Ohje:Laajennukset

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This page is a translated version of the page Manual:Extensions and the translation is 37% complete.

Laajennusten avulla voit parantaa MediaWikin ulkoasua ja toimintaa.

Osaa laajennuksista ylläpitävät MediaWikin kehittäjät, osa taas on ulkopuolisten kehittäjien laatimia. Tämä on johtanut siihen, että laajennuksissa esiintyy usein bugeja, eikä niiden keskinäisestä yhteensopivuudestakaan ole kaikista takuuta. Osaa laajennuksista enää ylläpidetä, eivätkä ne siten toimi MediaWikin kaikissa versioissa. Kaikkien laajennusten käyttö (varsinkin epävarmoiksi merkittyjen) ja niistä mahdollisesti käyttäjälle aiheutuva haitta on aina käyttäjän omalla vastuulla. If you are using an extension that requires patches to the core software, be sure to backup your database. This helps avoid the risk of breaking your wiki.

Laajennustyypit

OOjs UI icon markup.svg Parser tags

Parser tags extend the built-in wiki markup with additional capabilities, whether simple string processing, or full-blown information retrieval.


Learn more about parser tags

OOjs UI icon code.svg Parserifunktiot

Parser functions are special wiki markup syntax that can 'interact' with other wiki elements in the page, and give a specific output.


Lue lisää parserifunktioista

Plug-in Noun project 4032.svg Hooks

Hooks allow custom code to be executed when some defined event (such as saving a page or a user logging in) occurs.


Learn more about hooks

OOjs UI icon pageSettings.svg Toimintosivut

Toimintosivut ovat sivuja, jotka on luotu ohjelmistoon jonkin tietyn toiminnon suorittamiseksi.


Lue lisää toimintosivuista

OOjs UI icon browser-ltr.svg Ulkoasut

Eri ulkoasuvaihtoehdot tarjoavat käyttäjälle mahdollisuuden vaihtaa MediaWikin ulkonäköä ja käyttötuntumaa.


Lue lisää ulkoasuista

OOjs UI icon quotes-ltr.svg Taikasanat

Magic words are a technique for mapping a variety of wiki text strings to a single ID that is associated with a function.


Lue lisää taikasanoista

API - The Noun Project.svg API

MediaWiki provides an action API, a web service that allows access to some wiki-features like authentication, page operations, and search.


Learn more about the MediaWiki API

OOjs UI icon article-ltr.svg Sivun sisältömallit

The ContentHandler introduced in MediaWiki 1.21 makes it possible for wiki pages to be composed of data other than wikitext, such as JSON or Markdown.


Lue lisää sisältömalleista

OOjs UI icon lock.svg Authentication

MediaWiki provides SessionManager and AuthManager, two authentication-related frameworks to enhance security via custom authentication mechanisms.


Learn more about authentication

Browsing extensions

You can browse Category:Extensions by category to see the full range of extensions that have already been written. For information on installing these extensions or writing your own, see below.

Checking installed extensions

Only someone with administration access to the filesystem (and often the database too) on a server can install extensions for MediaWiki, but anyone can check which extensions are active on an instance of MediaWiki by accessing the Special:Version page. For example, these extensions are active in the English Wikipedia.

Laajennuksen asentaminen

MediaWiki is ready to accept extensions just after installation is finished. To add an extension follow these steps:

  1. Ennen kuin aloitat
    Many extensions provide instructions designed for installation using unix commands. You require shell access (SSH) to enter these commands listed on the extension help pages.
  2. Lataa laajennuksesi.
    Extension Distributor helps you to select and download most of the popular extensions.
    Extensions are usually distributed as modular packages. They generally go in their own subdirectory of $IP /extensions/. A list of extensions stored in the Wikimedia Git repository is located at git:mediawiki/extensions. Some extensions don't use version control and are not recommended.
    Some extensions are also available in bundles, composer or package repositories.
  3. Asenna laajennuksesi.
    Lisää LocalSettings.php -tiedoston loppuun:
    wfLoadExtension( 'ExtensionName' );
    
    This line forces the PHP interpreter to read the extension file, and thereby make it accessible to MediaWiki.
    Some extensions can conflict with maintenance scripts, for example if they directly access $_SERVER (not recommended).
    In this case they can be wrapped in the conditional so maintenance scripts can still run.
if ( !$wgCommandLineMode ) {
   wfLoadExtension ( 'ExtensionName' );
}

: The maintenance script importDump.php will fail for any extension which requires customized namespaces which is included inside the conditional above such as Extension:Semantic MediaWiki , Extension:Page Forms .

Ensure that required permissions are set for extensions!
While this installation procedure is sufficient for most extensions, some require a different installation procedure. Check your extension's documentation for details.
If you want to alter configuration variables in LocalSettings.php, you have to do this typically after including the extension. Otherwise defaults defined in the extension will overwrite your settings.

Laajennuksen päivittäminen

Some extensions require to be updated whenever you update MediaWiki, while others work with multiple versions. To upgrade to a new version of an extension:

  1. Lataa uusi versio laajennuksesta
  1. Replace all the extension files in the extension/ExtensionName directory with the new files.

Do not remove the extension configuration present in LocalSettings.php

  1. If the extension requires changes to the MediaWiki database, you will need to run the Update.php maintenance script.

Most extensions will mention if this script needs to be run or not. (Perform backup of your data before executing the script). If you don't have command line access, you can also use the web updater.

These instructions cover 99% of extensions. If the specific extension you are upgrading has instructions that differ from these, you should probably follow the specific extension's instructions

Laajennuksen asennuksen poistaminen

Remove the line from LocalSettings.php with the extension name to uninstall it:

wfLoadExtension( 'ExtensionName' );
  • You must remove any lines pertaining to the configuration of the extension.

Katso myös