Manual:Update.php/it

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This page is a translated version of the page Manual:Update.php and the translation is 29% complete.

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Dettagli[edit]

update.php checks if the MediaWiki database schema needs to be updated in order to work with the current version of MediaWiki. You should run update.php after each upgrade of MediaWiki or after the update or install of an extension that requires a schema update. Most extensions that require schema updates will say so in their documentation.

Da browser[edit]

If you do not have access to the command line of your server, then use the web updater to run the update script.

Web updater

Da linea di comando[edit]

From the command line, or an SSH shell or similar:

  • Change to the maintenance directory
  • Run the update script:
$ php update.php
Attenzione Attenzione: update.php may exit with errors, leaving the database in an inconsistent state. Always backup the database before running the script!
This maintenance script can be disabled via $wgAllowSchemaUpdatesManual:$wgAllowSchemaUpdates (in 1.18.0 by $wgMiserModeManual:$wgMiserMode). People with extremely large and busy wikis may need to do upgrades with care, but if you're not sure if that applies to you, then it probably doesn't.
Use the following on VagrantMediaWiki-Vagrant instances (from within your vagrant ssh).
$ mwscript update.php

Parametri[edit]

This script offers several parameters (generic, script dependent and script specific) which may be required in some wiki environments.

Generic maintenance parameters[edit]
--help
used to get a prompt of all available script parameters (generic, script dependent and script specific) together with short explanations of their usage. These are less often used parameters.
Script specific parameters[edit]
--quick
salta sequenza del conto alla rovescia
--nopurge
do not purge objectcache table. Normally update.php purges the objectcache (generally contains the parser cache and the messages cache), msg_resource and msg_resource_links (these are used for ResourceLoaderResourceLoader message caching and are cleared in 1.21 and later) tables in the database, if you don't want to purge this table, use the --nopurge option.
--doshared
Update shared tables as well.
--force
Run this script even if it is disabled by configuration options.
--conf
Specifies the config file (the LocalSettings.php file for the specific wiki). Used for wiki families.
--skip-compat-checks
Salta i test di compatibilità
--skip-external-dependencies
when using composer.local.json to let Composer install extensions and their dependencies, you may see an error message saying that there is a mismatch between the installed and required version (e.g. "mediawiki/semantic-breadcrumb-links: 1.3.0 installed, ~1.3 required"). You can use this parameter to ignore the message and run update.php regardless.
Attenzione Attenzione: Uso raccomandato solo agli sviluppatori.

Extensions can install/update their schemas using LoadExtensionSchemaUpdatesManual:Hooks/LoadExtensionSchemaUpdates hook.

Vedi anche[edit]