API:Search

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MediaWiki version: 1.11

API documentation[edit]




list=search (sr)

(main | query | search)
  • This module requires read rights.
  • This module can be used as a generator.
  • Source: MediaWiki
  • License: GPL-2.0-or-later

Perform a full text search.

Parameters:
srsearch

Search for page titles or content matching this value. You can use the search string to invoke special search features, depending on what the wiki's search backend implements.

This parameter is required.
srnamespace

Search only within these namespaces.

Values (separate with | or alternative): 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 90, 91, 92, 93, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 486, 487, 828, 829, 1198, 1199, 2300, 2301, 2302, 2303, 2600, 5500, 5501
To specify all values, use *.
Default: 0
srlimit

How many total pages to return.

No more than 500 (5,000 for bots) allowed.
Type: integer or max
Default: 10
sroffset

When more results are available, use this to continue.

Type: integer
Default: 0
srqiprofile

Query independent profile to use (affects ranking algorithm).

classic
Ranking based on the number of incoming links, some templates, page language and recency (templates/language/recency may not be activated on this wiki).
classic_noboostlinks
Ranking based on some templates, page language and recency when activated on this wiki.
empty
Ranking based solely on query dependent features (for debug only).
wsum_inclinks
Weighted sum based on incoming links
wsum_inclinks_pv
Weighted sum based on incoming links and weekly pageviews
popular_inclinks_pv
Ranking based primarily on page views
popular_inclinks
Ranking based primarily on incoming link counts
engine_autoselect
Let the search engine decide on the best profile to use.
One of the following values: classic, classic_noboostlinks, empty, wsum_inclinks, wsum_inclinks_pv, popular_inclinks_pv, popular_inclinks, engine_autoselect
Default: engine_autoselect
srwhat

Which type of search to perform.

One of the following values: title, text, nearmatch
srinfo

Which metadata to return.

Values (separate with | or alternative): totalhits, suggestion, rewrittenquery
Default: totalhits|suggestion|rewrittenquery
srprop

Which properties to return:

size
Adds the size of the page in bytes.
wordcount
Adds the word count of the page.
timestamp
Adds the timestamp of when the page was last edited.
snippet
Adds a parsed snippet of the page.
titlesnippet
Adds a parsed snippet of the page title.
redirecttitle
Adds the title of the matching redirect.
redirectsnippet
Adds a parsed snippet of the redirect title.
sectiontitle
Adds the title of the matching section.
sectionsnippet
Adds a parsed snippet of the matching section title.
isfilematch
Adds a boolean indicating if the search matched file content.
categorysnippet
Adds a parsed snippet of the matching category.
score
Deprecated. Ignored.
hasrelated
Deprecated. Ignored.
extensiondata
Adds extra data generated by extensions.
Values (separate with | or alternative): size, wordcount, timestamp, snippet, titlesnippet, redirecttitle, redirectsnippet, sectiontitle, sectionsnippet, isfilematch, categorysnippet, score, hasrelated, extensiondata
Default: size|wordcount|timestamp|snippet
srinterwiki

Include interwiki results in the search, if available.

Type: boolean (details)
srenablerewrites

Enable internal query rewriting. Some search backends can rewrite the query into another which is thought to provide better results, for instance by correcting spelling errors.

Type: boolean (details)
srsort

Set the sort order of returned results.

One of the following values: relevance, just_match, none, incoming_links_asc, incoming_links_desc, last_edit_asc, last_edit_desc
Default: relevance

GET Request[edit]

Default search results are without UTF8 encoding. Replace utf8 in the get request above to see the difference.

Response[edit]

{
    "batchcomplete": "",
    "continue": {
        "sroffset": 10,
        "continue": "-||"
    },
    "query": {
        "searchinfo": {
            "totalhits": 5060
        },
        "search": [
            {
                "ns": 0,
                "title": "Nelson Mandela",
                "pageid": 21492751,
                "size": 196026,
                "wordcount": 23664,
                "snippet": "<span class=\"searchmatch\">Nelson</span> Rolihlahla <span class=\"searchmatch\">Mandela</span> (/mænˈdɛlə/, Xhosa: [xoliɬaˈɬa <span class=\"searchmatch\">manˈdɛla</span>]; 18 July 1918 – 5 December 2013) was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary,",
                "timestamp": "2018-07-23T07:59:43Z"
            },
            {
                "ns": 0,
                "title": "Death of Nelson Mandela",
                "pageid": 41284488,
                "size": 133513,
                "wordcount": 13512,
                "snippet": "On December 5, 2013, <span class=\"searchmatch\">Nelson</span> <span class=\"searchmatch\">Mandela</span>, the first President of South Africa to be elected in a fully representative democratic election, as well as the country's",
                "timestamp": "2018-07-19T17:30:59Z"
            }
            ...
        ]
    }
}

Sample code[edit]

Search.py

#!/usr/bin/python3

"""
    search.py

    MediaWiki Action API Code Samples
    Demo of `Search` module: Search for a text or title
    MIT license
"""

import requests

S = requests.Session()

URL = "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php"

SEARCHPAGE = "Nelson Mandela"

PARAMS = {
    'action':"query",
    'list':"search",
    'srsearch': SEARCHPAGE,
    'format':"json"
}

R = S.get(url=URL, params=PARAMS)
DATA = R.json()

if DATA['query']['search'][0]['title'] == SEARCHPAGE:
    print("Your search page '" + SEARCHPAGE + "' exists on English Wikipedia")

Demo app(s)[edit]

Article suggestion demo app
  • Article suggestion app allows you to pick a category and suggest articles to write on that don't yet exist on English Wikipedia.

Possible errors[edit]

Code Info
nosrsearch The srsearch parameter must be set.
This was param-search before 1.17
search-text-disabled text search is disabled.
search-title-disabled title search is disabled.
search-error search error has occurred

Parameter history[edit]

  • v1.24: Deprecated score,hasrelated
  • v1.23: Removed srredirects. Redirects are always included. Introduced srinterwiki
  • v1.22: Introduced srbackend
  • v1.17: Introduced nearmatch, score, titlesnippet, redirecttitle, redirectsnippet, sectiontitle, sectionsnippet, hasrelated
  • v1.16: Introduced srinfo, srprop

Additional notes[edit]

  • Depending on which search backend is in use, how srsearch is interpreted may vary. On Wikimedia wikis which use CirrusSearch, see Help:CirrusSearch for information about the search syntax.

See also[edit]