도움말:표

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This page is a translated version of the page Help:Tables and the translation is 14% complete.

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PD 참고: 이 문서를 편집하면, CC0에 따라 당신의 기여를 배포하는 데 동의한 것으로 간주됩니다. 자세한 내용은 퍼블릭 도메인 도움말 문서를 보십시오.
PD
MediaWiki의 데이터베이스 테이블 구조는 Manual:데이터베이스 레이아웃 을 참조.

는 위키 문서에 생성 할 수 있습니다. 일반적으로 필요한 경우가 아니면 테이블을 사용하지 않는 것이 가장 좋습니다. 표 문법은 종종 문서 편집을 복잡하게 만듭니다.[1]

Wiki table markup summary

{| table start, required
|+ table caption, optional; only between table start and table row
|- table row, optional on first row—wiki engine assumes the first row
! table header cell, optional. Consecutive table header cells may be added on same line separated by double marks (!!) or start on new lines, each with its own single mark (!).
| table data cell, optional. Consecutive table data cells may be added on same line separated by double marks (||) or start on new lines, each with its own single mark (|).
|} table end, required
  • The above marks must start on a new line except the double || and !! for optionally adding consecutive cells to a line. However, blank spaces at the beginning of a line are ignored.
  • HTML attributes. Each mark, except table end, optionally accepts one or more HTML attributes. Attributes must be on the same line as the mark. Separate attributes from each other with a single space.
    • Cells and caption (| or ||, ! or !!, and |+) hold content. So separate any attributes from content with a single pipe (|). Cell content may follow on same line or on following lines.
    • Table and row marks ({| and |-) do not directly hold content. Do not add pipe (|) after their optional attributes. If you erroneously add a pipe after attributes for the table mark or row mark the parser will delete it and your final attribute if it was touching the erroneous pipe!
  • Content may (a) follow its cell mark on the same line after any optional HTML attributes or (b) on lines below the cell mark. Content that uses wiki markup that itself needs to start on a new line, such as lists, headings, or nested tables, must be on its own new line.
    • Pipe character as content. To insert a pipe (|) character into a table, use the <nowiki>|</nowiki> escaping markup.

Basics

The following table lacks borders and good spacing but shows the simplest wiki markup table structure.

작성 결과
{|
|오렌지
|사과
|-
|빵
|파이
|-
|버터
|Ice cream 
|}
Orange Apple
Bread Pie
Butter Ice cream

The cells in the same row can be listed on one line separated by || (two pipe symbols). If the text in the cell should contain a line break, use <br/> instead.

작성 결과
{|
|오렌지||사과||more
|-
|빵||파이||more
|-
|버터||아이스<br/>크림||and<br/>more
|}
Orange Apple more
Bread Pie more
Butter 아이스
크림
and
more

Extra spaces within cells in the wiki markup, as in the wiki markup below, do not affect the actual table rendering.

작성 결과
{|
|  오렌지 || 사과 || more
|-
|   빵 || 파이 || more
|-
|   버터 || Ice cream || and more
|}
Orange Apple more
Bread Pie more
Butter Ice cream and more

You can have longer text or more complex wiki syntax inside table cells, too:

작성 결과
{|
|Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, 
consetetur sadipscing elitr, 
sed diam nonumy eirmod tempor invidunt
ut labore et dolore magna aliquyam erat, 
sed diam voluptua. 

At vero eos et accusam et justo duo dolores
et ea rebum. Stet clita kasd gubergren,
no sea takimata sanctus est Lorem ipsum
dolor sit amet. 
|
* Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet
* consetetur sadipscing elitr
* sed diam nonumy eirmod tempor invidunt
|}
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet,

consetetur sadipscing elitr, sed diam nonumy eirmod tempor invidunt ut labore et dolore magna aliquyam erat, sed diam voluptua.

At vero eos et accusam et justo duo dolores et ea rebum. Stet clita kasd gubergren, no sea takimata sanctus est Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.

  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet
  • consetetur sadipscing elitr
  • sed diam nonumy eirmod tempor invidunt

표 헤더

Table headers can be created by using "!" (exclamation mark) instead of "|" (pipe symbol). 일반적으로 헤더는 기본적으로 굵게 표시되고 가운데에 표시됩니다.

작성 결과
{|
! style="text-align:left;"| 항목
! Amount
! Cost
|-
|오렌지
|10
|7.00
|-
|빵
|4
|3.00
|-
|버터
|1
|5.00
|-
!전체
|
|15.00
|}
항목 Amount Cost
오렌지 10 7.00
4 3.00
버터 1 5.00
Total 15.00

Note: When using attributes as in the heading 'Item' a vertical bar '|' is used for separation. Not an exclamation character '!'.

표제

A 표제는 다음과 같이 표의 맨 위에 추가 할 수 있습니다.

작성 결과
{|
|+Food complements
|-
|오렌지
|사과
|-
|빵
|파이
|-
|버터
|아이스 크림 
|}
Food complements
오렌지 사과
Bread Pie
Butter Ice cream

class="wikitable"

Basic styling (light gray background, borders, padding and align left) can be achieved by adding class="wikitable".

You type You get
{| class="wikitable"
|+Food complements
|-
|Orange
|Apple
|-
|Bread
|Pie
|-
|Butter
|Ice cream 
|}
Food complements
Orange Apple
Bread Pie
Butter Ice cream

HTML colspan and rowspan

You can use HTML colspan and rowspan attributes on cells for advanced layout.

You type You get
{| class="wikitable"
!colspan="6"|Shopping List
|-
|rowspan="2"|Bread & Butter
|Pie
|Buns
|Danish
|colspan="2"|Croissant
|-
|Cheese
|colspan="2"|Ice cream
|Butter
|Yogurt
|}
Shopping List
Bread & Butter Pie Buns Danish Croissant
Cheese Ice cream Butter Yogurt


HTML attributes

You can add HTML attributes to tables. For the authoritative source on HTML attributes, see the W3C's HTML Specification page on tables.

Attributes on tables

Placing attributes after the table start tag ({|) applies attributes to the entire table.

You type You get
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align: center; color: green;"
|Orange
|Apple
|12,333.00
|-
|Bread
|Pie
|500.00
|-
|Butter
|Ice cream
|1.00
|}
Orange Apple 12,333.00
Bread Pie 500.00
Butter Ice cream 1.00

Attributes on cells

You can put attributes on individual cells. For example, numbers may look better aligned right.

You type You get
{| class="wikitable"
| Orange
| Apple
| style="text-align:right;" | 12,333.00
|-
| Bread
| Pie
| style="text-align:right;" | 500.00
|-
| Butter
| Ice cream
| style="text-align:right;" | 1.00
|}
Orange Apple 12,333.00
Bread Pie 500.00
Butter Ice cream 1.00

You can also use cell attributes when you are listing multiple cells on a single line. Note that the cells are separated by ||, and within each cell the attribute(s) and value are separated by |.

You type You get
{| class="wikitable"
| Orange || Apple     || style="text-align:right;" | 12,333.00
|-
| Bread || Pie       || style="text-align:right;" | 500.00
|-
| Butter || Ice cream || style="text-align:right;" | 1.00
|}
Orange Apple 12,333.00
Bread Pie 500.00
Butter Ice cream 1.00

Attributes on rows

You can put attributes on individual rows, too.

You type You get
{| class="wikitable"
| Orange
| Apple
| style="text-align:right;"| 12,333.00
|-
| Bread
| Pie
| style="text-align:right;"| 500.00
|- style="font-style: italic; color: green;"
| Butter
| Ice cream
| style="text-align:right;"| 1.00
|}
Orange Apple 12,333.00
Bread Pie 500.00
Butter Ice cream 1.00

Simple one-pixel table border

An example of a one-pixel table border:

You type You get
{| border="1" style="border-collapse:collapse"
| Orange
| Apple
|-
| Bread
| Pie
|}
Orange Apple
Bread Pie

Border width

If "border-width:" has only one number, it is for all four border sides:

You type You get
{|style="border-style: solid; border-width: 20px"
|
Hello
|}

Hello

If "border-width:" has more than one number, the four numbers are for top, right, bottom, left (REMEMBER this order):

You type You get
{|style="border-style: solid; border-width: 10px 20px 100px 0"
|
Hello
|}

Hello

When there are fewer than 4 values, the value for left takes its default from the value for right, the value for bottom takes its default from the value for top, and the value for right takes its default from the value for top.

Another method to define the widths of the four sides of a cell is to use "border-left", "border-right", "border-top" and "border-bottom":

You type You get
{|style="border-left:solid 10px black;border-right:solid 20px black;border-top:solid 30px black;border-bottom:solid 40px black;" align="center" 
|
Hello
|}

Hello

The HTML attributes (such as "width=", "border=", "cellspacing=", "cellpadding=") do not need any length unit (the pixel unit is assumed). They are also invalid in HTML 5.

"Cellpadding" is for setting the space between the cell wall and the cell content.[2]

The CSS style properties (which override the HTML attributes) require an explicit length unit (if the value is not 0) such as "px" for the pixel.

With HTML attributes and CSS styles

CSS style attributes can be added with or without other HTML attributes.

You type You get
{| class="wikitable" style="color:green; background-color:#ffffcc;" cellpadding="10"
|Orange
|Apple
|-
|Bread
|Pie
|-
|Butter
|Ice cream 
|}
Orange Apple
Bread Pie
Butter Ice cream

Padding

You type You get
{|class=wikitable 
| style="padding:10px;"  | style="padding:10px;" 
|-
| style="padding:50px;"  | style="padding:50px;"<br><br>Specify the padding on '''EACH CELL'''  
|-
| style="padding:100px;"  | style="padding:100px;" 
|}
Example of style="padding:10px;"
Example of style="padding:50px;"

Specify the padding on EACH CELL
example of style="padding:100px;"

Attributes

Attributes can be added to the caption and headers as follows.

You type You get
{| class="wikitable"
|+ style="caption-side:bottom; color:#e76700;"|''Food complements''
|-
|Orange
|Apple
|-
|Bread
|Pie
|-
|Butter
|Ice cream 
|}
Food complements
Orange Apple
Bread Pie
Butter Ice cream

Column width

Column width can be added as follows.

You type:

{| class="wikitable" style="width: 85%;"
| colspan="2" | This column width is 85% of the screen width (and has a background color)
|-
| style="width: 30%"| '''This column is 30% counted from 85% of the screen width'''
| style="width: 70%"| '''This column is 70% counted from 85% of the screen width (and has a background color)'''
|}

You get:

This column width is 85% of the screen width (and has a background color)
This column is 30% counted from 85% of the screen width This column is 70% counted from 85% of the screen width (and has a background color)


Accessibility of table header cells

Table header cells do not explicitly specify which table data cells they apply to (those on their right on the same row, or those below them on the same column). When the table is rendered in a visual 2D environment, this is usually easy to infer.

However when tables are rendered on non-visual media, you can help the browser to determine which table header cell applies to the description of any selected cell (in order to repeat its content in some accessibility helper) using a scope="row" or scope="col" attribute on table header cells. In most cases with simple tables, you'll use scope="col" on all header cells of the first row, and scope="row" on the first cell of the following rows:

You type You get
{| class="wikitable"
|-
! scope="col"| Item
! scope="col"| Quantity
! scope="col"| Price
|-
! scope="row"| Bread
| 0.3 kg
| $0.65
|-
! scope="row"| Butter
| 0.125 kg
| $1.25
|-
! scope="row" colspan="2"| Total
| $1.90
|}
Item Quantity Price
Bread 0.3 kg $0.65
Butter 0.125 kg $1.25
Total $1.90


Alignment

Table alignment

Table alignment is achieved by using CSS. The table alignment is controlled by margins. A fixed margin on one side will make the table to be aligned to that side, if on the opposite side the margin is defined as auto. To have a table center aligned, you should set both margins to auto

For example, a right-aligned table:

You type You get
{| class="wikitable" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: 0px;"
| Orange
| Apple
|-
| Bread
| Pie
|-
| Butter
| Ice cream 
|}
Orange Apple
Bread Pie
Butter Ice cream

And a center-aligned table:

You type You get
{| class="wikitable" style="margin: auto;"
| Orange
| Apple
|-
| Bread
| Pie
|-
| Butter
| Ice cream 
|}
Orange Apple
Bread Pie
Butter Ice cream

Table floating around text

If you align a table to the right or the left side of the page, the text that comes after the table starts at the end of it, leaving an empty space around the table. You can make the text to be wrapped around the table by making the table to float around the text instead of just aligning it. This can be achieved using the float CSS attribute, which can specify where the table floats to the right side or to the left. When using float, margins doesn't control table alignment and can be used to specify the margin between the table and the surrounding text.

You type You get
{| class="wikitable" style="float:right; margin-left: 10px;"
| Orange
| Apple
|-
| Bread
| Pie
|-
| Butter
| Ice cream 
|}

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing 
elit, sed diam nonummy nibh euismod tincidunt ut 
laoreet dolore magna aliquam erat volutpat. Ut wisi 
enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerci tation 
ullamcorper suscipit lobortis nisl ut aliquip ex ea 
commodo consequat. Duis autem vel eum iriure dolor 
in hendrerit in vulputate velit esse molestie consequat, 
vel illum dolore eu feugiat nulla facilisis at vero 
eros et accumsan et iusto odio dignissim qui blandit 
praesent luptatum zzril delenit augue duis dolore te 
feugait nulla facilisi.
Orange Apple
Bread Pie
Butter Ice cream

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit, sed diam nonummy nibh euismod tincidunt ut laoreet dolore magna aliquam erat volutpat. Ut wisi enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerci tation ullamcorper suscipit lobortis nisl ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis autem vel eum iriure dolor in hendrerit in vulputate velit esse molestie consequat, vel illum dolore eu feugiat nulla facilisis at vero eros et accumsan et iusto odio dignissim qui blandit praesent luptatum zzril delenit augue duis dolore te feugait nulla facilisi.

Cell contents alignment

The alignment of cell contents can be controlled with 2 different CSS properties: text-align and vertical-align. text-align can be specified at the table, row or individual cells, while vertical-align only can be specified at individual rows or cells.

You type You get
{| class="wikitable"
|- style="vertical-align:top;"
| style="height:100px; width:100px; text-align:left;" | A
| style="height:100px; width:100px; text-align:center;" | B
| style="height:100px; width:100px; text-align:right;" | C
|- style="vertical-align:middle;"
| style="height:100px; width:100px; text-align:left;" | D
| style="height:100px; width:100px; text-align:center;" | E
| style="height:100px; width:100px; text-align:right;" | F
|- style="vertical-align:bottom;"
| style="height:100px; width:100px; text-align:left;" | G
| style="height:100px; width:100px; text-align:center;" | H
| style="height:100px; width:100px; text-align:right;" | I
|}
A B C
D E F
G H I

주의 사항

음수

If you start a cell on a new line with a negative number with a minus sign (or a parameter that evaluates to a negative number), your table can get broken, because the characters |- will be parsed as the wiki markup for table row, not table cell. To avoid this, insert a space before the value (| -6) or use in-line cell markup (|| -6).

CSS vs attributes

Table borders specified through CSS rather than the border attribute will render incorrectly in a small subset of text browsers.

Common attributes for columns, column groups and row groups

The MediaWiki syntax for tables currently offers no support for specifying common attributes for columns (with the HTML element <col />), column groups (HTML element <colgroup></colgroup>) and row groups (HTML elements <thead></thead>, <tbody></tbody> and <tfoot></tfoot>). Those standard HTML elements are not accepted even in their HTML or XHTML syntax.

All the rows and cells (header or data) of the table are rendered within a single implicit row group (HTML element <tbody></tbody>) without any attributes or styles.

Tables and the Visual Editor (VE)

See also: 도움말:시각편집기/사용자 가이드

See Phab: T108245: "Fully support basic table editing in the visual editor". See the list of tasks. Finished tasks are struck. It can be difficult to figure out from the technical language there what exactly has been improved, or what features have been added. Please add explanatory info below.

Can now move or delete columns and rows

Click on a column or row header. Then click on the arrow. From the popup menu click on "Move" or "Delete".

Insert blank row or column

From the same popup menu click on "Insert".

Copy table from web page to Visual Editor

It is possible to copy and paste a table from a web page directly into the Visual Editor (VE). To do so safely, use a sandbox and check the table for proper coding in wikitext source mode and proper display in the Visual Editor and in preview mode.

같이 보기

비고

  1. HTML 표 문법을 직접 사용하거나 wikicode 문법을 사용하여 표를 정의하여 만들 수 있습니다. HTML 표 문법과 그 사용법은 여러 웹 문서에서 잘 설명되어 있으므로 여기서는 설명하지 않습니다. The benefit of wikicode is that the table is constructed of character symbols which tend to make it easier to perceive the table structure in the article editing view compared to HTML table elements.
  2. HTML table cellpadding Attribute