserRobotsControl variable.
__STATICREDIRECT__ On redirect pages, don't allow MediaWiki to automatically update the link when someone moves a page and checks "Update any redirects that point to the original title" (which requires $wgFixDoubleRedirects).
__DISAMBIG__ Marks a page as a disambiguation page and places it in Special:DisambiguationPages, and places inward links in Special:DisambiguationPageLinks. See Extension:Disambiguator. Extension:Disambiguator 필요

변수[edit | edit source]

Variables return information about the current page, wiki, or date. Their syntax is similar to templates. Variables marked as "[expensive]" are tracked by the software, and the number that can be included on a page is limited.

If a template name conflicts with a variable, the variable will be used (so to transclude the template Template:PAGENAME you would need to write {{Template:PAGENAME}}). In some cases, adding parameters will force the parser to invoke a template; for example, {{CURRENTDAYNAME|x}} transcludes Template:CURRENTDAYNAME, not the variable.

날짜 및 시간[edit | edit source]

The following variables return the current date and time in UTC.

Due to MediaWiki and browser caching, these variables frequently show when the page was cached rather than the current time.

The date and time magic words are formatted in the wiki content language. Since 1.19, they depend on the page content language.

변수 출력 설명 버전
{{CURRENTYEAR}} 2015 연도
{{CURRENTMONTH}} 08 달(01~12의 두 자리 숫자로 표시)
{{CURRENTMONTH1}} 8 Month (non-zero-padded number)
{{CURRENTMONTHNAME}} 8월 달(이름으로 표시)
{{CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN}} 8월 달(소유격. 언어에 따라 소유격이 다른 경우에 사용합니다)
{{CURRENTDAY}} 3 월별 날짜(1~31로 표기)
{{CURRENTDAY2}} 03 월별 날짜(01~31로 표기)
{{CURRENTDOW}} 1 요일(숫자, 월=1, 화=2, ..., 일=7)
{{CURRENTDAYNAME}} 월요일 요일(이름)
{{CURRENTTIME}} 23:04 시간(24시간 HH:mm)
{{CURRENTHOUR}} 23 시간(분 없이, HH(00~24)로 표기)
{{CURRENTWEEK}} 32 주(숫자, 한 해에서 몇 번째 주인지를 표시)

The following variables do the same as the preceding ones, but using the site's server config or $wgLocaltimezone.

  • {{LOCALDAY}}
  • {{LOCALDAY2}}
  • {{LOCALDOW}}

For more thorough time formatting, you may want to install Extension:ParserFunctions to use the #time parser function.

기술적인 메타데이터[edit | edit source]

Note: Revision variables return data about the latest edit to the current page, even if viewing an older version of the page.

변수 출력 설명 버전
{{SITENAME}} MediaWiki 위키 사이트 이름($wgSitename에서 설정 가능)
{{SERVER}} // 위키 도메인 URL($wgServer에서 설정 가능)
{{SERVERNAME}} Subdomain and domain name (no longer dependent on $wgServerName as of version 1.17).

Outputs a Unicode directional mark that matches the wiki's default language's direction (‎ on left-to-right wikis, ‏ on right-to-left wikis), useful in text with multi-directional text. Since 1.19, it depends on the page content language.
{{SCRIPTPATH}} /w 스크립트 위치 상대경로($wgScriptPath)
{{STYLEPATH}} 스킨 스타일 위치 상대경로($wgStylePath)
{{CURRENTVERSION}} 1.26wmf16 (5601f08) 미디어위키 버전
기본 사용 언어($wgLanguageCode)
{{PAGEID}} 60388 Returns the page identifier.
Gerrit change 9858
{{PROTECTIONLEVEL:동작}} 입력한 기능('edit': 편집, 'move': 이동)에 대해, 현재 문서의 보호 상태('autoconfirm': 준보호, 'sysop': 보호)를 출력합니다. 보호 상태가 없으면 빈 문자열을 출력합니다.
{{CASCADINGSOURCES}} [Expensive] Returns the sources of any cascading protection acting on the current page. Pages will not return their own title unless they transclude themselves.
Gerrit change 104999
현재 문서의 최근 편집 기록
{{REVISIONID}} 1700876 편집 기록 고유 ID
{{REVISIONDAY}} 5 편집한 날(1~31 표기)
{{REVISIONDAY2}} 05 편집한 날(01~31 표기)
{{REVISIONMONTH}} 07 편집한 달(01~31로 표기. 1.17+보다 이전 버전의 경우는 1~31로 표기합니다.)
{{REVISIONMONTH1}} 7 Month edit was made (unpadded number).
{{REVISIONYEAR}} 2015 편집한 연도
{{REVISIONTIMESTAMP}} 20150705182156 편집한 시간
{{REVISIONUSER}} FuzzyBot 편집한 사용자명
{{REVISIONSIZE}} 66516 The size (bytes of wikitext) of the current revision of this page
Gerrit change 82650
문서 출력
{{DISPLAYTITLE:제목}} Format the current page's title header. The value must be equivalent to the default title: only capitalization changes and replacing spaces with underscores are allowed (this can be changed with $wgRestrictDisplayTitle). It can be disabled or enabled by $wgAllowDisplayTitle; disabled by default before 1.10+, enabled by default thereafter.

It can take a second argument of noerror or noreplace to suppress error messages when multiple displaytitles are used on one page or to make this displaytitle do nothing if a displaytitle was already specified earlier in the page.


Gerrit change 144870

(for noerror and noreplace)
문서 분류에 사용되는 정렬 키를 변경합니다.


(for noerror and noreplace)

통계[edit | edit source]

Numbers returned by these variables normally contain separators (commas, dots or spaces, depending on the local language), but can return raw numbers with the ":R" flag (for example, {{NUMBEROFPAGES}} → 406,343 and {{NUMBEROFPAGES:R}} → 406343).

Use "|R" for magic words that require a parameter like PAGESINCATEGORY (for example {{PAGESINCATEGORY:Help}} and {{PAGESINCATEGORY:Help|R}}, or {{PAGESINCATEGORY:Help|subcats}} and {{PAGESINCATEGORY:Help|subcats|R}}). Also applicable to {{PAGESIZE:page name}} hereinbefore.

The number magic words are formatted in the wiki content language. Since 1.19, it depends on the page content language.

변수 출력 설명 버전
{{NUMBEROFPAGES}} 406,343 위키 문서 수
{{NUMBEROFARTICLES}} 29,565 위키의 일반 문서 수(토론 문서나 도움말 문서 등의 특정 네임스페이스를 제외할 수 있습니다. 이에 대한 설정은 content namespaces에서 볼 수 있습니다.)
{{NUMBEROFFILES}} 2,836 올린 파일 수
{{NUMBEROFEDITS}} 1,865,280 문서 편집 횟수
{{NUMBEROFVIEWS}} 방문자 수(캐시를 사용하는 경우 의미없는 값이 출력됩니다.) Gerrit change 150699에서 제거됩니다.
1.14 – 1.24
{{NUMBEROFUSERS}} 2,825,406 사용자 수
{{NUMBEROFADMINS}} 175 관리자 수
{{NUMBEROFACTIVEUSERS}} 1,126 Number of active users, based on the criteria used in Special:Statistics.
[Expensive] Number of pages (including subcategories and files) in the given category. (Category:Help used for demonstration)
[Expensive] Respectively, the number of
  • all pages
  • ordinary pages (excluding subcategories and files)
  • subcategories or
  • files

in the given category. (Category:Help used for demonstration)

Gerrit change 12790
({{NUMBERINGROUP:bureaucrat}} used here)
Number of users in a specific group.
활성화되지 않음 [Expensive] Number of pages in the given namespace (replace index with the relevant namespace index). For instance, {{PAGESINNAMESPACE:14}} will output the number of category pages. {{PAGESINNS:0}} differs from {{NUMBEROFARTICLES}} in that the former includes redirects and disambiguation pages. Disabled by default, enable with $wgAllowSlowParserFunctions.

문서 제목[edit | edit source]

변수 출력 설명 버전
{{FULLPAGENAME}} Help:Magic words/ko 문서 제목, 이름공간 포함
{{PAGENAME}} Magic words/ko 문서 제목, 이름공간 제외
{{BASEPAGENAME}} Magic words 기본 문서 제목. 이름공간을 제외하며, 하위 문서에 대한 정보도 제외합니다. "이름공간:제목/하위1/하위2"의 경우 "제목/하위1"를 출력합니다.

더 복잡한 출력이 필요한 경우는 {{#titleparts:}} 기능을 사용하세요.

For more complex splitting, use {{#titleparts:}} from the ParserFunctions extension.

{{SUBPAGENAME}} ko 하위 문서 정보. "제목/하위"의 경우 "하위"를 출력합니다.
Help:Magic words/ko
Help:Magic words/ko
문서 이름공간의 문서 제목(이름공간 포함)
{{TALKPAGENAME}} Help talk:Magic words/ko 토론 이름공간의 문서 제목(이름공간 포함)
{{ROOTPAGENAME}} Magic words 현재 페이지의 루트의 이름. Would return Title on page Help:Title/Foo/Bar

The {{BASEPAGENAME}} and {{SUBPAGENAME}} magic words only work in namespaces that have subpages enabled. See $wgNamespacesWithSubpages for information on enabling subpages.

As of 1.15+, these can all take a parameter, allowing specification of the page to be operated on, instead of just the current page:

  • {{PAGENAME:Template:Main Page}}Main Page
Warning Warning: Page titles containing certain characters, such as apostrophes ' or asterisks *, may produce unexpected results when handled with these magic words, e.g. {{PAGESINCATEGORY:{{PAGENAME}}}}. See bugs T16779, T18474, T37628, and T37746. One simple way to fix this is wrapping the pagename in #titleparts (parser function).

For example, if page name is "L'Aquila", the following code will produce the string "Numeric char encoding":

| L'Aquila = No translation
| L = Not OK
| L'Aquila = Entity escaping
| L'Aquila = Numeric char encoding

URL 인코드된 페이지 이름[edit | edit source]

The following are equivalents encoded for use in MediaWiki URLs (i.e. spaces replaced with underscores and some characters HTML escaped using numeric character encoding):


Note that {{PAGENAME:...}}, {{PAGENAMEE:...}} and {{urlencode:...}} have distinct implementations. See Manual:PAGENAMEE encoding for details.

이름공간[edit | edit source]

변수 출력 설명 버전
{{NAMESPACE}} Help 문서 이름공간의 이름
{{NAMESPACENUMBER}} 12 문서의 일반 이름공간. 토론 문서의 경우 그에 대응하는 일반 공간을 표시합니다.
Gerrit change 4056
Name of the associated content namespace
{{TALKSPACE}} Help talk 문서의 토론 이름공간. {{SUBJECTSPACE}}과 반대의 기능입니다.

The following are equivalents encoded for use in MediaWiki URLs (spaces replaced with underscores and some characters percent-encoded):


As of 1.15+, these can take a full-page-name parameter and will return the requested namespace associated with that page, instead of with the current page:

  • {{NAMESPACE:Template:Main Page}}Template
  • {{SUBJECTSPACE:Template:Main Page}}Template
  • {{TALKSPACE:Template:Main Page}}Template talk

Parameter must not be a namespace name:

  • {{SUBJECTSPACE:Help talk}}  (Empty)

기타[edit | edit source]

변수 출력 설명 버전
{{!}} | Used to include a pipe character as part of a template argument or table cell contents. Before this was added as a magic word, many wikis implemented this by creating Template:! with | as the content.
Gerrit change 136234

파서 함수[edit | edit source]

Parser functions are very similar to variables, but take one or more parameters (technically, any magic word that takes a parameter is a parser function), and the name is sometimes prefixed with a hash to distinguish them from templates.

This page only describes parser functions that are integral to the MediaWiki software. Other parser functions may be added by MediaWiki extensions such as the Extension:ParserFunctions. For those see 도움말:확장기능:파서 함수.

다른 페이지의 기술적인 메타데이터[edit | edit source]

파서 함수 (MediaWiki 페이지에 대한)
설명 버전
{{PAGEID: 문서 이름 }} 1 [Expensive] Returns the page identifier of the specified page*.
Gerrit change 76534
{{PAGESIZE: 문서 이름 }}
{{PAGESIZE: 문서 이름 |R}}
[Expensive] Returns the byte size of the specified page. Use "|R" to get raw (unformatted) numbers.
{{PROTECTIONLEVEL:동작 | 문서 이름}} sysop [Expensive] Outputs the protection level (e.g. "autoconfirmed", "sysop") for a given action (e.g. "edit", "move") on the specified page. Returns an empty string if not protected.

page name}}

[Expensive] Returns the sources of any cascading protection acting on the specified page. Pages will not return their own title unless they transclude themselves.
Gerrit change 104999
{{REVISIONID: 문서 이름 }} 1446376 [Expensive] Unique revision ID of the last revision on the specified page*.
Gerrit change 76534
{{REVISIONDAY: 문서 이름 }} 16 [Expensive] Day of edit from the last revision of the specified page* (unpadded number).
Gerrit change 76534
{{REVISIONDAY2: 문서 이름 }} 16 [Expensive] Day of edit from the last revision of the specified page* (zero-padded number).
Gerrit change 76534
{{REVISIONMONTH: 문서 이름 }} 03 [Expensive] Month of edit from the last revision of the specified page* (zero-padded number as of 1.17+, unpadded number in prior versions).
Gerrit change 76534
{{REVISIONMONTH1: 문서 이름 }} 3 [Expensive] Month of edit from the last revision of the specified page* (unpadded number).
Gerrit change 76534
{{REVISIONYEAR: 문서 이름 }} 2015 [Expensive] Year of edit from the last revision of the specified page*.
Gerrit change 76534
{{REVISIONTIMESTAMP: 문서 이름 }} 20150316021645 [Expensive] Timestamp as of time of edit on the specified page*.
Gerrit change 76534
{{REVISIONUSER: 문서 이름 }} Ruy Pugliesi [Expensive] The username from the last revision on the specified page*.
Gerrit change 76534
*When the given param is equal to the current title of the parser, the parser function will yield the previous versions on preview and on substitution, that includes empty strings when used on page creation, but using the values from the current version for page view, including viewing old revisions. In this case it is a non-expensive parser function.

URL 데이터[edit | edit source]

파서 함수 입력 → 출력 설명 버전
{{localurl:page name}}
{{localurl:page name
→ /wiki/MediaWiki
→ /w/index.php?title=MediaWiki&printable=yes
The relative path to the title.
{{fullurl:page name}}
{{fullurl:page name

{{fullurl:interwiki:remote page name
{{fullurl:Category:Top level}}
→ //

{{fullurl:Category:Top level|action=edit}}
→ //

A protocol-relative path to the title. This will also resolve interwiki prefixes. Note: Unbracketed (plain) protocol-relative links are not automagically linked.
{{canonicalurl:page name}}
{{canonicalurl:page name

{{canonicalurl:interwiki:remote page name
{{canonicalurl:Category:Top level}}

{{canonicalurl:Category:Top level|action=edit}}

The absolute path to the title, using the canonical URL. This will also resolve interwiki prefixes.
{{filepath:file name}}
{{filepath:file name|nowiki}}
{{filepath:file name|thumbnail_size}}
→ //

→ //
→ //

A protocol-relative path to the full size or thumbnail (1.18+) of a media file.

{{urlencode:string}} or
{{urlencode:x:y/z á é}} or
{{urlencode:x:y/z á é|QUERY}}
→ x%3Ay%2Fz+%C3%A1+%C3%A9
{{urlencode:x:y/z á é|WIKI}}
→ x:y/z_%C3%A1_%C3%A9
{{urlencode:x:y/z á é|PATH}}
→ x%3Ay%2Fz%20%C3%A1%20%C3%A9

Note that the default changed from |WIKI to |QUERY in 1.17; this may break templates that rely on this function.

The input encoded for use in URLs. Note that there is no urldecode function like there is in the obsolete Extension:StringFunctions.
코드 스페이스
 none  + 
 WIKI  _ 
 PATH %20


{{anchorencode:문자열}} {{anchorencode:x y z á é}}
→ x_y_z_.C3.A1_.C3.A9
The input encoded for use in URL section anchors (after the “#” symbol in a URL).

이름공간[edit | edit source]

{{ns:}} returns the current localized name for the namespace with that index, canonical name, or local alias. Thus {{ns:6}}, {{ns:File}}, and {{ns:Image}} (an old name for the File namespace) all return "File". On a wiki where the content language is French, {{ns:Fichier}} is also valid, but {{ns:Datei}} (the localisation of "File" in German) is not.

{{nse:}} is the equivalent encoded for MediaWiki URLs. It does the same, but it replaces spaces with underscores, making it usable in external links.

내용 이름공간 토론 이름공간
사용법 출력 사용법 출력
{{ns:-2}} / {{ns:Media}} Media {{ns:-1}} / {{ns:Special}} Special
(no talk page)
{{ns:0}} / {{ns:}} {{ns:1}} / {{ns:Talk}} Talk
{{ns:2}} / {{ns:User}} User {{ns:3}} / {{ns:User talk}} User talk
{{ns:4}} / {{ns:Project}} Project
Varies between wikis
{{ns:5}} / {{ns:Project talk}} Project talk
{{ns:6}} / {{ns:File}} or {{ns:Image}} File {{ns:7}} / {{ns:File talk}} or {{ns:Image talk}} File talk
{{ns:8}} / {{ns:MediaWiki}} MediaWiki {{ns:9}} / {{ns:MediaWiki talk}} MediaWiki talk
{{ns:10}} / {{ns:Template}} Template {{ns:11}} / {{ns:Template talk}} Template talk
{{ns:12}} / {{ns:Help}} Help {{ns:13}} / {{ns:Help talk}} Help talk
{{ns:14}} / {{ns:Category}} Category {{ns:15}} / {{ns:Category talk}} Category talk

Don't confuse localised namespaces with custom namespaces.

형식[edit | edit source]

사용법 입력 → 출력 설명 버전
{{formatnum:unformatted number}}

{{formatnum:formatnum-formatted number|R}}
{{formatnum:unformatted number|NOSEP}}

  • 간단:
    • {{formatnum:987654321.654321}}
      → 987,654,321.654321
    • {{formatnum:987,654,321.654321|R}}
      → 987654321.654321
  • 고급:
    • {{formatnum:{{formatnum:987654321.654321}}|R}}
      → 987654321.654321 (어떠한 로케일에서)
    • {{formatnum:00001}}
      → 00,001
    • {{formatnum:987654321.654321 |NOSEP}}
      → 987654321.654321
    • Examples with Bengali locale:
      • {{formatnum:987654321.654321}}
        → ৯৮,৭৬,৫৪,৩২১.৬৫৪৩২১
      • {{formatnum:987654321.654321 |NOSEP}}
        → ৯৮৭৬৫৪৩২১.৬৫৪৩২১
      • {{formatnum:৯৮,৭৬,৫৪,৩২১.৬৫৪৩২১ |R}}
        → 987654321.654321

지원되지 않음:
→ 987 654 321 (예로 이탈리아어 로케일로)

Examples of wrong input (unreliable output), with or without |R:
{{formatnum:987,654.321|R}} (the least broken)
{{formatnum:987 654,321|R}}
{{formatnum:987 654,321|R}}

Takes an unformatted number (arab, no group separators and . as decimal separator) and outputs it in the localized digit script and formatted with decimal and decimal group separators, according to the wiki's default locale.

The |R parameter can be used to reverse the behavior, for use in mathematical situations: it's reliable and should be used only to deformat numbers which are known to be formatted exactly as formatnum formats them with the wiki's locale.
The NOSEP ("no separators") parameter means that no group / decimal separators are changed; formatnum will only transform the digits themselves in languages which don't use the Hindu–Arabic numeral system. NOSEP can also prevent non-standard digit groupings you wouldn't expect.

Warning Warning: Leading zeroes are not removed, you can use {{#expr:00001}} instead if you have Extension:ParserFunctions installed.

Warning Warning: If you don't input numbers in the exact format required, don't expect any reliable output, especially on non-English wikis.

If you really need to format (according the wiki's locale) a number in unknown input format, you could try and use formatnum two times (but not if it can have a decimal group, or its separator will be eaten or the number won't be formatted). Be aware that this is more a hack than a regular way to proceed, thus the output may be not reliable.




{{#dateformat:25 dec 2009|ymd}}
→ 25 dec 2009 (your pref), 2009 Dec 25 (default)
{{#formatdate:dec 25,2009|dmy}}
→ dec 25,2009 (your pref), 25 Dec 2009 (default)
12월 25, 2009 (your pref), December 25, 2009 (default)
{{#formatdate:2009 dec 25|ISO 8601}}
→ 2009 dec 25 (your pref), 2009-12-25 (default)
{{#dateformat:25 decEmber|mdy}}
→ 25 decEmber (your pref), DecEmber 25 (default)
Note: In the example hereinbefore, "your pref" refers to your date preference on the current MediaWiki wiki only.

Formats an unlinked date based on user "date format" preference, and adds metadata tagging it as a formatted date. For logged-out users and those who have not set a date format in their preferences, dates can be given a default: mdy, dmy, ymd, ISO 8601 (all case sensitive). If only the month and day are given, only mdy and dmy are valid. If a format is not specified or is invalid, the input format is used as a default. If the supplied date is not recognized as a valid date (specifically, if it contains any metadata such as from a nested use of these or similar templates), it is rendered unchanged, and no (additional) metadata is generated.

Warning Warning: Although the ISO 8601 standard requires that dates be in the Gregorian calendar, the ISO parameter in this function will still format dates that fall outside the usual Gregorian range (e.g. dates prior to 1583). Also, the magic word cannot properly convert between negative years (used with ISO 8601) and years BC or years BCE (used in general writing).

{{lc:string}} {{lc:DATA CENTER}} → data center The lowercase input.
{{lcfirst:string}} {{lcfirst:DATA center}} → dATA center The input with the very first character lowercase.
{{uc:string}} {{uc:text transform}} → TEXT TRANSFORM The uppercase input.
{{ucfirst:string}} {{ucfirst:text TRANSFORM}} → Text TRANSFORM The input with the very first character uppercase.


{{padleft:xyz|5}} → 00xyz

{{padleft:xyz|5|_}} → __xyz
{{padleft:xyz|5|abc}} → abxyz
{{padleft:xyz|2}} → xyz
{{padleft:|1|xyz}} → x (first character of the string)

Inserts a string of padding characters (character chosen in third parameter; default "0") of a specified length (second parameter) next to a chosen base character or variable (first parameter). The final digits or characters in the base replace the final characters in the padding; i.e. {{padleft:44|3|0}} produces 044. The padding string may be truncated if its length does not evenly divide the required number of characters.

Only the first character of the third parameter is used in versions up to 1.12, but by version 1.15 all the characters are used.

Bug (fixed in r45734): multibyte characters are interpreted as two characters, which can skew width. These also cannot be used as padding characters.

{{padright:xyz|5}} → xyz00

{{padright:xyz|5|_}} → xyz__
{{padright:xyz|5|abc}} → xyzab
{{padright:xyz|2}} → xyz
{{padright:|1|xyz}} → x

Identical to padleft, but adds padding characters to the right side.

같이 보기: Extension:StringFunctions.

지역화[edit | edit source]

Here are the magic words which are used as main localisation tools. Other magic words will often depend on the wiki's locale and configuration or on the chosen language: see in particular #Date and time, #Formatting, #Miscellaneous. More magic words are added by the 확장기능:번역.

The usage of these magic words can be very complex, and the documentation is currently incomplete; there's some more info on PLURAL, GRAMMAR, GENDER.

사용법 입력 → 출력 설명 버전
{{plural:2|is|are}} {{plural:0|is|are}} → are
{{plural:1*1|is|are}} → is
{{plural:21 mod 10|is|are}} → are
{{plural:{{#expr:21 mod 10}}|is|are}} → is
{{plural:1|is|are}} → is
{{plural:2|is|are}} → are
{{PLURAL:5|1=Категория|Категории}}  → Категории

{{PLURAL:3|страница|страницы|страниц}} → страницы
{{PLURAL:5|страница|страницы|страниц}} → страниц

Outputs the singular form (second parameter) if the first parameter is an expression equalling one; the plural form (third parameter) otherwise. Its functioning is language-dependent.
Some language codes (ab, av, ba, bxr, ce, crh_cyrl, cv, inh, koi, krc, kv, lbe, lez, mhr, mrj, myv, ru, tt_cyrl, tyv, udm, xal) used 3 plural forms (updated 01.2014):
  • Form 1: 1, 21, 31, 41, 51, 61, 71, 81, 101, 1001, …
  • Form 2: 0, 5, 6, 7,8,...18, 19, 100, 1000, 10000, 100000, 1000000, …
  • Form 3: 2, 3, 4, 22, 23, 24, 32, 33, 34, 42, 43, 44, 52, 53, 54, 62, 102, 1002, …
{{grammar:N|noun}} Outputs the correct inflected form of the given word described by the inflection code after the colon (language-dependent). Grammar transformations are used for inflected languages like Polish. See also $wgGrammarForms.
{{gender:username|text for every gender}}

{{gender:Username|male text|female text|text for unspecified}}
{{gender:|male text|female text|text for unspecified}}
{{gender:.|male text|female text|text for unspecified}}

(Depends on the named user's gender) A switch for the gender set in Special:Preferences.

Note: The first example is basically a no-op
Note: If 3rd parameter is omitted and user hasn't defined his/her gender, then text if user is male is returned.
A blank username field ({{gender:|) means the current user.
A dot username (.) means the default user gender on this wiki.

{{int:message name}} {{int:edit}}Edit
(Depends on user language; try: frja)
Internationalizes (translates) the given interface (MediaWiki namespace) message into the user language. For msgnw and other transclusion magic words, see the Transclusion modifiers section.

Note that this can damage / confuse cache consistency in MediaWiki 1.17 and earlier, see bug 14404.

{{int:editsectionhint|MediaWiki}} {{int:editsectionhint|MediaWiki}}Edit section: MediaWiki You may also use parameters with translations.
Parameters are designated in messages with: $1, $2, $3, etc.
For example, here is the message for editsectionhint: Edit section: $1
In this example, MediaWiki replaces $1.

Transclusion modifiers[edit | edit source]

{{Page name|optional params}} usually transcludes another page, by default from the Template:namespace. These magic words modify that behavior.

잡다한 것들[edit | edit source]