Help:Tables/fr

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For MediaWiki's database table structure, see Manual:Database layoutManual:Database layout

Tables may be created in wiki pages. Une bonne règle est toutefois d'éviter d'utiliser un tableau à moins d'en avoir vraiment l'usage. Leur utilisation complique souvent l'édition de page. [1]

Résumé des marqueurs de tableau Wiki[edit | edit source]

{| début de tableau
|+ descriptif du contenu, optionnel; un seul par tableau positionné entre le début du tableau et la première ligne
|- début de ligne, optionnel sur la première ligne -- le moteur de wiki prend en charge la première ligne
! cellule entête, optionnel. Les entêtes peuvent être mises soit sur la même ligne séparées par des doubles points d'exclamations (!!), soit sur des lignes séparées, chacune ayant son unique point d'exclamation (!).
| table data cell, optional. Les cellules de données consécutives d'un tableau peuvent être soit mises sur la même ligne séparées par une double barre verticale (||), soit sur des lignes séparées, chacune ayant son unique barre verticale (|).
|} fin de tableau
  • Les marqueurs ci-dessus sont sur des lignes séparées sauf les doubles || et !! pour écrire plusieurs cellules consécutives sur une même ligne.
  • *Attributs XHTML : Chaque marqueur, hormis celui de fin de tableau, peut accepter un ou plusieurs attributs XHTML. Les attributs doivent être sur le même ligne que le marqueur. Séparez les attributs l'un de l'autre avec un simple espace.
    • Les cellules et les résumés (| ou ||, ! ou !!, et |+) sont des contenants. Il faut séparer les attributs du contenu avec une barre verticale (|). Le contenu d'une cellule peut suivre sur la même ligne ou des lignes consécutives.
    • Table and row marks ({| and |-) do not directly hold content. Ne pas ajouter de barre verticale (|) après leurs attributs éventuels. Si par erreur vous ajoutez une barre verticale après les attributs d'un marqueur de table ou de ligne, le parseur va supprimer celui-ci et le dernier attribut s'il touchait la barre verticale en trop.
  • 'Le Contenu' peut
    • soit suivre le marqueur de cellule sur la même ligne après les attributs XHTML éventuels
    • soit être sur les lignes suivant le marqueur de cellule. Un contenu qui utilise un marqueur wiki ayant besoin d'être placé sur une nouvelle ligne (ex. : nouvelle ligne, liste, entête ou table incluse) devrait bien sûr figurer sur sa propre ligne.
    • Pipe character as content. To insert a pipe (|) character into a table, use the <nowiki>|</nowiki> escaping markup.

Basics[edit | edit source]

Le tableau suivant manque de bordure, d'espacement correct mais montre la structure de tableau wiki la plus simple possible

You type You get
{|
|Orange
|Pomme
|-
|Pain
|Tarte
|-
|Beurre
|Crème glacée 
|}
Orange Pomme
Pain Tarte
Beurre Crème glacée

Pour un look plus tableau, les marqueurs de cellule peuvent être sur la même ligne, séparés par des ||. If the text in the cell should contain a line break, use <br/> instead.

You type You get
{|
|Orange||Apple||more
|-
|Bread||Pie||more
|-
|Butter||Ice<br />cream||and<br />more
|}
Orange Apple more
Bread Pie more
Butter Ice
cream
and
more

Extra spaces within cells in the wiki markup, as in the wiki markup below, do not affect the actual table rendering.

You type You get
{|
|  Orange || Pomme || more
|-
|   Pain || Tarte || more
|-
|   Beurre || Crème glacée || and more
|}
Orange Pomme more
Pain Tarte more
Beurre Crème glacée and more

You can have longer text or more complex wiki syntax inside table cells, too:

You type You get
{|
|Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, 
consetetur sadipscing elitr, 
sed diam nonumy eirmod tempor invidunt
ut labore et dolore magna aliquyam erat, 
sed diam voluptua. 

At vero eos et accusam et justo duo dolores
et ea rebum. Stet clita kasd gubergren,
no sea takimata sanctus est Lorem ipsum
dolor sit amet. 
|
* Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet
* consetetur sadipscing elitr
* sed diam nonumy eirmod tempor invidunt
|}
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet,

consetetur sadipscing elitr, sed diam nonumy eirmod tempor invidunt ut labore et dolore magna aliquyam erat, sed diam voluptua.

At vero eos et accusam et justo duo dolores et ea rebum. Stet clita kasd gubergren, no sea takimata sanctus est Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.

  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet
  • consetetur sadipscing elitr
  • sed diam nonumy eirmod tempor invidunt

Table headers[edit | edit source]

Table headers can be created by using "!" (exclamation mark) instead of "|" (pipe symbol). Headers usually show up bold and centered by default.

You type You get
{|
! style="text-align:left;"| Item
! Amount
! Cost
|-
|Orange
|10
|7.00
|-
|Pain
|4
|3.00
|-
|Beurre
|1
|5.00
|-
!Total
|
|15.00
|}
Item Amount Cost
Orange 10 7.00
Pain 4 3.00
Beurre 1 5.00
Total 15.00

Note: When using attributes as in the heading 'Item' a vertical bar '|' is used for separation. Not an exclamation character '!'.

Caption[edit | edit source]

A table caption can be added to the top of any table as follows.

You type You get
{|
|+Compléments nutritionels
|-
|Orange
|Pomme
|-
|Pain
|Tarte
|-
|Beurre
|Crème glacée 
|}
Compléments nutritionels
Orange Pomme
Pain Tarte
Beurre Crème glacée

class="wikitable"[edit | edit source]

Basic styling (light gray background, borders, padding and align left) can be achieved by adding class="wikitable".

You type You get
{| class="wikitable"
|+Compléments nutritionels
|-
|Orange
|Pomme
|-
|Pain
|Tarte
|-
|Beurre
|Crème glacée 
|}
Compléments nutritionels
Orange Pomme
Pain Tarte
Beurre Crème glacée

HTML colspan and rowspan[edit | edit source]

You can use HTML colspan and rowspan attributes on cells for advanced layout.

You type You get
{| class="wikitable"
!colspan="6"|Shopping List
|-
|rowspan="2"|Bread & Butter
|Tarte
|Buns
|Danish
|colspan="2"|Croissant
|-
|Cheese
|colspan="2"|Crème glacée
|Beurre
|Yogurt
|}
Shopping List
Bread & Butter Tarte Buns Danish Croissant
Cheese Crème glacée Beurre Yogurt

XHTML attributes[edit | edit source]

You can add XHTML attributes to tables. For the authoritative source on these, see the W3C's HTML 4.01 Specification page on tables.

Attributes on tables[edit | edit source]

Placing attributes after the table start tag ({|) applies attributes to the entire table.

You type You get
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align: center; color: green;"
|Orange
|Pomme
|12,333.00
|-
|Pain
|Tarte
|500.00
|-
|Beurre
|Crème glacée
|1.00
|}
Orange Pomme 12,333.00
Pain Tarte 500.00
Beurre Crème glacée 1.00

Attributes on cells[edit | edit source]

You can put attributes on individual cells. For example, numbers may look better aligned right.

You type You get
{| class="wikitable"
| Orange
| Pomme
| style="text-align:right;" | 12,333.00
|-
| Pain
| Tarte
| style="text-align:right;" | 500.00
|-
| Beurre
| Crème glacée
| style="text-align:right;" | 1.00
|}
Orange Pomme 12,333.00
Pain Tarte 500.00
Beurre Crème glacée 1.00

You can also use cell attributes when you are listing multiple cells on a single line. Note that the cells are separated by ||, and within each cell the attribute(s) and value are separated by |.

You type You get
{| class="wikitable"
| Orange || Pomme     || style="text-align:right;" | 12,333.00
|-
| Pain || Tarte       || style="text-align:right;" | 500.00
|-
| Beurre || Crème glacée || style="text-align:right;" | 1.00
|}
Orange Pomme 12,333.00
Pain Tarte 500.00
Beurre Crème glacée 1.00

Attributes on rows[edit | edit source]

You can put attributes on individual rows, too.

You type You get
{| class="wikitable"
| Orange
| Pomme
| style="text-align:right;"| 12,333.00
|-
| Pain
| Tarte
| style="text-align:right;"| 500.00
|- style="font-style: italic; color: green;"
| Beurre
| Crème glacée
| style="text-align:right;"| 1.00
|}
Orange Pomme 12,333.00
Pain Tarte 500.00
Beurre Crème glacée 1.00

Simple one-pixel table border[edit | edit source]

An example of a one-pixel table border:

You type You get
{| border="1" style="border-collapse:collapse"
| Orange
| Pomme
|-
| Pain
| Tarte
|}
Orange Pomme
Pain Tarte

Border width[edit | edit source]

If "border-width:" has only one number, it is for all four border sides:

You type You get
{|style="border-style: solid; border-width: 20px"
|
Hello
|}

Hello

If "border-width:" has more than one number, the four numbers are for top, right, bottom, left (REMEMBER this order):

You type You get
{|style="border-style: solid; border-width: 10px 20px 100px 0"
|
Hello
|}

Hello

When there are fewer than 4 values, the value for left takes its default from the value for right, the value for bottom takes its default from the value for top, and the value for right takes its default from the value for top.

Another method to define the widths of the four sides of a cell is to use "border-left", "border-right", "border-top" and "border-bottom":

You type You get
{|style="border-left:solid 10px black;border-right:solid 20px black;border-top:solid 30px black;border-bottom:solid 40px black;font-size:90%;font-size:90%;" align="center" 
|
Hello
|}

Hello

Notes :

  • The HTML attributes (such as "width=", "border=", "cellspacing=", "cellpadding=") do not need any length unit (the pixel unit is assumed).

The CSS style properties (which override the HTML attributes) require an explicit length unit (if the value is not 0) such as "px" for the pixel.

Attributs HTML et attributs de style CSS[edit | edit source]

Des attributs de style CSS peuvent être ajoutés avec ou sans autres attributs HTML.

You type You get
{| class="wikitable" style="color:green; background-color:#ffffcc;" cellpadding="10"
|Orange
|Pomme
|-
|Pain
|Tarte
|-
|Beurre
|Crème glacée 
|}
Orange Pomme
Pain Tarte
Beurre Crème glacée

Attributes[edit | edit source]

Attributes can be added to the caption and headers as follows.

You type You get
{| class="wikitable"
|+ style="caption-side:bottom; color:#e76700;"|Compléments nutritionels
|-
|Orange
|Pomme
|-
|Pain
|Tarte
|-
|Beurre
|Crème glacée 
|}
Compléments nutritionels
Orange Pomme
Pain Tarte
Beurre Crème glacée

Column width[edit | edit source]

Column width can be added as follows.

You type:

{| style="color: black; background-color: #ffffcc; width: 85%;"
| colspan="2" | This column width is 85% of the screen width (and has a background color)
|-
| style="width: 30%; background-color: white;"|
'''This column is 30% counted from 85% of the screen width'''
| style="width: 70%; background-color: orange;"|
'''This column is 70% counted from 85% of the screen width (and has a background color)'''
|}

You get:

This column width is 85% of the screen width (and has a background color)
This column is 30% counted from 85% of the screen width This column is 70% counted from 85% of the screen width (and has a background color)

Accessibility of table header cells[edit | edit source]

Table header cells do not explicitly specify which table data cells they apply to (those on their right on the same row, or those below them on the same column). When the table is rendered in a visual 2D environment, this is usually easy to infer.

However when tables are rendered on non-visual media, you can help the browser to determine which table header cell applies to the description of any selected cell (in order to repeat its content in some accessibility helper) using a scope="row" or scope="col" attribute on table header cells. In most cases with simple tables, you'll use scope="col" on all header cells of the first row, and scope="row" on the first cell of the following rows:

You type You get
{| class="wikitable"
|-
! scope="col"| Item
! scope="col"| Quantity
! scope="col"| Price
|-
! scope="row"| Pain
| 0.3 kg
| $0.65
|-
! scope="row"| Beurre
| 0.125 kg
| $1.25
|-
! scope="row" colspan="2"| Total
| $1.90
|}
Item Quantity Price
Pain 0.3 kg $0.65
Beurre 0.125 kg $1.25
Total $1.90

Alignment[edit | edit source]

Table alignment[edit | edit source]

Table alignment is achieved by using CSS. The table alignment is controlled by margins. A fixed margin on one side will make the table to be aligned to that side, if on the opposite side the margin is defined as auto. To have a table center aligned, you should set both margins to auto

For example, a right-aligned table:

You type You get
{| class="wikitable" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: 0px;"
| Orange
| Pomme
|-
| Pain
| Tarte
|-
| Beurre
| Crème glacée 
|}
Orange Pomme
Pain Tarte
Beurre Crème glacée

And a center-aligned table:

You type You get
{| class="wikitable" style="margin: auto;"
| Orange
| Pomme
|-
| Pain
| Tarte
|-
| Beurre
| Crème glacée 
|}
Orange Pomme
Pain Tarte
Beurre Crème glacée

Table floating around text[edit | edit source]

If you align a table to the right or the left side of the page, the text that comes after the table starts at the end of it, leaving an empty space around the table. You can make the text to be wrapped around the table by making the table to float around the text instead of just aligning it. This can be achieved using the float CSS attribute, which can specify where the table floats to the right side or to the left. When using float, margins doesn't control table alignment and can be used to specify the margin between the table and the surrounding text.

You type You get
{| class="wikitable" style="float:right; margin-left: 10px;"
| Orange
| Pomme
|-
| Pain
| Tarte
|-
| Beurre
| Crème glacée 
|}

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing 
elit, sed diam nonummy nibh euismod tincidunt ut 
laoreet dolore magna aliquam erat volutpat. Ut wisi 
enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerci tation 
ullamcorper suscipit lobortis nisl ut aliquip ex ea 
commodo consequat. Duis autem vel eum iriure dolor 
in hendrerit in vulputate velit esse molestie consequat, 
vel illum dolore eu feugiat nulla facilisis at vero 
eros et accumsan et iusto odio dignissim qui blandit 
praesent luptatum zzril delenit augue duis dolore te 
feugait nulla facilisi.
Orange Pomme
Pain Tarte
Beurre Crème glacée

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit, sed diam nonummy nibh euismod tincidunt ut laoreet dolore magna aliquam erat volutpat. Ut wisi enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerci tation ullamcorper suscipit lobortis nisl ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis autem vel eum iriure dolor in hendrerit in vulputate velit esse molestie consequat, vel illum dolore eu feugiat nulla facilisis at vero eros et accumsan et iusto odio dignissim qui blandit praesent luptatum zzril delenit augue duis dolore te feugait nulla facilisi.

Cell contents alignment[edit | edit source]

The alignment of cell contents can be controlled with 2 different CSS properties: text-align and vertical-align. text-align can be specified at the table, row or individual cells, while vertical-align only can be specified at individual rows or cells.

You type You get
{| class="wikitable"
|- style="vertical-align:top;"
| style="height:100px; width:100px; text-align:left;" | A
| style="height:100px; width:100px; text-align:center;" | B
| style="height:100px; width:100px; text-align:right;" | C
|- style="vertical-align:middle;"
| style="height:100px; width:100px; text-align:left;" | D
| style="height:100px; width:100px; text-align:center;" | E
| style="height:100px; width:100px; text-align:right;" | F
|- style="vertical-align:bottom;"
| style="height:100px; width:100px; text-align:left;" | G
| style="height:100px; width:100px; text-align:center;" | H
| style="height:100px; width:100px; text-align:right;" | I
|}
A B C
D E F
G H I

Caveats[edit | edit source]

Negative numbers[edit | edit source]

If you start a cell on a new line with a negative number with a minus sign (or a parameter that evaluates to a negative number), your table can get broken, because the characters |- will be parsed as the wiki markup for table row, not table cell. To avoid this, insert a space before the value (| -6) or use in-line cell markup (|| -6).

CSS vs attributes[edit | edit source]

Table borders specified through CSS rather than the border attribute will render incorrectly in a small subset of text browsers.

Common attributes for columns, column groups and row groups[edit | edit source]

The MediaWiki syntax for tables currently offers no support for specifying common attributes for columns (with the HTML element <col />), column groups (HTML element <colgroup></colgroup>) and row groups (HTML elements <thead></thead>, <tbody></tbody> and <tfoot></tfoot>). Those standard HTML elements are not accepted even in their HTML or XHTML syntax.

All the rows and cells (header or data) of the table are rendered within a single implicit row group (HTML element <tbody></tbody>) without any attributes or styles.

See also[edit | edit source]

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. Tables can be created using either XHTML table elements directly, or using wikicode formatting to define the table. XHTML table elements and their use are well described on various web pages and will not be discussed here. The benefit of wikicode is that the table is constructed of character symbols which tend to make it easier to perceive the table structure in the article editing view compared to XHTML table elements.