API:巡查

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This page is a translated version of the page API:Patrol and the translation is 78% complete.
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MediaWiki版本:
1.14

POST request to patrol a page or a revision.

API文档


action=patrol

(main | patrol)
  • This module requires read rights.
  • This module requires write rights.
  • This module only accepts POST requests.
  • Source: MediaWiki
  • License: GPL-2.0-or-later

Patrol a page or revision.

Parameters:
rcid

Recentchanges ID to patrol.

Type: integer
revid

Revision ID to patrol.

Type: integer
tags

Change tags to apply to the entry in the patrol log.

Values (separate with | or alternative): possible vandalism, repeating characters
token

A "patrol" token retrieved from action=query&meta=tokens

This parameter is required.

例子

巡视请求都是一个多步骤的过程:

  1. 使用API:登录 中描述的方法之一登录。
  2. 获取巡查令牌 。 This token is the same for all pages, but changes at every login.
  3. Send a POST request, with the patrol token, to patrol a request.

下面的示例代码详细介绍了最后一步。

POST请求

巡查rcid 437659的最近更改。

回应

{
  "patrol": {
    "rcid": 437659,
    "ns": 0,
    "title": "Sandbox"
  }
}

示例代码

Python

#!/usr/bin/python3

"""
    patrol.py

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Patrol` module: Patrol a recent change
    MIT license
"""

import requests

S = requests.Session()

URL = "https://test.wikipedia.org/w/api.php"

# Step 1: Retrieve a login token
PARAMS_1 = {
    "action": "query",
    "meta": "tokens",
    "type": "login",
    "format": "json"
}

R = S.get(url=URL, params=PARAMS_1)
DATA = R.json()

LOGIN_TOKEN = DATA['query']['tokens']['logintoken']

# Step 2: Send a POST request to log in. For this login
# method, obtain bot credentials by first visiting
# https://www.test.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manual:Bot_passwords
# See https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/API:Login for more
# information on log in methods.
PARAMS_2 = {
    "action": "login",
    "lgname": "username",
    "lgpassword": "password",
    "format": "json",
    "lgtoken": LOGIN_TOKEN
}

R = S.post(URL, data=PARAMS_2)
DATA = R.json()

# Step 3: While logged in, retrieve a patrol token
PARAMS_3 = {
    "action": "query",
    "meta": "tokens",
    "type":"patrol",
    "format": "json"
}

R = S.get(url=URL, params=PARAMS_3)
DATA = R.json()

PATROL_TOKEN = DATA["query"]["tokens"]["patroltoken"]

# Step 4: Send a POST request to patrol a recent change
PARAMS_4 = {
    "action": "patrol",
    "format": "json",
    "rcid":"437659",
    "token": PATROL_TOKEN
}

R = S.post(url=URL, data=PARAMS_4)
DATA = R.json()

print(DATA)

PHP

<?php

/*
    patrol.php

    MediaWiki API Demos
	Demo of `Patrol` module: Patrol a recent change

    MIT license
*/

$endPoint = "https://test.wikipedia.org/w/api.php";

$login_Token = getLoginToken(); // Step 1
loginRequest( $login_Token ); // Step 2
$patrol_Token = getPatrolToken(); // Step 3
patrol( $patrol_Token ); // Step 4

// Step 1: GET request to fetch login token
function getLoginToken() {
	global $endPoint;

	$params1 = [
		"action" => "query",
		"meta" => "tokens",
		"type" => "login",
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$url = $endPoint . "?" . http_build_query( $params1 );

	$ch = curl_init( $url );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );

	$result = json_decode( $output, true );
	return $result["query"]["tokens"]["logintoken"];
}

// Step 2: POST request to log in. Use of main account for login is not
// supported. Obtain credentials via Special:BotPasswords
// (https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Special:BotPasswords) for lgname & lgpassword
function loginRequest( $logintoken ) {
	global $endPoint;

	$params2 = [
		"action" => "login",
		"lgname" => "bot_user_name",
		"lgpassword" => "bot_password",
		"lgtoken" => $logintoken,
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$ch = curl_init();

	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_URL, $endPoint );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POST, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, http_build_query( $params2 ) );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );

}

// Step 3: GET request to fetch Patrol token
function getPatrolToken() {
	global $endPoint;

	$params3 = [
		"action" => "query",
		"meta" => "tokens",
		"type" => "patrol",
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$url = $endPoint . "?" . http_build_query( $params3 );

	$ch = curl_init( $url );

	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );

	$result = json_decode( $output, true );
	return $result["query"]["tokens"]["patroltoken"];
}

// Step 4: POST request to patrol a recent change
function patrol( $patroltoken ) {
	global $endPoint;

	$params4 = [
		"action" => "patrol",
		"rcid" => "91",
		"token" => $patroltoken,
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$ch = curl_init();

	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_URL, $endPoint );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POST, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, http_build_query( $params4 ) );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );

	echo ( $output );
}

JavaScript

/*  
    patrol.js
 
    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Patrol` module: Patrol a recent change

    MIT license
*/

var request = require('request').defaults({jar: true}),
    url = "http://dev.wiki.local.wmftest.net:8080/w/api.php";

// Step 1: GET request to fetch login token
function getLoginToken() {
    var params_0 = {
        action: "query",
        meta: "tokens",
        type: "login",
        format: "json"
    };

    request.get({ url: url, qs: params_0 }, function (error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        var data = JSON.parse(body);
        loginRequest(data.query.tokens.logintoken);
    });
}

// Step 2: POST request to log in. 
// Use of main account for login is not
// supported. Obtain credentials via Special:BotPasswords
// (https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Special:BotPasswords) for lgname & lgpassword
function loginRequest(login_token) {
    var params_1 = {
        action: "login",
        lgname: "bot_username",
        lgpassword: "bot_password",
        lgtoken: login_token,
        format: "json"
    };

    request.post({ url: url, form: params_1 }, function (error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        getPatrolToken();
    });
}

// Step 3: GET request to fetch Patrol token
function getPatrolToken() {
    var params_2 = {
        action: "query",
        meta: "tokens",
        type: "patrol",
        format: "json"
    };

    request.get({ url: url, qs: params_2 }, function(error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        var data = JSON.parse(body);
        patrol(data.query.tokens.patroltoken);
    });
}

// Step 4: POST request to patrol a recent change
function patrol(patrol_token) {
    var params_3 = {
        action: "patrol",
        rcid: "104",
        token: patrol_token,
        format: "json"
    };

    request.post({ url: url, form: params_3 }, function (error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        console.log(body);
    });
}

// Start From Step 1
getLoginToken();

MediaWiki JS

/*
	patrol.js

	MediaWiki API Demos
	Demo of `Patrol` module: Patrol a recent change

	MIT License
*/

var params = {
		action: 'patrol',
		revid: '77',
		format: 'json'
	},
	api = new mw.Api();

api.postWithToken( 'patrol', params ).done( function ( data ) {
	console.log( data );
} );

可能的错误

In addition to the standard error messages :

代码 信息
patroldisabled 在该维基上巡查未启用
noautopatrol 您不被允许将您自己的更改标记为已巡查。
只有拥有autopatrol权限的用户才能这样做
notpatrollable 修订版本rid不能巡查,因为它太旧了。
nosuchrcid 没有ID为rcid的最近更改。
nosuchrevid 没有ID为revid的修订版本。

参数历史

  • v1.27: 启用tags
  • v1.22: 启用revid

附加提醒

  • 对于早于1.17的MediaWiki版本,巡查令牌与编辑令牌相同。
  • autopatrol rights are required in order to use this module.
  • revid and rcid may be obtained through API:Recentchanges .