Manual:Extensions/es

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This page is a translated version of the page Manual:Extensions and the translation is 34% complete.

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Gnome-preferences-other.svg Extensiones:Manual:Extensions DesarrolloManual:Developing extensions Tag extensionsManual:Tag extensions Parser functionsManual:Parser functions HooksManual:Hooks Páginas especialesManual:Special pages AparienciasManual:Skins Palabras mágicasManual:Magic words APIAPI:Extensions

¿Qué son las extensiones?[edit]

MediaWiki extensions

Las extensiones permiten personalizar cómo funciona y se ve MediaWiki.

Los Wikiusuarios pueden navegar a través de las extensiones existentes o solicitar una nueva extensión. Los administradores del sistema pueden instalar (o remover) extensiones en las instalaciones de MediaWiki que administran. Los desarrolladores pueden escribir nuevas extensiones o mejorar o mantener las extensiones existentes.

Buscar por palabra(s) clave la extension:

Dependiendo de sus metas que pueda utilizar extensiones para:

Mientras que algunas extensiones son mantenidas por los desarrolladores de MediaWiki, otras fueron escritas por desarrolladores de terceros. Como resultado, muchas tienen errores, y no están garantizadas para ser compatibles entre sí. Algunas están sin mantenimiento, no todas las extensiones funcionan en todas las versiones de MediaWiki. Utilizar cualquier extensión, especialmente las etiquetadas como insegura, bajo su propio riesgo. Cuando se utiliza una extensión que requiere parches al código del núcleo MediaWiki o las entradas en la base de datos, asegúrese de crear una copia de seguridad de su base de datos y/o código del núcleo MediaWiki, para evitar el riesgo de dañar permanentemente su wiki.

Browsing extensions[edit]

Usted puede navegar a Category:Extensions by category o la Extension Matrix para ver la gama completa de extensiones que ya han sido escritas. Para obtener información sobre cómo instalar estas extensiones o escribir la una propia, véase más adelante.

Comprobación de las extensiones instaladas[edit]

Sólo alguien con acceso a la administración del sistema de archivos (ya menudo también la base de datos) en un servidor se puede instalar las extensiones de MediaWiki, pero cualquiera puede comprobar que las extensiones están activos en una instancia de MediaWiki accediendo a la página Special:Version . Por ejemplo, estas extensiones estan activas en la Wikipedia en Inglés.

Instalar extensiones[edit]

MediaWiki está listo para aceptar extensiones justo después de que la instalación haya finalizado. Para agregar una extensión siga estos pasos:

  1. 'Antes de comenzar'
    Many extensions provide instructions designed for installation using unix commands. You require shell access (SSH) to enter these commands listed on the extension help pages.
  2. 'Descargue su extensión'.
    Extension Distributor helps you to select and download most of the popular extensions.
    Extensions are usually distributed as modular packages. They generally go in their own subdirectory of $IPManual:$IP/extensions/. A list of extensions stored in the Wikimedia Git repository is located at git:mediawiki/extensions. Some extensions don't use version control and are not recommended.
    Some extensions are also available in bundles, composercomposer or package repositories.
  3. 'Instale su extensión'..
    Generally, at the end of the LocalSettings.phpManual:LocalSettings.php file (but above the PHP end-of-code delimiter, "?>", if present), the following line should be added:
    // mw.v 1.24.x or less
    require_once "$IP/extensions/extension_name/extension_name.php";
    // mw.v 1.25.x or above
    wfLoadExtension( '<extension-name>' );
    
    This line forces the PHP interpreter to read the extension file, and thereby make it accessible to MediaWiki.
    Some extensions can conflict with maintenance scripts, for example if they directly access $_SERVER (not recommended).
    In this case they can be wrapped in the conditional so maintenance scripts can still run.
//for mw.v 1.24.x or less
if (!$wgCommandLineMode) {
   require_once "$IP/extensions/extension_name/extension_name.php";
}
//for mw.v 1.25.x or above
if (!$wgCommandLineMode) {
   wfLoadExtension ( '<extension-name>' );
}
The maintenance script importDump.phpManual:ImportDump.php will fail for any extension which requires customized namespaces which is included inside the conditional above such as Extension:Semantic MediaWikiExtension:Semantic MediaWiki, Extension:Semantic FormsExtension:Semantic Forms.
Ensure that required permissions are set for extensions!
While this installation procedure is sufficient for most extensions, some require a different installation procedure. Check your extension's documentation for details.
If you want to alter configuration variables in LocalSettings.php, you have to do this typically after including the extension. Otherwise defaults defined in the extension will overwrite your settings.
¡Atención! Atención: While extension declaration can be placed in other places within the LocalSettings.php file, never place extensions before the require_once "includes/DefaultSettings.php"; line for MediaWiki versions below 1.17 . Doing so will blank the extension setup function arrays, causing no extensions to be installed, and probably will make your wiki inaccessible until you fix it!

Upgrading an extension[edit]

Some extensions require to be updated whenever you update MediaWiki, while others work with multiple versions. To upgrade to a new version of an extension:

  1. Download the new version of the extension
  2. Replace all the extension files in the extension/ExtensionName directory with the new files. Do not remove the extension configuration present in LocalSettings.php
  3. Depending on the extension, you may have to run the Update.php maintenance script. Most extensions will mention if this script needs to be run or not. (Running the update.php script when its unnecessary will not hurt anything, so if you're unsure don't be afraid to run it). If you don't have command line access, you can also use the web updater.
  4. That's all you need to do. In most cases any extension configuration you have in LocalSettings.php will also work with the newer version of the extension.
These instructions cover 99% of extensions. If the specific extension you are upgrading has instructions that differ from these, you should probably follow the specific extension's instructions

Uninstalling an extension[edit]

Extensions are added by adding a line to LocalSettings.php, which basically looks like this:

// mw.v 1.24.x or less
require_once 'extensions/extension_name/extension_name.php';
// mw.v 1.25.x or above
wfLoadExtension( '<extension-name>' );
Depending on the extension you want to uninstall additionally other stuff might be done on installation, which you want to undo now. For details see the section on installing an extension.
  1. Remove this line and the extension is uninstalled. If you want to, you can (and if you do not want to use this extension in the future you should) remove the files of this extension inside the folder "extensions/".
  2. Maybe you also have some other lines in LocalSettings.php, which have to do with the extension you want to remove. Most likely this will be lines, which give certain users the right to access pages, which are provided by the extension. These lines contain the variable "$wgGroupPermissions" and make some settings there. As far as they have to do with rights, which come from the removed extension, you can remove these lines as well.
  3. Maybe your extension also has added columns to your database. The updater maintenance/update.php removes them, when you run it, after you have uninstalled the extension.

Developing extensions[edit]

This complex topic is handled on the developing extensions manual page.

See also[edit]

ExtensionesManual:Extensions: Categoría:Category:ExtensionsAll:Category:All extensionsSolicitudesTag extensionsManual:Tag extensionsExtensions FAQExtensions FAQExtension hook registryExtension default namespaces