Help:通知

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This page is a translated version of the page Help:Notifications and the translation is 47% complete.
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通知向您提供维基百科或其它维基媒体站点上与您相关的最新消息。

欢迎查阅有关通知工具(原代号Echo)的文档!

要自定义接收的通知类型,请打开参数设置页面的“通知”选项卡

At the moment, Notifications are deployed on wikis but they are not under active development. As of January 2021, there is no plan to add more features to Notifications. However, suggestions for future improvements are welcomed on the talk page.

原则

通知工具向您提供维基百科或其它维基媒体站点上与您相关的最新消息。 通知工具能帮助用户更方便地了解与用户有关的事件并快速进行一些操作。

该工具曾由维基媒体基金会编辑参与团队开发,现在改由协作团队开发,力图帮助人们更活跃地参与维基媒体站点。 通知工具被设计于增强现存于这些站点上的通知方式,并提供给用户更多的控制选项。

在通知系统之前,MediaWiki软件提供的通知只有通过电子邮件通知对您监视页面的更改,以及通过橙色栏通知对您用户讨论页的更改。 The watchlist is quite helpful, but its format is limited. It works well for changes related to pages, but not so well for changes related to users. At the same time, there's no granularity: if a page is watchlisted, you are informed about the next change that happens to it. If a page is not watchlisted, you receive none. Watchlists are useful, and they work well for the job they were designed for, but they don't encompass the whole scope of on-wiki activity. Notification's features, in conjunction with watchlists, can provide a better user experience. Users are able to learn about more events, more easily, and have greater control over what types of information they receive.

欲了解更多通知工具的信息,请访问MediaWiki.org上的该项目中心

使用

通知工具用于维基媒体网站所有注册用户。 未注册的用户不能收到通知(除了讨论页通知,仍然将对匿名用户显示一条橙色栏)。

以下方式都可以看到通知:

The different types of notifications you can receive are detailed on a separate page.

通知弹窗

提醒和通知警告

When someone takes an action that affects you on a Wikimedia site, colored badges will appear next to your user name, in the top right corner of any page of that site (top left if your wiki is using a right-to-left language). These notifications include cross-wiki notifications. When there are no notifications, these badges are grey.

The first badge (red, "alerts") contains most important notification types: new messages on your talk page, mentions, etc. The second badge (blue, "notices") contains less important notifications: pages links, message on other talk pages, etc.

These badges will show the number of new notifications you've received. Clicking on the badges will display a fly-out listing the most recent notifications (see screenshot) and set the badge color to grey again. The number will stay different from zero until you mark-as-read all your notifications for this badge (especially for messages).

You can click on the notification of your choice to find out more about it (see description below). To see all notifications received, you can click on "所有通知" to go to the notifications archive.

详细通知布局

将通知标记为已读和未读。

Here are the most common notifications you can receive. They are all designed with the same pattern:

An icon floated on the left (on the right for right-to-left languages)
A circle floated on the right:
* filled with blue if the notification is unread
* white and circled of grey when read
Primary information: Notification title, in bold
Secondary information: Notification details (optional)
Details: at the bottom, with some useful information:
*always the user who performs the action (with a link to their userpage) and date in a relative format
*sometimes other information, like the targeted page
*if needed, a three-dots menu with some options

The whole notifications is a link, usually to a diff that is related to the action you are notified about.

类似通知或来自其他wiki的通知会被分组。

Special:Notifications页面

要寻找所有最近的通知,点击通知中心中的“所有通知”再到特殊通知页。 在那个页面,所有通知都会分组(提醒和消息),并按日期显示。 最新的通知排在存档页的第一个。 在维基媒体wiki网站上,该页面也会重新分组跨wiki通知。

跨wiki

Cross-wiki notifications are displayed on both panels, and regroup notifications from other Wikimedia Foundation hosted wikis. By this way, you can receive notifications about Commons when you are on Wikisource. 了解更多有关跨wiki通知。

参数和设置

访问偏好设置

您可以在通知设置中控制收到何种消息(和频率)。 要查看您的设置,点击通知中心中的“参数设置”(显示在页面上方)或在“所有通知”存档页中。 (您也可以在任何页面点击右上方的“参数设置”,然后再选择“通知”标签。)

启用和关闭

If you opt-out of any type of notifications, then these notifications generated while you were opted-out are not generated for you and not stored in databases. Opt-in will not display them afterwards. The only notifications that may be displayed are the one that existed before the opt-out.

通过电子邮件或维基内通知

要打开或关闭任意通知种类,简单地在网页上或邮件中选择(或反选)大部分种类的复选框。 You can enable (or disable) notifications on the web or by email for most categories. (Some notifications cannot be disabled, such as changes to your user rights or new talk page messages: these notifications are too important to be dismissed.) You can also control how often to receive email notifications, from single emails for each event to daily or weekly digests. When you're done, be sure to click the "保存" button at the bottom of the page to update your preferences.

靜音用户

You can mute on-site notifications from individual users, by typing their username into the box at the bottom of the notifications preferences. When you start typing the usernames will autocomplete. Users without JavaScript should type one username per line, without any wikitext or prefix.

You will still receive notifications if a muted user writes or participates on your user talk page (no matter if the page uses Flow or unstructured wikitext), or reviews a page you have created. Watchlist behavior and emails are not affected by the mute list.

The muted user will still receive a successful mention notification, if they've enabled that preference. A user's mute list is private from all other users on the wiki, including administrators or any other functionary.

Muting pages

Muting pages is possible for "page linked" notifications.

You can mute "page linked" notifications for a page by typing the page name into the box at the bottom of the notifications preferences.

When you start typing the page titles will autocomplete.

Users without JavaScript should type one page title per line, without any wikitext or prefix.

社群黑名单

There is a site-wide list of accounts that cannot trigger notifications at MediaWiki:Echo-blacklist, which can be overridden by users at Special:MyPage/Echo-whitelist.

反馈

我们希望听到您对通知工具的想法。 欲想与其他用户讨论你的想法,请访问项目讨论页面

如果您发现了一个bug,欢迎在Phabricator汇报。 However, we appreciate that Phabricator isn't exactly the easiest system to use; you can also drop the report (in any language) on the project talkpage, with a screenshot and information on your browser and operating system :).