API:Schützen

From mediawiki.org
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page is a translated version of the page API:Protect and the translation is 100% complete.
MediaWiki Version:
1.12

POST-Abfrage um die Schutzstufe einer Seite zu ändern.

API-Dokumentation


action=protect

(main | protect)
  • This module requires read rights.
  • This module requires write rights.
  • This module only accepts POST requests.
  • Source: MediaWiki
  • License: GPL-2.0-or-later

Change the protection level of a page.

Parameters:
title

Title of the page to (un)protect. Cannot be used together with pageid.

pageid

ID of the page to (un)protect. Cannot be used together with title.

Type: integer
protections

List of protection levels, formatted action=level (e.g. edit=sysop). A level of all means everyone is allowed to take the action, i.e. no restriction.

Note: Any actions not listed will have restrictions removed.

This parameter is required.
Separate values with | or alternative.
Maximum number of values is 50 (500 for clients allowed higher limits).
expiry

Expiry timestamps. If only one timestamp is set, it'll be used for all protections. Use infinite, indefinite, infinity, or never, for a never-expiring protection.

Separate values with | or alternative.
Maximum number of values is 50 (500 for clients allowed higher limits).
Default: infinite
reason

Reason for (un)protecting.

Default: (empty)
tags

Change tags to apply to the entry in the protection log.

Values (separate with | or alternative): possible vandalism, repeating characters
cascade

Enable cascading protection (i.e. protect transcluded templates and images used in this page). Ignored if none of the given protection levels support cascading.

Type: boolean (details)
watch
Deprecated.

If set, add the page being (un)protected to the current user's watchlist.

Type: boolean (details)
watchlist

Unconditionally add or remove the page from the current user's watchlist, use preferences (ignored for bot users) or do not change watch.

One of the following values: nochange, preferences, unwatch, watch
Default: preferences
watchlistexpiry

Watchlist expiry timestamp. Omit this parameter entirely to leave the current expiry unchanged.

Type: expiry (details)
token

A "csrf" token retrieved from action=query&meta=tokens

This parameter is required.

Beispiel

Eine Seite zu schützen ist ein mehrstufiger Prozess:

  1. Anmelden über eine der auf API:Login beschriebenen Methoden.
  2. Ein CSRF-Token erhalten. Dieses Token ist für alle Seiten gleich, ändert sich jedoch bei jeder Anmeldung.


  3. Sende eine POST-Abfrage mit dem CSRF-Token, um die Seite zu schützen.

Der Beispielcode unten zeigt den dritten Schritt im Detail.

POST-Anfrage

Schütze die Hauptseite für eine Dauer von unbeschränkt und erlaube nur automatisch bestätigten Benutzern, die Seite zu bearbeiten und nur Administratoren, sie zu verschieben.


Antwort

{
    "protect": {
        "title": "Main Page",
        "reason": "",
        "protections": [
            {
                "edit": "autoconfirmed",
                "expiry": "infinite"
            },
            {
                "move": "sysop",
                "expiry": "infinite"
            }
        ]
    }
}

Beispielcode

Python

#!/usr/bin/python3

"""
    protect.py

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Protect` module: Demo to change the edit protection
    level of a given page.

    MIT License
"""

import requests

S = requests.Session()

URL = "https://test.wikipedia.org/w/api.php"

# Step 1: Retrieve a login token
PARAMS_1 = {
    "action": "query",
    "meta": "tokens",
    "type": "login",
    "format": "json"
}

R = S.get(url=URL, params=PARAMS_1)
DATA = R.json()

LOGIN_TOKEN = DATA['query']['tokens']['logintoken']

# Step 2: Send a post request to login. Use of main account for login
# is not supported. Obtain credentials via Special:BotPasswords
# (https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Special:BotPasswords) for lgname &
# lgpassword
PARAMS_2 = {
    "action": "login",
    "lgname": "bot_user_name",
    "lgpassword": "bot_password",
    "lgtoken": LOGIN_TOKEN,
    "format": "json"
}

R = S.post(URL, data=PARAMS_2)

# Step 3: While logged in, retrieve a CSRF token
PARAMS_3 = {
    "action": "query",
    "meta": "tokens",
    "type": "csrf",
    "format": "json"
}

R = S.get(url=URL, params=PARAMS_3)
DATA = R.json()

CSRF_TOKEN = DATA["query"]["tokens"]["csrftoken"]

# Step 4: Send a post request to change edit protection level of a page
PARAMS_4 = {
    "title": "User:SSethi (WMF)/common.js",
    "protections": "edit=autoconfirmed|move=sysop",
    "expiry": "infinite",
    "token": CSRF_TOKEN,
    "action": "protect"
}

R = S.post(URL, data=PARAMS_4)
print(R.text)

PHP

<?php

/*
    protect.php

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Protect` module: Demo to change the edit protection
	level of a given page.

    MIT license
*/

$endPoint = "https://test.wikipedia.org/w/api.php";

$login_Token = getLoginToken(); // Step 1
loginRequest( $login_Token ); // Step 2
$csrf_Token = getCSRFToken(); // Step 3
protect( $csrf_Token ); // Step 4

// Step 1: GET request to fetch login token
function getLoginToken() {
	global $endPoint;

	$params1 = [
		"action" => "query",
		"meta" => "tokens",
		"type" => "login",
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$url = $endPoint . "?" . http_build_query( $params1 );

	$ch = curl_init( $url );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );

	$result = json_decode( $output, true );
	return $result["query"]["tokens"]["logintoken"];
}

// Step 2: POST request to log in. Use of main account for login is not
// supported. Obtain credentials via Special:BotPasswords
// (https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Special:BotPasswords) for lgname & lgpassword
function loginRequest( $logintoken ) {
	global $endPoint;

	$params2 = [
		"action" => "login",
		"lgname" => "bot_user_name",
		"lgpassword" => "bot_password",
		"lgtoken" => $logintoken,
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$ch = curl_init();

	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_URL, $endPoint );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POST, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, http_build_query( $params2 ) );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );

}

// Step 3: GET request to fetch CSRF token
function getCSRFToken() {
	global $endPoint;

	$params3 = [
		"action" => "query",
		"meta" => "tokens",
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$url = $endPoint . "?" . http_build_query( $params3 );

	$ch = curl_init( $url );

	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );

	$result = json_decode( $output, true );
	return $result["query"]["tokens"]["csrftoken"];
}

// Step 4: POST request to change edit protection level of a page
function protect( $csrftoken ) {
	global $endPoint;

	$params4 = [
		"action" => "protect",
		"title" => "Sandbox",
		"protections" => "edit=autoconfirmed|move=sysop",
		"expiry" => "infinite",
		"token" => $csrftoken,
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$ch = curl_init();

	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_URL, $endPoint );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POST, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, http_build_query( $params4 ) );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );

	echo ( $output );
}

JavaScript

/*  
    protect.js
 
    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Protect` module: Demo to change the edit protection
	level of a given page.

    MIT license
*/

var request = require('request').defaults({jar: true}),
    url = "http://dev.wiki.local.wmftest.net:8080/w/api.php";

// Step 1: GET request to fetch login token
function getLoginToken() {
    var params_0 = {
        action: "query",
        meta: "tokens",
        type: "login",
        format: "json"
    };

    request.get({ url: url, qs: params_0 }, function (error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        var data = JSON.parse(body);
        loginRequest(data.query.tokens.logintoken);
    });
}

// Step 2: POST request to log in. 
// Use of main account for login is not
// supported. Obtain credentials via Special:BotPasswords
// (https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Special:BotPasswords) for lgname & lgpassword
function loginRequest(login_token) {
    var params_1 = {
        action: "login",
        lgname: "bot_username",
        lgpassword: "bot_password",
        lgtoken: login_token,
        format: "json"
    };

    request.post({ url: url, form: params_1 }, function (error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        getCsrfToken();
    });
}

// Step 3: GET request to fetch CSRF token
function getCsrfToken() {
    var params_2 = {
        action: "query",
        meta: "tokens",
        format: "json"
    };

    request.get({ url: url, qs: params_2 }, function(error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        var data = JSON.parse(body);
        protect(data.query.tokens.csrftoken);
    });
}

// Step 4: POST request to change edit protection level of a page
function protect(csrf_token) {
    var params_3 = {
        action: "protect",
        title: "Sandbox",
        protections: "edit=autoconfirmed|move=sysop",
        expiry: "infinite",
        token: csrf_token,
        format: "json"
    };

    request.post({ url: url, form: params_3 }, function (error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        console.log(body);
    });
}

// Start From Step 1
getLoginToken();

MediaWiki JS

/*
	protect.js

	MediaWiki API Demos
	Demo of `Protect` module: Demo to change the edit protection
    level of a given page.

	MIT License
*/

var params = {
		action: 'protect',
		title: 'Sandbo2',
		protections: 'edit=autoconfirmed|move=sysop',
		expiry: 'infinite',
		format: 'json'
	},
	api = new mw.Api();

api.postWithToken( 'csrf', params ).done( function ( data ) {
	console.log( data );
} );

Mögliche Fehler

Zusätzlich zu den Standard-Fehlernachrichten:

Code Information
notitle The title parameter must be set.
notoken The token parameter must be set.
noprotections The protections parameter must be set.
invalidexpiry Expiry time "expiry" is in the past.
Dies bedeutet, dass der Zeitstempel für das Ablaufdatum ungültig formatiert ist oder nicht existiert (wie 31. November oder 24:05).
pastexpiry Expiry time "expiry" is in the past.
toofewexpiries number expiry timestamps were provided where number2 were needed.
Dieser Fehler wurde falsch benannt: Er wird auch ausgegeben, wenn du zu viele Ablaufdaten angegeben hast
cantedit Du kannst diese Seite nicht schützen, da du sie nicht bearbeiten kannst
create-titleexists Existing titles can't be protected with create.
missingtitle-createonly Missing titles can only be protected with create.
protect-invalidaction Ungültiger Schutztyp „type“.
protect-invalidlevel Invalid protection level "level".

Parametergeschichte

  • v1.27: Eingeführt tags
  • v1.20: Eingeführt pageid
  • v1.17: Eingeführt watchlist Veralteter watch
  • v1.15: Eingeführt watch

Zusätzliche Anmerkungen

  • Dieses Modul erfordert protect-Rechte.
  • Für MediaWiki 1.19 und früher kannst du ein Schutztoken über API:Info erhalten.
  • Für MediaWiki 1.20-1.23 kannst du ein Schutztoken über API:Tokens (Action) erhalten.

Siehe auch