Aiuto:Cite

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This page is a translated version of the page Help:Cite and the translation is 4% complete.

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Cite makes it possible to add footnotes to a page. See Estensione:Cite for detailed description.

Utilizzo

Two HTML-style tags are used to define and show footnotes: <ref>, <references />

<ref>

Single use footnotes are defined by enclosing content within <ref>...</ref>, e.g.:

<ref>content</ref>

A footnote used multiple times may be defined with a name:

<ref name="foo">content</ref>

To invoke a named footnote:

<ref name="foo" />

Footnotes may be defined in groups:

<ref group="foo">content</ref>

Names and groups may not be a numeric integer. The quotes are optional unless the name includes a space, punctuation or other mark. It is recommended that names be kept simple and restricted to the ASCII character set.

<references />

To display the reference list, after some or all of the <ref>...</ref> tags, include:

<references />

You can use <references /> multiple times on a page, e.g. to generate a reference list beneath a table.

To display footnotes defined in a group, include:

<references group="foo" />

The reference list can display automatically split over multiple columns, if there's enough width and there are enough references. On narrow screens, readers will see one or maybe two columns, whereas on wider screens they will get two or more. On wikis with the default configuration, this will happen on every page; on others, you need to activate it. To force it off for a particular use, include:

<references responsive="0" />

To force it on, instead include:

<references responsive />

Messaggi di errore

If the <ref> or <references /> tags are used incorrectly, the Cite extension will add an error message to the page. These messages will usually be in bold red text. This section lists the error messages and explains how to fix the problems.

Message Problem Solution
Messages in the body of the article
Errore nell'uso del marcatore <ref>: i ref privi di nome non possono essere vuoti There is no content between the <ref>...</ref> tags. Either put content between the <ref> tags (<ref>content</ref>), or (if you're reusing a named reference that's been defined elsewhere in the article) use a single tag <ref name="ref_name" />.
L'apertura dell'etichetta <ref> non è corretta o ha un nome errato. A named reference has a malformed name. This is produced by a construct like <ref />, which makes no sense. As above, either create a full reference (<ref>content</ref>) or give the tag a name (<ref name="ref_name" />).
Errore nell'uso del marcatore <ref>: nomi non validi (ad es. numero troppo elevato) A <ref> tag has too many parameters You can only specify two parameters, name= and group=. You can't, for instance, format a reference with <ref style="color:red;">content</ref>, or give it an id.
Errore nell'uso del marcatore <ref>: il nome non può essere un numero intero. Usare un titolo esteso The name of the reference is a pure number. To avoid naming conflicts (as unnamed references are automatically assigned numbers as names) this is not allowed. Rename the reference to contain at least one letter (e.g. <ref name="foo" /> instead of <ref name="123" />). It's good practice to give references meaningful names anyway. Make sure that when changing the name you update all the tags that refer to that reference!
</ref> di chiusura mancante per il marcatore <ref> A reference is missing the closing </ref>. Make sure that you are either using a closed pair of tags (<ref>content</ref>), or one single tag with a forward slash at the end to mark it as a single tag (<ref />)
Messages at the end of the article
Marcatore <ref> non valido; non è stato indicato alcun testo per il marcatore foo A single ref tag named "foo" (<ref name="foo" />) was invoked, but there is no full reference named "foo" (<ref name="foo">content</ref>) from which to get the reference text. You may have misspelt the reference name, or used special characters that look the same but are actually different. For instance, <ref name="foo-bar">content</ref> and <ref name="foo–bar" /> are not the same: one contains a hyphen while the other uses an ndash. To avoid this sort of error, try to stick to the characters available on the standard keyboard. Alternatively, the full reference may have been removed from the article with other content. In this case the text of the reference will be available in the page history, and you can convert the single <ref /> tag into a full reference.
MediaWiki:Cite error references invalid input (rimosso) The <references /> tag is malformed. You need to ensure that the <references /> tag is properly formed.
Parametro non valido nel tag <references> Parameters such as style= or id= were passed to the <references /> tag.
MediaWiki:Cite error references invalid parameters group (rimosso) The <references /> tag is malformed.
Cite error: <ref> tags exist, but no <references /> tag was found The <references /> tag was not included at the end of the article. Add the <references /> tag at the bottom of the article, below the last set of |ref= tags.
The <ref> tag immediately before <references /> does not have a closing </ref>. Fix the <ref> tag as explained above
There are <ref>...</ref> tags after <references />. Move the <references /> tag (or the {{reflist}} template) to below the last reference.
The use of <ref>...</ref> tags followed by a <references /> tag occurs more than once on the same page, but the <references /> tag is produced by a template (e.g. {{reflist}}). There is no solution other than avoiding the use of a template if possible.
Another tag extension used in the same page before the <references /> tag is buggy (calls Parser->parse() instead of Parser->recursiveTagParse()). Update/fix the buggy tag extension.
Etichette di rimando personalizzate esaurite, aumentarne il numero nel messaggio [[MediaWiki:Cite references link many format backlink labels]] A named reference was used more than 702 times, thereby exhausting the list of available labels ("a", "b"... "aa", "ab"... "zy", "zz"). It should probably never be necessary to cite one source this many times. Consider whether some cites can be combined or removed, or edit MediaWiki:Cite references link many format backlink labels to add additional labels (maybe "aaa", "aab", etc).
Sono presenti dei marcatori <ref> per un gruppo chiamato "$1" ma non è stato trovato alcun marcatore <references group="$1"/> corrispondente, o manca la chiusura </ref> The group parameter was used in a reference, but the corresponding <references /> tag was not included with a group parameter Make sure that there is a <references /> tag on the page with the appropriate |group= parameter set.
The reference immediately before <references /> does not have a closing </ref>. Fix as for normal <references /> tags as explained above.
There are <ref>...</ref> tags using a group after <references />.
Tag <ref> non valido; il nome "$1" è stato definito più volte con contenuti diversi A named reference is defined multiple times with different content. Change all but one of the defined names (including all the appearances of this name without text).
Other messages
MediaWiki:Cite error key str invalid (rimosso) Internal software error. These messages should never occur. If you see them in articles, please contact the MediaWiki developers, who may be able to resolve the situation. (These error messages have been removed.)
MediaWiki:Cite error stack invalid input (rimosso)


Informazioni tecniche

Internal messages are generated by the Cite.php extension and shown as a MediaWiki message. See the Parser hooks section of Special:Version for the installed version of Cite.php. These messages are in the MediaWiki namespace and can be modified only by admins.

Cite.php internal message MediaWiki message
Cite error Errore nelle note: $1
Cite error key str invalid (rimosso)
Cite error ref no input Errore nell'uso del marcatore <ref>: i ref privi di nome non possono essere vuoti
Cite error ref no key L'apertura dell'etichetta <ref> non è corretta o ha un nome errato.
Cite error ref numeric key Errore nell'uso del marcatore <ref>: il nome non può essere un numero intero. Usare un titolo esteso
Cite error ref too many keys Errore nell'uso del marcatore <ref>: nomi non validi (ad es. numero troppo elevato)
Cite error references invalid input (rimosso)
Cite error references invalid parameters Parametro non valido nel tag <references>
Cite error references invalid parameters group (rimosso)
Cite error references no backlink label Etichette di rimando personalizzate esaurite, aumentarne il numero nel messaggio [[MediaWiki:Cite references link many format backlink labels]]
Cite references link many format backlink labels This is a list of the backlink labels used in the reference list, currently from a to zz
Cite error references no text Marcatore <ref> non valido; non è stato indicato alcun testo per il marcatore $1
Cite error included ref </ref> di chiusura mancante per il marcatore <ref>
Cite error stack invalid input (rimosso)
Cite error refs without references (rimosso)
Cite error group refs without references Sono presenti dei marcatori <ref> per un gruppo chiamato "$1" ma non è stato trovato alcun marcatore <references group="$1"/> corrispondente, o manca la chiusura </ref>
Cite error references duplicate key Tag <ref> non valido; il nome "$1" è stato definito più volte con contenuti diversi

See also