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Help:Снимки экрана (скриншоты)

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This page is a translated version of the page Help:Screenshots and the translation is 49% complete.
PD Примечание: Редактируя эту страницу, вы соглашаетесь на передачу своего вклада по лицензии CC0.
Подробнее — в проекте Помощь с общественным достоянием.

Двухминутный тренинг

Если вам уже известны основные сведения о сайтах Викимедиа, и вы знакомы с основами редактирования изображений на компьютере, то здесь вы найдёте краткое руководство о том, как сделать и загрузить на сайт снимок экрана (скриншот).

  • проверьте, нет ли уже на Викискладе нужного вам скриншота или иконок;
  • переключите свой интерфейс на вид по умолчанию;
  • переключите свой браузер в полноэкранный режим;
  • сделайте снимок экрана (с помощью средств операционной системы или любой удобной вам программой);
  • обрежьте скриншот так, чтобы осталась только нужная вам часть;
  • загрузите скриншот на Викисклад, снабдив его подходящей лицензией;

Подробное руководство

Что делать, если нужен скриншот?

Сначала проверьте, нет ли уже на Викискладе скриншота или иконок для той функции, которую вы хотите проиллюстрировать.

Переключите свой интерфейс

In order for the screenshots to be understandable by as many users as possible, you should reset your interface to remove any customization you've made. Otherwise, users might be confused about differences between the screenshots and their own interface.

If the feature you want to document is available to unregistered users, the easiest way to reset your interface without messing up your account and preferences is to open your browser in "anonymous", "privacy" or "private browsing" mode.

If you need an account to use the feature, you can either create a new account specifically for the purpose of making the screenshots, or you can use your regular account after disabling your custom scripts and gadgets that change your interface.

Включите полноэкранный режим в своём браузере

Change the zoom level of your browser, so that the screenshots are of the highest resolution possible. This can usually be done through a menu, or by pressing Ctrl++ several times, until you reach the maximum zoom your window can accommodate to display the feature you want to illustrate.

For example, if you just want to illustrate a specific button, you can increase to the maximum zoom level, even if the rest of the interface looks weird or impractical.

On the other hand, if you want to illustrate a menu like the template editor in VisualEditor, you can increase the zoom level, but it's likely that you won't be able to use the maximum zoom, otherwise important features will be missing from the screen.

Сделайте скриншот

Для создания снимка экрана на вашем компьютере нажмите на клавиатуре клавишу Prt. sc.

To take a screenshot on an Apple computer, use the keyboard shortcut: ⌘ Command+⇧ Shift+3 to take a screenshot of the whole screen; to take a screenshot of part of the screen, use the keyboard shortcut ⌘ Command+⇧ Shift+4, and then drag the crosshair pointer to select the area. Continue to press the mouse button until you are ready to take the screenshot, then release the mouse button.

Сохраните файл в формате PNG.

Обрежьте скриншот

Next, you need to crop the file. Any basic image editor can do this.

In the image editor, use the rectangular Selection tool to select the area you want to keep, then use the Crop function to remove the rest of the picture. This process differs between image editors; a quick look at the manual or a search online should provide you with the specific process for your software.

Only keep the part of the picture you want to show. This will make it easier for users to understand what you mean by minimizing distractions. This will also make it easier to determine the copyright status of the picture: you should remove any logo, images and text content unless they're necessary for the screenshot. Most of the time, if your goal is to document the interface of the software, you don't need to show the content of the page you're using it on. See Commons:Screenshots#Software for more tips.

Загрузите скриншот на сайт

When the cropped picture is ready, give it a descriptive name and upload it to Commons. The following link should direct you to the proper process: commons:Special:MyLanguage/Commons:Upload/screenshot. If you're taking a screenshot of MediaWiki, choose the first option (GPL), since that is the software's license.

If you're including images in your screenshot, try to choose images that are in the public domain, to keep things simple.

If you're including a significant amount of text (for example a whole paragraph of an article), you'll need to credit the page's authors in the upload form. Use the copyright tag {{Wikipedia-screenshot}} to take into account the different components of the image.

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