API:Versionen

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This page is a translated version of the page API:Revisions and the translation is 100% complete.
MediaWiki Version:
1.8

GET-Abfrage um Versionsinformationen über Seiten zu erhalten.

API-Dokumentation


prop=revisions (rv)

(main | query | revisions)
  • This module requires read rights.
  • This module can be used as a generator.
  • Source: MediaWiki
  • License: GPL-2.0-or-later

Get revision information.

May be used in several ways:

  1. Get data about a set of pages (last revision), by setting titles or pageids.
  2. Get revisions for one given page, by using titles or pageids with start, end, or limit.
  3. Get data about a set of revisions by setting their IDs with revids.
Parameters:
rvprop

Which properties to get for each revision:

ids
The ID of the revision.
flags
Revision flags (minor).
timestamp
The timestamp of the revision.
user
User that made the revision. If the user has been revision deleted, a userhidden property will be returned.
userid
User ID of the revision creator. If the user has been revision deleted, a userhidden property will be returned.
size
Length (bytes) of the revision.
slotsize
Length (bytes) of each revision slot.
sha1
SHA-1 (base 16) of the revision. If the content has been revision deleted, a sha1hidden property will be returned.
slotsha1
SHA-1 (base 16) of each revision slot. If the content has been revision deleted, a sha1hidden property will be returned.
contentmodel
Content model ID of each revision slot.
comment
Comment by the user for the revision. If the comment has been revision deleted, a commenthidden property will be returned.
parsedcomment
Parsed comment by the user for the revision. If the comment has been revision deleted, a commenthidden property will be returned.
content
Content of each revision slot. If the content has been revision deleted, a texthidden property will be returned.
tags
Tags for the revision.
roles
List content slot roles that exist in the revision.
parsetree
Deprecated. Use action=expandtemplates or action=parse instead. The XML parse tree of revision content (requires content model wikitext).
Values (separate with | or alternative): comment, content, contentmodel, flags, ids, parsedcomment, roles, sha1, size, slotsha1, slotsize, tags, timestamp, user, userid, parsetree
Default: ids|timestamp|flags|comment|user
rvslots

Which revision slots to return data for, when slot-related properties are included in rvprops. If omitted, data from the main slot will be returned in a backwards-compatible format.

Values (separate with | or alternative): main
To specify all values, use *.
rvlimit

Limit how many revisions will be returned.

May only be used with a single page (mode #2).
Type: integer or max
The value must be between 1 and 500.
rvexpandtemplates
Deprecated.

Use action=expandtemplates instead. Expand templates in revision content (requires rvprop=content).

Type: boolean (details)
rvgeneratexml
Deprecated.

Use action=expandtemplates or action=parse instead. Generate XML parse tree for revision content (requires rvprop=content).

Type: boolean (details)
rvparse
Deprecated.

Use action=parse instead. Parse revision content (requires rvprop=content). For performance reasons, if this option is used, rvlimit is enforced to 1.

Type: boolean (details)
rvsection

Only retrieve the content of this section number.

rvdiffto
Deprecated.

Use action=compare instead. Revision ID to diff each revision to. Use prev, next and cur for the previous, next and current revision respectively.

rvdifftotext
Deprecated.

Use action=compare instead. Text to diff each revision to. Only diffs a limited number of revisions. Overrides rvdiffto. If rvsection is set, only that section will be diffed against this text.

rvdifftotextpst
Deprecated.

Use action=compare instead. Perform a pre-save transform on the text before diffing it. Only valid when used with rvdifftotext.

Type: boolean (details)
rvcontentformat
Deprecated.

Serialization format used for rvdifftotext and expected for output of content.

One of the following values: application/json, application/octet-stream, application/unknown, application/x-binary, text/css, text/javascript, text/plain, text/unknown, text/x-wiki, unknown/unknown
rvstartid

Start enumeration from this revision's timestamp. The revision must exist, but need not belong to this page.

May only be used with a single page (mode #2).
Type: integer
rvendid

Stop enumeration at this revision's timestamp. The revision must exist, but need not belong to this page.

May only be used with a single page (mode #2).
Type: integer
rvstart

From which revision timestamp to start enumeration.

May only be used with a single page (mode #2).
Type: timestamp (allowed formats)
rvend

Enumerate up to this timestamp.

May only be used with a single page (mode #2).
Type: timestamp (allowed formats)
rvdir

In which direction to enumerate:

newer
List oldest first. Note: rvstart has to be before rvend.
older
List newest first (default). Note: rvstart has to be later than rvend.
May only be used with a single page (mode #2).
One of the following values: newer, older
Default: older
rvuser

Only include revisions made by user.

May only be used with a single page (mode #2).
Type: user, by any of user name, IP, interwiki name (e.g. "prefix>ExampleName") and user ID (e.g. "#12345")
rvexcludeuser

Exclude revisions made by user.

May only be used with a single page (mode #2).
Type: user, by any of user name, IP, interwiki name (e.g. "prefix>ExampleName") and user ID (e.g. "#12345")
rvtag

Only list revisions tagged with this tag.

rvcontinue

When more results are available, use this to continue.

Beispiel 1: Revisionsdaten mehrerer Seiten abrufen

GET-Anfrage


Die Abfrage oben dient dazu, Versionsinformationen über Seiten mit den Titeln API und Hauptseite zu erhalten

Antwort

Antwort
{
    "batchcomplete": true,
    "query": {
        "pages": [
            {
                "pageid": 1423,
                "ns": 0,
                "title": "Main Page",
                "revisions": [
                    {
                        "user": "Bdk",
                        "timestamp": "2005-09-16T01:14:43Z",
                        "comment": "Reverted edit of 82.36.210.14, changed back to last version by Brion VIBBER"
                    }
                ]
            },
            {
                "pageid": 55332,
                "ns": 0,
                "title": "API",
                "revisions": [
                    {
                        "user": "Mainframe98",
                        "timestamp": "2017-08-19T18:23:42Z",
                        "comment": "Reverted edits by [[Special:Contributions/Sankaran kumar|Sankaran kumar]] ([[User talk:Sankaran kumar|talk]]) to last revision by [[User:Shirayuki|Shirayuki]]"
                    }
                ]
            }
        ]
    }
}

Beispielcode

Python

#!/usr/bin/python3

"""
    get_pages_revisions.py

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Revisions` module: Get revision data with content for pages
    with titles [[API]] and [[Main Page]]

    MIT License
"""

import requests

S = requests.Session()

URL = "https://www.mediawiki.org/w/api.php"

PARAMS = {
    "action": "query",
    "prop": "revisions",
    "titles": "API|Main Page",
    "rvprop": "timestamp|user|comment|content",
    "rvslots": "main",
    "formatversion": "2",
    "format": "json"
}

R = S.get(url=URL, params=PARAMS)
DATA = R.json()

PAGES = DATA["query"]["pages"]

for page in PAGES:
    print(page["revisions"])

PHP

<?php
/*
    get_pages_revisions.php

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Revisions` module: Get revision data with content for pages with titles [[API]] and [[Main Page]]

    MIT License
*/

$endPoint = "https://www.mediawiki.org/w/api.php";
$params = [
    "action" => "query",
    "prop" => "revisions",
    "titles" => "API|Main Page",
    "rvprop" => "timestamp|user|comment|content",
    "rvslots" => "main",
    "formatversion" => "2",
    "format" => "json"
];

$url = $endPoint . "?" . http_build_query( $params );

$ch = curl_init( $url );
curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
$output = curl_exec( $ch );
curl_close( $ch );

$result = json_decode( $output, true );

foreach( $result["query"]["pages"] as $k => $v ) {
    var_dump( $v["revisions"] );
}

JavaScript

/*
    get_pages_revisions.js

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Revisions` module: Get revision data with content for pages with titles [[API]] and [[Main Page]]

    MIT License
*/

var url = "https://www.mediawiki.org/w/api.php";

var params = {
    action: "query",
    prop: "revisions",
    titles: "API|Main Page",
    rvprop: "timestamp|user|comment|content",
    rvslots: "main",
    formatversion: "2",
    format: "json"
};

url = url + "?origin=*";
Object.keys(params).forEach(function(key){url += "&" + key + "=" + params[key];});

fetch(url)
    .then(function(response){return response.json();})
    .then(function(response) {
        var pages = response.query.pages;
        for (var p in pages) {
            console.log(pages[p].revisions);
        }
    })
    .catch(function(error){console.log(error);});

MediaWiki JS

/*
	get_pages_revisions.js

	MediaWiki API Demos
	Demo of `Revisions` module: Get revision data with content for pages with
	titles [[API]] and [[Main Page]]

	MIT License
*/

var params = {
		action: 'query',
		prop: 'revisions',
		titles: 'API|Main Page',
		rvprop: 'timestamp|user|comment|content',
		rvslots: 'main',
		formatversion: '2',
		format: 'json'
	},
	api = new mw.Api();

api.get( params ).done( function ( data ) {
	var pages = data.query.pages,
		p;
	for ( p in pages ) {
		console.log( pages[ p ].revisions );
	}
} );

Beispiel 2: Die letzten fünf Versionen einer Seite, gefiltert nach Datum und Benutzer, erhalten

GET-Anfrage


Die Abfrage oben dient dazu, Versionsinformationen über die letzten fünf Versionen der Seite API:Geosuche zu erhalten, die nach dem 1. Juli 2018, d.h. 2018-07-01, vorgenommen wurden, ausgenommen Änderungen vom Benutzer SSethi (WMF)

Antwort

Antwort
{
    "batchcomplete": "",
    "query": {
        "pages": {
            "812323": {
                "pageid": 812323,
                "ns": 104,
                "title": "API:Geosearch",
                "revisions": [
                    {
                        "user": "Shirayuki",
                        "timestamp": "2018-11-04T05:25:34Z",
                        "comment": "translation tweaks"
                    },
                    {
                        "user": "Shirayuki",
                        "timestamp": "2018-11-25T06:06:50Z",
                        "comment": "translation tweaks"
                    }
                ]
            }
        }
    }
}

Beispielcode

get_filtered_page_revisions.py


Python

#!/usr/bin/python3

"""
    get_filtered_page_revisions.py

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Revisions` module: Get data including content of last 5 revisions
    of the title [[API:Geosearch]] made after the 1st of July 2018 i.e 2018-07-01
    excluding changes made by the user SSethi (WMF)

    MIT License
"""

import requests

S = requests.Session()

URL = "https://www.mediawiki.org/w/api.php"

PARAMS = {
    "action": "query",
    "prop": "revisions",
    "titles": "API:Geosearch",
    "rvlimit": "5",
    "rvprop": "timestamp|user|comment|content",
    "rvdir": "newer",
    "rvstart": "2018-07-01T00:00:00Z",
    "rvexcludeuser": "SSethi (WMF)",
    "rvslots": "main",
    "formatversion": "2",
    "format": "json"
}

R = S.get(url=URL, params=PARAMS)
DATA = R.json()

PAGES = DATA["query"]["pages"]

for page in PAGES:
    print(page["revisions"])

PHP

<?php
/*
    get_filtered_page_revisions.php

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Revisions` module: Get data including content of last 5 revisions of the title [[API:Geosearch]] made after July 1st 2018 excluding changes made by the user SSethi (WMF)

    MIT License
*/

$endPoint = "https://www.mediawiki.org/w/api.php";
$params = [
    "action" => "query",
    "prop" => "revisions",
    "titles" => "API:Geosearch",
    "rvlimit" => "5",
    "rvprop" => "timestamp|user|comment|content",
    "rvdir" => "newer",
    "rvstart" => "2018-07-01T00:00:00Z",
    "rvexcludeuser" => "SSethi (WMF)",
    "rvslots" => "main",
    "formatversion" => "2",
    "format" => "json"
];

$url = $endPoint . "?" . http_build_query( $params );

$ch = curl_init( $url );
curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
$output = curl_exec( $ch );
curl_close( $ch );

$result = json_decode( $output, true );

foreach( $result["query"]["pages"] as $k => $v ) {
    var_dump( $v["revisions"] );
}

JavaScript

/*
    get_filtered_page_revisions.js

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Revisions` module: Get data including content of last 5 revisions of the title [[API:Geosearch]] made after July 1st 2018 excluding changes made by the user SSethi (WMF)

    MIT License
*/

var url = "https://www.mediawiki.org/w/api.php";

var params = {
    action: "query",
    prop: "revisions",
    titles: "API:Geosearch",
    rvlimit: "5",
    rvprop: "timestamp|user|comment|content",
    rvdir: "newer",
    rvstart: "2018-07-01T00:00:00Z",
    rvexcludeuser: "SSethi (WMF)",
    rvslots: "main",
    formatversion: "2",
    format: "json"
};

url = url + "?origin=*";
Object.keys(params).forEach(function(key){url += "&" + key + "=" + params[key];});

fetch(url)
    .then(function(response){return response.json();})
    .then(function(response) {
        var pages = response.query.pages;
        for (var p in pages) {
            console.log(pages[p].revisions);
        }
    })
    .catch(function(error){console.log(error);});

MediaWiki JS

/*
	get_filtered_page_revisions.js

	MediaWiki API Demos
	Demo of `Revisions` module: Get data including content of last 5 revisions of the
	title [[API:Geosearch]] made after July 1st 2018 excluding changes made by the user SSethi (WMF)

	MIT License
*/

var params = {
		action: 'query',
		prop: 'revisions',
		titles: 'API:Geosearch',
		rvlimit: '5',
		rvprop: 'timestamp|user|comment|content',
		rvdir: 'newer',
		rvstart: '2018-07-01T00:00:00Z',
		rvexcludeuser: 'SSethi (WMF)',
		rvslots: 'main',
		formatversion: '2',
		format: 'json'
	},
	api = new mw.Api();

api.get( params ).done( function ( data ) {
	var pages = data.query.pages,
		p;
	for ( p in pages ) {
		console.log( pages[ p ].revisions );
	}
} );

Beispiel 3: Die letzte Version einer Seite erhalten, allen Weiterleitungen folgend

GET-Anfrage


Die Abfrage oben dient dazu, Versionsinformationen über die Seite AntiSpoof zu erhalten, allen Weiterleitungen folgend. Da AntiSpoof nach Extension:AntiSpoof weiterleitet, werden Versionsinformationen für Extension:AntiSpoof ausgegeben.

Antwort

Antwort
{
    "batchcomplete": true,
    "query": {
        "redirects": [
            {
                "from": "AntiSpoof",
                "to": "Extension:AntiSpoof"
            }
        ],
        "pages": [
            {
                "pageid": 8993,
                "ns": 102,
                "title": "Extension:AntiSpoof",
                "revisions": [
                    {
                        "revid": 3419761,
                        "parentid": 3053177,
                        "minor": true,
                        "user": "Shirayuki",
                        "timestamp": "2019-09-22T05:14:46Z",
                        "comment": ""
                    }
                ]
            }
        ]
    }
}

Mögliche Fehler

Code Information
rvdiffto rvdiffto muss auf "prev", "next", "cur" oder eine nicht negative Zahl gesetzt werden.
rvnosuchrevid There is no revision with ID ID.
rvnosuchsection Es gibt keinen Abschnitt Abschnitt in rID
rvrevids The revids parameter may not be used with the list options (rvlimit, rvstartid, rvendid, rvdir=newer, rvuser, rvexcludeuser, rvstart, and rvend).
rvmultpages titles, pageids or a generator was used to supply multiple pages, but the rvlimit, rvstartid, rvendid, rvdir=newer, rvuser, rvexcludeuser, rvstart, and rvend parameters may only be used on a single page.
rvaccessdenied Der aktuelle Benutzer darf Titel nicht lesen
rvbadparams start und startid können nicht zusammen genutzt werden
rvbadparams end und endid können nicht zusammen genutzt werden
rvbadparams user und excludeuser können nicht zusammen genutzt werden
invalidparammix titles, pageids or a generator was used to supply multiple pages, but the rvlimit, rvstartid, rvendid, rvdir=newer, rvuser, rvexcludeuser, rvstart, and rvend parameters may only be used on a single page.
accessdenied You are not allowed to view title.
badid_startid Für den Parameter startid wurde keine Version gefunden.
badid_endid Für den Parameter endid wurde keine Version gefunden.

Zusätzliche Anmerkungen

  • Seiten werden über den Parameter pageids oder titles festgelegt. Einzelne Versionen werden über den Parameter revids festgelegt. Siehe API:Abfrage .
  • Slots können über den Parameter rvslots festgelegt werden. Wenn der Parameter nicht vorhanden ist, wird die API nur Informationen über den Haupt-Slot ausgeben.
  • Wenn Parameter genutzt werden, die als (enum) markiert sind, darf für titles= nur ein Titel angegeben werden.
  • Dieses Modul kann vor Version 1.25 nicht als Generator benutzt werden.
  • Die Diff-Funktion dieses Moduls ist seit Version 1.30 veraltet und wurde nach API:Vergleichen verschoben.
  • Der Code für diese Abfrage befindet sich im Git-Repositorium auf ApiQueryRevisions.php.

Parametergeschichte

  • v1.32: Eingeführt rvslots,roles Veralteter rvcontentformat
  • v1.30: Veralteter parsetree,rvprop,rvexpandtemplates,rvparse,rvdiffto,rvdifftotext,rvdifftotextpst
  • v1.27: Eingeführt rvdifftotextpst
  • v1.26: Eingeführt parsetree Veralteter rvgeneratexml
  • v1.24: Veralteter rvtoken
  • v1.21: Eingeführt contentmodel,rvcontentformat
  • v1.19: Eingeführt sha1,rvparse
  • v1.17: Eingeführt userid,rvparse
  • v1.16: Eingeführt parsedcomment,tags,rvdifftotext,rvtag
  • v1.15: Eingeführt rvdiffto,rvcontinue
  • v1.14: Eingeführt rvgeneratexml
  • v1.13: Eingeführt rvsection
  • v1.12: Eingeführt rvexpandtemplates,rvtoken
  • v1.11: Eingeführt ids,flags,size,rvuser,rvexcludeuser

Siehe auch