Phabricator のプロジェクト名 #Math

Extension:Math

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MediaWiki 拡張機能マニュアルManual:Extensions
Crystal Clear action run.png
Math

リリースの状態:Extension status 安定

ExtensionMath.png
実装Template:Extension#type Tag
説明Template:Extension#description 数式をレンダリングできるようにする
作者Template:Extension#username Tomasz Wegrzanowski、Brion Vibber、他
最新バージョンTemplate:Extension#version continuous updates
MediaWikiTemplate:Extension#mediawiki 1.23+
データベースの変更Template:Extension#needs-updatephp はい
テーブルTemplate:Extension#table1 mathExtension:Math/math table
mathoidExtension:Math/mathoid table
mathlatexmlExtension:Math/mathlatexml table
ライセンスTemplate:Extension#license GNU General Public License 2.0 or later
ダウンロード
パラメーターTemplate:Extension#parameters
  • $wgUseTeX
  • $wgTexvc
  • $wgTexvcBackgroundColor
  • $wgMathCheckFiles
  • $wgMathPath
  • $wgMathDirectory
  • $wgMathFileBackend
タグTemplate:Extension#tags
<math>
使用するフックTemplate:Extension#hook
ParserFirstCallInitManual:Hooks/ParserFirstCallInit
GetPreferencesManual:Hooks/GetPreferences
LoadExtensionSchemaUpdatesManual:Hooks/LoadExtensionSchemaUpdates
ParserTestTablesManual:Hooks/ParserTestTables
ParserTestParserManual:Hooks/ParserTestParser
UnitTestsListManual:Hooks/UnitTestsList

translatewiki.net で翻訳を利用できる場合は、Math 拡張機能の翻訳にご協力ください

使用状況とバージョン マトリクスを確認してください。

問題点Phabricator

未解決のタスク · バグを報告

The Math extension provides support for rendering mathematical formulae. An overview of what can currently be done with this extension is found at the English Wikipedia's documentation.

This extension was part of core MediaWiki until MediaWiki version 1.18.

More information about installing and configuring this extension, including for older versions, can be found at Extension:Math/高度な設定Extension:Math/advancedSettings.

Viewing math

The Math extension tries to deliver MathML output, with fallback to SVG or PNG images respectively. Depending on the capabilities of the device you are using, the sort of output is chosen. Basic math support works for all browsers. However, for optimal rendering specific tuning may be needed:

Accessibility support is provided by the VoiceOver screen reader but not by Orca yet.

インストール

  • VagrantMediaWiki-Vagrant を使用している場合は、vagrant roles enable math -p でインストールしてください

手動インストール

  • ダウンロードして、ファイルを extensions/ フォルダー内の Math という名前のディレクトリ内に配置します。
  • 以下のコードを LocalSettings.php の末尾に追加します:
    wfLoadExtension( 'Math' );
    // See below for installation requirements and configuration settings:
    
  • 更新スクリプトを実行します。このスクリプトは、この拡張機能が必要とするデータベース テーブルを自動的に作成します。
  • To see math beyond a plain text output, follow instructions below for enabling various math output modes.
  • YesY 完了 - ウィキの「Special:Version」に移動して、拡張機能が正しくインストールされたことを確認します。

MediaWiki 1.24 以前を稼働させている利用者へ:

上記の手順では、wfLoadExtension() を使用してこの拡張機能をインストールする新しい方法を記載しています。 この拡張機能をこれらの過去のバージョン (MediaWiki 1.24 以前) にインストールする必要がある場合は、wfLoadExtension( 'Math' ); の代わりに以下を使用する必要があります:

require_once "$IP/extensions/Math/Math.php";

You should additionally go to the page Special:MathStatus to see whether all of the components of the Math extension now work. For any problems you see, the best option is to create a task on https://phabricator.wikimedia.org

Unfortunately, there is no well tested guide on installing MathoidMathoid and RestbaseRestbase to work with the Math extension, but there is at least a working draft. Extension:Math/RestbaseExtension:Math/Restbase please contribute.

Math output modes

The setting $wgMathValidModes holds an array with the names of output modes that can be used for rendering. If multiple modes are enabled, logged-in users can set a personal preference in the appearance pane of their user preferences page.

You can also use the $wgDefaultUserOptions setting to set which of these modes should be the default, e.g.:

$wgDefaultUserOptions['math'] = 'mathml';

Mathoid

モード: 'mathml' (pre-July 2015: MW_MATH_MATHML)

For MW 1.23 and higher, you can use a Mathoid server that uses MathJax to convert texvc input on the server side to MathML+SVG rendering. This is the most recommended option; Mathoid is the rendering mode that will be used on Wikipedia in the future.

To use Mathoid, the following settings are recommended:

// Set MathML as default rendering option
$wgDefaultUserOptions['math'] = 'mathml';
$wgMathFullRestbaseURL= 'https://api.formulasearchengine.com/';

See Mathoid for instructions on how to run your own Mathoid server. Note that as of March 2017 this is likely to also require a RESTbase server/installation (see タスク T154394).

A production wiki should use its own Mathoid server. Availability of https://api.formulasearchengine.com/ is not guaranteed.

LaTeX

モード: 'png' (pre-July 2015: MW_MATH_PNG)

This is the mode that requires the most setup work, since at least the texvc utility has to be installed for it to work, and ideally texvccheck as well. See Installing texvc for how to install both of these.

LaTeXML

モード: 'latexml' (pre-July 2015: MW_MATH_LATEXML)

Uses the LaTeXML utility. The rendering is done via an online service (set with $wgLaTeXMLUrl, which has a default value).

No rendering

モード: 'source', (pre-July 2015: MW_MATH_SOURCE)

This mode will forward the Latex input without rendering, presenting it in a <span> element, surrounded by $ :formula $.

Make sure to set $wgMathFullRestbaseURL to 'always' (see below) if you only want the raw latex formula, else an error will appear due to the failed check for PNG depictions.

MathJax

モード: MW_MATH_MATHJAX

This mode uses the MathJax application for client-side rendering. It is now deprecated, and requires MediaWiki 1.25 or lower in order to run. See Client-side rendering with MathJax for how to use it.

List of significant configuration settings

設定名 既定値 説明
$wgMathValidModes array( 'png', 'source', 'mathml' ) Defines the mode allowed on the server.
$wgMathDisableTexFilterManual:$wgMathDisableTexFilter 'never' Option to disable the tex filter. If set to true any LaTeX espression is parsed this can be a potential security risk. If set to false only a subset of the TeX commands is allowed. See the wikipedia page Help:Math for details. この機能を無効にするには「always」を使用してください。
$wgMathFullRestbaseURL false The math extension gets the default config from the Visual Editor, if available. 詳細

Tips and tricks

Forcing a re-render of equations

Specifying the URL-parameter action=purge does not force the math equation to re-render the math tags. If a complete re-rendering of the math tags is desired the URL-parameter action=purge&mathpurge=true has to be passed. Be aware that this might cause side effects with other pages since the math extension uses the hash of the input TeX-input-string as the caching key. e.g. if you would force the re-rending with mathpurge option for a page containing the equation $E=mc^2$, the new rendering result would be used on all other pages containing $E=mc^2$ after the individual page caches are invalidated.

エラーの報告

If something is wrong with the math extension you can report that at Phabricator. In addition you should check how your problem relates to the automated unit tests that are generated from the page CoverageTest.

Further reading

See Extension:Math/高度な設定Extension:Math/advancedSettings for old versions and further information.

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