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Special pages are pages that are created by the software on demand. They are located in their own namespace (Special) and are not editable directly as other pages.
Editing Special namespace pages
Special: namespace stands for special pages generated by MediaWiki. There is no matching talk space. The special pages are not made up of wikitext and are therefore not editable like other pages might be.
Linking, transcluding, or redirecting to a special page
You can link a special page as you would do for any other internal page; e.g.
[[Special:Diff|see diff page]]. Some special pages can take a parameter value after a slash character; e.g.
[[Special:Diff/123]] provides “123” value to diff URL parameter.
You cannot create a redirection towards a special page: it will display a link towards the page instead of directly redirect to it. However, some special pages have built-in aliases which redirect to them.
Page name alias and localization
Unlike other namespaces, the first heading of pages in “Special:” namespace is not consistent with page name in the URL: the “Special:” prefix is not displayed, and the heading text may vary a bit from page name.
Each special page has a default English name, but it may also have aliases, i.e. other special page names which redirect to it. Besides, on non-English wikis (i.e. $wgLanguageCode different from “en”), special page names are localized, and English names are aliases which redirect to the localized page name.
Note that the localized aliases only work in one language per wiki, in addition to English ones; e.g. Italian special page names only work on Italian wikis. Multilingual wikis with Translate extension only support English names.
The “Special:” namespace prefix itself may be localized depending on wiki content language.
List of special pages
- All pages (includable)
- All pages with prefix (includable)
- Merge history
- New files (includable)
- New pages (includable)
- Random page
- Recent changes (includable)
- What links here (includable)