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Warning: no promises of security are made in this guide. It was intended to be run on an offline workstation.
For this guide, I will make the following assumptions about names, directories, and the like, but you will want to make some of them different:
- name - The wiki needs a name; this example is called vicuna.
- database - It also needs a database, which will also be called vicuna in this example.
- passwords - There are several passwords involved, most importantly the password for the wiki database, and the initial administrator account you'll create when running the configuration page.
- directory - The directory where the wiki will be installed. In this example, it's /var/wiki.
Configuration of Apache
At a minimum, the webserver must access your wiki on demand. There are better and more complex ways of setting it up, but this will suffice. In /etc/httpd/httpd.conf, in the section:
IfModule mod_alias.c, add the following line:
Alias /wiki/ /var/wiki
/var/wiki with the directory you've chosen.
Apache will not be configured to use PHP by default, so you may need to do the following.
/etc/httpd/httpd.conf by uncommenting the line:
/etc/httpd/httpd.conf by adding:
index.php to the line
/etc/httpd/mod_php.conf by adding:
.phtml to the line
- Make sure Apache is set to run at startup:
chmod +x /etc/rc.d/rc.httpd
- Test your httpd.conf syntax:
- Restart/Start Apache:
Configuration of MySQL
Perform the following commands as root.
- Copy one of the MySQL configuration files in /etc to my.cnf:
cp /etc/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf
- Initialize the MySQL databases (only necessary once per system, but harmless):
su mysql -c mysql_install_db
- Set the Mysql server to start at boot:
chmod +x /etc/rc.d/rc.mysqld
- Set ownership of the files in /var/lib/mysql/:
chown -R mysql:mysql /var/lib/mysql
- Start the MySQL daemon:
- Secure your Installation with the script provided:
You'll be prompted for a root mysql password. (This and all other mysql user passwords are completely independent from the system passwords so don't confuse them!)
Follow the prompts and choose the most secure options that suit your situation.
Configuration of MediaWiki
For experienced users, here is the quick version of the installation instructions. Most users will want to go through all the passages.
- Check that your system meets the minimum requirements shown nearby; Installation requirements has more details.
- Download MediaWiki (direct link to download the stable release version) and extract the archive to a web-accessible folder on your server.
- Point your browser to the directory where MediaWiki was extracted and follow the link to the setup screen. It should be in the form
http://domain/directory/mw-config/index.php. Replace directory with the path to your extracted MediaWiki folder. If installing on a local machine, replace domain with
localhost. If you install locally and later want to access your wiki from domain, then you will need to change LocalSettings.php from
localhost to domain. If installed on a remote server, replace domain with your server's domain name (eg: www.myserver.com).
- Follow the on-screen instructions to complete the process.
These instructions are deliberately brief. There is a lot that could go wrong, so if in doubt, you are advised to read the full instructions!