Phabricator project: #Math

확장기능:Math

From MediaWiki.org
Jump to: navigation, search
This page is a translated version of the page Extension:Math and the translation is 13% complete.

Other languages:
català • ‎Deutsch • ‎English • ‎español • ‎suomi • ‎français • ‎italiano • ‎日本語 • ‎한국어 • ‎polski • ‎português • ‎português do Brasil • ‎sicilianu • ‎Tiếng Việt • ‎粵語 • ‎中文
미디어위키 확장 기능Manual:Extensions
Crystal Clear action run.png
Math

Release status:Extension status stable

ExtensionMath.png
동작 방식Template:Extension#type Tag
설명Template:Extension#description 수학 공식을 표현하는 것을 허용함
만든이Template:Extension#username Tomasz Wegrzanowski, Brion Vibber 등 등
버전Template:Extension#version continuous updates
MediaWikiTemplate:Extension#mediawiki 1.23+
Database changesTemplate:Extension#needs-updatephp Yes
TablesTemplate:Extension#table1 mathExtension:Math/math table
mathoidExtension:Math/mathoid table
mathlatexmlExtension:Math/mathlatexml table
라이선스Template:Extension#license GNU General Public License 2.0 or later
다운로드
변수Template:Extension#parameters
  • $wgUseTeX
  • $wgTexvc
  • $wgTexvcBackgroundColor
  • $wgMathCheckFiles
  • $wgMathPath
  • $wgMathDirectory
  • $wgMathFileBackend
TagsTemplate:Extension#tags
<math>
사용된 훅Template:Extension#hook
ParserFirstCallInitManual:Hooks/ParserFirstCallInit
GetPreferencesManual:Hooks/GetPreferences
LoadExtensionSchemaUpdatesManual:Hooks/LoadExtensionSchemaUpdates
ParserTestTablesManual:Hooks/ParserTestTables
ParserTestParserManual:Hooks/ParserTestParser
UnitTestsListManual:Hooks/UnitTestsList

Translate the Math extension if it is available at translatewiki.net

Check usage and version matrix.

IssuesPhabricator

Open tasks · Report a bug

The Math extension provides support for rendering mathematical formulae. An overview of what can currently be done with this extension is found at the English Wikipedia's documentation.

This extension was part of core MediaWiki until MediaWiki version 1.18.

More information about installing and configuring this extension, including for older versions, can be found at Extension:Math/advancedSettingsExtension:Math/advancedSettings.

Viewing math

The Math extension tries to deliver MathML output, with fallback to SVG or PNG images respectively. Depending on the capabilities of the device you are using, the sort of output is chosen. Basic math support works for all browsers. However, for optimal rendering specific tuning may be needed:

Accessibility support is provided by the VoiceOver screen reader but not by Orca yet.

설치

  • VagrantMediaWiki-Vagrant를 사용하고 있는 경우에는, vagrant roles enable math --provision로 설치해주세요

수동 설치

  • 파일을 다운로드해서, extensions/ 폴더 내의 Math 이라는 이름의 디렉터리 내에 설치합니다.
  • 아래의 코드를 LocalSettings.php의 말미에 추가합니다:
    wfLoadExtension( 'Math' );
    // See below for installation requirements and configuration settings:
    
  • 갱신 스크립트를 실행합니다. 이 스크립트는 이 확장기능을 필요로 하는 데이터 베이스 테이블을 자동적으로 작성합니다.
  • To see math beyond a plain text output, follow instructions below for enabling various math output modes.
  • YesY 완료 - 위키의 ‘Special:Version’에 이동해서, 확장기능이 올바르게 설치된 것을 확인합니다.

To users running MediaWiki 1.24 or earlier:

The instructions above describe the new way of installing this extension using wfLoadExtension() If you need to install this extension on these earlier versions (MediaWiki 1.24 and earlier), instead of wfLoadExtension( 'Math' );, you need to use:

require_once "$IP/extensions/Math/Math.php";

You should additionally go to the page Special:MathStatus to see whether all of the components of the Math extension now work. For any problems you see, the best option is to create a task on https://phabricator.wikimedia.org

Unfortunately, there is no well tested guide on installing MathoidMathoid and RestbaseRestbase to work with the Math extension, but there is at least a working draft. Extension:Math/RestbaseExtension:Math/Restbase please contribute.

Math output modes

The setting $wgMathValidModes holds an array with the names of output modes that can be used for rendering. If multiple modes are enabled, logged-in users can set a personal preference in the appearance pane of their user preferences page.

You can also use the $wgDefaultUserOptions setting to set which of these modes should be the default, e.g.:

$wgDefaultUserOptions['math'] = 'mathml';

Mathoid

Mode: 'mathml' (pre-July 2015: MW_MATH_MATHML)

For MW 1.23 and higher, you can use a Mathoid server that uses MathJax to convert texvc input on the server side to MathML+SVG rendering. This is the most recommended option; Mathoid is the rendering mode that will be used on Wikipedia in the future.

To use Mathoid, the following settings are recommended:

// Set MathML as default rendering option
$wgDefaultUserOptions['math'] = 'mathml';
$wgMathFullRestbaseURL= 'https://api.formulasearchengine.com/';

See Mathoid for instructions on how to run your own Mathoid server. Note that as of March 2017 this is likely to also require a RESTbase server/installation (see task T154394).

A production wiki should use its own Mathoid server. Availability of https://api.formulasearchengine.com/ is not guaranteed.

LaTeX

Mode: 'png' (pre-July 2015: MW_MATH_PNG)

This is the mode that requires the most setup work, since at least the texvc utility has to be installed for it to work, and ideally texvccheck as well. See Installing texvc for how to install both of these.

LaTeXML

Mode: 'latexml' (pre-July 2015: MW_MATH_LATEXML)

Uses the LaTeXML utility. The rendering is done via an online service (set with $wgLaTeXMLUrl, which has a default value).

No rendering

Mode: 'source', (pre-July 2015: MW_MATH_SOURCE)

This mode will forward the Latex input without rendering, presenting it in a <span> element, surrounded by $ :formula $.

Make sure to set $wgMathFullRestbaseURL to 'always' (see below) if you only want the raw latex formula, else an error will appear due to the failed check for PNG depictions.

MathJax

Mode: MW_MATH_MATHJAX

This mode uses the MathJax application for client-side rendering. It is now deprecated, and requires MediaWiki 1.25 or lower in order to run. See Client-side rendering with MathJax for how to use it.

List of significant configuration settings

설정 이름 기본값 설명
$wgMathValidModes array( 'png', 'source', 'mathml' ) Defines the mode allowed on the server.
$wgMathDisableTexFilterManual:$wgMathDisableTexFilter 'never' Option to disable the tex filter. If set to true any LaTeX espression is parsed this can be a potential security risk. If set to false only a subset of the TeX commands is allowed. See the wikipedia page Help:Math for details. Use "always" to disable this feature.
$wgMathFullRestbaseURL false The math extension gets the default config from the Visual Editor, if available. Details

Tips and tricks

Forcing a re-render of equations

Specifying the URL-parameter action=purge does not force the math equation to re-render the math tags. If a complete re-rendering of the math tags is desired the URL-parameter action=purge&mathpurge=true has to be passed. Be aware that this might cause side effects with other pages since the math extension uses the hash of the input TeX-input-string as the caching key. e.g. if you would force the re-rending with mathpurge option for a page containing the equation $E=mc^2$, the new rendering result would be used on all other pages containing $E=mc^2$ after the individual page caches are invalidated.

Error reporting

If something is wrong with the math extension you can report that at Phabricator. In addition you should check how your problem relates to the automated unit tests that are generated from the page CoverageTest.

Further reading

See Extension:Math/advancedSettingsExtension:Math/advancedSettings for old versions and further information.

하위 문서

같이 보기