API:Случайная страница

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This page is a translated version of the page API:Random and the translation is 74% complete.

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Версия MediaWiki: 1.12

Получить список случайных страниц.

This module can be used as a generator .

Документация по API


list=random (rn)

(main | query | random)
  • This module requires read rights.
  • This module can be used as a generator.
  • Source: MediaWiki
  • License: GPL-2.0-or-later

Get a set of random pages.

Pages are listed in a fixed sequence, only the starting point is random. This means that if, for example, Main Page is the first random page in the list, List of fictional monkeys will always be second, List of people on stamps of Vanuatu third, etc.

Parameters:
rnnamespace

Return pages in these namespaces only.

Values (separate with | or alternative): 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 90, 91, 92, 93, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 486, 487, 828, 829, 1198, 1199, 2300, 2301, 2302, 2303, 2600, 5500, 5501
To specify all values, use *.
rnfilterredir

How to filter for redirects.

One of the following values: all, redirects, nonredirects
Default: nonredirects
rnredirect
Deprecated.

Use rnfilterredir=redirects instead.

Type: boolean (details)
rnlimit

Limit how many random pages will be returned.

No more than 500 (5,000 for bots) allowed.
Type: integer or max
Default: 1
rncontinue

When more results are available, use this to continue.

Examples:
Return two random pages from the main namespace.
api.php?action=query&list=random&rnnamespace=0&rnlimit=2 [open in sandbox]
Return page info about two random pages from the main namespace.
api.php?action=query&generator=random&grnnamespace=0&grnlimit=2&prop=info [open in sandbox]

Пример

GET-запрос

Список 5 случайных страниц

Ответ

{

"batchcomplete": "",
    "continue": {
        "rncontinue": "0.559881820010|0.559881954661|47659388|0",
        "continue": "-||"
    },
    "query": {
        "random": [
            {
                "id": 32381675,
                "ns": 0,
                "title": "Mallabhum Institute of Technology"
            },
            {
                "id": 25126452,
                "ns": 3,
                "title": "User talk:96.232.132.176"
            },
            {
                "id": 1440028,
                "ns": 0,
                "title": "Hyundai Epsilon engine"
            },
            {
                "id": 35446805,
                "ns": 15,
                "title": "Category talk:Ukrainian card games"
            },
            {
                "id": 12613,
                "ns": 0,
                "title": "Grue"
            }
        ]
    }
}

Пример кода

Python

#!/usr/bin/python3

"""
    get_random.py

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Random` module: Get request to list 5 random pages.

    MIT License
"""

import requests

S = requests.Session()

URL = "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php"

PARAMS = {
    "action": "query",
    "format": "json",
    "list": "random",
    "rnlimit": "5"
}

R = S.get(url=URL, params=PARAMS)
DATA = R.json()

RANDOMS = DATA["query"]["random"]

for r in RANDOMS:
    print(r["title"])

PHP

<?php
/*
    get_random.php

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Random` module: Get request to list 5 random pages.

    MIT License
*/

$endPoint = "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php";
$params = [
    "action" => "query",
    "format" => "json",
    "list" => "random",
    "rnlimit" => "5"
];

$url = $endPoint . "?" . http_build_query( $params );

$ch = curl_init( $url );
curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
$output = curl_exec( $ch );
curl_close( $ch );

$result = json_decode( $output, true );

foreach( $result["query"]["random"] as $k => $v ) {
    echo( $v["title"] . "\n" );
}

Javascript

/*
    get_random.js

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Random` module: Get request to list 5 random pages.

    MIT License
*/

var url = "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php"; 

var params = {
    action: "query",
    format: "json",
    list: "random",
    rnlimit: "5"
};

url = url + "?origin=*";
Object.keys(params).forEach(function(key){url += "&" + key + "=" + params[key];});

fetch(url)
    .then(function(response){return response.json();})
    .then(function(response) {
        var randoms = response.query.random;
        for (var r in randoms) {
            console.log(randoms[r].title);
        }
    })
    .catch(function(error){console.log(error);});

MediaWiki JS

/*
	get_random.js

	MediaWiki API Demos
	Demo of `Random` module: Get request to list 5 random pages.

	MIT License
*/

var params = {
		action: 'query',
		format: 'json',
		list: 'random',
		rnlimit: '5'
	},
	api = new mw.Api();

api.get( params ).done( function ( data ) {
	var randoms = data.query.random,
		r;
	for ( r in randoms ) {
		console.log( randoms[ r ].title );
	}
} );

История параметров

  • v1.26: Previous limit of 10/20 on rnlimit was increased to standard 500/5000 limits.
  • v1.26: Устарели rnredirect
  • v1.26: Введены rnfilterredir
  • v1.14: Introduced rnredirect

Дополнительная информация

  • Unlike most modules in the Action API , the default number of pages returned is 1, not 10.
  • Страницы возвращаются в фиксированном порядке; только первая страница на самом деле случайна.
  • Поведение по умолчанию - выбирать страницы со всего вики, включая страницы обсуждения, пользовательские страницы, и так далее. Если в ищете такую же функциональность как Special:Random, т. е. выбор случайных статьей, ограничте rnnamespace на 0.
  • Если количество страниц меньше чем rnlimit, запрос просто вернёт все доступные страницы. Он не будет повторять страницы, чтобы наполнить ответ до ограничения.

См. также