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Help:扩展:内容翻译

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This page is a translated version of the page Help:Extension:ContentTranslation and the translation is 37% complete.
PD 注意:當您編輯本頁面時,即同意以CC0協議授權您的貢獻。您可以在公有領域帮助页面找到更多信息。 PD

歡迎來到內容翻譯

內容翻譯是一項幫助編輯翻譯頁面到另一個語言的工具。它可以幫助譯者專注於輸入譯文而不用另外考慮如何處理格式、分類、連結、圖片等問題。

在现有不同语言维基页面的基础上创建一个新的维基页面,需要使用自动翻译服务、字典、重新制定文本格式、调整链接和参考资料,以及大量的标签切换。 内容翻译通过在原始页面旁边显示翻译内容,并在可能的情况下自动插入格式、链接、类别和参考资料等详细信息,简化了创建翻译页面的过程。

内容翻译专注于创建一个被翻译页面的第一版。它被创建后,将被进一步编辑,就像其他维基页面那样。

一般建议

首先,考虑一些关于翻译文章的非技术性技巧。

不要完全依赖机器翻译!即使在支持良好的语言中,它也可能会出错。始终阅读您编写的所有内容并在发布之前更正机器翻译所犯的错误。如果您在不更正文章的情况下发布文章,您的翻译可能会被删除。

只有在您确信您可以使用您要翻译的语言书写时才进行翻译。

如果您的维基中有关于翻译文章的页面,请在开始翻译前阅读该页面。它将为您的维基提供更多的提示和特殊政策。在英文维基百科中,该页面是w:zh:Wikipedia:翻譯(查看该页面上的跨语言链接,找到其他语言的相应页面)。

如果您可以用您要翻译的语言进行写作,但您认为自己写得不够完美,请向您懂这种语言的朋友或其他在本维基中写作的编辑寻求帮助。与朋友讨论选择正确的语法或改进语法是一件很有趣的事情!

在开始翻译之前,请先阅读整篇原文的文章。 这一点很重要,有几个原因。 首先,它很可能并不完美! 所有文章和语言都可能存在错误。 Besides, knowing and understanding the whole story of the article's topic, whether it's a biography of a person, a history of a city, a description of a natural phenomenon, or anything else will help you with writing every sentence of the translation.

If you see that there are some problems in the source article, and you can to write in the source languages, be bold and edit the source article before starting the translation. Changing the source article after the translation began may interfere with the translation process.

Do your best to check that the references in the source article are correct and relevant (references are also known as sources or footnotes). Read the book, check the linked website, etc. If you aren't sure that the reference is correct and relevant, consider skipping the part of the article where the reference is used, because it may be incorrect.

It's OK to skip some parts of the source article especially if they are not very interesting for the people who will read it in the target language. For example:

  • Some encyclopedic articles in English may have a section that explains the etymology of the English word in the title of the article, for example the article Chef.

If this word is completely different in your language, translation this section is probably unnecessary, unless you think that the etymology of the English word "chef" is interesting to the readers in your language.

  • Some Wikipedia articles about musicians include a section about their concerts in the country where this language is spoken.

When translating this into languages that are spoken in other countries, this section can probably be skipped.

Machine translation

In Content Translation, automatic translation is available for a limited number of languages through several machine translation services. Currently, depending on the language in which the article is translating, users will be able to use Apertium, Matxin, Google, Yandex, and Youdao translation engines.

However, automatic translation is a feature that the user can choose to use. They can select the service to use, from a dropdown list, and their preference will be remembered. Users can also choose to not use machine translation, by using the ‘从空段落开始’ option.

Publishing machine-translated articles is not the intention of Content Translation, and it is actively discouraged to publish articles without modification and review. Users are shown warnings if they try to publish unmodified content.

開啟內容翻譯功能

At the moment Content Translation is a beta feature. To use it you need to enable the feature in your beta preferences. To do this, log in to your account, click 测试功能 at the top of the page, check 内容翻译, and click Save, at the bottom of the page.

Content Translation beta feature.

控制面板

The dashboard is the main entry point to the translation interface.

进入仪表板

由四种方法转到控制面板:

First way: hover your mouse pointer over the "贡献" item in your personal menu at the top of the screen. In the menu that appears, click on "翻译".

The menu that appears when you hover your mouse pointer over the 贡献 link

Second way: click the "贡献", and then click the "翻译" button at the top of the page.

The buttons that Content Translation adds to the top of the Contributions page

Third way: find the page that you want to translate in the wiki in the source language, and click the target language name in the interlanguage links list in the sidebar. (This will only work if the tool is installed in the wiki in the source language, and you enabled the beta feature there.)

The article Praia de Jericoacoara exists in the Portuguese and in the English Wikipedias, but not in Spanish, so a gray link to the Spanish language appears in the interlanguage links area if the system identifies that the user can translate to Spanish

Fourth way: you can type "Special:CX" or "Special:ContentTranslation" in your wiki's search box.

内容翻译控制面板

开始翻译

The selector of source and target languages and the source article
  1. 单击“新翻译”按钮。
  2. 选择源语言,然后键入要翻译的页面的名称。
  3. 选择目标语言,然后键入翻译后的页面名称。如果两种语言的名称相同,则可以将此字段留空。
  4. 点击“Start translation”开始!

翻译界面

概述

  • When possible, categories will be adapted automatically. They are adapted when there is a directly corresponding category in the target language according to the interlanguage link.
  • If machine translation is available for the pair of languages that you selected, the paragraph will be auto-translated when you click it. The machine translation will not be perfect; you must always correct it before publishing.
  • If machine translation is not available, the source text will be inserted, and the links will be adapted automatically.
  • Images can be adapted simply by clicking on them. You will have to type the translation for the image captions (captions will be machine-translated if machine translation is available).
  • References will be automatically adapted, though you may have to adjust them to your wiki's style after publishing.
  • Math formulas are transferred as-is.

Writing and publishing the translation

The Content Translation interface. Translating the article Antônio Houaiss from Portuguese to Spanish.
  1. Type the translation of each paragraph in the translation column. You don't have to translate all the paragraphs - translate as much as needed for the wiki in your language.
  2. Until you publish, the translation is regularly saved automatically, so you don't have to worry that you'll lose it. To come back to a page that you started translating, go back to the dashboard and select the page from the list that you'll see.
  3. After you have written everything you want for the first version of the new translated page, click "发布".

Continuing a translation

If you started translations to any language, they will appear in the dashboard. You can continue a translation by clicking on the item in the list.

You can also see a list of translations that you published by going to the dashboard and selecting "已发布的翻译" instead of "进行中的翻译".

Deleting a translation

If you don't want to continue a translation that you started, or if you published a translation and you still see it in the dashboard, you can delete it. Click the trash can button in the corner of the row:

The dashboard row with the name of the article, and the trash can button in the right-hand corner

Translating templates

When there are templates in the article, you can skip them, transfer their wiki syntax to the target article as-is, or translate them in detail, parameter-by-parameter. For a detailed guide to translating templates and making them more easily translatable, see the page Content translation/Templates.