Manual:Update.php/de

From MediaWiki.org
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page is a translated version of the page Manual:Update.php and the translation is 26% complete.
Other languages:
Deutsch • ‎English • ‎español • ‎français • ‎italiano • ‎magyar • ‎polski • ‎português • ‎português do Brasil • ‎čeština • ‎русский • ‎中文 • ‎日本語

Einzelheiten

update.php prüft, ob das MediaWiki-Datenbankschema aktualisiert werden muss, um mit der aktuellen Version von MediaWiki zu arbeiten. Das update.php-Skript sollte nach jeder Aktualisierung der MediaWiki-Software oder dem Installieren einer Erweiterung, die ein Schema-Update erfordert, ausgeführt werden. Die meisten Erweiterungen, die ein Schema-Update erfordern, werden dies in ihrer Dokumentation angeben.

Zugriff über den Browser

If you do not have access to the command line of your server, then use the web updater to run the update script.

Web updater

Zugriff über die Kommandozeile

Von der Befehlszeile oder einer SSH-Shell oder ähnlichem:

  • Wechseln in das maintenance-Verzeichnis
  • Ausführen des Aktualisierungsskripts:
$ php update.php
Warnung Warnung: update.php may exit with errors, leaving the database in an inconsistent state. Always backup the database before running the script!
This maintenance script can be disabled via $wgAllowSchemaUpdates (in 1.18.0 by $wgMiserMode ). People with extremely large and busy wikis may need to do upgrades with care, but if you're not sure if that applies to you, then it probably doesn't.
Use the following on Vagrant instances (from within your vagrant ssh).
$ mwscript update.php

Parameter

This script offers several parameters (generic, script dependent and script specific) which may be required in some wiki environments.

Generic maintenance parameters
--help
used to get a prompt of all available script parameters (generic, script dependent and script specific) together with short explanations of their usage. These are less often used parameters.
--wiki wikiId
update wiki family if database name depends on virtual host, where wikiId - database name (e.g. enwiki, dewiki ...)
Script specific parameters
--quick
skip countdown sequence
--nopurge
do not purge objectcache table. Normally update.php purges the objectcache table (generally contains the parser cache and the messages cache), msg_resource and msg_resource_links (these are used for ResourceLoader message caching and are cleared in 1.21 and later) tables in the database, if you don't want to purge this table, use the --nopurge option.
--doshared
Update shared tables as well.
--force
Run this script even if it is disabled by configuration options.
--conf
Specifies the config file (the LocalSettings.php file for the specific wiki). Verwendung für Wiki-Familien.
--noschema
All changes to the table structure or table additions are skipped. Only data changes are made.
--schema
No schema changes are made to the database, but the schema changes are saved to a separate SQL file that can be run.
Allows "update.php" to be run when $wgAllowSchemaUpdates is set to false. This is useful for non-WMF environments where strict DB permissions allow database updates (which "update.php" performs), but no schema changes (such as adding or dropping tables or indices which "update.php" also performs).


--skip-compat-checks
Skips compatibility checks
--skip-external-dependencies
when using composer.local.json to let Composer install extensions and their dependencies, you may see an error message saying that there is a mismatch between the installed and required version (e.g. "mediawiki/semantic-breadcrumb-links: 1.3.0 installed, ~1.3 required"). You can use this parameter to ignore the message and run update.php regardless.
Warnung Warnung: Only recommended for use by developers.

Extensions can install/update their schemas using LoadExtensionSchemaUpdates hook.

Siehe auch