API:Protege

From mediawiki.org
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page is a translated version of the page API:Protect and the translation is 100% complete.
Other languages:
Deutsch • ‎English • ‎Türkçe • ‎dansk • ‎español • ‎français • ‎polski • ‎português • ‎română • ‎русский • ‎ไทย • ‎中文 • ‎日本語 • ‎한국어
Versión de MediaWiki:
1.12

Solicitud POST para cambiar el nivel de protección de una página.

API Documentación


action=protect

(main | protect)
  • This module requires read rights.
  • This module requires write rights.
  • This module only accepts POST requests.
  • Source: MediaWiki
  • License: GPL-2.0-or-later

Change the protection level of a page.

Parameters:
title

Title of the page to (un)protect. Cannot be used together with pageid.

pageid

ID of the page to (un)protect. Cannot be used together with title.

Type: integer
protections

List of protection levels, formatted action=level (e.g. edit=sysop). A level of all means everyone is allowed to take the action, i.e. no restriction.

Note: Any actions not listed will have restrictions removed.

This parameter is required.
Separate values with | or alternative.
Maximum number of values is 50 (500 for clients allowed higher limits).
expiry

Expiry timestamps. If only one timestamp is set, it'll be used for all protections. Use infinite, indefinite, infinity, or never, for a never-expiring protection.

Separate values with | or alternative.
Maximum number of values is 50 (500 for clients allowed higher limits).
Default: infinite
reason

Reason for (un)protecting.

Default: (empty)
tags

Change tags to apply to the entry in the protection log.

Values (separate with | or alternative): possible vandalism, repeating characters
cascade

Enable cascading protection (i.e. protect transcluded templates and images used in this page). Ignored if none of the given protection levels support cascading.

Type: boolean (details)
watch
Deprecated.

If set, add the page being (un)protected to the current user's watchlist.

Type: boolean (details)
watchlist

Unconditionally add or remove the page from the current user's watchlist, use preferences or do not change watch.

One of the following values: nochange, preferences, unwatch, watch
Default: preferences
watchlistexpiry

Watchlist expiry timestamp. Omit this parameter entirely to leave the current expiry unchanged.

Type: expiry (details)
token

A "csrf" token retrieved from action=query&meta=tokens

This parameter is required.

Ejemplo

Proteger una página es un proceso de varios pasos:

  1. Iniciar sesión, utilizando uno de los métodos descritos en API:Login .
  2. Conseguir un CSRF token . Este token es el mismo para todas las páginas, pero cambia en cada inicio de sesión.
  3. Envía una solicitud POST con el token CSRF para proteger la página.

El código de muestra, abajo, cubre el tercer paso en detalle.

Solicitud POST

Protege la página principal por un tiempo infinito para permitir que solo los usuarios autoconfirmados la editen y solo los administradores de sistemas puedan moverla.

Respuesta

{
    "protect": {
        "title": "Main Page",
        "reason": "",
        "protections": [
            {
                "edit": "autoconfirmed",
                "expiry": "infinite"
            },
            {
                "move": "sysop",
                "expiry": "infinite"
            }
        ]
    }
}

Código de ejemplo

Python

#!/usr/bin/python3

"""
    protect.py

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Protect` module: Demo to change the edit protection
    level of a given page.

    MIT License
"""

import requests

S = requests.Session()

URL = "https://test.wikipedia.org/w/api.php"

# Step 1: Retrieve a login token
PARAMS_1 = {
    "action": "query",
    "meta": "tokens",
    "type": "login",
    "format": "json"
}

R = S.get(url=URL, params=PARAMS_1)
DATA = R.json()

LOGIN_TOKEN = DATA['query']['tokens']['logintoken']

# Step 2: Send a post request to login. Use of main account for login
# is not supported. Obtain credentials via Special:BotPasswords
# (https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Special:BotPasswords) for lgname &
# lgpassword
PARAMS_2 = {
    "action": "login",
    "lgname": "bot_user_name",
    "lgpassword": "bot_password",
    "lgtoken": LOGIN_TOKEN,
    "format": "json"
}

R = S.post(URL, data=PARAMS_2)

# Step 3: While logged in, retrieve a CSRF token
PARAMS_3 = {
    "action": "query",
    "meta": "tokens",
    "type": "csrf",
    "format": "json"
}

R = S.get(url=URL, params=PARAMS_3)
DATA = R.json()

CSRF_TOKEN = DATA["query"]["tokens"]["csrftoken"]

# Step 4: Send a post request to change edit protection level of a page
PARAMS_4 = {
    "title": "User:SSethi (WMF)/common.js",
    "protections": "edit=autoconfirmed|move=sysop",
    "expiry": "infinite",
    "token": CSRF_TOKEN,
    "action": "protect"
}

R = S.post(URL, data=PARAMS_4)
print(R.text)

PHP

<?php

/*
    protect.php

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Protect` module: Demo to change the edit protection
	level of a given page.

    MIT license
*/

$endPoint = "https://test.wikipedia.org/w/api.php";

$login_Token = getLoginToken(); // Step 1
loginRequest( $login_Token ); // Step 2
$csrf_Token = getCSRFToken(); // Step 3
protect( $csrf_Token ); // Step 4

// Step 1: GET request to fetch login token
function getLoginToken() {
	global $endPoint;

	$params1 = [
		"action" => "query",
		"meta" => "tokens",
		"type" => "login",
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$url = $endPoint . "?" . http_build_query( $params1 );

	$ch = curl_init( $url );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );

	$result = json_decode( $output, true );
	return $result["query"]["tokens"]["logintoken"];
}

// Step 2: POST request to log in. Use of main account for login is not
// supported. Obtain credentials via Special:BotPasswords
// (https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Special:BotPasswords) for lgname & lgpassword
function loginRequest( $logintoken ) {
	global $endPoint;

	$params2 = [
		"action" => "login",
		"lgname" => "bot_user_name",
		"lgpassword" => "bot_password",
		"lgtoken" => $logintoken,
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$ch = curl_init();

	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_URL, $endPoint );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POST, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, http_build_query( $params2 ) );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );

}

// Step 3: GET request to fetch CSRF token
function getCSRFToken() {
	global $endPoint;

	$params3 = [
		"action" => "query",
		"meta" => "tokens",
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$url = $endPoint . "?" . http_build_query( $params3 );

	$ch = curl_init( $url );

	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );

	$result = json_decode( $output, true );
	return $result["query"]["tokens"]["csrftoken"];
}

// Step 4: POST request to change edit protection level of a page
function protect( $csrftoken ) {
	global $endPoint;

	$params4 = [
		"action" => "protect",
		"title" => "Sandbox",
		"protections" => "edit=autoconfirmed|move=sysop",
		"expiry" => "infinite",
		"token" => $csrftoken,
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$ch = curl_init();

	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_URL, $endPoint );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POST, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, http_build_query( $params4 ) );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );

	echo ( $output );
}

JavaScript

/*  
    protect.js
 
    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Protect` module: Demo to change the edit protection
	level of a given page.

    MIT license
*/

var request = require('request').defaults({jar: true}),
    url = "http://dev.wiki.local.wmftest.net:8080/w/api.php";

// Step 1: GET request to fetch login token
function getLoginToken() {
    var params_0 = {
        action: "query",
        meta: "tokens",
        type: "login",
        format: "json"
    };

    request.get({ url: url, qs: params_0 }, function (error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        var data = JSON.parse(body);
        loginRequest(data.query.tokens.logintoken);
    });
}

// Step 2: POST request to log in. 
// Use of main account for login is not
// supported. Obtain credentials via Special:BotPasswords
// (https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Special:BotPasswords) for lgname & lgpassword
function loginRequest(login_token) {
    var params_1 = {
        action: "login",
        lgname: "bot_username",
        lgpassword: "bot_password",
        lgtoken: login_token,
        format: "json"
    };

    request.post({ url: url, form: params_1 }, function (error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        getCsrfToken();
    });
}

// Step 3: GET request to fetch CSRF token
function getCsrfToken() {
    var params_2 = {
        action: "query",
        meta: "tokens",
        format: "json"
    };

    request.get({ url: url, qs: params_2 }, function(error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        var data = JSON.parse(body);
        protect(data.query.tokens.csrftoken);
    });
}

// Step 4: POST request to change edit protection level of a page
function protect(csrf_token) {
    var params_3 = {
        action: "protect",
        title: "Sandbox",
        protections: "edit=autoconfirmed|move=sysop",
        expiry: "infinite",
        token: csrf_token,
        format: "json"
    };

    request.post({ url: url, form: params_3 }, function (error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        console.log(body);
    });
}

// Start From Step 1
getLoginToken();

MediaWiki JS

/*
	protect.js

	MediaWiki API Demos
	Demo of `Protect` module: Demo to change the edit protection
    level of a given page.

	MIT License
*/

var params = {
		action: 'protect',
		title: 'Sandbo2',
		protections: 'edit=autoconfirmed|move=sysop',
		expiry: 'infinite',
		format: 'json'
	},
	api = new mw.Api();

api.postWithToken( 'csrf', params ).done( function ( data ) {
	console.log( data );
} );

Errores posibles

Además de los mensajes de error estandar:

Código Información
notitle Se debe establecer el parámetro title.
notoken Se debe establecer el parámetro token.
noprotections Se debe establecer el parámetro protections.
invalidexpiry Expiry time "expiry" is in the past.
Esto significa que la marca de tiempo de vencimiento fue formateada de manera no válida o no existe (como el 31 de noviembre o las 24:05).
pastexpiry Expiry time "expiry" is in the past.
toofewexpiries number expiry timestamps were provided where number2 were needed.
Este error tiene un nombre incorrecto: también se genera cuando especificas "muchos" tiempos de vencimiento
cantedit No puedes proteger esta página porque no puedes editarla
create-titleexists Los títulos existentes no se pueden proteger con create.
missingtitle-createonly Los títulos faltantes solo se pueden proteger con create.
protect-invalidaction Tipo de protección «type» no válido.
protect-invalidlevel Nivel de protección «level» no válido.

Historia de parámetro

  • v1.27: Introducido tags
  • v1.20: Introducido pageid
  • v1.17: Introducido watchlist En desuso watch
  • v1.15: Introducido watch

Notas adicionales

  • Este módulo requiere derechos protect.
  • Para las versiones de MediaWiki 1.19 y anteriores, puedes obtener un token de protección a través de API:Info .
  • Para MediaWiki 1.20-1.23, puedes obtener un token de protección a través de API:Tokens (Acción) .

Véase también