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Kézikönyv:A MediaWiki futtatása Windowson

From mediawiki.org
This page is a translated version of the page Manual:Running MediaWiki on Windows and the translation is 42% complete.

This page's contents mainly superseded by Manual:Running MediaWiki on Windows Subsystem for Linux .

This page will give you information about installing MediaWiki on a Microsoft Windows system using standard installation methods. For Windows-only hosting environments, the WIMP stack (using IIS) was recommended over Apache, (WAMP stack) as of 1.18, for manual installs.

Nginx - an alternative to apache and IIS - may be useful if you support MediaWiki across other host operating systems and/or are already using Nginx for internal hosting.

Szükséges szoftver

A szükséges szoftver megszerzése

Although these products are not that difficult to configure under Windows, it can be extremely difficult to install (by difficult, it takes 30 minutes for WIMP) and configure Apache+MySQL+PHP one product at a time if completely new to apache/mysql/php. Under such circumstances it is highly recommended to look for a LAMP or WAMP pre-made combination which can just be installed and used. These will save you 99% of the trouble of configuring each package manually. The down-side is that some of these are trimmed down or modified versions which makes it hard to upgrade individual components, and other ones are seriously out of date.


A legnépszerűbb közülük az XAMPP:


Microsoft Web Platform Installer can install required pre-requisites for you. See blog.


  • Bitnami is a free suite of compatible installers for open source software.

It supports an Nginx stack [1], Microsoft WAMP [2]), a generic LAMP stack [3] and XAMPP (which it will not install itself and on which only XAMPP-specific bitnami installers work [4]). Bitnami installs MediaWiki on any of those, and they work alongside Wordpress or other software bitnami supports. See Bitnami itself for instructions [5] and updated support data. This can be a good option if you intend to use only the long term stable supported MediaWiki releases. Support for older versions is not guaranteed.


Lásd: https://www.wampserver.com/en/


See https://learn.microsoft.com/en-us/iis/application-frameworks/install-and-configure-php-applications-on-iis/mediawiki-on-iis

Opcionális szoftver


Diffutils (which contains diff3) can be downloaded from here, and File (file type checker) from here.

To activate the use of diffutils within MediaWiki, you have to ignore the fact that they won't be found during installation (they may actually be found if you install diff into your path) and open up LocalSettings.php to make the following changes:

- $wgDiff3 = "/usr/bin/diff3";
+ $wgDiff3 = "C:/Program Files/GnuWin32/bin/diff3.exe";
- $wgMimeDetectorCommand = "file.exe -bi"; #use external mime detector (linux)
+ $wgMimeDetectorCommand = "C:/Program Files/GnuWin32/bin/file.exe -bi"; # use external mime detector

Please note that you have to replace "C:/Progra..." with the actual location where you installed the tools to.


PHP now comes with GD enabled by default which will work for thumbnailing. GD will not require any configuration or modification to be used. Ezért erősen ajánljuk, hogy ne telepítsd az ImageMagicket, mivel ismert, hogy instabil. In MediaWiki, disable ImageMagick in LocalSettings.php by setting $wgUseImageMagick to false.

Az ImageMagick letöltése Windowsra. To make image thumbnailing work, you will need to open includes/Image.php, locate the line that starts with $cmd = $wgImageMagickConvertCommand ., and remove the escapeshellarg() function, then do the same to the next line, so that the command variable builds like this:

 $cmd  =  $wgImageMagickConvertCommand .
       " -quality 85 -background white -geometry {$width} ".
       ($this->imagePath) . " " .

In addition, check to be sure that the $wgImageMagickConvertCommand in localsettings.php points to:

(az ImageMagick-elérési utad)/convert.exe
  • use the .exe extension! It won't work, if omitted.
  • használj egy szóköz nélküli elérési utat az ImageMagick telepítésének útjaként, vagy használd az út rövid nevét.

Another way to make this work is to add the ImageMagick path to your Windows PATH variable, and simply setting the $wgImageMagickConvertCommand in LocalSettings.php as follows (note that you must still modify Image.php as shown above):

$wgImageMagickConvertCommand = "convert.exe";

Biztosítsd, hogy az internetes vendégfiók (általában IUSR_MACHINENAME) rendelkezik az ImageMagick bin könyvtárának olvasási és végrehajtási jogával. Without this you might see an PHP shell execution error similar to what happens when it can't find the convert.exe file.


Az Inkscape használható alternatív SVG-képkészítőként. Az Inkscape letöltése Windowsra. Here are some example settings to enable Inkscape as the SVG thumnailer in the LocalSettings.php file:

# Image Converter
$wgSVGConverter = 'Inkscape';

$wgSVGConverters = array(
	'Inkscape' => '"/Program Files/Inkscape/inkscape.exe" --export-filename $output -w $width $input',

# Image converter path
$wgSVGConverterPath = '/Program Files/Inkscape';

Mathematics Support

Lásd: Texvc#Windows.