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This page is a translated version of the page Help:Categories and the translation is 22% complete.

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PD 참고: 이 문서를 편집하면, CC0에 따라 당신의 기여를 배포하는 데 동의한 것으로 간주됩니다. 자세한 내용은 퍼블릭 도메인 도움말 문서를 보십시오.

분류는 미디어 위키의 특징이며, 자동적으로 컨텐츠의 표처럼 유용한 목차를 제공해줍니다.

당신은 하나나 그 이상의 분류 태그를 내용 텍스트 안에 삽입해 페이지와 파일을 분류할 수 있습니다. 이 태그들은 페이지의 맨 아래에 그 분류에 속해있는 모든 페이지의 목록으로 이동할 수 있도록 하는 고리를 생성해, 관련된 문서들을 쉽게 찾을 수 있도록 해줍니다. (국내 포털 사이트에서 운용하는 카페나 블로그의 하단에 추가하는 Tag 개념으로 이해하시면 더욱 쉽게 접할 수 있을 것입니다.)

요약[edit | edit source]

분류 이름공간 안에 있는 각각의 문서들은 소위 관련되어 있는 페이지들의 집합인 분류를 나타내며, 그 분류 안에 있는 페이지들의 목차를 담고 있습니다. 이 문서는 '분류:도움말'에 속해 있습니다. 만약 당신이 '분류:도움말' 문서를 연다면, 그 페이지에서 이 문서의 링크를 볼 수 있습니다.

페이지가 하나 이상의 분류에 속해있을 때, 이 분류들은 페이지의 밑바닥(이나 사용되는 스킨에 따라 우상측)에 나타납니다.

분류 페이지들에는 두가지 부분이 포함되어 있습니다.:

  • 페이지 처음에는, 다른 페이지들처럼 수정될 수 있는 텍스트들을 포함할 수 있는 옵션 부분이 있습니다.
  • 페이지 끝에는, 분류안에 있는 모든 페이지들의 알파벳 순(실제로는 ASCII 순서대로입니다. 도움말:특수 문서 참조) 목록이 자동적으로 생성돼 나타납니다.

페이지에 분류를 부여하기 위해서는, 페이지의 위키텍스트에 "[[분류:분류명]]"이라는 고리를 추가하면 됩니다. 이 고리는 보통 페이지 맨 바닥에 추가됩니다.

To link a category page within a page as a normal wiki link (without adding the page to the category), prefix the link name with a colon. For example: [[:Category:Not in this category]]

New categories can be created before assigning any page to it, in the same way as any other regular page.

Individual wikis may have their own top-level categories, such as Category:Contents in Wikipedia.

For a complete list of all categories which have at least one page, see Special:Categories.

For a complete list of all created/edited categories, including the ones that don't have any pages, see Special:Allpages/Category: (note the colon at the end).

Adding a page to a category[edit | edit source]

To add a page or uploaded file to a category, simply edit the page and add the following text (where Name is the name of the category you want to add it to).


Any number of Category tags may be added to the page and the page will be listed in all of them. Category tags, along with interwiki language links placed in the sidebar, are usually added at the very bottom of the page for the convenience of other editors.

On a categorized page, categories are displayed in the Categories: box strictly in the order they appear in the wikitext.

If $wgUseCategoryBrowser is set to true, under the first list each category is listed again, breadcrumb-style, with all its parent categories, sorted alphabetically. (At least in MediaWiki 1.18.2) if a category is a subcategory of more than one parent, both hierarchies will be listed, but the tagged category will be stripped off all but one of these. This creates the potential for what appear to be duplicate entries if a category with multiple parents and one of its parents are both tagged on a page. For example suppose Maryanne is a subcategory of both Mary and Anne. If a page tags categories Maryanne and Anne then the Category breadcrumbs will show

Mary -> Maryanne

"Anne" appears to be duplicated, but what is meant is

Anne -> Maryanne
Mary -> Maryanne

This is a bug, and has been reported in Task T35614.

Sort key[edit | edit source]

By default, a page is sorted within a category under the first letter of its name — without the namespace. Also, MediaWiki groups accented characters separately from their unaccented version, so pages starting by À, Á, Ä, will be listed under separate headings, instead of under heading A. (If you have shell access, these defaults can be changed using $wgCategoryCollation.)

A sort key specifies under which letter heading, and where in the category list, the page will appear. You can add a sort key by placing it inside the tag after a pipe character. For example, the tag below will add the page under heading "S".


Sort keys are case-sensitive, and spaces and other characters are also valid. The order of the sections within a category follows the Unicode sort order. The sort key does not change the page title displayed in the category.

See Help:Sorting for further information on category sorting.

Creating a category page[edit | edit source]

Categories exist even if their page has not been created, but these categories are isolated from others and serve little purpose for organization or navigation.

A category is created by creating a page in the Category: namespace. A category page can be created the same way as other wiki pages (see Help:Starting a new page); just add "Category:" before the page title.

To avoid extra work, try searching within your wiki before creating a new category. The list of all categories can be found in "Special pages" in the "tools" box of the sidebar.

Managing the category hierarchy[edit | edit source]

Categories may belong to other categories in a hierarchy. Since category pages are much like any other page, a Category tag may be added to the bottom of a category page.

It is a good idea to organize all categories into a hierarchy with a single top level category. The category structure can take the form of a tree with separate branches, but more often will have a graph structure. Generally, there should be a contiguous chain of parent-child links between each category and the top level category.

Hidden categories[edit | edit source]

The categories that a page is in are normally listed at the bottom of the page. In Mediawiki 1.13+, a category can be hidden from this list by adding the magic word "__HIDDENCAT__" to the category page.

Users can choose to see hidden categories in a separate "Hidden categories" list, by checking "Show hidden categories" in the "Appearance" section of Special:Preferences.

Hidden categories are automatically added to Category:Hidden categories. This category is specified in the system message MediaWiki:Hidden-category-category.

See also: hidden categories

분류 페이지로 링크 걸기[edit | edit source]

To create a link to a category, use a leading colon before the category name (without this colon, the current page would be added to the category):


To change the link text, write the text inside the link tag after a pipe:

[[:Category:Help|Help category]]Help category

Redirect pages that redirect to categories must also use the colon, otherwise they will be added to the category instead of redirecting.

분류 이동시키기[edit | edit source]

Like normal wiki pages, category pages can be redirected to other normal or category pages. However, this is not recommended, as pages categorized in redirected categories do not get categorized in the target category (bugzilla:3311). Some Wikimedia sites use a "category redirect" template to mark redirected categories, allowing manual or automated cleanup of pages categorized there.

분류 추적하기[edit | edit source]

Certain syntax issues, such as a broken image link, or too many expensive parser functions, can cause a page to be added to a tracking category. See Help:Tracking categories for details.

같이 보기[edit | edit source]