Помоћ:Именски простори

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This page is a translated version of the page Help:Namespaces and the translation is 31% complete.
PD Напомена: Уређивањем ове странице слажете се да објавите Ваше доприносе под лиценцом CC0. За више информација погледајте Public Domain Help Pages. PD

Странице на Медијавикију су груписане у колекције зване “именски простор, који се разликују између сврхе страница на високом нивоу. Странице у одређеним именним просторима такође могу имати посебна својства или се понашати другачије када интерагују са другим страницама.

Именски простори су назначени у насловима страница префиксом имена странице са <namespace>:, тако да префикс Help: у наслову странице (Help:Namespaces/sr) означава да је ова страница у Help именском простору. Сваки именски простор је идентификован бројем и именом, који се може превести и може имати и неке алијасе.

A page whose name is not prefixed by a namespace lies in the mainspace. Note, however, that colons and prefixes can also appear in page titles without indicating a namespace: the page Foo:Namespaces/sr is a page located in the mainspace because the namespace “Foo” does not exist. Similarly the page Help:Foo:Namespaces/sr is in the “Help” namespace.

Стандардни именски простори

Стандардна инсталација садржи 16 именских простора који могу садржати кориснички генерисани садржај; постоје и два посебна именска простора која садрже странице креиране "у лету" од стране Медијавики софтвера. Стандардни именски простори су организовани у паровима, при чему сваки пар садржи "главну страницу" и "страницу за разговор". Именски простори су нумерисани од нуле, тако да сви главни именски простори имају чак и индексе, а све странице за разговоре имају чудне индексе.


Овај именски простор се користи за директно линковање ка медијским датотекама: линк [[Media:MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg]] линкује само ка слици уместо на страницу са описом, која би била [[:File:MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg]].


Овај именски простор се користи за груписање посебних страница, пријаве и интерфејсе генерисане “на захтев” од стране Медијавикија и није их могуће директно изменити. Није могуће креирати странице у овом именском простору, осим модификовањем или проширењем софтвера Медијавики.


Именски простор који нема префикс је раздвојен двотачком. Обично се назива "главни именски простор" или "главни простор". Овај именски простор обично садржи највећи део страница са садржајем на викију. Овај именски простор углавном нема посебних својстава.


Овај именски простор је простор за дискусију повезан са главним простором. Она нема посебних својстава.


Each user has a corresponding page in the “User” namespace, which is linked to from edit histories, watchlists, recent changes, etc.; wherever an individual user is uniquely identified.

This page and subpages of it can be used by users to record information about themselves or to test and draft new content. Pages of the form User:UserName/Foo.js or User:UserName/Foo.css can only be edited by the user themselves or by interface administrators (or administrators before MediaWiki 1.32).

User talk

This namespace is the talkspace associated with the “User” namespace. Pages in this namespace are mainly used to leave messages for particular users or inform them of discussions that may be of interest to them. To facilitate this, when a page User talk:UserName is edited, whenever the user UserName loads a page, a notice is displayed at the top of the page informing them of the edit:

This notice continues to appear until the user loads their user talk page to read the message.

Tip for wiki admins: Extensions like Echo may override this behavior.


This namespace is normally used for meta-discussions related to the operation and development of the wiki. It automatically redirects the user to a namespace labeled after the wiki's name, example: [[Project:Licenses]] → [[Wikipedia:Licenses]].

Project talk

This is a talk namespace that is normally used for discussions related to the associated project pages. It has no special properties.


The “File” namespace is used to store metadata for images, videos, sound files and other media accessed via the “Media” namespace. Each file has a corresponding page in the “File” namespace, which is often used to hold licensing data. Linking directly to a page in this namespace instead includes the media file inline in the page: [[File:MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg|right]] produces the image to the right. See Help:Images for more details of this link syntax.

To create an internal link to the file page, you need to add a colon to the front of the namespace: [[:File:MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg|right]] produces File:MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg. The standard MediaWiki installation has alias “Image” for “File” namespace – See Namespace aliases.

For linking media files directly, bypassing the description page, see Media namespace.

File talk

This is a talk namespace that is normally used for discussions related to the associated media files. It has no special properties.


The “MediaWiki” namespace is used to hold system messages and other important content. For instance, the page MediaWiki:Edit (or MediaWiki:Vector-view-edit in the default “Vector” skin) contains the text that fills the “Уреди” tab at the top of every page. If that page exists, it overrides the default content, which is “Edit.” Similarly, MediaWiki:Common.css is the system message that holds the CSS code that is loaded for all users for each page. It has the special property that the entire namespace can only be edited by users with the (editinterface) user right. Since MediaWiki 1.32, JavaScript and CSS pages needs also editinterface and (respectively) editsitejs or editsitecss rights to edit.

MediaWiki talk

This is a talk namespace that is normally used for discussions related to the associated system messages. It has no special properties.


The “Template” namespace is used to hold templates, blocks of text or wikicode that are intended to be transcluded into several other pages. To facilitate this it has the special property that it is the default namespace for transclusions: the wikicode {{Foo}} is equivalent to {{Template:Foo}}.

Template talk

This is a talk namespace that is normally used for discussions related to the associated template pages. It has no special properties.


The “Help” namespace is usually used to hold help files, instructions and “how-to” guides. It has no special properties. See Help namespace content.

Help talk

This is a talk namespace that is normally used for discussions related to the associated help pages. It has no special properties.


The “Category” namespace contains categories, dynamic lists of other pages. To facilitate this, linking directly to a category page does not output an inline link, but instead includes the page into the associated category page. So the code [[Category:Help]] causes a category link to appear at the bottom of the page (at the bottom in the box marked “Категорије”). Clicking on that link takes you to the category page, where this page is visible in the category list.

To create an inline link to a category page, you need to add a colon to the front of the namespace: [[:Category:Help]] produces Category:Help. See Помоћ:Категорије for more details on category link syntax.

Category talk

This is a talk namespace that is normally used for discussions related to the associated category pages. It has no special properties.


Namespace names and aliases can be localized by developers. To request the localization of namespace names, please file a MediaWiki internationalization task at Фабрикатор . In the description of the task, you should provide translations of all the namespaces in the table to the right, as well as any additional namespaces on your wiki (such as "Module" or "Gadget").

If the site's language is Chinese, then namespace names are translated only when the content is converted and there is no __NOTITLECONVERT__ or __NOTC__ or magic words on a page.

Преименовање именских простора

Number Изворно име Локализовано име
-2 Media Медиј
-1 Special Посебно
0 (Main)
1 Talk Разговор
2 User Корисник
3 User talk User talk
4 Project Пројекат
5 Project talk Project talk
6 File Датотека
7 File talk File talk
8 MediaWiki Медијавики
9 MediaWiki talk MediaWiki talk
10 Template Шаблон
11 Template talk Template talk
12 Help Помоћ
13 Help talk Help talk
14 Category Категорија
15 Category talk Category talk

Namespace names can be translated into languages other than English and individual namespaces can be renamed, as set by a wiki's system admins (using Namespace manager). These names are known as the 'localized' namespace names. However, all namespaces have a 'canonical name', the original English name which will work on any installation of MediaWiki. So linking to User:Foo will always locate the user page for the user foo, whether the wiki is in French (where the localized name would be Utilisateur:Foo), Russian (Участник:Foo), or Hindi (सदस्य:Foo).

The canonical namespace names are given in the table to the right along with their localized names on this wiki.

Namespace aliases

On some wikis there are also namespace aliases: alternative names that will also be resolved to the localised names. For instance, a wiki might define "T" as an alias for Template, such that typing T:Foo is equivalent to Template:Foo, saving a few characters and seconds. An actual example would be on the English Wikipedia, where "WP" is an alias for Project, which is the namespace "Wikipedia".

By default, "Image" is an alias for File, so [[Image:MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg]] is equivalent to [[File:MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg]].

Custom namespaces

See Manual:Using custom namespaces for more information.

Some wikis may wish to organize their content in ways that do not fit into this standard set of namespaces. A wiki may define additional namespaces to facilitate this; these namespaces behave exactly like normal namespaces, and generally have indices greater than or equal to 100. These custom namespaces generally have no special properties.

Identifying namespaces

There are a number of ways by which the namespace of a particular page can be identified:

Магичне речи

The magic word {{NAMESPACE}} returns the value of the namespace the page is in.

To refer to another namespace, use {{ns:<name>}} (e.g. {{ns:Project}}), or {{SUBJECTSPACE}} / {{TALKSPACE}} to refer to the namespace paired with the current one.


The JavaScript variable wgCanonicalNamespace contains the full namespace name. The variable wgNamespaceNumber contains the numerical index of the namespace.


The ‎<body> tag of the HTML page output is given two CSS classes that vary by namespace: A class ns-#, where # is the index of the namespace, and ns-XXX, where XXX is "subject" for all subject namespaces , "special" for pages in the Special namespace, and "talk" for talk namespaces . So CSS code such as the following can be used to change the appearance of an object based on its namespace:

.ns-subject a {   /* Almost all links on subject pages to be green. */
    color: #0f0;
.ns-talk a {      /* Links on talk pages to be blue. */
    color: #00f;
.ns-3 a {         /* and links on user talk pages to be red */
    color: #f00;

You can get a complete list of all namespace names of a MediaWiki installation from the Search results page Advanced tab, or from any recent changes page such as contributions or watchlist in its options box, in a drop-down list. For the system properties of each namespace, use the MediaWiki API :


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