Manual:Running MediaWiki on Windows

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This page is a translated version of the page Manual:Running MediaWiki on Windows and the translation is 21% complete.

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Diese Seite stellt die Informationen für eine Installation von MediaWiki auf einem Microsoft Windows System bereit. For Windows-only hosting environments, the WIMP stack (using IIS) was recommended over Apache, (WAMP stack) as of 1.18, for manual installs.

Nginx - an alternative to apache and IIS - may be useful if you support MediaWiki across other host operating systems and/or are already using Nginx for internal hosting.

Required software

Anforderungen Anforderung in Kurzform

Make sure to also check the RELEASE NOTES shipped with MediaWiki for requirements.

Für Vorschaubilder und TeX-support-Unterstützung, werden zusätzliche Programme benötigt.

(*) – MariaDB, ein GPL Zweig vom MySQL-Code von Monty Widenius, dem Gründer von MySQL, ist eine Alternative und kann ebenfalls von MediaWiki verwendet werden. [$debRepos Debian/Ubuntu Repos].

Getting required software

Although these products are not that difficult to configure under Windows, it can be extremely difficult to install (by difficult, it takes 30 minutes for WIMP) and configure Apache+MySQL+PHP one product at a time if completely new to apache/mysql/php. Under such circumstances it is highly recommended to look for a LAMP or WAMP pre-made combination which can just be installed and used. These will save you 99% of the trouble of configuring each package manually. The down-side is that some of these are trimmed down or modified versions which makes it hard to upgrade individual components, and other ones are seriously out of date.

XAMPP

The most popular of which is XAMPP:

WebPI

Microsoft Web Platform Installer can install required pre-requisites for you. See blog.

Bitnami

  • Bitnami is a free suite of compatible installers for open source software. It supports an Nginx stack [1], Microsoft WAMP [2]), a generic LAMP stack [3] and XAMPP (which it will not install itself and on which only XAMPP-specific bitnami installers work [4]). Bitnami installs Mediawiki 1.23 on any of those, and they work alongside Wordpress or other software bitnami supports. See Bitnami itself for instructions [5] and updated support data. This can be a good option if you intend to use only the long term stable supported mediawiki releases. Support for older versions is not guaranteed. See Manual:Running_MediaWiki_on_Windows/bitnami for experiences with this method.

WAMP

Siehe http://www.wampserver.com/en/

WIMP

On Azure: [6].

Installing MediaWiki

Für erfahrene Anwender folgt hier die Schnellinstallationsanweisung. Die meisten Anwender werden die ausführlichere Anweisung lesen wollen.

  1. Prüfe, ob dein System die angegebenen Mindestanforderungen erfüllt; Installationsvoraussetzungen zeigt Details.
  2. Laden Sie MediaWiki herunter (Direktlink zur neuesten Version) und entpacken Sie das Archiv in ein für das Web zugängliches Verzeichnis auf Ihrem Server.
  3. Verweisen Sie Ihren Browser auf das Verzeichnis, in dem MediaWiki extrahiert wurde und folgen Sie dem Link im Installationsfenster. Es sollte in der Form http://[domain]/[directory]/mw-config/index.php sein. Ersetzen Sie directory durch den Pfad, in den Sie den MediaWiki-Ordner extrahiert haben. Falls Sie die Installation lokal durchführen, ersetzen Sie [domain] durch [localhost]. Falls Sie das Wiki lokal installiert haben und später über domain zugreifen wollen, muss in LocalSetttings.php localhost zu domain geändert werden. Wenn auf einem Fremdserver installiert wird, ersetzen Sie domain mit dem Domain-Namen Ihres Servers (zB: www.myserver.com).
  4. Befolgen Sie die Bilschirmanweisungen um den Prozess abzuschließen.

Diese Anweisungen sind bewusst kurz. Es gibt vieles, was schief gehen könnte, wenn Sie Zweifel haben, sollten Sie die vollständige Anleitung lesen!


Optional Software

Diffutils

Diffutils (which contains diff3) can be downloaded from here, and File (file type checker) from here.

To activate the use of diffutils within MediaWiki, you have to ignore the fact that they won't be found during installation (they may actually be found if you install diff into your path) and open up LocalSettings.php to make the following changes:

$wgDiff3 = "/usr/bin/diff3";

becomes

$wgDiff3 = "C:/Program Files/GnuWin32/bin/diff3.exe";

and replace:

$wgMimeDetectorCommand = "file.exe -bi"; #use external mime detector (linux)

with

$wgMimeDetectorCommand = "C:/Program Files/GnuWin32/bin/file.exe -bi"; # use external mime detector

Please note that you have to replace "C:/Progra..." with the actual location where you installed the tools to.

ImageMagick

Note: PHP now comes with GD enabled by default which will work for thumbnailing. GD will not require any configuration or modification to be used. Therefore it's highly recommended to not install ImageMagick, since it is known to be unstable. In fact the $wgImageMagickConvertCommand and Image.php mentioned below does not exist in MW1.15.1. However, in MW 1.23 you have to disable ImageMagick in LocalSettings.php by setting $wgUseImageMagick to false.
Note: Settings for XAMPP v1.7.7 VC9 and MediaWiki v1.18.1

The "Q8" ImageMagick releases use 8 bits per channel, while the "Q16" releases use 16 bits per channel. Here is the download page for ImageMagick on Windows. To make image thumbnailing work, you will need to open includes/Image.php, locate the line that starts with $cmd = $wgImageMagickConvertCommand ., and remove the escapeshellarg() function, then do the same to the next line, so that the command variable builds like this:

 $cmd  =  $wgImageMagickConvertCommand .
       " -quality 85 -background white -geometry {$width} ".
       ($this->imagePath) . " " .
       ($thumbPath);

In addition, check to be sure that the $wgImageMagickConvertCommand in localsettings.php points to:

(your imagemagick folder path)/convert.exe
  • use the .exe extension! It won't work, if omitted.
  • use a path without spaces as install path for ImageMagick or use the short name of the path.

Another way to make this work is to add the ImageMagick path to your Windows PATH variable, and simply setting the $wgImageMagickConvertCommand in LocalSettings.php as follows (note that you must still modify Image.php as shown above):

$wgImageMagickConvertCommand = "convert.exe";

Make sure that the Internet Guest Account (Usually IUSR_MACHINENAME) has Read & Execute rights to the ImageMagick bin directory. Without this you might see an PHP shell execution error similar to what happens when it can't find the convert.exe file.

Inkscape

Inkscape can be used as an alternative SVG thumbnailing tool. Here is the download page for Inkscape on Windows. Here are some example settings to enable Inkscape as the SVG thumnailer in the LocalSettings.php file:

# Image Converter
$wgSVGConverter = 'Inkscape';

$wgSVGConverters = array(
	'Inkscape' => '"/Program Files/Inkscape/inkscape.com" -z -w $width -f $input -e $output',
);

# Image converter path
$wgSVGConverterPath = '/Program Files/Inkscape';

Mathematics Support

Siehe Texvc#Windows.