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Manual:Ejecutar MediaWiki en Windows

From mediawiki.org
This page is a translated version of the page Manual:Running MediaWiki on Windows and the translation is 37% complete.
Outdated translations are marked like this.

This page's contents mainly superseded by Manual:Running MediaWiki on Windows Subsystem for Linux .

Esta página contiene información acerca de la instalación de MediaWiki en un sistema operativo Microsoft Windows usando métodos de instalación estándares. Para entornos basados sólo en Windows la WIMPpila (que usa IIS) es recomendable en vez de Apache (pila WAMP) hasta la versión 1.18, para instalaciones manuales.

Nginx - un alternativa a Apache e IIS - puede ser útil para soportar MediaWiki en varios sistemas operativos que estén usando Nginx como alojamiento interno.

Requisitos de software

Obtener el software requerido

Aunque estos productos no son muy difíciles de configurar en Windows, puede ser "extremadamente" difícil de instalar (por difícil se entiende que lleva 30 minutos para WIMP) y configurar Apache+MySQL+PHP cada producto por separado, si nunca se ha instalado apache/mysql/php. En este contexto es altamente recomendable considerar paquetes preconfigurados de LAMP o WAMP que pueden ser instalados y usados directamente. Esto ahorrará un 99% de los problemas derivados de configurar cada paquete manualmente. La desventaja es que algunos de ellos están limitados o son versiones modificadas que hacen difícil la actualización de componentes individuales, y algunos están seriamente desactualizados. Under such circumstances it is highly recommended to look for a LAMP or WAMP pre-made combination which can just be installed and used. These will save you 99% of the trouble of configuring each package manually. The down-side is that some of these are trimmed down or modified versions which makes it hard to upgrade individual components, and other ones are seriously out of date.


El más popular de ellos es XAMPP:

  • [$xampp XAMPP]


Microsoft Web Plataform Installer puede instalar pre-requisitos requeridos para ti. See blog.


  • Bitnami es una suite gratuita de instaladores compatibles para software de código abierto. It supports an Nginx stack [1], Microsoft WAMP [2]), a generic LAMP stack [3] and XAMPP (which it will not install itself and on which only XAMPP-specific bitnami installers work [4]). Bitnami installs MediaWiki on any of those, and they work alongside Wordpress or other software bitnami supports. See Bitnami itself for instructions [5] and updated support data. This can be a good option if you intend to use only the long term stable supported MediaWiki releases. Support for older versions is not guaranteed.


Véase http://www.wampserver.com/en/


See https://learn.microsoft.com/en-us/iis/application-frameworks/install-and-configure-php-applications-on-iis/mediawiki-on-iis

Software opcional


Diffutils (which contains diff3) can be downloaded from here, and File (file type checker) from here.

To activate the use of diffutils within MediaWiki, you have to ignore the fact that they won't be found during installation (they may actually be found if you install diff into your path) and open up LocalSettings.php to make the following changes:

- $wgDiff3 = "/usr/bin/diff3";
+ $wgDiff3 = "C:/Program Files/GnuWin32/bin/diff3.exe";
- $wgMimeDetectorCommand = "file.exe -bi"; #use external mime detector (linux)
+ $wgMimeDetectorCommand = "C:/Program Files/GnuWin32/bin/file.exe -bi"; # use external mime detector

Please note that you have to replace "C:/Progra..." with the actual location where you installed the tools to.


PHP now comes with GD enabled by default which will work for thumbnailing. GD will not require any configuration or modification to be used. Therefore it's highly recommended to not install ImageMagick, since it is known to be unstable. In MediaWiki, disable ImageMagick in LocalSettings.php by setting $wgUseImageMagick to false.

Download ImageMagick on Windows. To make image thumbnailing work, you will need to open includes/Image.php, locate the line that starts with $cmd = $wgImageMagickConvertCommand ., and remove the escapeshellarg() function, then do the same to the next line, so that the command variable builds like this:

 $cmd  =  $wgImageMagickConvertCommand .
       " -quality 85 -background white -geometry {$width} ".
       ($this->imagePath) . " " .

In addition, check to be sure that the $wgImageMagickConvertCommand in localsettings.php points to:

(your imagemagick folder path)/convert.exe
  • use the .exe extension! It won't work, if omitted.
  • use a path without spaces as install path for ImageMagick or use the short name of the path.

Another way to make this work is to add the ImageMagick path to your Windows PATH variable, and simply setting the $wgImageMagickConvertCommand in LocalSettings.php as follows (note that you must still modify Image.php as shown above):

$wgImageMagickConvertCommand = "convert.exe";

Make sure that the Internet Guest Account (Usually IUSR_MACHINENAME) has Read & Execute rights to the ImageMagick bin directory. Without this you might see an PHP shell execution error similar to what happens when it can't find the convert.exe file.


Inkscape can be used as an alternative SVG thumbnailing tool. Download Inkscape on Windows. Here are some example settings to enable Inkscape as the SVG thumnailer in the LocalSettings.php file:

# Image Converter
$wgSVGConverter = 'Inkscape';

$wgSVGConverters = array(
	'Inkscape' => '"/Program Files/Inkscape/inkscape.exe" --export-filename $output -w $width $input',

# Image converter path
$wgSVGConverterPath = '/Program Files/Inkscape';

Compatibilidad con notación matemática

Véase Texvc#Windows.