API:Ewekansige

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This page is a translated version of the page API:Random and the translation is 83% complete.
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MediaWiki version: 1.12

Kry versoek om 'n lys ewekansige bladsye te sien.

Hierdie module kan as generator gebruik word.

API dokumentasie


list=random (rn)

(main | query | random)
  • This module requires read rights.
  • This module can be used as a generator.
  • Source: MediaWiki
  • License: GPL-2.0-or-later

Get a set of random pages.

Pages are listed in a fixed sequence, only the starting point is random. This means that if, for example, Main Page is the first random page in the list, List of fictional monkeys will always be second, List of people on stamps of Vanuatu third, etc.

Parameters:
rnnamespace

Return pages in these namespaces only.

Values (separate with | or alternative): 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 90, 91, 92, 93, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 486, 487, 828, 829, 1198, 1199, 2300, 2301, 2302, 2303, 2600, 5500, 5501
To specify all values, use *.
rnfilterredir

How to filter for redirects.

One of the following values: all, nonredirects, redirects
Default: nonredirects
rnredirect
Deprecated.

Use rnfilterredir=redirects instead.

Type: boolean (details)
rnlimit

Limit how many random pages will be returned.

Type: integer or max
The value must be between 1 and 500.
Default: 1
rncontinue

When more results are available, use this to continue.

Examples:
Return two random pages from the main namespace.
api.php?action=query&list=random&rnnamespace=0&rnlimit=2 [open in sandbox]
Return page info about two random pages from the main namespace.
api.php?action=query&generator=random&grnnamespace=0&grnlimit=2&prop=info [open in sandbox]

Voorbeeld

Kry voersoek

Lys 5 ewekansige bladsye

Antwoord

{

"batchcomplete": "",
    "continue": {
        "rncontinue": "0.559881820010|0.559881954661|47659388|0",
        "continue": "-||"
    },
    "query": {
        "random": [
            {
                "id": 32381675,
                "ns": 0,
                "title": "Mallabhum Institute of Technology"
            },
            {
                "id": 25126452,
                "ns": 3,
                "title": "User talk:96.232.132.176"
            },
            {
                "id": 1440028,
                "ns": 0,
                "title": "Hyundai Epsilon engine"
            },
            {
                "id": 35446805,
                "ns": 15,
                "title": "Category talk:Ukrainian card games"
            },
            {
                "id": 12613,
                "ns": 0,
                "title": "Grue"
            }
        ]
    }
}

Voorbeeldkode

Python

#!/usr/bin/python3

"""
    get_random.py

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Random` module: Get request to list 5 random pages.

    MIT License
"""

import requests

S = requests.Session()

URL = "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php"

PARAMS = {
    "action": "query",
    "format": "json",
    "list": "random",
    "rnlimit": "5"
}

R = S.get(url=URL, params=PARAMS)
DATA = R.json()

RANDOMS = DATA["query"]["random"]

for r in RANDOMS:
    print(r["title"])

PHP

<?php
/*
    get_random.php

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Random` module: Get request to list 5 random pages.

    MIT License
*/

$endPoint = "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php";
$params = [
    "action" => "query",
    "format" => "json",
    "list" => "random",
    "rnlimit" => "5"
];

$url = $endPoint . "?" . http_build_query( $params );

$ch = curl_init( $url );
curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
$output = curl_exec( $ch );
curl_close( $ch );

$result = json_decode( $output, true );

foreach( $result["query"]["random"] as $k => $v ) {
    echo( $v["title"] . "\n" );
}

JavaScript

/*
    get_random.js

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Random` module: Get request to list 5 random pages.

    MIT License
*/

var url = "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php"; 

var params = {
    action: "query",
    format: "json",
    list: "random",
    rnlimit: "5"
};

url = url + "?origin=*";
Object.keys(params).forEach(function(key){url += "&" + key + "=" + params[key];});

fetch(url)
    .then(function(response){return response.json();})
    .then(function(response) {
        var randoms = response.query.random;
        for (var r in randoms) {
            console.log(randoms[r].title);
        }
    })
    .catch(function(error){console.log(error);});

MediaWiki JS

/*
	get_random.js

	MediaWiki API Demos
	Demo of `Random` module: Get request to list 5 random pages.

	MIT License
*/

var params = {
		action: 'query',
		format: 'json',
		list: 'random',
		rnlimit: '5'
	},
	api = new mw.Api();

api.get( params ).done( function ( data ) {
	var randoms = data.query.random,
		r;
	for ( r in randoms ) {
		console.log( randoms[ r ].title );
	}
} );

Paramter geskiedenis

  • v1.26: Vorige limiet van 10/20 op rnlimit is verhoog tot standaard 500/5000 perke.
  • v1.26: Deprecated rnredirect
  • v1.26: Introduced rnfilterredir
  • v1.14: Introduced rnredirect

Addisionele notas

  • Ander as die meeste modules in die Action API ,is die standaardaantal teruggestuurde bladsye 1,nie 10 nie.
  • Bladsye word in 'n vaste volgorde teruggestuur;slegs die beginpunt is eintlik lukraak.
  • Die standaardgedrag is om bladsye van die hele wiki te kies, insluitend praatbladsye, gebruikersbladsye, ensovoorts. If you are looking for similar functionality as Special:Random, i.e. pick random articles, restrict rnnamespace to 0.
  • As die aantal bladsye minder as rnlimit is,sal die versoek alle beskikbare bladsye eenvoudig terugstuur. Dit sal nie bladsye herhaal om die antwoord tot die maksimum te beperk nie.

Sien ook